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Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1900 by
J. M. PEEBLES, M. D.,
In the office of the Librarian of Congress, Washington, D. C.


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J. M. PEEBLES, M.D., M.A., PH.D.


Vaccination a Curse
AND A MENACE
TO
Personal Liberty
WITH
Statistics Showing Its Dangers and Criminality
By
J. M. PEEBLES, M.D., M.A., PH.D.
AUTHOR OF
Five Journeys Around the World; The Seers of the Ages; Death Defeated,
or the Secret of How to Keep Young; Ninety Years Young and
Healthy—How and Why; etc., etc.
TENTH EDITION
1913
PEEBLES PUBLISHING COMPANY
5719 Fayette St., Los Angeles,
California, U. S. A.
Wholesale: Battle Creek, Michigan.


PREFACE.
No man, conscious of his moral integrity, intellectual abil-
ity and studied efforts to benefit humanity, will ever apologize
for speech or book; hence I make no apology for publishing
the following pages.
The vaccination practice, pushed to the front on all oc-
casions by the medical profession, and through political conni-
vance made compulsory by the state, has not only become the
chief menace and gravest danger to the health of the rising gen-
eration, but likewise the crowning outrage upon the personal
liberty of the American citizen.
The immediate occasion which induced me to take up the
pen against this great medical evil of the times, was the clos-
ing of the public schools in San Diego, Cal., (February, 1899),
against all children who failed to show a certificate of vaccina-
tion. Emerging from that heated contest, with my feelings and
convictions roused to their highest tension, these pages were
thrown off at welding heat; and if they are pervaded with sar-
casm and irony as well as sterling fact and solid argument, they
will serve all the better for popular appeal to the masses, who
need rousing to a realizing sense of the unmitigated scourge
that lurks on the point of the vaccinator's lancet. The general
public are not aware; the householders of the land have not
given this subject that attention which, as parents and guard-
ians of little children, it is their solemn duty to do. I send
forth this book to open their eyes, to rouse their conscience,
and to discover to them a cruel and insidious enemy where they
have been cajoled into the belief they have a friend.
For the last thirty years I have made a practical study of
the workings of vaccination in the various countries of the
globe. I have personally investigated it in Trebizonde, Asiatic


6                                                       PREFACE.
Turkey, while there holding a Consular appointment under
General Grant; in South Africa; in New Zealand and Aus-
tralia; in British India and Ceylon; in Egypt, China and the
countries of Europe; in Mexico and the Islands of the Pacific,
not omitting our own United States. I have for many years
been familiar with the heroic struggle of reformers in England
for the repeal of the compulsory enforcement of vaccination,
for resistance to which thousands among the laboring poor
have been fined and imprisoned. In all hot countries the princi-
pal mode is from "Arm to Arm" vaccination, on account of the
unruly, uncertain behaviour of the ordinary putrid calf pus.
This mode has spread syphilis and leprosy among the native
inhabitants until the indigenous populations of the Sandwich
Islands and the British West Indies are threatened with extinc-
tion. Yet the fee-hunting doctors are incessantly hounding the
legislatures for more stringent compulsory enactments, by
which they will be enabled to inflict and repeat this degrading
rite upon the defenceless natives for the enhancement of their
revenues.
Moreover, vaccination is a "civilized" practice. English,
French, German, and American physicians, by means of com-
pulsory vaccination laws which they have lobbied through the
various governments and legislatures, have the masses of the
people, and especially the native populations of the countries
which their respective governments rule, at their mercy. The
native Hindoo and the tropical islanders know full well the ca-
lamitous results of arm to arm vaccination, but are powerless to
protect themselves. In the United States and Great Britain,
the evil assumes other and equally portentious forms which are
fully set forth in the following chapters.
Compulsory vaccination, poisoning the crimson currents
of the human system with brute-extracted lymph under the
strange infatuation that it would prevent small-pox, was one of
the darkest blots that disfigured the last century. Its pall,


PREFACE.
though partially lifted, still rests like a deadly nightmare upon
the body politic, and, sad to state, the medical profession—save
a few of the most broad-minded and enlightened—have been
the chief instigators. They encouraged it just as they en-
couraged and practiced in the past profuse bleeding—just as
they encouraged catharsis, with the inflamed gums, loosened
teeth and the mercurial sore-mouth. And there are medical
Bourbons today that will salivate. Thirty years ago physicians
would not allow their fever patients a drop of cold water to cool
their parched tongues. Many died pleading—begging for
water, water!
The majority of doctors are behind the times. They may
have diplomas, but they are laggards. They are not students.
Many of them prefer the billiard-room to the post-graduate
course. They prefer the club-room to the medical laboratory,
the cigar to the clinic. They are fossils and away behind in the
researches that gladden this brilliant era.
While copious bleeding with much of the old "shot-gun"
practice has been relegated to the dreamless shades of the past,
they still compulsorily poison with cow-pox lymph; and then
piteously complain that "medical practice does not pay"—that
multitudes prefer psychic physicians, hypnotic practitioners, os-
teopathists, mental healers and sanitarium treatment to theirs.
Of course they do. This is natural; for just in the ratio that
the latter increase do graveyards grow lean and coffin-makers'
occupations are in less demand.
It is admitted that prevention is preferable to cure. And
there is not an intelligent medical practitioner in the land who
will unqualifiedly risk his reputation upon the statement that
vaccination is a positive preventative of small-pox. Volumes
of statistics as well as the highest medical science of this coun-
try, Canada, England, and the Continent would be directly
against him. The most that any physician of good standing
now contends for is that vaccination modifies the disease. This


8                                                               PREFACE.
is stoutly denied. On the contrary it rather aggravates the dis-
ease as there are two poisons now in the system instead of one
for nature to contend against. It is sanitation, diet, pure air,
calmness of mind, confidence, and cleanliness that modify the
small-pox; all of which modifiers are infinitely cheaper, safer,
and in every way preferable to cow-pox poison, which, if it does
not kill, often marks, maims, and sows the seeds of future ec-
zema, tumors, ulcers, carbuncles, cancers, and leprosy.
We have at our command testimonies—scores of testi-
monies—proving beyond any possible doubt that men unvacci-
nated have nursed small-pox patients in hospitals at different
times, for years, and never took the disease, while on the other
hand we have, with the dates and figures, the most positive
proof that those who had been vaccinated—vaccinated two and
three times—took the disease when exposed, and died there-
from. These facts are undeniable.
Time, at my age, is too precious to parry words with mere
ordinary physicians; hence, will only add that when laymen or
medical practitioners tell me that calf-lymph vaccination, how-
ever manipulated, prevents or modifies the small-pox, they most
severely, painfully, try my patience. I do not tell them they are
falsifiers, but do state emphatically that if I should say that cow-
pox vaccination invariably prevented or modified small-pox I
should consider myself either a most pitiable ignoramus or a
most infamous falsifier of facts! Such is my position, and med-
ical men, considering it, can pose upon just which horn of this
dilemma—this downy couch—they find most comfortable
The time has come for schorlarly men, for cultured, inde-
pendent physicians to speak out plainly against this baleful
scourge—to take a brave stand for the right and defend it
though the bigot's fire be kindled, or the crimson cross again be
built.
Compulsory vaccination and class legislation of all kinds in
the interests of any profession, are opposed to the genius of


PREFACE.                                                       9
unfoldment, the spirit of the age, and to the Constitution of the
United States. They are smitten with dry rot and stamped with
the black seal of death. They are going graveward, and fee-
hungering physicians are the principal mourners. This is em-
phatically an age of research and progress. Nature, afire with
the indwelling Divinity, and voiced by the law of evolution,
says, grow—grow or die, giving place to something better. The
good and the true, only, are immortal.
Previous to the Reformation the state stood behind the
priest and enforced his edicts, from whence thousands of vic-
tims fell before the steel and the flame of a merciless persecu-
tion. Today the state stands behind the commercialized, fee-
hunting doctor, to enforce his vaccination fraud against the
lives and health of millions of little children. It is especially for
the removal of this disgraceful compulsory curse that I speak-
as with a tongue of flame, that I make my earnest, impassioned
plea. Restore the American citizen to his liberty in matters
medical as we have guaranteed his liberty in matters religious,
and then if the medical profession have any specific of value to
offer, the common sense of the people will come to know and
adopt it.
J. M. PEEBLES, M. D.
Our quotations from distinguished American physicians
and laymen: Dr. Alexander Wilder, Dr. Leveson, Dr. Foote,
Dr. Winterburn, Dr. E. M. Ripley, Dr. T. V. Gifford, Frank D.
Blue, Esq., Hon. A. B. Gaston, W. H. Burr, Esq., Washington,
D. C, the Rev. I. L. Peebles, Methodist Episcopal Conference,
Mississippi, and others. From such English authorities as Wil-
liam Tebb F. R. G. S., W. Scott Tebb M. A., M. D., (Cantab)
D. P. H., Dr. Alfred R. Wallace, Dr. Creighton, Dr. Crook-
shank, Dr. Ross, Dr. Hitchman, Dr. Sir J. W. Pease, Dr. Wil-
liam Rowley, F. R. C. P., John Pickering, F. R. G. S., E. S. S..
F. S. A. etc., Dr. T. Mackensie, F. R. C. P. From members of


10                                                    PREFACE.
the Parliamentary Commission, and the brainiest men of
Europe, are not only copious, but convincing to demonstration.
The statistics in this volume, gathered from official reports and
tabulated with the greatest care,—are strictly, positively relia-
ble.
The whole trend of the higher thought and study is against
vaccination. To this end the learned Rev. I. L. Peebles, of the
Mississippi M. E. Conference, says (page 28) in his crisp and
stirring booklet, entitled, "Opposition to Vaccination:" "If I
had ever suggested to a legislator to enact a law enforcing vac-
cination, I should repent of it as long as I lived, either for being
so cruel or so ignorant. Physicians and legislators who are par-
ties to this filthy, poisonous butchery, and who practice it with-
out having studied it most thoroughly and prayed over it most
earnestly, should be ashamed of themselves. Let us remember
that it is cruel enough to maim, scar, or butcher a person when
he wants us to, but how much more cruel to butcher him by
force!"


CHAPTER I.
A BRIEF SKETCH OF VACCINATION FROM JEN-
NER TO THE PRESENT.—PRELIMINARY.
Since the dawn of history the most dreaded scourge of
mankind has been the prevalence of Zymotic diseases—small-
pox, plague, yellow fever, typhus, scarlatina, diphtheria, etc. In
certain years, at particular recurring periods, these diseases
contribute a very large percentage to the total death rate, es-
pecially among urban populations. They are contemplated in
the popular mind as being so swift and merciless, that whole
communities stand in helpless terror at their approach! The
desolation which has sometimes been reported from distant
cities is apprehended to be as complete as that left in the path
of a cyclone, or like the cindered remains of a great conflagra-
tion. The most dreaded among these zymotic diseases is small-
pox, because it is equally present and at home in all climates.
But the popular notion that small-pox was a veritable plague
until inoculation and vaccination provided a "sure and infalli-
ble defence" against it, is altogether erroneous. It is certainly
taken far greater account of since the days of Jenner than dur-
ing the eighteenth century, and there are strong reasons for
concluding that the special prominence given to it of late years,
is due to the clamor of doctors who desire to have the state
guarantee an unfailing resource for fees by making vaccina-
tion compulsory.
The people cannot be too often reminded that the native


12                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
soil wherein small-pox most thrives and fattens, is "filth." It
ever follows close upon flagrant violations of the law of cleanli-
ness. Where large populations are crowded in the midst of
wretched surroundings, reeking with filth and vicious in their
dietetic and drinking habits, there expect a fearful fatality when
once the small-pox has entered their foetid precincts. The in-
dividual or the community that has a wholesome diet, pure
blood, sanitary surroundings, immunity from poverty and free-
dom from blood poisoning incident to vaccination, need have
no more fear of small-pox than from a mild attack of measles.
Until scientific sanitation began to engage the attention of state
and municipal authorities, the plague returned as punctually to
the cities of Europe as small-pox has during the last century.
Now the percentage of fatality, not only in small-pox but in all
zymotic diseases, is steadily declining, as sanitation becomes
more rigidly enforced in crowded districts, in spite of vaccina-
tion and other silly and reactionary devices which the doctors
from time to time, aided by legislation, continue to inflict on
mankind. Alfred Milnes, M. D., M. A., of London, well re-
marks—"What About Vaccination?" page 17:
"Small-pox is one of a group of allied diseases, called the
Zymotics. The name means that the disease is due to a process
of fermentation. But for common-sense purposes, it is better
to call these diseases by the plain English name of filth diseases.
They are diseases which take their rise in filth, which are na-
ture's punishment for filth, which are both frequent and virulent
where filth prevails, and which can be cleared away by the clear-
ing away of filth. Now, in the eighteenth century, in the latter
part of which Jenner lived, it must be confessed that the English
people had not yet awoke to the beauty and the necessity of
cleanliness. Filth was universal, and small-pox was terrible.
Not so terrible as many persons want to make out, but still a
formidable danger."
A. M. Ross, M. D., in his vigorous pamphlet, "Vaccination


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            13
a Medical Delusion," writes:—
"Wherever the streets are narrow, the lanes and courts
filthy; where cesspits abound and filth is allowed to accumulate
and ferment; where the weak, intemperate and unclean congre-
gate together, and where the children are ill-fed and badly
clothed—there small-pox makes its home and riots in filth and
death."
The modes of treatment which have from time to time been
invented to combat small-pox, have been for the most part em-
pirical experiments and make-shifts, without any rational found-
ation in science, which have been abandoned, one after another,
but not until thousands of lives were destroyed and hundreds
of thousands were cursed with grievous and incurable ailments;
not until self-sacrificing reformers had spent valuable lives in
assailing the petrified superstitions of doctors and politicians.
Once committed to an error, it is amazing with what conserva-
tive persistence public bodies will continue to defend it. To re-
peal a measure once adopted would seem to be a tacit confes-
sion of falibility, and fallibility is a human defect which legis-
lativo bodies are slow to admit.
The earliest form of treating small-pox in Europe seems to
have been imported from the same region the disease came
from, namely, from the far East, which reached England by
way of the Saracens at the time of the Crusades, or by way of
the Moors who reached Spain. This earlier mode of dealing
with small-pox was styled "the red cloth treatment." A priest
and physician of the fourteenth century, John of Goddesden,
England, wrote a treatise on this form of cure. The patient
was wrapped in red cloth, while window curtatins and drapery
of red were also provided for the sick room. It was thought
this treatment conduced to throw the morbid symptoms out
to the surface; and as matter of fact, it was sinless and harmless
in comparison to the thrice accursed practice of vaccination.


14                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
SMALL-POX INOCULATION.
About eighty years before Jenner's discovery—1721—a
practice was introduced in England, called Inoculation, which
was accomplished by taking pus matter direct from small-pox
patients and introducing it into the blood of healthy individ-
uals. Sometimes the virus was introduced into deep incisions,
but more often from the point of the lancet just under the skin.
The milder method was introduced by Gatti, a French physician,
and adopted by Sutton and Dimsdale in England about 1763.
Small-pox inoculation, the forerunner and parent of vac-
cination, like its successor, was derived from a superstition
practiced by the common people, which has come to be styled
"the tradition of the dairy maids." Jenner derived his earliest
idea of vaccination—while yet a student of medicine—from a
young country woman who had contracted cow-pox. Small-
pox inoculation was derived, not from scientific experimenta-
tion, but from a superstition practiced by the common people
in India since the sixth century. The fad having once become
the fashion, the doctors adopted and bowed to it as a fetish
which must not be questioned; and after the people had thor-
oughly learned by sad experience that it was a public curse and
not a blessing, rose in revolt against it, still the doctors—who
were now reaping a fat revenue from the practice—continued
in the vigorous defence of the superstition, and in the persecu-
tion and misrepresentation of the reformers who had arisen to
overthrow it. Mr. Porter, who was English ambassador at
Constantinople in 1755, informs us, (Gentleman's Magazine, for
October of that year): "It is the tradition and opinion of the
inhabitants of the country that a certain angel presides over
this disease. That it is to bespeak his favor and evince their
confidence that the Georgians take a small portion of variolous
matter, and, by means of scarification, introduce it between the
thumb and the forefinger of a sound person. The operation is


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            15
supposed to never miss its effect. To secure beyond all uncer-
tainty the good will of the angel, they hang up scarlet cloths
about the bed, that being the favorite colour of the Celestial in-
habitants they wish to propitiate."
We may well inquire: how did this superstition reach
England, obtain royal patronage, receive sanction by the Royal
College of Physicians, and dominate all classes of society for
more than half a century before it was finally overthrown and
superceded by another superstition that has not discounted one
whit the mischief which the earlier superstition had accom-
plished? The story may be briefly told. One Timoni, a Greek
physician in Constantinople, in a letter addressed to Dr. Wood-
ward, professor of physic, first brought the subject to English
notice. This letter was printed in the Philosophical Transac-
tions for 1714. But the real credit—or discredit—of the intro-
duction of the practice into England, was due to Lady Mary
Wortley Montagu, whose husband was ambassador to the
Porte in 1716. Lady Montagu wrote a friend in England, de-
tailing the process of "ingrafting" as a preventative against
small-pox. This famous letter was written in 1717, but the in-
oculation craze was not fairly inaugurated in England until
1721. In 1724 Steele congratulated Lady Mary for having
"saved the lives of thousands of British subjects every year."
Voltaire was in England about this time, and became an ardent
worshipper of the newly imported fetish. He knew well how
to reach the feminine portion of the population of his native
France. He assured them that the charms of the ladies of Cir-
cassia were due to this ingrafting practice, and that thousands
of English girls had adopted this method of preserving their
health and beauty. So it was not long before inoculation also
became the rage in the kingdom of Louis XV.
In the same year that inoculation reached England (1721),
244 persons were inoculated in Boston, Mass., by Dr. Boylston,
of whom six died. Numerous deaths also followed the practice


l6                                               VACCINATION A CURSE.
in England, and by 1728 it became quite generally discredited;
but in 1740 it again revived, and for thirty years held full sway.
This revival was largely due to the luck of two doctors, Robert
and Daniel Sutton, who gave minute attention to hygiene, by
which their inoculated patients generally went through with a
very mild form of small-pox, which all would invariably do un-
der a thorough system of sanitation. But this simple secret
was not generally understood in those days, and so the brothers
Sutton not only received great credit, but reaped a very hand-
some profit through their device of cleanliness. Their practice
became very popular, receiving patronage from the nobility
who paid them immense sums for their services. As small-pox
induced by inoculation was infectious, the same as when taken
in the natural way, enterprising inoculators persuaded whole
parishes to submit to it, so that all having it at once, none would
be expected to catch it by subsequent exposure. {The rich har-
vest of money accruing from the practice, therefore, became
a powerful motive in the defence and perpetuation of the sys-
tem, precisely as vaccination today, enforced by legislators and
boards of health, gives lucrative employment to a class whose
self interest prompts them to every specie of subterfuge and
special pleading to perpetuate the compulsory clause in vacci-
nation legislation.)
                         
After the fruitless trial of nearly a century, it was discov-
ered that in occulation was sowing the seeds of a long train of
diseases, in their most fatal form, communicating infectious
complaints from one person to another—cancer, scrofula, con-
sumption, and other more loathsome diseases were spreading
to an alarming extent. It was seen and confessed by hundreds
of physicians that the net result of this practice was a multipli-
cation of ailments and an enormous increase in the total mor-
tality. Dr. Winterburn, of Philadelphia, writes,—"The Value
of Vaccination," page 18:—
"From the most trustworthy sources, however, it is evi-


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            17
dent that just as now we have epidemics of measles, and other
of the zymoses, varying greatly in intensity and fatality, so in
the pre-inoculation period there were epidemics of small-pox
of great fatality and others of very moderate intensity. But
after the introduction of inoculation, the ravages of small-pox
increased, not only directly as the result of inoculation, but each
new case became, as it were, a centre of disease, from it spread-
ing in every direction, often with great virulence. It spread
small-pox just as the natural disease did. It could be propa-
gated anywhere by sending in a letter a bit of cotton thread
dipped in the variolous lymph. In this way, not only the num-
ber of cases, but, also, the general mortality was very greatly
increased. But so hard is it to alter the ideas of a people after
they have crystallized into habit, that although it was evident
that epidemics of small-pox often started from an inoculated
case; and although the most strenuous efforts were made to
supersede it by vaccination, inoculation continued to flourish
for nearly a century and a half. It was found necessary in 1840
to make inoculation in England, a penal offense, in order to put
an end to its use. Even that has not prevented its secret prac-
tice by the lower orders, where ideas die hardest, and the rite
is even now probably more than occasionally performed."
SMALL-POX INOCULATION.
Some knowledge of the history of small-pox inoculation
is important at this time, since it furnished so many exact par-
allels to the history of vaccination. With few exceptions medi-
cal men defended it, made light of its multiform dangers, and
held it up to public attention as the great desideratum of the
common security and welfare. They juggled with statistics
the same as vaccinators do today to defend their practice, point-
ing out that 18 per cent. of small-pox patients died who took
the disease in the natural way, while only one in ninety-one of
the inoculated died. But at last the real facts—tragic and un-
welcome though they were—confronted both doctor and lay-
man in such a signal and alarming manner, that Parliament was
invoked to put an end once and forever to the inoculating rite.


l8                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
Nevertheless, as we shall presently see, no sooner was this su-
perstition abandoned, than the medical profession adopted an-
other which was destined to curse the world in a ten-fold
greater ratio, and while they petitioned Parliament to make the
earlier practice a penal offence, they likewise made their new
fad obligatory and compulsory. Hence the last estate of the
people was made far worse than their first, for now the liberty
of the citizen to defend the health of his family was cancelled.
The first Compulsory Vaccination Act passed by Parlia-
ment also contained this clause, retiring inoculation to the
limbs:
"Any person who shall after the passing of this Act pro-
duce in any person by inoculation with variolous matter, or any
matter, potency, or thing impregnated with variolous matter, or
wilfully by any other means whatsoever produce the disease
of small-pox in any person shall be guilty of an offence, and
shall be liable to be proceeded against summarily, and be con-
victed to be imprisoned for any term not exceeding one month."
Arthur Wallaston Hutton, M. A., makes the following sig-
nificant observation,—"The Vaccination Question," page 14:—
"In the early years of the present century, when medical
men, with almost complete unanimity, were seeking to replace
the variolous inoculation by the vaccine inoculation, they con-
fessed, or rather urged, that the earlier practice had destroyed
more lives than it had saved. And this was undoubtedly true.
For not only did the practice inflict the disease on the person
inoculated, but that person became a new center of infection,
from which small-pox could be and was occasionally 'caught'
in the natural way. * * * * * * * We talk of small-
pox inoculation, as if it were an uniform practice; whereas it
really varied as much as vaccination does now. It might com-
municate the disease in its most deadly form, or it might do
just nothing at all, beyond making a slight sore, which proved,
if tested, no defence against subsequent exposure to the infec-
tion of small-pox. Disastrous, however, as the practice was—
and so clearly is that now recognized that for the last fifty
years the practice has been penal—it may be admitted that there
was 'something in it,' and that, in the special cases of medical


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.                     19,
men and of nurses, it might still be resorted to with advantage,
if performed in isolation hospitals. For although some consti-
tutions are so susceptible of small-pox (as others are of other
fevers) that one attack does not afford security against a second
or even a third, the general rule is that one attack does confer
subsequent immunity; and a person inoculated when in good
health, and when there is no severe epidemic about, might con-
ceivably pass through the ordeal with less risk than if a natural
attack of the disease had been waited for and incurred."
JENNER AND VACCINATION.
As we have seen, the inoculation superstition was the chief
medical curse of the eighteenth century. It sent multitudes to
untimely graves, and permanently impaired the health of other
multitudes, since the septic poisoning from within reached the
very fountains of life and laid the foundations for a long train
of incurable diseases. In the final summing up its pledges
were broken and its flattering promises were unfulfilled. Yet
vicious as it proved, it was superseded at the hands of Jenner
by a fallacy still more monstrous, until the nineteenth century,
which, notwithstanding its boasted civilization, has been more
cursed by the doctors than was the eighteenth.
Edward Jenner, born in 1749, at Berkley, introduced vacci-
nation in England in 1798. He is credited with the fanciful dis-
covery that by poisoning the blood with cow-pox, a future at-
tack of small-pox would be prevented. This delusion has been
so completely disposed of by Dr. Creighton and Prof. Crook-
shank that I need devote but little space to the Jenner episode.
In the first place, Jenner was far from being a learned man. In
the department of exact research he was a blunderer, yet his
personal qualities were amiable and attractive. He was in the
habit of writing verses and had a faculty of making fast friends.
His medical degree was conferred with the simple preliminary,
not of an examination, but the payment of a fee of fifteen
guineas to the University of St. Andrews. And his Fellowship


20                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
in the Royal Society—according to the admission of his latest
biographer, Dr. Norman Moor, by a procedure which amounted
to a fraud. In the field of natural history, where he made some
pretensions, his knowledge was scanty and empirical. His pub-
lished observations on the cuckoo,—Phi. Trans. Vol. LXXVIII
—read in 1788, called out a witty and critical tract entitled,
"The Bird that Laid the Vaccination Egg."
In strict truth, Jenner was not the discoverer of vaccina-
tion. Many of the common folk in his time, chiefly dairy maids,
had already noted the fact that those who took the cow-pox
were less susceptible to small-pox; and years before Jenner took
the matter up, a Dorsetshire farmer, named Jesty, inoculated
his wife and two sons with the cow-pox, in the conviction that
this would prove a preventive.
THE COW-POX.
This is a filth disease, a "bad disease" whose original source
is in the human degenerate; a disease communicated to the
cow's teats by stable boys who not only suffer from the "bad dis-
ease," but whose hands are soiled by grooming the greasy heels
of diseased and ill-kept horses. Bear in particular remem-
brance, that the cow-pox is not natural to the bovine species.
Bulls and steers are never troubled with it; neither are heifers
without the voluntary and conscious agency of man. It is only
milch cows that catch the disorder. Dr. George W. Winter-
burn, whom I have already quoted, writes:—
"This disease which is called cow-pox in cows, is known
as grease in the horse. Grease is a disorder
resulting from inflammation of the sebaceous glands of the
skin, about the heels of a horse, and is properly called eczema
pustulosum. The disease originating from a scrofulous condi-
tion, supervenes from exposure to wet, and from subsequent
lack of cleanliness, and is always the result of carelessness on
the part of the groom. The discharge from these vesicular pus-
tules is often profuse, very irritating to the surface over which


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            21
it flows, and foetid. * * * * This purulent matter, car-
ried on the dirty hands of farm-laborers to the teats or other
sensitive parts of the cow, produced the disorder which has
been misnamed cow-pox."
And these are the vile forms of corruption, charged with a
deadly virus—sometimes horse-grease, sometimes small-poxed
cow virus, but more frequently syphilized cow-pox—which Jen-
ner pronounced "a sovereign remedy against small-pox," and
who declared to the British Parliament when he applied for his
£30,000 reward: "Whoever is once vaccinated with cow-pox
is forever afterward protected from small-pox." Yet in spite
of Jenner's promises, and notwithstanding the civilized world
has been vaccinated and re-vaccinated ad nauseum, the world
continues to suffer from small-pox epidemics, just as it did dur-
ing the inoculation times, while such mitigation as we really en-
joy is due—in spite of vaccination—to an increased sanitation ob-
servance of more rational habits of living. Following up Jen-
ner's observations, Arthur Wallaston Hutton remarks,—"The
Vaccination Question," page 19:—
"His theory was that the disease of the horse's hoof, known
as 'horse-grease,' was the source of human small-pox and also
of cow-pox; and in this way the relationship was established to
his own satisfaction. Neither proposition is true; nor indeed
did Jenner care to maintain the truth of either proposition when
the merits of vaccination had once become established in peo-
ple's minds; but the theory justified or seemed to justify him
in describing cow-pox as variolae vaccinae or 'small-pox of the
cow;' and it is really this theory which has mis-directed pretty
nearly all the observations that have been made on vaccination
right down to the present day. Sir John Simon, a living author-
ity on the subject, explains that persons vaccinated cannot take
the small-pox, because they have had it already; and this be-
lief is still shared by hundreds and thousands of people."
Again the same high authority says:—
"But what is in truth the nature of cow-pox? It is an ail-
ment, not of cattle, but of the cow, as its name implies, exclu-


22                                                VACCINATION A CURSE.
sively, and of the cow only when she is in milk; and it is fur-
ther a disease of civilization. It does occur when a cow
suckles her own calf; nor, for that matter, does it occur where
cow-stables are kept decently clean. Jenner observed that it did
not occur when the milkers were women only; and hence his
theory that the disease originated in 'horse-grease,' his asser-
tion being (first stated as an hypothesis, and then, a little lower
down, as a thing which 'commonly happens') that the disease
was communicated to the cow's teats by a man-milker who had
just dressed the diseased horse's heels. Other observers also
professed to have noted that the disease only occurred where
there were both men and women milkers; but they drew an-
other inference as to its origin, for which they found confirma-
tion in the disease's popular name. Apparently it is in some
way due to the friction of the teats by the milker's hands; it oc-
curs spontaneously (i. e. apart from inoculation) only where
cows are milked; and its name had reference not to small-pox
but to "great-pox," with which its analogy was popularly and cor-
rectly discerned. Presumably it is a consequence of its partly
human origin that it is so easily (and ordinarily without danger)
inoculable on man, which other diseases of animals are not.
That, however, is mere conjecture; what is now certainly estab-
lished beyond all reasonable doubt is that cow-pox bears no
pathological relation to small-pox. The similarity in name is
the only connection; for, though there is superficial resem-
blance between the vaccine vesicles and the variolous pox, the
two diseases are really quite distinct. The definite establish-
ment of this fact, which of course upsets the whole alleged
scientific basis of vaccination, is due to the labors in recent years
of Dr. Creighton and Professor Crookshank, though the real
character of cow-pox had long ago been suspected."
In an article communicated to the Academie de Medicine
in 1865, by Auzias-Turenne, I quote the following language:
"Between syphilis and cow-pox the analogy may be a long way
followed up, * * * but, happily, for the vaccinated, cow-
pox passes through a rapid evolution, and does not leave viru-
lent remains for so long a time or so frequently as syphilis."
In that thorough and carefully written work of Dr. Creigh-
ton, published in 1887, he was the first to demonstrate Jenner's


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.         23
mistake. He set out to find some explanation for the com-
plaints that were continually multiplying of the communication
of syphilis by vaccination. The results of his investigations
were embodied in the volume, "Cow-pox and Vaccinal Syphilis."
His early judgment was that the communication of two diseases
by one and the same act was improbable; but as the evidence
he accumulated became overwhelming, he at last gave up every
doubt that these syphilitic symptoms are part and parcel of the
cow-pox itself, which is sure to make its presence felt if inocu-
lated in the system through the ordinary process of vaccination.
In the same year that Creighton published his book, estab-
lishing the connection between syphilis and cow-pox, Prof.
Crookshank was pursuing independent investigations into the
micro-pathology of a cow-disease that had broken out in Wilk-
shire, which the Agricultural Department of the Privy Council
thought might bear some relation to scarlet fever in man. In
this investigation, Crookshank also critically examined the na-
ture and origin of cow-pox, with the result that his researches
fully bore out and confirmed Dr. Creighton's conclusions. "In
fact," says Hutton, "the syphilitic nature of cow-pox is the
theory which now holds the field; and it is hardly contested by
the advocates of vaccination, who are content to rely solely on
the evidence of statistics." How horrid to contemplate!
We are therefore face to face with the gravest, and at the
same time the most disgusting, aspect of the whole vaccination
problem. Note that the cow-pox is not a natural bovine dis-
ease; that only milch cows contract it, and this invariably
through human agency. Long before Creighton and Crook-
shank wrote, it had been suspected by high authorities, that
man is not only the medium of transmission of horse-grease to
the cow's udder, but that he communicates a loathsome virus
from his own person as well. Therefore the horse-grease dis-
ease in the cow, is a very different malady from the cow-pox,
which is derived from man and from man alone! Let us be


24                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
frank. A large percentage of vaccination practice has inocu-
lated whole communities with the thrice accursed syphilitic
taint, according to the brand or stock of vaccine used; for be it
known, that vaccine corruption has now become an ordinary
article of commerce, the same as baking powders and "em-
balmed" beef. I shall hereafter show that the vaccinator can
rarely be certain of the quality of his stock, or of the extent of
harm that will result from his practice.
The identity of cow-pox and syphilis was first definitely
pointed out by Dr. Hubert Boens-Boissan in 1882; and Dr. J.
W. Collins in his "Sir Lyon Playfair" pamphlet gives 478 cases
of "vaccino-syphilis," details of which have been published by
various medical authorities, both in England and on the conti-
tinent.
When these facts shall be fully realized by a much crucified
and long suffering public, it will not take long to put a stop to
the compulsory feature of this infamous crime. We shall then
no longer submit the bodies of our defenceless children to the
assaults of salaried, place-hunting doctors, nor longer tolerate
the flagrant usurpations of parliaments and legislatures over our
personal liberties and the sacredness of the family circle.
Now, to return to Jenner. His first vaccination was on a
boy named James Phipps, who later died of pulmonary con-
sumption. This was in 1787. Two years later he vaccinated
his own son, then a year and a half old, with swine-pox, which at
that time was considered as protective as cow-pox; and had not
this mode been considered too disgusting for popular ap-
proval, it would in all likelihood have taken precedence over
cow-pox vaccination. Thereafter Jenner repeatedly inoculated
his child with small-pox. But being delicate in health he died
in his twenty-first year.
Dr. John Hunter, the noted physiologist in Jenner's time,
expressed a wise judgment on the de-merits of Jenner's system.
He wrote:—


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            25
"The introduction by inoculation of mineral or vegetable
poisons into the blood is hazardous, and in certain quantities
may be destructive; but the introduction of animal products
from another living body, be it a man, a cow, or even an ass.
is infinitely more pernicious, because allied to it in being vital-
ized."
In 1797 Jenner made an abortive effort to get his treatise
incorporated into the transactions of the Royal Society. Then
he turned his attention to the feminine portion of English so-
ciety, and soon enlisted the enthusiastic support of many ladies
of the aristocracy, a number of whom became amateur vacci-
nators in their respective parishes. In this way the practice was
soon made so fashionable, so popular, and lucrative withal, that
it soon became the rage among the English people. Even the
clergy took it up, one of whom vaccinated three thousand per-
sons in three years. Indeed, vaccination came so near being
converted into a religious rite, that christening and vaccination
of children were performed on the same day.
After vaccination had been on trial for three years, before
people or Parliament had any means of knowing whether Jen-
ner's promise that vaccination would number the days of small-
pox, the king signified to his prime minister his wish that Par-
liament should award to Jenner a benefaction, and the Com-
mons cheerfully responded, voting him £30,000.
When Jenner was confronted with a large number of glar-
ing failures in high life—of cases he had pronounced as "suc-
cessfully vaccinated," who came down with small-pox, in the
confluent form, he came forward with a new doctrine to repel
his opponents, viz: "that as cases of small-pox after small-pox
were not uncommon, vaccination could not be expected to do
more than small-pox itself." Remember, this pitiful plea was
not brought forward until the failures of cow-pox to protect
had become multiplied and notorious. Dr. W. Scott Tebb, of
London, in his valuable and exhaustive work, "A Century of
Vaccination," writes, page 16: —


26                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
"On all these grounds, I demur to the theory of identity,
and hold that small-pox and cow-pox are antagonistic affec-
tions—that cow-pox, instead of being, as Dr. Barton maintains,
of a variolous, is, in fact, of an anti-variolous nature—that it
alters and modifies the human constitution so as to render some
individuals wholly, others partially, and for a time, unsusceptible
of small-pox.
"At the end of 1798, six months after the publication of
Jenner's 'Inquiry,' the case for vaccination stood thus: Most
of the children's arms had ulcerated, and the variolous test, in
the few cases in which it had been applied, had produced equiv-
ocal results. Moreover, all Jenner's stocks of lymph had been
lost, so that no further experiments could be made. Dr. Bed-
does, of Bristol, in writing to Professor Hufeland, of Berlin,
said: 'You know Dr. Jenner's experiments with the cow-pox;
his idea of the origin of the virus appears to be quite indemon-
strable, and the facts which I have collected are not favorable
to his opinion that the cow-pox gives complete immunity from
the natural infection of small-pox. Moreover, the cow-pox
matter produces foul ulcers, and in that respect is a worse dis-
ease than the mildly inoculated small-pox."
NO IDENTITY BETWEEN COW-POX AND SMALL-
POX.
In the course of vaccine practice much confusion has
arisen from the careless manner of diagnosing the cow disease.
A variety of opposing symptoms have long been known to fol-
low in eases of vaccination with pus taken from the cow.
Thence it came to be asserted that there was a genuine cow-pox
and a "spurious cow-pox." In cases of failure the spurious va-
riety was made to do duty. Jenner held that cow-pox was
small-pox of the cow, hence the misleading name he gave it,
variolae vaccinae. Dr. George Pearson, a cotemporary of Jen-
ner, objected to this designation, asserting that "cow-pox is
a specifically different distemper from the small-pox in essen-
tial particulars, namely, in the nature of its morbific poison, and
in its symptoms." More recently Dr. George Gregory—quoted


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            27
by Dr. Tebb—opposed the identity theory.
Winterburn says—"Value of Vaccination," page 41:—
"Experimenters, entitled to respectful attention, have
shown that it is a delusion to suppose that the inoculation of
cows with small-pox has ever produced cow-pox; it produces
small-pox and nothing else. The small-pox may be induced on
the horse or cow by variolation, but the variolous inoculation is
never transmuted into grease in the horse, or cow-pox in the
cow." This is undeniable.
Dr. Seaton, a high authority, says: "It is quite out of the
question that cow-pox on the human subject should have been
transformed into small-pox." The two diseases, therefore, be-
ing specifically different, neither can have any effect to ward off
the other. Why not inoculate with erysipelas to prevent small-
pox? It would be just as rational, just as scientific, and to my
mind, just as efficient.
Dr. George Wyld, whose acquaintance I made in London,
and whom I know to stand very high as author, physician, and
scientist, endorses the conclusions of the French Academy. He
says:—
"I find that many medical men are under the false impres-
sion that all that we require to do is to inoculate the heifer with
small-pox matter, and thus get a supply of vaccine lymph. This
might become productive of disastrous consequences. Small-
pox inoculation of the heifer produces not vaccinia, but a mod-
ified small-pox capable of spreading small-pox amongst human
beings by infection."
It will hence be seen that a large share of modern vacci-
nation is really only a modified form of inoculation. It is
neither cow-pox nor horse-grease, but small-pox propagated
from human beings, through calves, to human beings again.
This fact, horrible as it is, admits of no denial.
We must therefore accept it as proven: Cow-pox is not
small-pox in the cow, but it is "horse-grease" in the cow, whose
udder often becomes secondarily infected with syphilis.
Therefore when we submit to the official vaccinator, or
we shall be treated to inoculation of virus from a small-poxed


23                                     VACCINATION A CURSE.
calf, or to the cow-pox virus often taken from a syphilized calf.
Think of it, fathers and mothers, when the "Health Board" closes
the door of the schoolroom you are taxed to support, requiring
your children to present a certificate of vaccination; requiring
that their bodies be submitted to the dangers and degradation
of vaccine corruption! May your souls rise up in indignant pro-
test against the sacrilegious invasion of the home which the
American constitution has sanctified to liberty; aye, in pro-
test against this infernal rite, becoming the hag of the pit!
Think of it, mothers, who would bring your daughters up to be
healthy, and clean, and chaste, that your state and city should
have delegated the privilege to fee-hunting doctors, to break
down the protective walks you have builded about your little
ones, and poison the fountains of their life blood with a virus
of contagion which may mock your solicitude and disappoint
the fondest hopes you have cherished for the future of your pos-
terity. Think of it, ye fathers and mothers of daughters, that
your state and municipality should put you under compulsion
to observe a rite which is liable to taint those daughters with
the virus of the scandalous disease, the out-lawed disease, the
disease whose home is the polluted den of the "Stingaree," the
disease against which civilization revolts—aye, the disease too
loathsome to name, except in whisper! Is it not quite time the
curses of the vaccine dispensation were numbered?
SMALL-POX HABITAT.
Small-pox is a disease of towns, of the crowded, filthy
quarters of towns. It is a disease of the poor, and particularly
of the children of the poor. The average small-pox death rate
in towns is fifty to seventy-five per cent. greater than in the
country , while towns that have a large proportion of park space
are greatly favored over those where this important feature is
lacking. The epidemic in England of 1871-72 was notably se-
vere in the mining districts where population is over-crowded.


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            29
In the miserable dwellings of the poor, air and light—two most
important essentials of health—are woefully deficient. In the
beginning of the eighteenth century the government pursued
the self-destructive policy of putting a premium on these prime-
essentials by taxing the windows of the poor. Every aperture
that would admit air or light into a dwelling had to pay for the
privilege to exist. Even a window to light a stairway, garret,
or cellar, was rated among the luxuries and had to be taxed.
So windows could not be afforded by the poor, and which
thousands who lived in filth and squalor, did not care to afford.
We should hence feel no surprise when we learn that small-pox
has always been chiefly confined to the lower strata of society.
In Austria it is fitly named the "beggar's" disease, and in all
countries it is most at home in crowded and unclean quarters.
Concerning the epidemic of 1852, Dr. Rigden writes—"Medical
and Surgical Journal, Dec. 22, 1852,—"The most severe cases,
and the greatest number, existed, generally speaking, in the dis-
tricts most thickly populated by the lower orders, and most
badly drained."
In the debate on the Compulsory Vaccination Bill in 1853,
Lord Shaftsbury pointed out "that the small-pox was chiefly
confined to the lowest class of the population, and he believed
that with improved lodging houses the disease might be all but
exterminated."
After the Warrington epidemic in 1873, the Royal Com-
mission pointed out, that all but eleven of 445 infected houses
were rated at less than £16 per annum, and 406 of them at
£8 or lower; and Dr. Coupland found at Dewsbury the disease
was confined almost exclusively to the filthy working class.
Again, small-pox is a disease of children, like measles and
whooping-cough, and predominantly, as already stated, the
children of the poor. In the eighteenth century, small-pox
mortality in the manufacturing towns fell almost entirely among
children under five years of age.' In Kilmarnock, from 1728 to


30                                           VACCINATION A CURSE.
1763, the infant small-pox mortality was 90 per cent. In Man-
chester, from 1769 to 1774, it was 94 per cent. In Warrington,
for the same period, 94 per cent., Chester, in 1774, 89 per cent.,
and Carlisle, from 1779 to 1787, 95 per cent. Hence, in the
eighteenth century small-pox was predominantly a disease of
infants. This continued to be the case until the 1837 epidemic,
when the average percentage fell to about 50 per cent. Since
1873 there has been a marked shifting in the small-pox death
rate in England and Wales. Here are the figures from the
forty-third annual report of the Registrar General (1880, page
22), quoted by W. Scott Tebb :—
England and Wales.—Mean annual deaths from small-pox
at successive life-periods, per million living at each life-period.
Under 5.
5.
10
15
25
45 up
Vaccination optional,
1847-53.. 1,617
337
94
109
66
22
Vaccination compulsory,
1872-80 323
186
98
173
141
58
This increase in the adult mortality, we shall hereafter see,
is principally due to compulsory vaccination, and was therefore
considered a sufficient ground for the repeal of the law.
SPREADING OF SMALL-POX.
The history of small-pox in Leicester, England, has fur-
nished conclusive testimony that this disease can be kept within
narrow limits without any assistance from the hungry army of
vaccinators. In 1872 Leicester was a much vaccinated town;
but the large small-pox mortality during the epidemic of that
year, generated such an emphatic protest against vaccination
that the percentage of vaccinations to the number of births be-
gan to rapidly decline. By 1885 they dropped down to 39 per
cent.; in 1886 to 23 per cent.; in 1887 to 10 per cent.; then to
6 per cent.; and since 1891 has almost entirely ceased. From
1872 to 1895 only 23 deaths from small-pox were recorded for
Leicester.
Now in defence of the Leicester system—which is simply
a system of thorough sanitation—the report of its medical of-


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            31
ficer for 1893 tells a story which should be dinned into the ears
of every health board throughout the civilized world,—a story
of cleanliness as the preventive par excellence of small-pox.
Addressing his townsmen, the Leicester health officer said:—
"You are entitled to great credit—more especially in the
case of small-pox, which, by the methods you have adopted, has
been prevented from running riot throughout the town, thereby
upsetting all the prophecies which have again and again been
made. I need only mention such towns as Birmingham, War-
rington, Bradford, Walsall, Oldham, and the way they have
suffered during the past year from the ravages of small-pox, to
give you an idea of the results you in Leicester have achieved,
results of which I, as your medical officer of health, am, justly,
I think, proud." Sanitation is the all-potent watchword.
Writing on the relative value of vaccination, Dr. Scott
Tebb remarks,—page 93 of his great work:—
"Not only may well-vaccinated towns be affected with
small-pox, but the most thorough vaccination of a population
that it is possible to imagine may be followed by an extensive
outbreak of the disease. This happened in the mining and agri-
cultural district of Mold, in Flintshire. * * * * Leicester,
with the population under ten years of age practically unvacci-
nated, had a small-pox death rate of 114 per million; whereas
Mold, with all the births vaccinated for eighteen years previous
to the epidemic, had one of 3,614 per million."
Here is one among hundreds of demonstrations that can
be given of the utter worthlessness of vaccination as a preven-
tive of small-pox. If protection is good for anything it should
be effective during the prevalence of an epidemic; but we sec
that is just where the unvaccinated enjoy the greater immunity
from an attack of the disease.
Besides filth and overcrowding, hard times and war are
prominent factors in the spread of small-pox. In 1684 there
were very severe frosts over Europe, followed with a general
failure of crops. The poor suffered great privations and dis-
coragement. This was followed the next season with a vast in-


32                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
crease both of epidemic fever and small-pox. Then the great
small-pox mortality among the weavers in the east end of Lon-
don in 1719 followed upon a season of great scarcity and loss
of employment among these same weavers. Bad harvests in
England were also encountered in 1794 and 1795, causing such
widespread distress among the poor that Parliament had to take
some measures for its temporary relief. The year following—
1796—the small-pox fatality swelled to an unprecedented figure,
being the largest within the London Bills. Then the harvest
failure in 1816 was followed with small-pox and typhus in epi-
demic form.
War may be set down as another active cause of small-pox,
and of zymotics generally. War is always attended with hard-
ship, exposure, over-crowding, anxiety, and an abnormal mental
tension. Our losses in the Civil War, on the Northern side,
footed up to about 360,000, of whom 110,000 were killed, and
250,000 died of disease; which—in round numbers—62,000
were cases of typhoid; 62,000 died of bowel complaint; 62,000
from throat and lung trouble, and 62,000 from small-pox.
Small-pox in eastern France, among the peasantry in the
earlier part of 1870, was only an average amount but late in the
year, immediately following the terrible slaughter by invasion
of the German army, it broke out with unusual violence. Dr.
Robert Spencer Watson took notes on the field round Metz.
He writes:—
"November 6, 1870. Then I went to Lessy and Chatel St.
Germain, hearing everywhere the same state of distress. All
the crops gone, all the winter's firewood gone, many houses de-
stroyed, and numbers needing help in every village. * * *
When the mare's hoofs sunk deep, she knocked up bits of flesh,
and the stench was so sickening that I should have fainted but
for my smelling salts.
***********
"In one place there were fifteen long streets of railway
vans, filled with typhus patients; in another as many streets of


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.             33
canvas tents, also filled with sick. I visited these places, and
found them in the filthiest state; but the Germans had begun to
put them into order. At first, you might see soldiers, in full
small-pox, walking about the streets, but this was soon for-
bidden.
***********
"The main body were encamped outside the walls of Metz,
on low ground near the Moselle, the wetness of the season hav-
ing converted the camping-ground into a morass. In some
places the impress of the men's bodies was left as a cast in the
mud in which they had lain. Their clothes and their blanket
were saturated with mud. Their food for weeks had only been
a biscuit and a bit of horseflesh without salt. Dysentery was
universal, and typhus and small-pox raged. Over a wide area
around the camp the carcasses of dead horses were left to rot
and contaminate the air."
Mr. William Jones was in Metz when Bazaine's army sur-
rendered :—"The constant cry of the wretched sufferers for
water was distinctly heard outside the square in which they were
isolated. All these black typhus patients perished, and were
buried in huge trenches outside the walls of the city. * * *
Mr. Allen, who was vaccinated, and, he believes, re-vaccinated,
took the small-pox, and his own sister, who came over to
nurse him, caught the disease from him and died there, and was
buried in the cemetery at Plantieres outside the walls of Metz."
Dr. Scott Tebb observes: "There is, indeed, some reason to
believe that this war was the starting-point of the great Euro-
pean pandemic of small-pox in 1871-72."
The same high authority has furnished the following table,
showing the decline in small-pox from 1838 to 1895 :—
England and Wales.—Average annual deathrate per mil-
lion living, from small-pox, fever, typhus fever, and scarlet
fever, in five-year periods from 1838-95.
Years.
Small-pox.
Fever.
Typus
Fever.
Scarlet
Fever.
1838-42
576
1,053
1847-50
292
1,246


34                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
Years.
Small-pox.
Fever.
Typus
Fever.
Scarlet
Fever.
1851-55
248
983
1856-60
198
842
1861-65
219
922
982
1866-70
105
850
960
1871-75
408
599
81
759
1876-80
82
380
34
680
1881-85
83
273
23
436
1886-90
16
202
7
241
1891-95
24
185
4
182

"Over the whole period it will be found that the small-pox
death rate declined 96 per cent., while fever declined 82 per
cent. But the most extraordinary feature of the table is the
large small-pox death rate in 1871-75, twenty years after vac-
cination had been made compulsory." Thus from 1838 to 1871
death from small-pox had only abated 29 per cent, while fever
diminished 43 per cent.; hence, since the commencement of
registration, there was practically a very slight decline in small-
pox until 1871-72 epidemic, while the death rate from fever very
materially diminished. The cause of this abatement is very
plainly stated in the forty-second annual report of the Regis-
trar General (1879) :—
"Had the deaths from one or more of this group of causes
fallen, while those from others in the same group had risen, or
had the fall been trifling, or the totals dealt with insignificant
in amount, it might have been suspected that the alteration was
a mere alteration in name. But as the deaths under each head-
ing have declined, as the fall in the death rate from them has
been enormous—62.4 per cent, in the course of ten years—and
as the totals are by no means small, it may be accepted as an in-
disputable fact that there has in truth been a notable decline in
these pests, and it may be fairly assumed that the decline is due
to improved sanitary organization."
Here is common sense: "improved sanitary organization,"
and no class in any community understand this better than


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.                   35
members of the medical profession. The only rational explana-
tion, therefore, that can be assigned for the dogged persistance
with which they continue to push their accursed vaccination
practice to the front is, that it pays.
In Oriental countries—China, India, Egypt,—where sanita-
tion is almost wholly neglected, we have illustrated the utter
futility of vaccination to check the fatal strides of small-pox.
In the "Report on Sanitary Measures in India in 1879-80," page
142, we read:—
"The vaccination returns throughout India show the same
fact, that the number of vaccinations does not necessarily bear
a ratio to the small-pox deaths. Small-pox in India is related
to season, and also to epidemic prevalence; it is not a disease,
therefore, that can be controlled by vaccination, in the sense
that vaccination is a specific against it. As an endemic and epi-
demic disease, it must be dealt with by sanitary measures, and if
these are neglected small-pox is certain to increase during epi-
demic times."
Again, in the "Memorandum of the Army Sanitary Com-
mission for the Punjab" (1879), we read:-—
"Vaccination in the Punjab, as elsewhere in India, has no
power apparently over the course of an epidemic. It may mod-
ify it and diminish the number of fatal cases, but the whole In-
dian experience points in one direction, and this is that the se-
verity of a small-pox epidemic is more closely connected with
sanitary defects, which intensify the activity of other epidemic
diseases, than is usually imagined, and that to the general san-
itary improvement of towns and villages must we look for the
mitigation of small-pox as of cholera and fever."
On this branch of the problem Dr. Scott Tebb sums up as
follows:—
"At the present time, compulsory vaccination, by paralyz-
ing efforts in other directions, blocks the way towards sanitary
reform. When the laws are abrogated vaccination must, like
all other medical prescriptions and surgical operations, rest
upon its own merits, or, in other words, on its inherent persua-
siveness, unaided by the arm of the law. The practice will then,


36                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
in my opinion, in the not very distant future be surely aban-
doned.
"This will prepare the way for a new era of improved health
and human happiness, the result of scientific sanitary ameliora-
tion in all departments of our social, domestic, and municipal
life."
We should not forget that all zymotic diseases run in peri-
ods of greater and lesser intensity. This is true of yellow fever,
of scarlatina, of typhus, and diphtheria, as well of small-pox;
and it is during periods of epidemic intensity that the complete
worthlessness of vaccination is brought home to us. In the
London Lancet, July 15, 1871, we read:—
"The deaths from small-pox have assumed the propor-
tions of a plague. Over 10,000 lives have been sacrificed dur-
ing the past year in England and Wales. In London, 5,641
deaths have occurred since Christmas. Of 9,392 patients in the
London Small-pox Hospitals, no less than 6,854 had been vac-
cinated, i. e., nearly 73 per cent. Taking the mortality at 17 1-2
per cent. of those attacked, and the deaths this year in the whole
country at 10,000, it will follow that more than 122,000 vacci-
nated persons have suffered from small-pox! This is an alarm-
ing state of things. Can we greatly wonder that the opponents
of vaccination should point to such statistics as an evidence of
the failure of the system? It is necessary to speak plainly on
this important matter."
ZYMOTICS A CONSTANT QUANTITY.
In the history of zymotic diseases we are confronted with
the very important fact, that though small-pox seemed to abate
after vaccination came into fashion, other forms of zymotic dis-
eases cropped up and swelled the death rate to the same uni-
form proportions. When one epidemic predominated—as
typhus, scarlatina, or diphtheria,—small-pox would be found
to be in abeyance; then one after another would manifest epi-
demic violence, so that the death rate went on with singular


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.         37
uniformity. Given the same conditions the death rate of a peo-
ple will display the same uniform percentage from year to year,
and nothing will vary this number except a change in these
conditions. When a whole people improve their sanitary regu-
lations the death rate diminishes and the average duration of
life advances. Aggravate these conditions, either by war, fam-
ine, or intemperance in its multiform phases, and the death
rate infallibly rises to a larger sum total.
This compensatory law is well illustrated in Sweden, where
deaths from small-pox in 1825 were 1,243, and from typhus,
3,962; but four years later small-pox only claimed 53, while
deaths from typhus rose to 9,264. Then again, in 1846, the
small-pox fatality was only 2, while deaths from all causes were
72,683. In 1851 small-pox became epidemic again, notwith-
standing very thorough vaccination, when the small-pox fatality
rose to 2,448, but the total death rate was almost precisely that
of 1846, being 72,506.
The statistics of other countries reveal the same law. In
Prague, from 1796 to 1802, the total mortality was 1 in 32, when
small-pox fatality was very high; but from 1832 to 1855, when
small-pox fatality was extremely low, still the total death rate
was 1 in 32 1-3.
Dr. Robert Watt, in 1813, considering the vast number of
deaths from small-pox among children, says:—
"I began to reflect how different the case must be now;
and to calculate the great saving of human life that must have
arisen from the vaccine inoculation. At this time (1813) above
15,000 had been inoculated publicly at the Faculty Hall, and
perhaps twice or thrice that number in private practice."
In eight years (1805-13) little more than 600 had died in
Glasgow, of small-pox; whereas in 1784 the deaths by that dis-
ease alone amounted to 425, and in 1791 to 607; which, on both
occasions, exceeded the fourth of the whole deaths in the city
for the year. To ascertain the real amount of this saving of in-


38                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
fantile life, I turned up one of the later years, and, by accident,
that of 1808, when, to my utter astonishment, I found that still
more than a half perished before the tenth year of their age;
I could hardly believe the testimony of my senses, and there-
fore began to turn up other years, but I found it amounted to
nearly the same thing. To make the facts clear, let us bring
the results of the past three decades together, thus:—
GLASGOW MORTUARY
STATISTICS.
1783-1812.
Whooping-
Decade.
From Small-pox
Measles.
Cough.
I783-1792
3,466
211
854
1793-1802
2,894
398
914
1803-1812
1,013
1,655
1,151
Children Under
Children Under
Total Deaths
Decade.
Two.
Ten.
All Ages.
1783-1792
7,293
9,919
17,607
1795-1800
6,277
9,050
16,685
1802-1812
7,120
10,913
20,175
To ascertain how a low small-pox mortality was compen-
sated by other diseases, Dr. Watt divided the years 1783-1812
into five periods, of six years each, and in this way set forth
the proportionate mortalities :—
GLASGOW MORTUARY STATISTICS. 1783-1812.
Whooping
Years.
From Small-pox.
Measles.
Cough
1783-1788
19.55
.93
4.51
1789-1794
18.22
1.17
5.13
1795-1800
18.70
2.10
5.36
1801-1806
8.90
3.92
6.12
1807-1812
3.90
10.76
5.57


A BRIEF SKETCH FROM JENNER TO THE PRESENT.            39
Years.
Children Under
Two.
Children Under
Ten.
Total Deaths
All Ages.
1783-1788
3940
53.48
9,994
1789-1794
42.38
58.07
11,103
1795-1800
38.82
54.48
9.991
1801-1806
33.50
52.03
10,034
1807-1812
35.89
55.69
13.354
—"Diseases of Children," Glasgow, 1813.
Now put these facts by the side of the idiotic—the false
assertions of Sir Spencer Wells, that:—
"It may not be generally known, but it is true, that Jen-
ner has saved, is now saving, and will continue to save in all
coming ages, more lives in one generation than were destroyed
in all the wars of the first Napoleon."
The fluctuations in the death rate between plague and
small-pox is strikingly similar:—
MORTALITY
FROM PLAGUE
IN LONDON,
1604-1651.
Year.
Deaths.
Year.
Deaths.
1604...........
.... 896
1628...........
3
1605...........
..... 444
1629...........
. . . . 0
1606...........
..... 2,124
1630...........
. . . . 1,317
1607...........
. . . . 2,352
1631...........
.... 274
1608...........
.... 2,262
1632...........
8
1609...........
.... 4,410
1633............
0
1610...........
.... 1,803
1634............
. . . . 1
1611...........
. . . . 617
1635............
.... 0
1612...........
.... 64
1636...........
.... 10,400
1613...........
16
1637...........
.... 3,082
1614...........
..... 22
1638...........
... 363
1615...........
37
1639...........
.... 314
1616...........
..... 9
1640...........
. . . . 1,4501
1617...........
..... 6
1641...........
. . . . 1,375
1618...........
18
1642...........
.... 1,274


40                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
1619...............
9
1643...............
996
1620...............
21
1644...............
1,412
1621...............
11
1645...............
1,871
1622...............
16
1646...............
2,635
1623...............
17
1647...............
3,507
1624...............
11
1648...............
611
1625...............
35,417
1649...............
67
1626...............
134
1650...............
15
1627...............
4
1651...............
23
In 1878 Sir Thomas Chambers said in the House of Com-
mons :—
"You cannot show that vaccination has reduced deaths.
or saved a single life. There may be no small-pox, but the dis-
appearance of small-pox is by no means equivalent to a reduc-
tion of mortality."
Thus I might indefinitely multiply illustrations of the truth
of this law of constancy which variations in the intensity of
specific diseases does not affect. The practice of vaccination
therefore is utterly opposed to the plain teachings of sanitary
science. It is the most untenable dogma in the whole category
of medical theories, which has never been demonstrated to be
sanctioned by any ascertained law or principle in the healing
art. No precious lives have been saved as the outcome of the
vaccine delusion, while just in proportion as it has modified the
symptoms of the contagion it professes to save us from, has
other and more disgusting forms of zymotic disease multiplied
Upon the race. Aye, more. It has become an added factor for
the wider diffusion of cancer, erysipelas, eczema, carbuncles,
tumors, leprosy, and last but not least, to relegate the "bad
disease" from its dark, infernal den, domesticate and make it
common in the households of the land!


CHAPTER II.
VACCINE STOCK AND COMMERCIAL VACCINA-
TION.
No vaccine stock used since the days of Jenner is en-
titled to the designation "lymph." Lymph is a natural and
healthy fluid that circulates in the lymphatic vessels. All so-
called lymph—which is simply vaccine pus—is a collection of
blood corpuscles in process of destructive fermentation. The
various frauds of vaccine pus are charged with the same specific
quality, their chief differences consisting in their relative de-
grees of rottenness. They are each and all a species of septic
poison, no matter how or where they were brewed. The fer-
menting cells in this vaccine substance abound with pathogenic
globular bacteria, of which they are both the active element and
chief factor in conveying filthy diseases of the blood and skin
to the human body. Through this blood-poisoning ichor, into
which the ruthless lance of the vaccinator is daily dipped, the
germ of a legion of diseases assault the citadel of health, enters
the peaceful precincts of home, and with the connivance and as-
sistance of the politician and legislator, inflicts upon the little
children of the land the barbarous and degrading rite whose
curse will spread and multiply through generations yet unborn.
I now remember, the prophet predicted a "time of trouble" for
the last days. He must have had his eye on the vaccinator, and
knew full well when he would arrive. Lo! the last days are


42                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
here, and the trouble predicted is upon us!
That all so-called vaccine lymph contains blood cells has
been well known to the medical profession since 1862. Dr.
Heron Watson writes (Edinborough Medical Journal, March,
1862): "There is no vaccine matter, however carefully re-
moved from the vesicle, which, on microscopic investigation,
will not be found to contain blood corpuscles." Upon this
point the statement of Dr. Husband before the Royal Com-
mission said in its report: "The evidence given by Dr. Hus-
band, of the Vaccine Institution of Edinborough, established
the fact that all lymph, however pellucid, really does contain
blood cells." (Sec. 430.) Dr. Scott Tebb writes, (A Century of
Vaccination, page 307): "There is nothing necessarily in the
appearance of the vaccine vesicle to lead one to suspect syph-
ilis ;" while Dr. Ballard informs us (Prize Essay) that "the per-
fect character of the vesicle is no guarantee that it will not fur-
nish both vaccine and syphilitic virus."
Let us see how much the guarantee to furnish "pure" vac-
cine pus is worth. Mr. Farn, director of the National Establish-
ment in England, when put under examination before the Royal
Commission, furnished some details that would be well to re-
flect upon:
"Q. 4,130. You are a medical man, are you? No.
Q. 4,133. Have you made any special study of microbes?
No.
Q. 4,154. With such (microscopic) power as you are able
to employ would you be able to recognize or distinguish any
micro-organisms which might be present? No, I should not.
Q. 4,155. Have any micro-organisms been identified, or
stated to have been identified, for such a disease as erysipelas
and so on? I am afraid you are going rather out of my depth
as a non-medical man.
Q. 4,159. Is there any disease within your experience
whose cause you can identify with such microscopical power


VACCINE STOCK.
as you employ ? Not that I am aware of.
Q. 4,173. Having regard to what you have told us, dc
you think it would be possible, from the microscopical examin-
ation you made, to guarantee that any lymph was pure? No
I should not undertake to say whether it would be a guarantee
that the lymph was pure. I do not know that you could do it.
Q. 4,200. Are we to understand that, as a matter of fact,
you have ever guaranteed lymph ? No.
It seems, therefore, that there is no such thing known or
obtainable as pure vaccine lymph, and it is very significant that
as long ago as 1883 the Grocers' Company, by reason of the
numerous disasters following vaccination, offered a prize of
£1,000 for the discovery of any vaccine contagium cultivated
apart from an animal body, but up to the present time the
award has not been made. The matter has, however, been set-
tled beyond all dispute by the Royal Commission itself. They
say: "It is established that lymph contains organisms, and
may contain those which under certain circumstances would
be productive of erysipelas." (Sec. 410).
—"A Century of Vaccination," page 269. .
It will hence be seen that the commercial sharks who ad-
vertise to furnish vaccine lymph "absolutely free from all or-
ganisms except the pure vaccine germ," are either as ignorant
of the microscope as Mr. Farn, or else through motives for
lucre they deliberately deceive the public. Probably both these
allegations are true.
"If it be asked, with what shall we vaccinate? the answer
would seem to be simple enough—why, with vaccinal virus, of
course. But if we ask, what is vaccinal virus ? the answer is not
readily found; nor is there, even now, after nearly a century
of vaccination, any concord in the profession as to the proper
material to be used.
* * *********
"When Jenner first performed the rite, he used cow-pox
virus. We have already seen what was the origin of this dis-


44                                     VACCINATION A CURSE.
order in the cow, viz., that it was a contagious disease trans-
ferred, by careless manipulation, from the heels of the horse to
the udder of the cow. Jenner believed that small-pox, swine-
pox, cow-pox, and grease were merely varieties of the same
disease, as he implied by the name variolae vaccinae. He vaci-
nated his own son with swine-pox. He employed the grease-
virus (horse-pox) in a large number of cases, and furnished it
to other vaccinators. Acting on his suggestion, the king of
Spain, in 1804, ordered all the children in the Foundling Hospi-
tal at Madrid to be vaccinated with goat-pox. Jenner claimed
that the virus of these and various other animals were all
equally efficacious with cow-pox in warding off small-pox. He
also used arm-to-arm vaccination, derived both from the cow
and from the horse. He therefore practiced five distinct things
under the one name of vaccination: (1) Cow-pox vaccination;
(2) cow-pox-child vaccination; (3) horse-pox (grease) vaccina-
tion, which he denominated as the equination of the human
subject; (4) horse-pox-child vaccination; and (5) swine-pox
vaccination.
"Although he asserted that grease, cow-pox, and small-
pox were all one disease, he made no attempt to prove it by in-
oculating the cow with variola. But, as early as 1801, Gassner,
of Gunsburg, inoculated with variolous virus eleven cows, pro-
ducing on one of them vesicles having all the characteristics of
vaccinal vesicles, and from which 'a stock of genuine vaccine
lymph was obtained.' With this small-pox-cow vaccine four
children were inoculated, and from them seventeen other child-
ren were in turn vaccinated. In the following year (1802) a
number of cows were successfully variolated at the Veterinary
College at Berlin.
***********
"Beside this variola-vaccine lymph, as it is called, another,
and as it is asserted, a new variety of lymph or virus has been
imported. This is the celebrated Beaugency stock, which is
claimed to be a spontaneous case of cow-pox, untainted with
variolation on one hand, or horse-grease on the other.
Thus there are a number of strains of vaccine material:
a.    The original cow-pox of Jenner;
b.    Equine-pox stock;
c.    Swine-pox stock;


VACCINE STOCK.                                              45
d.    Goat-pox stock;
e.   Variola cow-pox of Ceely, and others;
f.    Spontaneous cow-pox of Beaugency.
"Each of these have passed through many transmissions,
and to a certain extent have become crossed or intermixed,
and with the exception of what is now called 'calf-lymph,' it
is impossible for anybody to tell what he is using. This so-called
'calf-lymph' is offered in two varieties. One of these is claimed
to be inoculation from the Beaugency stock, which it is con-
fessed, is of unknown origin, and which from the mildness of
the vaccine-disorder which it sets up, is of dubious value.
"The other variety of 'calf-lymph' is derived from small-
poxing a heifer, and from the vesicles thus produced calves are
inoculated; these in their turn furnishing the 'lymph' or virus
for the human subject.
"This furnishes two more varieties of vaccine material:
g.    Calf-Beaugency stock;
h. Calf-small-pox-cow-pox."
—"The Value of Vaccination," pages 37-39, Winterburn.
"When the Royal Commission on Vaccination was re-
luctantly conceded by the late (Conservative) government in
April, 1889, the medical profession was (and still is) in a state
of hopeless confusion as to the merits of the various vaccines
introduced and recommended by rival purveyors. One variety
is used in Germany, another in France, a third in Belgium, and
in England all have been tried more or less. It was suggested
by the medical press that the Royal Commission should deal
with this much vexed phase of the vaccination embroglio;
and after the evidence of Dr. Cory, Dr. Gayton, Mr. Farn, and
other vaccine experts, it was anticipated the commission would
have made a pronouncement on the subject. This professional
expectation has not been realized. To illustrate the extent of
this medical confusion, and for the information of those who
contemplate subjecting their children to the vaccine operation,
the writer subjoins a list of some of these vaccines:
(1)    The original Jennerian Virus, or Horse-grease Cow-
pox.
(2)     Woodville's spontaneous Cow-pox Virus, contami-
nated with small-pox.
(3)     Swine-pox with which Jenner inoculated his eldest


46                                            VACCINATION A CURSE.
son. 'Swine-pox' has no relation to a pig's disease; but is
only an old name for the mildest form of small-pox, called also
the white small-pox, or pearl-pox. (Crookshank, 'History and
Pathology of Vaccination,' Vol. I, page 287.)
(4)   Horse-pox or horse-grease passed through the cow.
(5)   Spontaneous Cow-pox—the Gloucestershire brand.
(6)   Ceely and Babcock's lymph—small-pox passed through
the cow.
(7 The Beaugency Virus.
(8)  The Passy Virus.
(9)  Dr. Warlomont's Calf-lymph, in points, tubs or pots
of pomade as supplied to the Royal Family in England.
(10)   The Lanoline vaccine or vesicle pulp invented by
Surgeon-Major W. G. King, and used extensively in India and
Burmah.
(11)   Donkey-lymph, the discovery of Surgeon O'Hara,
and strongly recommended to municipalities in India.
(12)   Buffalo-lymph, recommended in India as 'yielding
more vesicle-pulp than calves,' but chiefly conspicuous for its
abominable odor.
(13)   To these must be added the lymph passed through
numberless more or less diseased human bodies, which has
been shown by high authorities to be capable of spreading lep-
rosy, syphilis, and other loathsome and incurable diseases."
—Anti-Vaccination League Circular.
Dr. Warlomont, of the Government Vaccine Depot, Bel-
gium, advises medical practitioners, when families apply for vac-
cination, to require such families to furnish their own vaccine
material, thus making the family take the risk while the doctor
pockets the fee.
THE TRUE CHARACTER OF ALL ANIMAL
"LYMPHS."
Since one form of vaccination after another has been tried
and then abandoned because of the evil effects which followed,
still the doctors and vaccine-farm firms have found the practice


VACCINE STOCK.                                              47
far too profitable to think of abandoning it; and so from time
to time they announce the discovery of a new brand of vaccine
material, which they guarantee a gullible public to be double
proof against the remotest possibility of danger, and an absolute
safeguard against small-pox. "Pure Calf-lymph" is at present
the harmless elixir which vaccination promoters offer in the
market. Just how this "lymph" is manufactured is one of those
mysteries which the vaccine firms never impart to their patrons;
and whether the secret is out or not, I know the nature and
habits of the species, and propose to throw a search-light upon
it long enough to allow the general reader to note a few items
regarding its behavior.
We have already seen that all vaccine material is animal
pus, which is animal tissue in process of decomposition or ret-
rograde metamorphosis—but a small remove from absolute
rottenness. In other words, it is the serum of a particular dis-
ease thrown out upon the skin, and this putrifying serum in-
variably contains a specific virus, a putrefactive or septic poison,
no matter in what way the putrefaction of animal tissue has
been induced. The vaccine pus may be charged with one or a
dozen forms of septic poison, according to the nature of the
putrifying tissues which have contributed to its production.
Nor is the danger lessened, but rather augmented, by subse-
quent transmissions, as every additional channel through
which it passes will contribute its own taint of involved dis-
ease.
Dr. T. V. Gifford, of Kokomo, Ind., in an address before
the Anti Vaccination Congress in Paris (1889), professes to
have learned at least one method of producing vaccine calf-
lymph. He says:—
"A Boston medical student, whom I had long known as a
reliable gentleman, voluntarily informed me how they pro-
duced bovine virus at the Boston vaccine farm, where students
are permitted to see the whole operation. He said they shave


48                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
the hair from the udder of the heifer with a razor, then scratch
or bruise the udder with a steel-tined instrument and leave it to
fester simply from the bruising. Now put this with the follow-
ing which I have already quoted form Dr. Spinzig—'Vaccina-
tion is tantamount to inoculation and is septic poisoning'—and
this from the little Philadelphia book afore mentioned—'that
vaccine virus has no special properties inherent to it'—and this
from another scientific writer—'All pus of animal organisms
has the same specific quality and differs only in strength and de-
grees of rottenness or development'—and you have a solution
of the whole question, which is simply this: It makes no dif-
ference how the pus is produced, whether by bruise, wound or
introduction of other pus or other foreign poison. The degree
of virulence of the pus is governed by the character of the tis-
sue out of which it is formed and the length of time it remains
in the sore."
Again, "Animal lymph is admitted to be too active, es-
pecially in tropical countries, to be used direct; and in gen-
eral, therefore, it is available only after one or two removes,
when it carries with-it diseases both animal and human, as has
been shown in evidence before the Royal Commission on Vac-
cination."
—"Leprosy and Vaccination," page 181, Wm. Tebb.
On this important phase of the vaccination question I will
cite a number of authorities who are at the very summit of the
medical profession, most of whom will be found quoted in Dr.
Scott Tebb's excellent work, "A Century of Vaccination."
The London Lancet (June 22, 1878), in a criticism of Dr.
Henry A. Martin, observes:—
"The notion that animal lymph would be free from chances
of syphilitic contamination is so fallacious that we are surprised
to see Dr. Martin reproduce it, and so contribute to the per-
petuation of the fanciful ideas which too commonly obtain on
the origin of vaccino-syphilis.
"Dr. Henry M. Lyman observes: 'It is certain that the
disturbances, produced by the use of a virus which has been
newly derived from the cow, are generally much more marked
than the effects which follow the use of a more perfectly hu-


VACCINE STOCK.                                              49
manized lymph.'"
—"American Medical Times" for March 8, 1862.
"But there is a special vesicular vaccine eruption attending
the acme and decline of the vaccine disease. The Germans have
called it 'Nachpocken.' I have often, nay almost always, seen
it as a secondary eruption on the teats and udders of the cows
immediately before and after the decline of the disease in them.
The same I have repeatedly seen in children, especially in the
early removes from the cow; and still continue at times to wit-
ness it, to the great temporary disfigurement and annoyance
of the patient, and the chagrin and vexation of the parent. It
is essentially a genuine vaccine secondary eruption. I have wit-
nessed it in vaccinating the dog. I have colored illustrations of
this secondary eruption in man and animals, and have seen
some severe and a few very dangerous cases in children where
the skin and visible mucous membranes were copiously occu-
pied with it."—Dr. Scott Tebb, page 367.
"Vaccination with bovine lymph has brought to light a
series of phenomenal symptoms, except to those medical men
who have kept fresh in their minds the descriptions of Jenner
and the early writers. Jenner described the disease caused by
early removes from the cow, and he consequently gave a picture
of only the intensest forms of it, in his 'Inquiry' and 'Further
Observations.' A glance at the colored engravings in Jenner's
great work, in Woodville's, Pearson's, Bryce's, Willan's, and
all others, shows that the vesicle was larger and the areola more
intensely red than in the cases familiar to us up to the time
of the introduction of the Beaugency lymph. The reader of the
early vaccinographers can hardly believe there was not some
exaggeration in their descriptions of the serious constitutional
symptoms, and the bad ulcers which sometimes succeeded vac-
cination ; ulcers so bad, indeed, that they had to be treated
with solution of white vitrol."
—Dr. Thomas F. Wood, New Jersey.
"In the report of the Oxford Local Board to the New Jer-
sey Board of Health, Dr. L. B. Hoagland, in referring to an ep-
idemic of small-pox, says: 'About fifteen hundred persons were
vaccinated during its prevalence, one-third of them with human-
ized virus, and the remainder with non-humanized bovine virus,
the constitutional effect being much the more marked when the


50                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
latter was used. One child, of five years, lost its life by taking
cold in her arm; gangrene set in, and she died from septicaemia.
Some of the sores were three or four months in healing."
"In my use of bovine lymph it was observed that the vac-
cine vesicle resulting was much larger, the areola and inflam-
matory induration were more extensive, the crust large, flat,
and thin, generally ruptured, and came away before the sore
was cicatrised. In two instances the inflammatory action was so
high that the vesicle sloughed out en masse, leaving a deep
ulcer."—Dr. E. J. Marsh, Board of Health, Patterson, N. J.,
1882.
Dr. George B. Walker, of Evansville, Ind., writes: "The
bovine lymph was more violent and caused troublesome ulcera-
tion and sometimes eruption over the body."
In the Journal of Cutaneous and Venereal Diseases Dr.
Morrow bears out the almost universal opinion of medical men
in the United States when he says: "The experiences of the
profession in this country with bovine lymph shows that it is
slower in its development, more intensely irritant in its local and
constitutional effects, and more prolonged in its active con-
tinuance."
Dr. Alexander Napier, assistant to the professor of Materia
Medica, Glasgow University, and physician to the skin depart-
ment, Anderson's College Dispensary, calls attention to a cer-
tain remarkable group of skin eruptions, which he finds re-
ported in the American journals, and with scarcely an exception
they related to cases where animal lymph was used. He first
refers to instances reported by Dr. Rice in the Chicago Medi-
cal Journal and Examiner for February, 1882, in which that
gentleman states that "about one in ten of all vaccinated have
bad arms, with a high grade of fever, and eruption resembling
somewhat that of Roseda or German measles."
—Dr. Scott Tebb, page 373.
Dr. Pierce, quoted by Scott Tebb, writes: "Judging from
the number of times I have been questioned by anxious parents
on the meaning of these eruptions, I believe with Dr. Holt that
the fact of their liability to follow vaccination should be widely
known."
"In nearly every instance I have mentioned in which spon-
taneous generalized eruptions followed vaccination, the lymph


VACCINE STOCK.                                                5l
used was animal lymph, not humanized lymph. What does this
indicate? That, as Dr. Cameron, M. P., once argued before this
society, the nearer the virus to its original source in the days
of Jenner, the stronger it is, and the more efficient the protec-
tion it affords? Without venturing to give any opinion as to
the greater efficacy of calf lymph vaccination as a prophylactic
against small-pox—a matter which can only be settled on the
basis of a wide statistical inquiry—it seems very clear that in
animal lymph we have a more powerful material, one which
more deeply and obviously affects the system than our ordinary
humanized lymph, if the degree of constitutional disturbance
is to be taken as an index of the effectual working of the virus."
—Dr. Napier, Glasgow Medical Journal, June, 1883.
More recently we find in an article on "Small-pox in San
Francisco," by Dr. S. S. Herrick, the following remarks: "Be-
sides the uncertainty of the bovine virus, there are other fea-
tures of common occurrence, which are not pleasant and which
are not found in the human product. The sores are apt to be
quite serious in character; a considerable eruption on the body
is liable to take place; and the points of vaccination frequently
develop a raspberry-like excrescence (sometimes a true ecchy-
mosis) which may remain for weeks, and is often mistaken by
the inexperienced for the normal result of vaccination."
GLYCERINATED LYMPH.
When the "pure calf-lymph" was found to be uniformly
harsh in its effects, and to be attended with extensive eruptions
and ulceration, a new device was invented by the manufacturers
of the vaccine stock for commercial purposes—a device to still
further mask its insidious and destructive work. This was to
add glycerine to the so-called lymph, which, it is claimed, de-
stroys all micro-organisms except the vaccine germ that is
wanted. In the first place, this is an admission that the lymph
without the glycerine, which had already been in use for years,
really contained micro-organisms in addition to the vaccine
germs, which therefore embraced a real element of danger; and
in the second place, the virtues claimed for glycerine are pure
assumption, without a shadow of evidence to sustain it.


52                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
"The perennial cry of public vaccinators (when they are
confronted with the results) is that the lymph is 'unsatisfactory.'
Animal lymph is often attended with excessive inflammation,
and the practitioner is obliged to dilute it with glycerine, lano-
line, and other substances, and its use is much more expensive.
Moreover, a good deal of the so-called animal lymph in vogue
is only arm-to-arm vaccine, inoculated into calves, buffaloes,
sheep, and donkeys, and partakes of the diseases both of man
and of animals. Of the many cases of ulcerative and of fatal
vaccination which have come under my notice during the past
twenty years not a few have been due to the use of carefully
selected animal vaccine."—"Leprosy and Vaccination," page
381. Wm. Tebb.
"Dr. Lurman, of Bremen, gives an account of an epidemic
of catarrhal jaundice in 1883-84, in a large ship-building and ma-
chine-making establishment in that town, which is of interest
from the fact that the patients had been re-vaccinated with
glycerinated lymph. One hundred and ninety-one persons were
attacked. The disease began with symptoms of gastric and in-
testinal catarrh, which persisted a week or more, until jaundice
appeared. The symptoms comprised epigastric oppression,
anorexia, vomiting, faintness, and there was usually constipa-
tion. Yellow vision occurred in a few instances. In one case
the patient suffered from general dropsy with cerebral symp-
toms, but none of the cases were fatal. Eighty-seven persons in
the establishment, who were re-vaccinated by other surgeons
and other lymph, remained unaffected. Dr. Edwards, who re-
lates these cases in the London Medical Record of April 15,
1885, (Vol. XIII, page 142), remarks that the epidemic 'was
causally connected with the re-vaccination, in some way or
other."
"A feature of glycerinated lymph appears to be that, when
it takes, great intensity of action is observed, both local and
general. Thus Dr. James Cantlie refers to 'much constitutional
disturbance' produced by Japanese lymph. I may also allude
to an article by Dr. Robert J. Carter. He details the results of
319 re-vaccinations with glycerinated calf-lymph. He observes
that in 106 of the patients the axillary glands were 'large, hard,
and tender, and in some instances exquisitely painful;' in three
of the cases the glands above the collar-bone were also affected.


VACCINE STOCK.                                             53
In nine cases lymphangitis was present, the lymphatic vessels
being felt as hard, swollen, tender cords along the course of the
axillary vessels. In ninety-eight of the patients there was
oedema and induration of the arm, and these manifestations
were of a 'curiously persistent character.' Dr. Carter remarked
that they were apparently dependent on the intensity of the
local inflammation at the site of the vaccination."
"Abundant evidence of the danger of glycerinated lymph
is adduced in Appendix IX to the Final Report of the Royal
Commission. The cases are, of course, mostly erysipelas or of
a septic nature; and, without including those of a less severe
character, they number 84, and of these no less than 24 were
fatal."—"A Century of Vaccination," Dr. Scott Tebb, page 382.
"I emphasize the point, that no lymph, whether human or
animal, or adulterated with other substances, can be guaran-
teed as free from danger."—Ibid., page 386.
"Glycerine is a nutritive medium for the growth of putre-
factive and other germs and being fluid, the germs soon pervade
it throughout; and, as a fact, this preparation (glycerinated
lymph) in India soon becomes putrid and septically dangerous."
Indian Lancet, March 4, 1897.
Dr. T. S. Hopkins, of Thomasville, Ga., wrote a communi-
cation concerning the results that followed the use of "patent
solid lymph:"—
"Our town authorities have employed a physician to vacci-
nate all persons who present themselves for the purpose. The
virus was procured from the New England Vaccine Company,
Chelsea, Mass., as 'bovine matter.' The result has been fearful.
Nearly every one vaccinated has suffered severely from ery-
thema or erysipelas, the arm swollen from shoulder to wrist, and
the point of puncture presenting the appearance of a sloughing
ulcer, discharging freely sanious pus. Many of the sufferers
have been confined to bed, with high fever, from five to ten
days, requiring the constant application of poultices to the arm,
and a free use of morphia for the relief of pain. I deem it my
duty to inform you of the result here from the matter used and
from whence it came. It came in cones, each one said to con-


54                                            VACCINATION A CURSE.
tain enough to vaccinate one hundred persons, at a cost of one
dollar per cone. Those who have tried it tell me they would
much prefer to have small-pox."—From the National Board of
Health Bulletin, Washington, D. C, March 4, 1882.
"We have no known test by which we could possibly dis-
tinguish between a lymph which was harmless and one which
was harmful to the extent of communicating syphilis."—Dr.
Crookshank, Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology.
Thus I might multiply testimonies indefinitely regarding
the wide-spread injury which has allowed the use of all forms
of animalized and humanized grades of vaccine material. Glyce-
rinated lymph and all modern brands of vaccine stock are only
new devices to make an old discredited virus acceptable; and
the chief reason why they continue to be inflicted on the long
suffering public, is because that public have no intelligent un-
derstanding of the insidious effects or the grave dangers that re-
sult from this ruinous practice.
Neither the parent or the doctor has any means of judging
the quality of the vaccine virus used, since it is an article of
commerce; and its production is not only associated with mer-
cenary motives, but with empirical science as well. Commerce
has usurped the field here as everywhere else, and the doctor—
who is merely a "middle man" between the vaccine dealer and
the vaccinated—knows no more about the composition of his
stock, either in its occult properties or vital chemistry, than
he does about his baking powders or canned beef; whether the
former are free from alum adulteration, or whether the latter
has passed through the hands of the embalmer. We know at
least that from first to last the whole consignment of horse-
grease-cow-pox-syphilized-vaccine pus is now, has been, and is
destined to continue the most damnable stuff that was ever ad-
mitted into the category of commercialized medical practice.
We may soon expect that the various vaccine farms will be
massed into one gigantic trust, with a lobby at Washington and


VACCINE STOCK.
55
money to secure federal enforcement of a more stringent com-
pulsory vaccination act for the entire country!
"And the beast causeth all * * to receive a mark on
their arm * * and no man might buy or sell, save him that
had the mark * * and there fell a noisome and grievous
sore upon such as had the mark of the beast."—Rev. xvi-2.
Every child successfully vaccinated will carry on its body
the scar—the brute-caused scar, the grievous sore, the scar of
the "beast" till death.


CHAPTER III.
VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.
The flattering promises made by Jenner and other advo-
cates of his school, that cow-pox is an absolute and infallible
protection against small-pox, we have repeatedly seen is contra-
dicted by the concurrent testimony of the highest medical au-
thorities in all civilized countries, as also by the facts with which
we are daily confronted, but more especially in seasons of small-
pox epidemic. During the last twenty years all the leading
countries of the world have expended every effort to render
vaccination general and complete. Compulsory laws have been
enacted, an army of vaccinators put into the field, tens of thous-
ands of prosecutions have been brought, together with fines and
imprisonments, against those who refused to comply with the
provisions of arbitrary legislation, and millions of dollars have
been expended to make vaccination universal. And I ask, what
beneficent result has been accomplished by this unparalleled
vigilance and expenditure? None. The average death rate
from zymotics has not diminished, except where improved san-
itary regulations have been adopted, and even there small-pox
has not diminished in a greater ratio than scarlatina or diph-
theria, as it should if the claims for vaccination had any valid
basis or justification in recorded facts. Just in proportion as
vaccination has modified the symptoms of small-pox it has ag-
gravated other forms of infection, as will be amply shown in


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             57
the course of this discussion. And had not improved sanitation
gone forward as a counteractive cause, the destructive effects
of vaccination would have been far more manifest than what
has already been recorded, bad as that record has been. Sani-
tation has acted as a powerful check to the otherwise rapid mul-
tiplication and spread of zymotic diseases.
Jenner himself found that those whom he vaccinated were
not only subject to small-pox, but that they were sometimes
attacked twice with the disease. Then he advised re-vaccina-
tion, and finally re-vaccinated his patients once a year. He
made a marked distinction between efficient and non-efficient
vaccination. Its potency was not regarded as proved until the
constitution was unmistakably affected with the vaccine dis-
ease. Finally "due and efficient" vaccination meant great in
amount and distinct in quality, i. e., often repeated, and vitally
disturbing. As a matter of fact, if people had the small-pox
under similar conditions that they usually have the swine, horse-
grease, or cow-pox, it would be scarcely less disturbing, but like
all zymotic diseases, the soil for small-pox is prepared by filthy
living, intemperance, over-crowding, poverty, war, etc., until the
populace is charged with infection to the point of explosion;
then it breaks out with epidemic intensity as small-pox, typhus,
or plague, according to the preponderating quality of the in-
fection accumulated. Then a miracle is expected from the per-
formance of a degrading rite, but the miracle is never per-
formed, since during an epidemic small-pox ruthlessly treads
down its victims without taking any note of the "vaccine-mark"
on the arm, so much relied on as a talisman or magic charm
against the disease! Florence Nightingale combined experi-
ence and common sense in this domain far better than nine
tenths of the doctors. She says:—
"I was brought up both by scientific men and ignorant wo-
men to believe the small-pox, for instance, was a thing, of which
there was once a first specimen in the world, which went on


VACCINATION A CURSE.
propagating itself, just as much as there was a first dog, or
pair of dogs; and that the small-pox would not begin itself any
more than a new dog would begin without there having been a
parent dog. Since then I have seen with my eyes small-pox
growing up in first specimens, in close rooms or over-crowded
wards, where it could not by any possibility have been caught,
but must have been begun. Nay more; I have seen diseases
begin, grow up, and pass into one another; with over-crowding,
continued fever; with a little more over-crowding, typhoid;
with a little more, typhus, and all in the same ward or hut."
COMPARISON OF SMALL-POX DEATHS.
NEW YORK.
NO
VACCINATION.
LONDON.
VACCINATION THE
FASHION.
YEAR.
PER HUNDRED THOUSAND LIVING.
DEATHS.
DEATHS.
1804............................
1805............................
1806............................
1807............................
1808............................
1809............................
1810............................
AVERAGE................
169
62
48
29
62
66
4
63
61
163
110
122
I08
106
106
111
In 1820, that is, before Jenner's death, it was said: "Cases
of small-pox after vaccination have increased to such an ex-
tent, that no conscientious practitioner can recommend vacci-
nation as affording a certain security against the contagion of
small-pox."—"Gazette of Health," London, 1820.
In 1828 there was a severe epidemic in Marseilles where
2,000 were attacked with small-pox, who had been vaccinated.
In the epidemic of 1831, in Wirtemburg, 955 persons were at-
tacked with small-pox—all vaccinated.
"The matter has been looked into by Dr. Creighton and
by Prof. Crookshank as far as its pathological aspect is con-
cerned; and the conclusions towards which we are pointed in


VACCINATION KAILS TO PROTECT.                             59
this, that while vaccination is not, and from the nature of the
case cannot be, a specific prophylactic against small-pox, yet a
severe attack of cow-pox, or, in other words, vaccination fol-
lowed by considerable constitutional disturbance, is likely to
prove, while the febrile symptoms still last, antagonistic to the
small-pox infection, and, so far, affords a temporary protection
against it. Probably the same is true of any other disease that
produces constitutional disturbance with febrile symptoms.
We must, moreover, bear in mind that many persons, apart from
vaccination, had been known to show constitutional insuscep-
tibility to the variolous inoculation, and that inoculation
itself was often enough a mere formality, producing no results;
and this was extremely likely to be the case when the operators
were anxious that no results should be produced. Add to this
the enthusiasm for the cause, which, unless Jenner and his fel-
low-workers had been more than human, would lead them, with-
out conscious dishonesty, to make no record of experiments
that failed, and we have perhaps a fair explanation of the whole
business; but it is not altogether a satisfactory one; and it is
difficult not to regret that similar experiments cannot be re-
peated now under conditions involving publicity, as that would
really settle the whole controversy."—"Vaccination Question,"
Arthur Wallaston Hutton.
"The small-pox is making still greater havoc in the ranks
of the Prussian army, which is said to have 30,000 small-pox
patients in its hospitals."—"London Morning Advertiser," Nov.
24, 1870.
"The United States frigate Independence, with a ship's
company of 560 persons, there were 116 cases of small-pox,
seven fatal. The crew of this ship almost universally presented
what are regarded as genuine vaccine marks. The protection,
however, proved to be quite imperfect."— U. S. Navy Depart-
ment Reports, 1850.
"In a cruise of the North Carolina up the Mediterranean,
she shipped at Norfolk a crew of 900 men, most of whom had
been vaccinated, or had the small-pox, but were nevertheless
twice vaccinated prior to the ship sailing, a third time at Gibral-
tar, and a fourth time at Port Mahon. Dr. Henderson, who
reports these facts, states that notwithstanding this ultra vacci-
nation under such various circumstances of virus, climate, etc.,


60                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
157 of the crew had varioloid."—Ibid.
In New York (1870-71) the health department reported:
"This extraordinary prevalence of small-pox over various
parts of the globe, especially in countries where vaccination has
long been efficiently practiced; its occurrence in its most fatal
form in persons who gave evidences of having been well vacci-
nated, and the remarkable susceptibility of people of all ages
to re-vaccinations, are new facts in the history of this pestilence,
which must lead to a re-investigation of the whole subject of
vaccination and of its claims as a protecting agent."—Dr. Win-
terburn, page 73.
In 1882 small-pox was epidemic in Baltimore. The vic-
tims were principally foreigners, crowded together in the most
filthy quarter of the town. In a crowded tenement from fifteen
to twenty cases were often reported. In a single month (Janu-
ary) over 162,000 persons were vaccinated by the city physi-
cians. There were 4,930 cases, of which 3,506 were children.
The deaths amounted to 1,184, of which 959 were children—
about 78 per cent. This, together with hundreds of other in-
stances that might be cited from crowded centers of popula-
tion, proves vaccination a complete and glarings failure in times
of small-pox epidemic—the only time when sure protection is
needed.
When the great London epidemic raged (1871-72), 96 per
cent. of births were registered as vaccinated, yet there were 11,-
174 cases of small-pox in the London hospitals. At the same
period 17,109 cases were reported in Milan, of which but 278
were classed as unvaccinated. In the French army during the
Franco-Prussian war, 23,469 cases were recorded, every one of
which had been vaccinated, and a large proportion re-vacci-
nated. Dr. Bayard, of Paris, says: "Every French soldier on
entering a regiment is re-vaccinated; there are no exceptions."
Sir Henry Holland reluctantly admits that "The circum-
stances, of late years, have greatly changed the aspect of all
that relates to this question. It is no longer expedient, in any


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             6l
sense, to argue for the present practice of vaccination as a cer-
tain or permanent preventive of small-pox. The truth must be
told as it is, that the earlier anticipations on this point have not
been realized."
"From childhood I have been trained to look upon the cow-
pox as an absolute and unqualified protective. I have, from
my earliest remembrance, believed in it more strongly than in
any clerical tenet or ecclesiastical dogma. The numerous and
acknowledged failures did not shake my faith. I attributed
them either to the carelessness of the operator or the badness
of the lymph. In the course of time, the question of vaccine
compulsion came before the Reichstag, when a medical friend
supplied me with a mass of statistics favorable to vaccination,
in his opinion conclusive and unanswerable. This awoke the
statistician within me. On inspection, I found the figures were
delusive; and a closer examination left no shadow of doubt in
my mind that the so-called statistical array of proof was a com-
plete failure."—Dr. G. F. Kolb, Royal Sta. Com., Bavaria.
The Registrar General (England), in his official report for
1880, points out some very important facts, namely, that the
reduction in the sum total of zymotic diseases for the previous
decade, should be put down to the credit of improved sanita-
tion. The death rate from fever fell nearly 50 per cent.; that
of scarlatina and diphtheria, 33 per cent., while small-pox alone
increased 50 per cent., and this when vaccination was general
and thorough. This proves that vaccination has no appreciable
effect to check the progress of small-pox when it becomes epi-
demic. We also have here an illustration of the law, already
pointed out, that when one zymotic disease is epidemic the
others are in abeyance to the extent that the total death rate is
not sensibly affected.
The "London Lancet" (1871) says, editorially: "Those
who have been building up in their imagination a great and ben-
eficent system of state medicine, under which the great causes
of diseases were to be controlled, must abate their hopefulness.
It must be admitted that the existing system of public vaccina-


62                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
tion has been sadly discredited and almost mocked by the exper-
ience of the present epidemic."
In a speech in the London Vaccination Conference (1881).
Dr. Bullard—with a salary of $3,500.00 as public vaccinator—
said: "If it were not for the interference of such small-pox ep-
idemics as that of 1871, the records of vaccination would be per-
fectly satisfactory." Dr. Robinson retorted: "Dr. B. reminds
me of a bankrupt who avowed he would be perfectly solvent, if
it were not for his confounded losses." Aye, it is during a
money-crisis that the solvency of a bank is tested; and it is
likewise during a small-pox epidemic the value—or total lack
of it—of vaccination is tested. If at this critical period it fails
to protect, it is thereby not only proved to be utterly useless,
but an unmitigated curse; for it not only fails to yield any ben-
efit, but it charges the bodies of its unnumbered victims with a
virus, the effects of which the most thorough sanitation will
only partially counteract.
Here are some figures :
SMALL-POX DEATHS IN LONDON.
1851-60 ...........................................    7,150
1861-70 ...........................................    8,347
1871-80 ...........................................   15,551
The deaths in England from the last three great epidemics
of small-pox were:
Deaths.
1857-9 ............................................ 14,244
1863-5 ............................................ 20,059
1870-2 ............................................ 44,840
This is vaccinated London; this is vaccinated England, and
observe that the last curse was far more grievous than the first
—twenty years earlier.
Florence Nightingale writes that "Every one who knows
anything of public health questions, will agree as to the practi-
cal unity of epidemics and their determining causes, and that ex-


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             63
emptions from all alike must be sought, not by any one thing,
such as vaccination, but by inquiring into and removing the
causes of epidemic susceptibility generally."
HARD BLOWS BY PROFESSOR WALLACE.
One of the ablest writers and thoroughly scientific men in
England—Prof. Alfred R. Wallace—has enrolled himself on the
side of reform, and has recently written and published (1898)
one of the best books on the vaccination controversy which has
appeared within the history of the agitation—"Vaccination a
Delusion." This has been published both as a separate volume,
and also embodied in his latest work—"The Wonderful Cen-
tury," where it is receiving a wide circulation. Prof. Wallace
has made a thorough study and analysis of the statistical prob-
lem as it relates to vaccination and to small-pox, and arranged
the results in diagramatic form—twelve diagramatic maps—
the only form in which statistics show the exact truth at a
glance. I am more than pleased to have access to such an ample
and thoroughly reliable source of information, and shall embody
some of Prof. Wallace's results in these pages:
He critically examined the early tests employed by the ad-
vocates of vaccination to prove the protective influence of the
practice, and points out the fallacy and complete inefficiency
of these tests. Moreover, he urges that the real test would have
been to inoculate with small-pox virus two groups of persons
of similar age, constitution and health, one group having been
vaccinated, the other not, and none of them having had small-
pox. Then have the results carefully noted and reported by in-
dependent experts. But such practical tests have never been
instituted by the apologists and defenders of the practice.
The Board of the National Vaccine Establishment, ap-
pointed in 1808, consisted of the president and four censors of


64                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
the Royal College of Physicians, and the master and two senior
wardens of the College of Surgeons. Speaking of this board,
Prof. Wallace observes:—
"The successive annual reports of the National Vaccine Es-
tablishment give figures of the deaths by small-pox in London
in the eighteenth century, which go on increasing like Fal-
staff's men in buckram; while in our own time the late Dr. W.
B. Carpenter, Mr. Ernest Hart, the National Health Society,
and the Local Government Board make statements or give fig-
ures which are absurdly and demonstrably incorrect. * * *
The unreasoning belief in the importance of vaccination leads
many of those who have to deal with it officially to conceal-
ments and mis-statements which are justified by the desire to
'save vaccination from reproach.' "
Next Prof. Wallace cites two cases which shows the un-
scrupulous special pleading of members of the National Vaccine
Establishment—the recklessness in making assertions which
scorns the slightest attempt at verification:—
"In the first edition of Mr. Ernest Hart's "Truth About
Vaccination" (page 4), it is stated, on the authority of a mem-
ber of Parliament recently returned from Brazil, that during
an epidemic of small-pox at the town of Ceara in 1878 and 1879,
out of a population not exceeding 70,000 persons there were
40,000 deaths from small-pox. This was repeated by Dr. Car-
penter during a debate in London, in February, 1882, and only
when its accuracy was called in question was it ascertained that
at the time referred to the population of Ceara was only about
20,000, yet the M. P. had stated—with detailed circumstance-
that in one cemetery, from August, 1878, to June, 1879, 27,-
064 persons who had died of small-pox had been buried.' Ga-
zetteers are not very recondite works, and it would have been
not difficult to test some portion of this monstrous statement
before printing it. Jenner's biographer tells us that he had a
horror of arithmetical calculations, due to a natural incapacity,
which quality appears to be a special characteristic of those who
advocate vaccination, as the examples I have given sufficiently
prove.
"Another glaring case of official misrepresentation oc-
curred in the Royal Commission itself, but was fortunately ex-


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             65
posed later on. A medical officer of the Local Government
Board gave evidence (First Report, Q. 994), that the board in
1886 'took some pains to get the figures as to the steamship
Preussen,' on which small-pox broke out on its arrival in Aus-
tralia. He made the following statements: (1) There were
312 persons on board this vessel. (2) 4 re-vaccinated, 47 vacci-
nated, 3 who had small-pox, and 15 unvaccinated were attacked
—69 in all. (3) The case was adduced to show that 'sanitary
circumstances have little or no control over small-pox compared
with the condition of vaccination or no vaccination.'
"This official statement was quoted in the House of Com-
mons as strikingly showing the value of vaccination. But, like
so many other official statements, it was all false! The re-
ports of the Melbourne and Sydney inspectors have been ob-
tained, and it is found: (1) That there were on board this ship
723 passengers and 120 crew—823 in all, instead of 312; so that
the 'pains' taken by the Local Government Board to get 'the
figures' were very ineffectual. (2) There were 29 cases among
the 235 passengers who disembarked at Melbourne, of whom
only 1 was unvaccinated. The crew had all been vaccinated be-
fore starting, yet 14 of them were attacked with small-pox, and
one died."
—Page 81 of "Vaccination a Delusion,"
Again, officials of the Vaccine Establishment have no mo-
tives why a record of small-pox mortality should not be cor-
rect ; but they have a motive to charge the record up against
the unvaccinated all that the state of the public health will bear.
Of fatal cases none are returned as vaccinated unless distinct
and visible vaccine marks are found, which often lead to error.
Besides, official vaccinators have an admitted practice of giving
vaccination the benefit of any doubt that may arise as to
whether the victim of the disease was ever vaccinated. Hence,
while statistics are sure to embrace the full number of the un-
vaccinated, they rarely reveal the number of the vaccinated.
Sweden is often quoted by advocates of vaccination as bear-
ing out their contention that vaccination really protects. They
point out that vaccination was introduced in Sweden in 1801.


66                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
and that from that time to 1810 there was a great and sudden
decline of small-pox mortality. But Prof. Wallace, taking the
report of the Swedish Board of Health, and the statements of
such authorities as Sir William Gull, Dr. Seaton and Mr.
Marsen before the Commission of Inquiry in 1871, constructed
a complete diagramatic table of Swedish mortality statistics.
I will here attempt nothing more than a brief summary of a por-
tion of the facts.
In the first place, only 8 per cent. of the population were
vaccinated in Sweden down to 1812. The first successful vacci-
nation in Stockholm was at the close of 1810. And here it is
important to note that the decline in small-pox mortality was
between 1801 and 1812, while only 8 per cent. of the population
was yet vaccinated, and even this small percentage was mostly
confined to the rural districts. From 1812, for sixty years there
was a continuous increase in the small-pox death rate. The
Stockholm epidemic of 1807, before a single inhabitant in that
city was vaccinated, and the epidemic in 1825, were far less se-
vere than the six later epidemics when vaccination had become
general. By referring to Prof. Wallace's diagram, we see that
vaccination had nothing to do with the reduction of small-pox
mortality, which was all brought about before the first success-
ful vaccination in the capital, Dec. 17, 1810. As vaccination in-
creased among the population, small-pox increased also. In
1874 there was a small-pox mortality in Stockholm of 7,916 per
million, reaching 10,290 per million during the two years in
which the epidemic prevailed. This was a higher mortality
than the worst epidemic in London during the eighteenth cen-
tury.
Prof. Wallace sums up the case as it relates to Sweden:—
"There has evidently been a great and continuous im-
provement in healthy conditions of life in Sweden, as in our own
country and probably in all other European nations; and this
improvement, or some special portion of it, must have acted


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                                    67
powerfully on small-pox to cause the enormous diminution of
the disease down to 1812, with which, as we have seen, vaccina-
tion could have had nothing to do. The only thing that vacci-
nation seems to have done is, to have acted as a check to this
diminution, since it is otherwise impossible to explain the com-
plete cessation of improvement as the operation became more
general; and this is more especially the case in view of the fact
that the general death rate has continued to decrease at almost
the same rate down to the present day!
"This case of Sweden alone affords complete proof of the
uselessness of vaccination; yet the commissioners in the Final
Report (par. 59) refer to the great diminution of small-pox mor-
tality in the first twenty years of the century as being due to it.
They make no comparison with the total death rate; they say
nothing of the increase of small-pox from 1824 to 1874; they
omit all reference to the terrible Stockholm epidemics increas-
ing continuously for fifty years of legally enforced vaccination
and culminating in that of 1874, which was far worse than the
worst known in London during the whole of the eighteenth
century. Official blindness to the most obvious facts and con-
clusions can hardly have a more striking illustration than the
appeal to the case of Sweden as being favorable to the claims of
vaccination."
In May, 1871, the Pall Mall Gazette expresses the medical
opinion that:—
"Prussia is the country where re-vaccination is most gen-
erally practiced, the law making the precaution obligatory on
every person, and the authorities conscientiously watching
over its performance. As a natural result, cases of small-pox
are rare." Never was there a more glaring untruth than this
last statement. It is true that re-vaccination was enforced in
public schools and other institutions, and most rigidly in the
army, so that a very large proportion of the adult male popula-
tion must have been re-vaccinated; but, instead of cases of
small-pox being rare, there had been for the twenty-four years
preceding 1871 a much greater small-pox mortality in Prussia
than in England, the annual average being 248 per million for
the former and only 210 for the latter. A comparison of the


68
VACCINATION A CURSE.
two cases shows the difference at a glance. English small-
pox only reached 400 per million (in 1852) while in Prussia it
four times exceeded that amount. And immediately after the
words above quoted were written, the great epidemic of 1871-72
caused a mortality in re-vaccinated Prussia more than double
that of England."—Ibid, page 48.
If we compare Berlin with London in 1871, we find the
small-pox mortality for Berlin 6,150 per million—more than
twice that of London; and this, remember, is where vaccination
and re-vaccination were most thoroughly performed.
Again, vaccination was made compulsory in Bavaria in
1807, and was so maintained down to the epidemic of 1871,
when 30,742 cases of small-pox were reported, of which 95 per
cent. had been vaccinated.
Prof. Wallace truly remarks: "In Bavaria as in all other
countries we have examined, the behavior of small-pox shows
no relation to vaccination, but the very closest relation to the
other zymotics and to density of population. * * Ninety-
five per cent. of small-pox patients having been vaccinated is
alone sufficient to condemn vaccination as useless."
"One point more deserves notice before leaving this part
of the inquiry, which is the specially high small-pox mortality
of great commercial sea-ports. The following table, compiled
from Dr. Pierce's "Vital Statistics" for the continental towns
and from the Reports of the Royal Commission for those of
our own country, is very remarkable and instructive;—
NAME OF TOWN.
YEAR.
SMALL-POX DEATH-RATE
PER MILLION.
Hamburgh........
1871
15,440
Rotterdam........
1871
14,280
Cork .........
1872
9,600
Sunderland
1871
1874
8,650
7,916
Stockholm........
Trieste.........
1872
1871
6,980
5,410
Newcastle-on-Tyne ......
Portsmouth........
1872
4,420
Dublin.........
1872
4.330
Liverpool.........
1871
3.890
Plymouth.........
1872
3,000
"The small-pox death rate in the case of the lowest of these
towns is very much higher than in London during the same ep-


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             69
idemic, and it is quite clear that vaccination can have had noth-
ing to do with this difference. For if it be alleged that vaccina-
tion was neglected in Hamburgh and Rotterdam, of which we
find no particulars, this cannot be said of Cork, Sunderland,
and Newcastle. Again, if the very limited and imperfect vacci-
nation of the first quarter of the century is to have the credit
of the striking reduction of small-pox mortality that then oc-
curred, as the Royal Commissioners claim, a small deficiency in
the very much more extensive and better vaccination that gen-
erally prevailed in 1871, cannot be the explanation of a small-
pox mortality greater than in the worst years of London when
there was no vaccination. Partial vaccination cannot be claimed
as producing marvellous effects at one time and less than noth-
ing at all at another time, yet this is what the advocates of vac-
cination constantly do. But on the sanitation theory the ex-
planation is simple. Mercantile seaports have grown up along
the banks of harbors or tidal rivers whose waters and shores
have been polluted by sewage for centuries. They are always
densely crowded owing to the value of situations as near as
possible to the shipping. Hence there is always a large popula-
tion living under the worst sanitary conditions, with bad drain-
age, bad ventilation, abundance of filth and decaying organic
matter, and all the conditions favorable to the spread of zymotic
diseases and their exceptional fatality. Such populations have
maintained to our day the unsanitary conditions of the last cen-,
tury, and thus present us with a similarly great small-pox mor-
tality, without any regard to the amount of vaccination that
may be practiced. In this case they illustrate the same princi-
ple which so well explains the very different amounts of small-
pox mortality in Ireland, Scotland, England, and London, with
hardly any difference in the quantity of vaccination.
The Royal Commissioners, with all these facts before
them or at their command, have made none of these compari-
sons. They give the figures of small-pox mortality, and either
explain them by alleged increase or decrease of vaccination, or
argue that, as some other disease—such as measles—did not
decrease at the same time or to the same amount, therefore
sanitation cannot have influenced small-pox. They never once
compare small-pox mortality with general mortality, or with the
rest of the group of zymotics, and thus fail to see their wonder-


70                                             VACCINATION A CURSE.
fully close agreement—their simultaneous rise and fall, which
so clearly shows their subjection to the same influences and
proves that no special additional influence can have operated in
the case of small-pox."—Ibid, pages 51-52.
Prof. Wallace then proceeds to give two remarkable test
illustrations of the utter worthlessness of vaccination:—
"The first is that of the town of Leicester, which for the last
twenty years has rejected vaccination till it has now almost van-
ished altogether and small-pox is almost unknown. The
second is that of our army and navy, in which, for
a quarter of a century, every recruit has been re-vac-
cinated, unless he has been recently vaccinated or has had small-
pox. In the first we have an almost wholly unprotected popu-
lation of nearly 200,000, which, on the theory of the vaccinators,
should have suffered exceptionally from small-pox; in the other
we have a picked body of 220,000 men, who, on the evidence
of the medical authorities, are as well protected as they know
how to make them, and among whom, therefore, small-pox
should be almost or quite absent, and small-pox deaths quite
unknown. Let us see, then, what has happened in these two
cases. In both it has been clearly proven that small-pox in-
creased with the increase of vaccination, and decreased by sani-
tation, cleanliness, and hygienic living.
"Then commenced the movement (in Leicester) against
vaccination, owing to its proved uselessness in the great epi-
demic, when Leicester had a very much higher small-pox mor-
tality than London, which has resulted in a continuous decline,
especially rapid for the last fifteen years, till it is now reduced
to almost nothing. * * *
"The first thing to be noted is the remarkable simultaneous
rise of all four death rates to a maximum in 1868-72, at the
same time that the vaccination rate attained its maximum. The
decline in the death rates from 1852 to 1860 was due to sanitary
improvements which had then commenced; but the rigid en-
forcement of vaccination checked the decline owing to its pro-
ducing a great increase of mortality in children, an increase
which ceased as soon as vaccination diminished. This clearly
shows that the deaths which have only recently been acknowl-
edged as due to vaccination, directly or indirectly, are really so
numerous as largely affect the total death rate; but they


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             71
were formerly wholly concealed, and still are partially concealed,
by being registered under such headings as erysipelas, syphilis,
diarrhoea, bronchitis, convulsions, or other proximate cause of
death."
The small-pox history of Leicester presents one of the best
object lessons of the past thirty years, for since the small-pox
epidemic of 1871, the city not only rose in revolt and rid itself
of the incubus of vaccination, but also instituted as thorough a
system of sanitation as its crowded population of 180,000 would
admit of. It therefore stands out clear and distinct above all the
other cities in England, both as a rebuke to the vaccine prac-
tice, and as a testimony that salvation from zymotic infection
lies in the direction of hygienic habits and surroundings. In
1894 Leicester had only seven vacinations to 10,000 of the pop-
ulation, while Birmingham had thirty times that proportion;
and between 1891-94 Leicester had less than one-third the cases
of small-pox and less than one-fouth the deaths in proportion to
population, than well vaccinated Birmingham; whence it is
readily seen that for both numbers and severity the facts are
decidedly against vaccination.
"Now let us see how the commissioners, in their Final Re-
port deal with the above facts, which are surely most vital to the
very essence of the inquiry, and the statistics relating to which
have been laid before them with a wealth of detail not equalled
in any other case. Practically they ignore it altogether. Of
course I am referring to the majority report, to which alone the
government and the unenlightened public are likely to pay any
attention. Even the figures above quoted as to Leicester and
Warrington are to be found only in the report of the minority,
who also give the case of another town, Dewsbury, which has
partially rejected vaccination, but not nearly to so large an ex-
tent as Leicester, and in the same epidemic it stood almost ex-
actly between un-vaccinated Leicester and well-vaccinated War-
rington, thus:—
Leicester had 1.1 mortality per 10,000 living,
Dewsbury had 6.7 motality per 10,000 living,
Warrington had 11.0 mortality per 10,000 living.


72                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
"Here again we see that it is the unvaccinated towns that
suffer least, not the most vaccinated.
************
"What they urge is (the minority report), that sanitation
and isolation are the effective and only preventives; and it was
because Leicester attended thoroughly to these matters, and
Gloucester wholly neglected them, that the one suffered so little
and the other so much in the recent epidemic. On this subject
every inquirer should read the summary of the facts given in the
minority report, paragraph 261.
"To return to the majority report. Its references to Lei-
cester are scattered over 80 pages, referring separately to the
hospital staff, and the relations of vaccinated and unvaccinated
to small-pox; while in only a few paragraphs do they deal with
the main question and the results of the system of isolation
adopted. These results they endeavor to minimize by declaring
that the disease was remarkably 'slight in its fatality,' yet they
end by admitting that the 'experience of Leicester affords co-
gent evidence that the vigilant and prompt application of isola-
tion * * * * is a most powerful agent in limiting the
spread of small-pox.' A little further on they say, when discuss-
ing this very point—how far sanitation may be relied on in place)
of vaccination—'The experiment has never been tried.' Surely
a town of 180,000 inhabitants which has neglected vaccination
for twenty years, is an experiment. But a little further on we
see the reason of this refusal to consider Leicester a test experi-
ment. Paragraph 502 begins thus: 'The question we are now
discussing must, of course, be argued on the hypothesis that
vaccination affords protection against small-pox.' What an
amazing basis of argument for a commission supposed to be
inquiring into this very point! They then continue : 'Who can
possibly say that if the disease once entered a town the popula-
tion of which was entirely or almost entirely unprotected, it
would not spread with a rapidity of which we have in recent
times had no experience ?' But Leicester is such a town. Its
infants—the class which always suffers in the largest numbers
—are almost wholly unvaccinated, and the great majority of its
adults have, according to the bulk of the medical supporters of
vaccination, long outgrown the benefits, if any, of infant-vacci-
nation. The disease has been introduced into the town twenty


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             73
times before 1884, and twelve times during the last epidemic
(Final Report, par. 482 and 483). The doctors have been assert-
ing for years that once small-pox comes to Leicester it will run
through the town like wild-fire. But instead of that it has been
quelled with far less loss than in any of the best vaccinated
towns in England. But the commissioners ignore this actual
experiment, and soar into the regions of conjecture with, 'Who
can possibly say?'—concluding the paragraph with—'A priori
reasoning on such a question is of little or no value.' Very true.
But a posteriori reasoning, from the cases of Leicester, Bir-
mingham, Warrington, Dewsbury, and Gloucester, is of value;
but it is of value as showing the utter uselessness of vaccina-
tion, and it is therefore, perhaps, wise for the professional up-
holders of vaccination to ignore it. But surely it is not wise for
a presumably impartial commission to ignore it as it is ignored
in this report."—"The Wonderful Century," pages 276-7.
"Although the commission makes no mention of Mr.
Bigg's tables and diagrams showing the rise of infant-mortality
with increased vaccination, and its fall as vaccination diminished,
they occupied a whole day cross-examining him upon them, en-
deavoring by the minutest criticism to diminish their import-
ance."
The second test illustration referred to a few pages back—
that of the army and navy—is made complete and crucial by a
comparison with Ireland, which is practically unvaccinated,
while the army and navy are the most thoroughly vaccinated
and re-vaccinated of any class in the whole population. In Dr.
MacCabe's evidence before the Royal Commission, it appears
but a very small proportion of the population in Ireland have
been vaccinated, and in a thorough comparison which Prof.
Wallace makes between Ireland, Scotland, England, and with
the army and navy, he reaches the result that unvaccinated Ire-
land shows a smaller small-pox mortality than Scotland, enorm-
ously less than England, and overwhelmingly less than Lon-
don. With seemingly little or no regard to vaccination, this
graduated series of increase in small-pox mortality is in exact
correspondence with increased density of population; while in


74                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
these crowded centers we find that small-pox behaves in the
same general manner as all the other zymotic diseases. One
pays no more regard than the other to vaccination, but all have
respect for cleanliness and hygienic living.
After discussing these features of the question, and after
paying his respects to the Royal Commission, Prof. Wallace
continues:—
"Now if there were no other evidence which gave similar
results, this great test case of large populations compared over
a long series of years, is alone almost conclusive; and we ask
with amazement,—Why did not the commissioners make some
such camparison as this, and not allow the public to be de-
ceived by the grossly misleading statements of the medical wit-
nesses and official apologists for a huge imposture? For here
we have on one side a population which the official witnesses de-
clare to be as well vaccinated and re-vaccinated as it is possible
to make it, and which has all the protection that can be given
by vaccination. It is a population which, we are officially as-
sured, can live in the midst of the contagion of severe small-pox
and not suffer from the disease 'in any appreciable degree.'
And on comparing this population of over 200,000 men, thus
thoroughly protected and medically cared for, with the poorest
and least cared for portion of our country—a portion which the
official witness regarding it declared to be badly vaccinated,
while no amount of re-vaccination was even referred to—we
find the less vaccinated and less cared for community to have
actually a much lower small-pox mortality than the navy, and
the same as that of the two forces combined. * * * *
"It is thus completely demonstrated that all the statements
by which the public has been gulled for so many years, as to the
almost complete immunity of the re-vaccinated army and navy,
are absolutely false. It is just what Americans call 'bluff.' There
is no immunity. They have no protection. When exposed to
infection they do suffer just as much as other populations, or
even more. In the whole of the nineteen years, 1878-1896 inclu-
sive, unvaccinated Leicester had so few small-pox deaths that
the Registrar General represents the average by the decimal
0.01 per thousand population, equal to 10 per million, while for
the twelve years, 1878-1889, there was less than one death per


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                            75
Annum.' Here we have real immunity, real protection.; and it is
obtained by attending to sanitation and isolation, coupled with
the almost total neglect of the curse of vaccination. * * *
"Now if ever there exists such a thing as a crucial test, this
of the army and navy, as compared with Ireland, and especially
with Leicester, affords such a test. The populations concerned
are hundreds of thousands; the time extends to a generation;
the statistical facts are clear and indisputable; while the case of
the army has been falsely alleged again and again to afford in-
disputable proof of the value of vaccination when performed on
adults. It is important, therefore, to see how the commisssion-
ers deal with these conclusive test cases. They were appointed
to discover the truth and to enlighten the public and the legis-
lature, not merely to bring together huge masses of undigested
facts.
"What they do is, to make no comparison whatever with
any other fairly comparable populations, to show no perception
of the crucial test they have to deal with, but to give the army
and navy statistics separately, and as regards the army piece-
meal, and to make a few incredibly weak and unenlightening re-
marks. Thus, in par. 333, they say that, during the later years,
as the whole force became more completely re-vaccinated, small-
pox mortality declined. But they knew well that during the
same period it declined over all England, Scotland, and Ireland,
with no special re-vaccination, and most of all in unvaccinated
Leicester! Then with regard to the heavy small-pox mortality
of the wholly re-vaccinated and protected troops in Egypt, they
say, 'We are not aware what is the explanation of this.' And
this is absolutely all they say about it! But they give a long
paragraph to the post office officials, and make a great deal of
their alleged immunity. But in this case the numbers are
smaller, the periods are less, and no statistics whatever are fur-
nished except for the last four years! All the rest is an extract
from a parliamentary speech by Sir Charles Dilke in 1883, stat-
ing some facts, furnished of course by the medical officers of the
post office, and therefore not to be accepted as evidence. This
slurring over the damning evidence of the absolute inutility of
the most thorough vaccination possible, afforded by the army
and navy, is sufficient of itself to condemn the whole Final Re-
port of the majority of the commisssioners. It proves that they


76                                            VACCINATION A CURSE.
were either unable or unwilling to analyze carefully the vast
mass of evidence brought before them, to separate mere beliefs
and opinions from facts, and to discriminate between the sta-
tistics which represented those great 'masses of national experi-
ence' to which Sir John Simon himself has appealed for a final
verdict, and those of a more partial kind, which may be vitiated
by the prepossesssions of those who registered the facts. That
they have not done this, but without any careful examination
or comparison have declared that re-vaccinated communities
have 'exceptional advantages' which, as a matter of fact, the
report itself show they have not, utterly discredits all their con-
clusions, and renders this Final Report not only valueless but
misleading."—"The Wonderful Century," pages 285-6.
In addition to the above quotations, Prof. Wallace devotes
an entire chapter to a criticism of the Royal Commission on
Vaccination, in which their special pleading, their covert con-
cealments, and their flagrant betrayal of the trust of the people
through Parliament committed into their hands are unsparingly
held up to view. But in this, as in nearly all similar bodies,
there were a few men of conscience and integrity, who put the
facts which were brought before them in their proper relation
and embodied them in a minority report. The commission as
a whole, however, conducted their investigations throughout
as though they regarded the Vaccine Establishment as their
clients, whom it was their duty to defend—even as a lawyer de-
fends a client by suppressing or disparaging the testimony that
bears on the other side.
A further word of comment relating to this Royal Commis-
sion may properly be inserted here. One redeeming feature of
the medical profession is found in the fact that a fair percentage
of its ablest members are loyal to the truth and have a large
measure of regard for the public welfare. A certain residue are
greedy and unscrupulous, and these are always plotting for
place and privilege and power; and as these—through the co-
operation of politicians—are opened and made accessible, they


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             77
are usually the foremost in securing official positions and places
of responsibility. Now in the early history of vaccination this
class secured state interference with a Compulsory Vaccination
Law; but as the more conscientious and experienced physi-
cians became fully convinced that vaccination was working
great mischief in the community, they opposed the practice and
agitated for reform. Through this public agitation the people
became sufficiently enlightened on the subject to protest, and
thousands refused to submit, or suffer their children to be vac-
cinated. Prosecutions, fines, and imprisonment followed.
The public clamor became widespread, and Parliament
was repeatedly petitioned to repeal the law, which it refused to
do. It was then asked to appoint a commission to investigate
and report on their grievances. This also was repeatedly re-
fused. Finally, after repeated refusals by the government, a
Royal Commission of Inquiry on Vaccination was at length
granted—in April, 1889. This was granted in consequence of
popular pressure. It was professedly to be constituted a fair
and impartial tribunal; but its real object was to "expose the
distortions and misconceptions of the enemies of vaccination."
It was really to become a "white-washing" commission to si-
lence the public clamor and to intrench place-hunting officials
and an army of vaccinators more strongly under the protection
of the state. Not one of the fourteen members appointed was
opposed to vaccination, though some of them did not favor
compulsory legislation. Indeed, this commission of experts was
a pretty good paralllel to that appointed in our own United
States in 1898—also in obedience to popular clamor—ostensi-
bly to investigate official abuses, but really to "white-wash" the
"embalmed beef frauds" perpetrated on our soldiers in the field
by corrupt agents who had pushed their way to the front and se-
cured federal appointments. The commission found.that our
soldiers had "no occasion to complain (?)." The agents did
the best they could under the circumstances. The system of


78                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
army contracts is a good one; it pays, and therefore the people
should submit without complaint. The "taffy" offered them by
this body of trained experts ought to taste good and quiet their
murmurings. Well, this Royal Commission spread its labors
over a period of seven years, on big government salaries, before
it made its final report. It is this report which Prof. Wallace
so unmercifully scores.
What I have said in the preceding paragraph may likewise
be applied in large part to the National Vaccine Establishment
in England, which was founded in 1806 and endowed by govern-
ment with £3,000 per year. During the eight years succeeding
the Jenner discovery, cases of failure continued to multiply
which occasioned a deal of trouble to Jenner and his party to
explain away. So the doctors sought the co-operation of gov-
ernment to extend and perpetuate their schemes. Dr. Scott
Tebb, after detailing these early failures, continues:—
"The reports of failure at length became so numerous, that
it was found necessary to take action. In a letter to Mr. Dun-
ning in reference to Dr. Benjamin Moseley's publication of fail-
ures, Jenner expresses the opinion that nothing would crush
the hissing heads of such serpents at once but a general mani-
festo with the signatures of men of eminence in the profession,
unless Parliament had a mind to take the matter up again."
So Jenner had a conference with Lord Henry Petty (chan-
cellor of the exchequer) who gave assurances that he would
bring the matter forward in the ensuing session, which, when
convened (1806) was readily persuaded to vote the Crown an
address, praying "that His Majesty will be graciously pleased to
direct his College of Physicians to inquire into the state of vac-
cine inoculation in the United Kingdom, and to report their
opinion and observations upon that practice, the evidence which
has been adduced in its support, and the causes which have
hitherto retarded its general adoption; and that His Majesty


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                              79
will be graciously pleased to direct that the said report, when
made, may be laid before this House.
"The College reported favorably, and the National Vac-
cine Establishment was founded with a vaccine board of eight,
each having a salary of £100 a year. Although the profession
and Parliament had been practically committed to vaccination
at the time of Jenner's petition (1802), this was the first instance
of the establishment and endowment of the practice, and the
natural tendency was to stifle opposition; indeed, it may be said
that one of the principal functions of the National Vaccine Es-
tablishment was to explain away the failures of cow-pox to pro-
tect from small-pox. ****** In some towns fail-
ures were such as to lead to a discontinuance of the practice.
******* The practice afterwards became more
general, until the small-pox raged epidemically. It was then ob-
served that many of the children who had been previously vac-
cinated, and were supposed to be secure, caught the complaint;
some of them died, and others recovered with difficulty."
—"A Century of Vaccination," pages 122-23.
In the "Medical Observer" for November, 1809, the details
of fourteen fatal cases are given:—
"1. A child was vaccinated by Mr. Robinson, surgeon and
apothecary, at Rotherham, towards the end of the year 1799. A
month later it was inoculated with small-pox matter without ef-
fect, and a few months subsequently took confluent small-pox,
and died.
"2. A woman-servant to Mr. Gamble, of Bungay, in Suf-
folk, had cow-pox in the casual way from milking. Seven
years afterwards she became nurse to the Yarmouth Hospital,
where she caught small-pox, and died.
"3 and 4. Elizabeth and John Nicholson, three years of
age, were vaccinated at "Battersea in the summer of 1804. Both
contracted small-pox in May, 1805, and died. They were at-
tended by Dr. Moseley and Mr. Roberts.
"5. Mr. J. Adams, of Nine Elms, contracted casual cow-
pox, and afterwards died of confluent small-pox.
"6. The child of Mr. Carrier, Crown Street, Soho, was vac-
cinated at the institution in Golden Square, and had small-pox
three months afterwards, and died.


80                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
"7. Mary Finney's child, aged one year, died of small-pox
in July, 1805, five months after vaccination.
"8. The child of Mr. Blake's coachman, living at No. 5
Baker Street, died of small-pox after vaccination.
"9. Mr. Colson's grandson, at the 'White Swan,' White-
cross Street, aged two years, was vaccinated by a surgeon at
Bishopsgate Street, in September, 1803. He died of confluent
small-pox in July, 1805.
"10. Mr. Brailey's child, aged two years and eight months,
was vaccinated at the Small-pox Hospital, and forty weeks after-
wards died of confluent small-pox.
"11. Mr. Hoddinot's child, No. 17 Charlotte Street, Rath-
bone Place, was vaccinated in 1804 and the cicatrix remained.
In 1805 it caught small-pox and died.
"12. C. Mazoyer's child, No. 31 Grafton Street, Soho, was
vaccinated at the Small-pox Hospital. Died of small-pox Octo-
ber, 1805.
"13. The child of Mr. R-----— died of small-pox in Octo-
ber, 1805. The patient had been vaccinated, and the parents
were assured of its security. The vaccinator's name was con-
cealed.
"14. The child of Mr. Hindsley at Mr. Adams' office, Ped-
ler's Acre, Lambeth, died of small-pox a year after vaccination."
Such entire failures of vaccination, as a remedy or protec-
tion, multiplying on every hand, had no effect either on Parlia-
ment or the College of Physicians. The failures were concealed,
glossed over or explained away. Once committed to the vac-
cine superstition there was no backing down to be thought of
or tolerated. No confession of error must be allowed to cast
reproach upon so learned a body as the College of Physicians.
And then, it was a good thing—an establishment endowed by
the crown; a goodly number of government offices with fair
salaries; an army of vaccinators in government and municipal
employ; these are not to be lightly surrendered. Christ—if he
were here—might plead for the little ones, for the rising gener-
ation. But why should the rising generation stand in the way
of business? "Business is business." "We must live." These


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             8l
are corporation and class ethics, without soul, without con-
science, cruel as fate, knowing no other object or goal than
what self interest dictates. This is the code by which oppressive
laws become recorded on our statute books, and are kept there;
the code by which otherwise good men will enter into compacts
which, in their composite character, become merciless tyran-
nies—a veritable car of Juggernaut—bearing down its victims
without pity and without remorse!
Again, the "Medical Observer" for August, 1810, states
that the poor of the parish of Witford, in Hertfordshire, were
vaccinated by Mr. Farrow, apothecary at Hadham, with matter
procured from London Cow-pox Institute. During the small-
pox epidemic that followed, of 69 vaccinated, 29 took small-pox,
nine of whom died. The editor gives a list of the fatal cases:—
Name.                                                                    Age.
William Barton ...............................    5 years
Mary Catmore ................................   13 years
Ann Catmore .................................   13 years
Emma Prior ..................................    6 months
Martha Wrenn ...............................    6 years
William Catmore .............................    3 years
Charles Wybrow ..............................    6 months
John Fitstead ................................    1 year
James Thoroughgood .........................    2 years
—Tebb, page 129.
The "Medical and Physiological Journal," Vol. XXXII,
page 478, said the cases of failure at Creighton were so numerous
and decisive that they could not fail to excite alarm. Twenty-five
cases were given where the vaccinations were considered per-
fect. In these cases the fever was violent; the heat was excessive,
the pulse very quick, universal languor, pain in the head and
loins, frequent vomiting; occasional delirium, and sometimes
convulsions.


82                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
In the same journal, Vol. XXXVII, pages 2 to 12, the fol-
lowing cases were reported:—
No.
Name.
p_3.jpg By whom.
p_4.jpg
Nature of the Small-pox.
1
Robert Jones'
two children..
Infants Mr, Redhead
10-8
Small horny pox, which continned
out only five or six days; were not
seen by a medical man. One child
had considerable fever during four
days previous to the eruption.
2
Elizabeth
James
Infant Mr. Harrison
12
Very feverish. Pustules distinct. A
well-marked case of small-pox.
3
Jos. James.....
Infant Mr. Redhead
15
Very feverish, and thought danger
ously ill for a few days. Eruption
not so full as with Elizabeth.
4
Wm. James...
Infant Mr. Carter
8
Had them (eruptions) milder that
the two former. Continued out a
few days.
5
Wm. Parker..
4 Mr. Close, Dal-
ton
18
Delirious two days before the eruption
appeared. Pustules numerous, ant!
continued out seven or eight days.
6
Elizabeth Fell
3 Mr. Briggs
12
Considerable fever previous to the
erution, which was of the distinct
kind.
7
Maria Stable..
10 Mr. Carter
19
Feverish before the eruption, which
was of a small horny kind, ant
soon disappeared.
8
9
Betty Turner..
Alice Turner..
Infant Mr. Redhead
Infant Mr. Redhead
6
12
Feverish three days, with delirium
Face full of pustules, and many on
her body; small horny kind, which
disappeared in five or six days.
Feverish. Not so much indisposed as
Betty; had fewer pustules, but larger
10
Robert Braith-
waite's daugh.
Infant Mr. Carter
14
Very feverish. Had a full crop 0f
small horny pox. Face swelled
Blind three days.
11i
Mr. Rawlin-
son's son
___
— Mr. Brjggs
Much fever. Very full of pustules
and much marked.
12
Ellen Physac-
lea
...........
Infant Mr. Redhead
13
Very feverish. Had large distinct
pox. Has marks on the face.
13
Wm. and Ben-
jamin Kirby
5-3 Mr. T. Carter
-
The eruption on William was larger
and continued longer than the rest
These two children were infected
four weeks after vaccination. Pus-
tules of the horny kind.
14
Joseph Kirby..
Infant Mr. Redhead
5
Got easily through the complaint.
15
Sarah Bond...
Infant At Liverpool
12
Much fever, with delirium. Had
many pustules of the horny kind
which soon disappeared.
16
Jane Ellis.....
Infant Mr. Lodge, In-
gleton
11
Had a remarkably full crop; in fact,
was one complete cake of incrusta-
tion. Recovered pretty well, but is
much marked. Was about a month
confined.
17
Isabella Dixon
infant Mr. Harrison
10
Had a full crop. Is marked, but re
covered well.
18
Marg'r't Dixon
Infant Mr. Redhead
12
Not very full. Pustules perfectly dis-
tinct. Recovered well.
19
Betty Garnet..
Infant Mr. Carter
14
Distinct pustules. Was at the height
in eight days, and recovered well.
Dr. Macleod—as quoted by Dr. Scott Tebb,—says:—
"I have seen too many instances of small-pox in children


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             83
vaccinated in London, where that process was carried on in the
way which the National Vaccine Establishment has recom-
mended as the most efficacious, to retain much faith in its pre-
ventive powers, in whatever manner conducted.' Again he re-
marks (pages 8-9):—'The history of vaccination altogether
forms a severe satire upon the mutability of medical doctrines.
In the first ardor of discovery, not contented with its blessings
to mankind, its benefits were also extended to the brute crea-
tion. It was to annihilate small-pox, prove an antidote to the
plague, to cure the rot in sheep, and preserve dogs from the
mange. These good-natured speculations, however, were soon
abandoned; and more recently all had agreed in acknowledging
its anti-variolous powers, which, we were told, were as well-esta-
blished as anything human could be.'
"But the present epidemic shows too clearly the mortifying
fallibility of medical opinions, though founded on the experi-
ence of twenty years, and guaranteed by the concurring testi-
mony of all the first physicians and surgeons in the world."
Sir Henry Holland—a high authority—indulges in expres-
sions of disappointment in view of the general failure of vaccina-
tion as a protective against small-pox, and particularly its failure
during seasons of epidemic, the only time such protection is
really needed. In his "Medical Notes and Reflections," he
writes:—
"Not only in Great Britain, but throughout every part of
the globe from which we have records, we find that small-pox
has been gradually increasing again in frequency as an epi-
demic; affecting a larger proportion of the vaccinated; and
inflicting greater mortality in its results." Again he says (page
414):—"It is no longer expedient, in any sense, to argue for the
present practice of vaccination as a certain or permanent preven-
tive of small-pox. The truth must be told, as it is, that the
earlier anticipations on this point have not been realized."
Dr. Gregory well observes:—"It is often noticed that per-
sons—vaccinated or not—who resist small-pox in common
years, though fully exposed to the contagion, are attacked by it
in years of epidemic prevalence." This is well worth remem-


84                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
bering. It has been illustrated scores of times in all civilized
countries. It is indeed during seasons of small-pox epidemic
that we most fully realize the utter worthlessness of vaccina-
tion—if we but use our eyes rationally. Yet with all these facts
before them, boards of health in a great number of cities and
towns in our own country, dogged on by a motley crew of
second-rate doctors, drag forth a mouldy Compulsory Vaccina-
tion Act from its pigeon hole, and then order all school children
vaccinated, on pain of expulsion from the public school, if their
parents refuse. Why should not those who really think vacci-
nation a protection be content when they get their own children
vaccinated? If that is really their protection certainly they
would receive no harm by contact with the unvaccinated.
But people are prone to compel their neighbors to adopt
their own modes of thinking and practice. And then, this vac-
cination practice has become a business and source of revenue
to a privileged class, which neither professional or politician
will ever consent that it shall grow less. I say "professionals"
with a qualification, since I have reference only to the mercen-
ary class within the ranks of the medical profession. If this
class do not constitute a majority, they have "cheek" sufficient
to accomplish a vast amount of mischief. A mercenary doctor,
lawyer, or priest is a curse in any community; but when they
form cabals and compacts to perpetuate a monstrous practice
they augment the curse into a public scourge!
The following items are from Dr. A. M. Ross' pamphlet,
"Vaccination a Medical Delusion." Dr. Ross is a physician of
high standing in Toronto, and is a prominent leader in the vac-
cination controversy in this country :—
"Whoever closely watched the course of the epidemic in
Montreal must conclude that vaccination is utterly useless as a
protection from small-pox. Much of what transpired in our
small-pox hospitals was suppressed, especially whatever was
likely to operate against the progress of vaccination, which


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                             85
proves a golden harvest to the vaccinators. But notwithstand-
ing the conspiracy of silence a few official reports pregnant with
proof against vaccination, and proving beyond question that a
large proportion of the patients admitted into our small-pox
hospitals had been vaccinated, and that many of them died,
some with two and others with three, vaccine marks upon their
bodies.
"I refer to the official report from the Civic Hospital, dated
August 17, 1885: 'Up to this date, 133 patients suffering from
small-pox have been admitted to the Civic Hospital; of these
73 were vaccinated, 56 had one mark, 13 two marks and 4 three
marks.'
'I refer to the official report from St. Roch's Hospital,
dated October 22, 1885 : 'Number of vaccinated patients admit-
ted since April . .. 197.'
"I refer to the official report from St. Camille's Hospital,
dated November 1 to 7, 1885: 'There are now in this hospital,
188 small-pox patients; of these 94 are vaccinated. Among
the dead are 12 who were vaccinated.'
"I refer to the first official report from St. Saviour's Hos-
pital, November 1 to 7, 1885: 'Thirteen small-pox patients ad-
mitted; of these 9 were vaccinated and 4 (only) unvaccinated.'
"I refer to the official report from Crystal Palace Hospital,
November 28 up to and including December 5, 1885: 'Number
of patients admitted, 36; of these 19 were vaccinated.'
"I refer to the second official report from St. Sa-
viour's Hospital, covering a period of 15 days, that is, from Oc-
tober 15 to 31, it was stated there had been in all 67 patients ad-
mitted, of whom 60 had been successfully vaccinated, 36 having
two vaccination marks, 2 having three, and 3 having four.'
"I refer to the third official report from St. Saviour's Hos-
pital, November 28 up to and including December 6, 1885:


86                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
'Number of patients admitted, 6; of these 4 bear evidence of
vaccination, and 2 were not vaccinated.'
LATEST OFFICIAL TESTIMONY FROM ENGLAND.
"Read the following summary of the last report of the
Registrar General of England, which proves conclusively that
vaccination does not diminish or protect from small-pox:—
In the first 15 years after the passing of the Compul-
sory Vaccination Act, 1854 to 1868, there died of
small-pox in England and Wales............... 54,700
In the second 15 years, 1869 to 1883, under a more
stringent law, ensuring the vaccination of ninety-
five per cent. of all children born, the deaths rose to 66,447
Total for 30 years......................... 121,147
Of these, there died under 5 years of age............. 51,472
From 5 to 10 years of age.......................... 16,000
Total under 10 years...................... 67,472
Sir Thomas Chambers, Q. C, M. P., recorder of the city of
London, says: "I find that of the 155 persons admitted to the
small-pox hospital, in the parish of St. James, Piccadilly, 145
were vaccinated. At Hampsted Hospital, up to May 13, 1884,
out of 2,965 admissions, 2,347 were vaccinated. In Marylebone,
92 per cent. of those attacked by small-pox were vaccinated."
"Of the 950 cases of small-pox, 1,870, or 91.5 per cent. of
the whole cases, have been vaccinated."—Marson's "Report of
Highgate Hospital for 1871."
"There were 43 cases treated in the Bromley Hospital be-
tween April 25 and June 29, 1881. Of confluent small-pox there
were 16 cases; of discrete, 13; of modified, 13. All the cases
had been vaccinated—three re-vaccinated."—F. Nicholson, L.
R. C. P., "Lancet," Aug. 27, 1881.
But I must bring this chapter to a close, having already
exceeded the limits I had assigned to prove that vaccination has
failed to fulfill the flattering promises of its advocates and pro-


VACCINATION FAILS TO PROTECT.                            87
moters. A volume could easily be filled with a record of these
failures; but it is only a small part of my purpose to point out
what vaccination has failed to do; I shall likewise hold up to
view a portion of the detestable record of what it has done and
is now doing in the world, as also some items of legislation
which has made large portions of the general population invol-
untary and compulsatory victims of this unholy covenant with
disease, death, and hell.
The widespread mischief which inoculation—the forerunner
of vaccination—accomplished in the eighteenth century, is less
a matter of surprise when we compare that period of general in-
tellectual enlightenment with the nineteenth century; but that
vaccination should be so generally submitted to, or even tole-
rated as it has been the last fifty years, is one of those marvels
which prove the desperate persistence of a practice when once
it has become intrenched in the self interest of a privileged class,
and when a powerful profession discover an adequate motive to
invoke legislation to establish its permanence. It is incredible
to believe—after the disclosure of such a multitude of facts, and
after the amount of discussion already expended on the subject
—that the majority of physicians who still continue to vaccinate
have the slightest faith in the operation. Must we then conclude
that the fee takes precedence in their minds over any public ben-
efit they confer ? Aye, must they not be conscious not only that
they do not confer a benefit, but that they are corrupting the
blood and undermining the health of a large percentage of the
community, sowing seeds and planting upas trees which must
eventuate in a terrible harvest of disease and death in the near
future ? If they do not realize the wrong they are perpetuating
on the rising generation God pity their professional acumen;
and may He with the good angels of heaven especially pity the
little children who are turned over to the lance and putrid pus of
this modern molock! Dion Casius, the Roman historian, writ-
ing of the plague which scourged Rome in the second century,


88                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
relates: "many died in another way, not only at Rome but over
nearly the whole empire, through the practice of miscreants,
who, by means of small, poisoned needles, communicated, on
being paid for it, the horrible infection so extensively that no
computation could be made of the number that perished."
Unhappily, the "miscreants" are not all dead. They still
walk the streets with their "poisoned needles" armed with a
"permit" from the legislature to puncture and poison at so
much per head, in the name of that public protection and benefit
which they ruthlessly insult and over-ride. Look out for this
public enemy reader, and bar your door against his approach!
Fifty years ago it was a serious thing to fall sick with fever
and have a doctor—I mean the doctor was the serious part of
the business—for in those old-time days the doctor said: "Cold
water is death," and so fathers and mothers were solemnly for-
bidden to give a drop of cold water to the child, tossing with a
raging fever, and vainly pleading like Dives for "just a drop" to
quench the fire that was fast consuming the life. But the parent
must refuse this agonizing appeal for the doctor had forbidden
the cooling draught. Instead of water—the remedy which na-
ture prescribed—it was mercury and blood-letting in those days
which made the weary hours of sickness a crucifixion, and which
left hundreds of thousands of human wrecks by the wayside.
But we can forgive the average doctor of those days, since his
sin was the sin of ignorance. Not so the vaccinator of today;
he is sinning against the light, and his motives can plead no such
excuse as we readily grant to members of the medical profes-
sion of fifty years ago.


CHAPTER IV
VACCINATION LEGISLATION.
"I can sympathize with, and even applaud, a father who,
with the presumed dread in his mind, is willing to submit to ju-
dicial penalties rather than expose his child to the risk of an in-
fection so ghastly as vaccination."—Sir Thomas Watson, M. D.
The Anglo Saxon peoples have always proved to be re-
fractory soil in which to plant authoritative dogmas—medical or
ecclesiastical—and then attempt to put them in force by legis-
lative enactments. True, they will tolerate encroachments to a
certain limit; for a time they will endure stripes and fines and
persecution; but at last the spirit of liberty is sure to flame up
in emphatic protest, when noble reformers enter the arena, a
season of intense agitation ensues, and when the people are
made fully aware whether legislative encroachments—in the in-
terest and at the behest of a privileged class—are conducting
them, they invariably rise and strike down the marauder, even
though it involves a political revolution.
This insistence of the Saxon that his personal lib-
erty shall be respected and held inviolate, has
been illustrated in three notable instances in the last
four hundred years in those world-famed movements headed by
Luther, Cromwell, and Washington. The first was a successful
protest against the divine right of the church to rule over both


90                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
soul and body of the subject; the second was a revolt against
the divine right of kings to rule over the citizen instead of
guarding and protecting him in his rights; the third transferred
sovereignty from the king to the people, and made the pow-
ers of government derivative from the people—made sover-
eignty to inhere in the people; but this chiefly in theory, since
the people have not yet learned how to either protect or exer-
cise that sovereignty in their associate capacity.
The people's sovereignty is continually being men-
aced by class interests which, through legislation, seek
to acquire special privileges by which they may
be able to compel them to pay a perpetual trib-
ute. Last but not least among these class interests, is the vac-
cination syndicate, which is continually lobbying our legislatures
for an extension of privileges on the pretense that the public
welfare will thereby be enhanced. How exceedingly grateful
the public ought to feel towards these gentlemen for their con-
tinued good health and welfare! But dear gentlemen, let me
remind you—you who pose as government vaccination sur-
geons, members of departments of health, boards of health, mu-
nicipal vaccinators, and small-pox scare promoters; let me re-
mind you, your time is nearly up! The people—when a trifle
better informed about what you are really doing—are going to
get rid of this vile vaccination nuisance and turn you out of the
office you have usurped, disgraced, and run for all the "traffic
would bear." You will then be relegated to your proper station,
put upon your good behavior, and compelled to wait until you are
asked, before you will be permitted to enter our households
with lance and putrid pus and run up a fee from one to three
dollars per victim!
The government has no more constitutional right to com-
pel the people to submit to vaccination in the nineteenth cen-
tury, than it had in the eighteenth to enforce inoculation which
is now made a penal offence, or of legalizing the mercury prac-


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                             91
tice and blood-letting of the last generation. All these were
once regarded as cure-alls and preventives, and would now be
occasions for little harm so long as the people are left free to
adopt or reject them. It is when physic and the state become
united—when the state legalizes and enforces the creed of a par-
ticular sect in medicine—that the serious and fatal mischief be-
gins to be manifest. No class or creed or practice was ever
granted special recognition and support by the state that did not
forthwith begin to abuse those powers and make of them an oc-
casion for human oppression.
The people desire health and safety quite as
much as the doctors desire it for them. And their
common sense moreover demands the "open door" and a free
struggle for the final survival of the "fittest" among the reme-
dial agents brought forward. When these are found and tested
—as cleanliness and wholesome living, for example—common
sense people will adopt them without a resort to such coercive
measures as repeated fines and imprisonments. Those who think
vaccination is the absolute safeguard, by all means leave them
free to erect this wall of protection, and then if vaccination is
the thing they claim it is, at least they will not take the small-
pox though every unvaccinated gentile falls a victim to the dis-
ease. Excuse us, gentlemen of the lancet, we do not propose
to jump out of the "frying-pan into the fire" by substituting the
doctor for the priest. You are all right in your proper place;
but when we found the claws of the priest were growing too
long for the safety of the innocents, we clipped them; and we
warn you—gentlemen doctors—if you continue to press legisla-
tion to assist you in your vaccination scheme, we shall pretty
soon clip your claws also. We don't mind having our bodies
dragged through the mud now and then—good clean mud—but
when you lobby the state to assist you in consigning our bodies,
or our children's bodies, to the filthy pool of your vaccine pu-
tridity, we object; our Saxon patience has then gone beyond


92                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
its limit, and unless you quit this business something serious is
going to happen! Mark it well!
Happily, though compulsory vaccination laws are on the
statute books of nearly every state in our commonwealth, they
remain for the most part a dead letter on account of the ex-
treme difficulty experienced in enforcing them. They are a flag-
rant violation of our constitution, and opposed to the genius
and common sense of our average Anglo Saxon intelligence.
And if the people adequately realized what consequences are in-
volved by submitting themselves or their children to the vaccine
poison, they would very soon sweep every vaccination act from
our statute books, and relegate this vile superstition to the same
obscure retreat to which the inoculation practice of the preced-
ing century has been consigned. In the meantime, I should
still leave the ordinary "scrub" doctor free to ventilate his fads,
for so long as he would be unable to invoke compulsory legisla-
tion in behalf of his practice, the common sense of the citizen,
left free to make his own choice, would in the long run choose
what best conduces to his own health and welfare. Mrs. Eddy's
unique medical creed may, or may not, benefit the world; at any
rate, while left in free competition with the multiplicity of forms
constantly arising for treating disease, it is quite powerless for
harm. But if it were to receive state support and made com-
pulsory, it would then become a glaring wrong and outrage
which the people would be justified in overthrowing without
much ceremony.
We should bear in mind that physic is in a state of transi-
tion. Harsh and drastic modes of treatment were common a
century ago. These have been dropped by the profession,
one after another, until now the instinctive calls of nature are
more or less heeded by the practitioner, and the profession as
a whole is daily approximating nearer and nearer a construc-
tive art of healing, which takes more account of sanitation and
hygienic living, and far less account of drugs and poisons--


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                  93
whether taken into the stomach, or introduced directly into the
blood through the skin, as in the accursed practice of vaccina-
tion. Inoculation has come and gone, taking with it its hun-
dreds of thousands of victims. Calomel and bleeding have had
their day as well as the good will of the profession, and during
that terrible day the sick chamber was a torture chamber—a
gloomy and dreadful place; the doctor's visit the most dread-
ful part of the composite calamity. The light of heaven and the
free air were excluded; pure cold water was "sure death !" The
life-blood was drained off through the puncture of the lancet;
the mouth and throat and stomach were corroded with mineral
poisons—and all this was part and parcel of the "healing art" of
those days. From the time of Jesus Christ to the present it has
been the same. The "woman which had the issue of blood for
twelve years, and had suffered many things of many physicians,
and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered but
rather grew worse," it seems had much the same experience
with the doctors which each generation from that time to the
present has repeated. Now we have the greater curse of vacci-
nation, backed up by the state, and an effort by its promoters
to make it compulsory and universal. But with the growing
good sense of the medical profession, I apprehend this supersti-
tion would have been short-lived, but for the fact that the prac-
tice became allied with the modern commercial spirit and an un-
scrupulous class of medical men, who forecasted material ad-
vantages in an alleged discovery which they warranted as a sure
safeguard against a disease in regard to which the public stand
in constant dread.
The appointment of municipal boards of sanitation for the
enforcement of cleanliness in crowded and filthy quarters is
often urged by vaccinators as identical in principle with compul-
sory vaccination. I insist that it is nothing of the kind. Vacci-
nation is the medical creed of the class, the relative value and the
relative peril of which a diversity of opinion exists, both in the


94                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
community and among medical men; while no class or profes-
sion believe that any peril is threatened by thorough sanitation.
The public are in practical agreement touching its propriety and
necessity. Nobody has conscientious scruples against it. No
popular revolt ever rose up to fight against it as a common
enemy. The liberty of the citizen is not infringed by the most
thorough sanitary measures. Nor do we object to isolation and
quarantine during the prevalence of small-pox, yellow fever, or
cholera. To insist on the identity of these two procedures is an-
other instance of "borrowing the robes of an angel to serve the
devil in." No, filth and vaccination are boon companions ; they
both belong to the devil's order. Sanitation, like the golden
rule, belongs to the divine order, which nobody but the devil or
the devil's servants will oppose, or otherwise attempt to identify
with their own abominable practices.
COMPULSORY VACCINATION IN ENGLAND AND
EXTENT OF REPEALS EFFECTED.
Before the repeal of the compulsory clause in the English
vaccination acts in England, there was annually paid out of the
public funds on account of vaccination, over half a million dol-
lars, while the aggregate receipts of private practitioners must
have been largely in excess of this; and well do these gentry un-
derstand how to multiply their fees. A few cases of small-pox
are reported, and immediately a rumor is started which is taken
up by the press, and a small-pox scare is soon spreading terror
among the populace. Then the vaccination harvest follows.
As in all reforms, so in this, the laity are the first to aban-
don vaccination; for the medical profession has an interest in
addition to the pecuniary one. Having once committed itself—
save an honorable minority—to vaccination as a beneficent dis-
covery and great boon to humanity, and having adhered to this


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.
medical creed for the space of a century, it will not do now to
show the "white feather;" not do to "back water," to surrender
prestige by a confession that the profession framed a mon-
strous fallacy into its medical creed, which would be an imputa-
tion of fallibility. No, it is the air and attitude of infallibility
that must be uniformly maintained. Keep the purple robe on
the medical oracle and insist that he shall stick to a lie when once
told. This is better than the modest truth coupled with a con-
fession that the College of Physicians made a great mistake
when they took Jenner to their bosom and asked Parliament to
vote him £30,000.
When compulsory vaccination was urged upon the atten-
tion of Parliament (1853) for adoption, the lords and commons
were assured that the medical profession were practically unan-
imous on two fundamental points in the vaccination contro-
versy :—
(1)     That vaccination is an absolute protection against
small-pox, and therefore that the vaccination of the entire popu-
lation would prevent small-pox epidemic.
(2)    That universal vaccination involves no risk to life or
health; that the operation is of a benign character and free
from peril.
This protection was promised by Lord Lyttleton, the pro-
moter of the Vaccination Bill of 1853, upon the unanimous as-
surance of the entire medical profession. And when still more
stringent legislation was demanded and secured by the doctors
in 1867, Lord Robert Montagu, who introduced the bill, re-af-
firmed the original promise, and declared it to be absolutely cer-
tain that no person after vaccination could thereafter be in dan-
ger of an attack from small-pox. Today there is not a director
of a small-pox hospital in the civilized world who holds to that
extraordinary view of vaccination.
The worst epidemic of the century (1871-72), which rav-
aged thoroughly vaccinated communities, causing the death of


96                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
50,000 persons, in England and Wales, gave a most emphatic
negative to the assurances of Lord Lyttleton in 1853, and by
Lord Montagu in 1867 in behalf of the doctors.
In regard to the second claim, namely, that the operation is
"benign and free from peril," we have already seen how abso-
lutely untrue it is; and I promise that I shall in later chapters
summon a "cloud of witnesses" to prove the terrible conse-
quences which have resulted from the perpetration of this crime,
in the name of the law, on the bodies of millions of defenceless
victims. There is now on record in the London archives hun-
dreds of pages of evidence brought before the Royal Commis-
sion, which declares that loathsome and incurable diseases—
syphilis, leprosy, cancer, etc.—have been inoculated into healthy
persons at the point of the vaccinator's lancet; and these facts
were fully known to the profession when they lobbied to secure
more stringent acts for the most complete enforcement of com-
pulsory vaccination. The Borgia, in the sixteenth century, were
distinguished for their cunning, cruelty, and perfidy. They
plotted and poisoned to remove people who were in their way—
if it were a pope, it didn't matter—they resorted to cruelty and
perfidy to secure the places and livings they coveted. How
much better than these will the vaccination plotters stand in the
day of judgment?
Compulsory vaccination laws were passed in England in
1853, 1861, 1867, 1871, 1874, and 1878. In 1840 a vaccination
act was passed, making inoculation a penal offence, and provid-
ing facilities for public vaccination, but the compulsory vaccina-
tion was not enforced until 1853, which made neglect of vaccina-
tion punishable by fine and imprisonment. The most important
act of the whole series, however, was that of 1867, which im-
posed upon guardians the duty of seeing that all children were
vaccinated; and empowering them to appoint and pay officers
to prosecute, fine and imprison all recalcitrant parents. True,
no person in England has ever been vaccinated by main force;


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                   97
but the repeated fines and imprisonment of the poor for refusal
to comply, is equivalent to force, since the punishment inflicted
exhausts their entire resources and wears them out. In Ger-
many compulsion is applied literally, as any person who objects
is held down by four men and vaccinated by force.
Until 1867 no great amount of pressure was brought to
bear to compel obedience to compulsory legislation; but after
that date, the doctors having secured a more vigorous law, be-
gan to push the vaccinating business with enterprising zeal and
persistence. About 25,000 prosecutions were made in the in-
terval of five years before 1873. During the six years following,
the total number of persons proceeded against under the vacci-
nation acts, was 34,286. Of these 136 were committed to prison,
19,482 were fined, 14 were bound over, and 7,354 suffered vari-
ous kinds of punishments. The number of prosecutions reached
their maximum in 1888, when vaccinations and prosecutions
both began to rapidly decline, because boards of guardians were
now being confronted with a thoroughly aroused public senti-
ment and protest against these outrageous and oft repeated in-
sults against personal liberty. A house to house census, taken
about this time in a hundred towns and districts by sturdy mem-
bers of the opposition—which had now become organized—re-
vealed 87 per cent. of the people opposed to compulsory vacci-
nation, and 68 per cent. opposed to both state interference and
to the vaccine practice.
Among the British colonies, Canada, Queensland, and New
South Wales, there has never been any compulsory legislation
on vaccination. In New Zealand they have a compulsory law,
but public sentiment is decidedly against its enforcement, and
therefore it remains practicality a dead letter. In Tasmania a
law was on the statute books for some years, but it has finally
been repealed. In Switzerland vaccination was rejected at the
referendum by a large majority in 1882. It has also been aban-
doned by Holland. In state-ridden Germany the doctors are


98                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
backed up by the government on this question; yet it is signif-
icant that the emperor will not permit his own children to be
vaccinated. (See Vac. Inq. July, 1892.) At last in England, by
the recent vaccination Act (1898), the compulsory feature in the
vaccination laws was repealed. So Switzerland and grand old
England, after discussing the matter in parliaments for ten or a
dozen years, hearing the reports and sub-reports from men
having small-pox hospitals in charge, have rescinded the com-
pulsory features in their vaccination laws, and have thereby
lifted a degrading and oppressive yoke which had fettered and
galled the people to the utmost limit of endurance. Don't forget
that in republican Switzerland and conservative old England,
vaccination is now optional with parents and the people. And
yet, be it said to the shame of America, that we still permit this
foul blot from the filth pens of barbarism to smear and blacken
the uages of our statute books. Shame on the state that legal-
izes prize fights, "embalmed beef," cow-pox virus, discourages
woman's suffrage, and persecutes the Mormons. Shame on the
state that shuts the door of the school room against the child
whose parent has sufficient enlightened common sense not to
submit that child to the abominable pollution which, like a
fanged serpent, strikes the victim from the point of the vaccina-
tor's lance! Indeed, the Garrison's and Philipp's and Parker's
have only entered the American vaccination arena to sound the
clarion of reform. Not long—not long will the parents of the
land permit this brazen marauder to flaunt his legal credentials
as a badge of privilege to continue in his merciless slaughter of
the innocents!
ORGANIZED ASSAULT AGAINST VACCINATION IN
GREAT BRITAIN.
Previous to 1880 the numerous reformers that entered the
field to battle against this common enemy, fought single-handed.


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                  99
and though they did much in the way of enlightening the gen-
eral public on the real dangers of the vaccine practice, they ac-
complished little or nothing toward mitigating the oppressive
laws that were in force throughout the kingdom. The effect
of the vigorous measures adopted after the great small-pox ep-
idemic of 1871-72, called for an organized and more skillfully
conducted movement against compulsory legislation. Hence
the formation of the "London Society for the Abolition of
Compulsory Vaccination." Notices were sent to every known
anti-vaccinator in the kingdom, requesting their attendance at
a meeting called in London, Feb. 12, 1881. Only eight persons
responded to this call. These met in an upper room at 76 Chan-
cery Lane. In our Revolutionary war for American Independ-
ence, the ball opened with the banding together of seven famous
leaders. In this later movement the forces mobilized with one
better,—there were eight, but these were scarred veterans who
had seen service on many a battle-field. One—Mr. William
Tebb—fought by the side of Garrison in our own anti-slavery
struggle. This little organization included a chairman, secre-
tary, treasurer, and a provisional executive committee. Every-
body told them their enterprise was the most insane project that
pestilent agitators and lunatics ever attempted to devise. But
they were neither daunted nor discouraged, for the spirit of mar-
tyrs and the sublime devotion of Apostles was in their hearts
and heads. The London journals ridiculed and abused; the
doctors warned; the proprietors of public halls closed their
doors "for fear of the Scribes and Pharisees." Bill stickers re-
fused to post their bills lest they should lose their jobs. The
thorny path of the reformer was indeed theirs to traverse; but
the field of their operations gradually widened; adherents mul-
tiplied; new centers for propaganda were established; litera-
ture was circulated; the "Vaccination Inquirer" was launched,
and writers of ability rallied around their standard. The follow-
ing year (1881), a new and powerful impulse was given to the


100                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
movement, by the access of P. A. Taylor, S. P., for Leicester, who
was made president and became a powerful advocate of the
abolition cause. Within two years 300,000 pamphlets had been
published and circulated.
Perhaps the most notable event in the history of this organ-
ized crusade, was the "Leicester Demonstration." In that city
the doctors had overdone the business of coercive vaccination
and public prosecutions, until the people rose en masse in open
revolt. Upright, well-to-do and patriotic citizens of Leicester
had been imprisoned, dragged through the streets hand-cuffed,
and subjected to the most degrading punishments, because they
stood for the defense of their children against the detested vacci-
nator's poison. This public demonstration and popular protest
included a procession two miles long. Hundreds of flags and
banners with pictorial displays and a comic setting forth of the
Jenner imposture, were carried, of which I will here append a
sample:—
Entire Repeal and no Compromise.
Sanitation not Vaccination.
From Horse Grease, Cow-pox, Calf Lymph, and the Local
Government Board "Good Lord Deliver Us."
Better a felon's cell than a poisoned babe.
Who would be free themselves must strike the blow.
It is not small-pox you are stamping out, but human creat-
ures' lives.
Revolt against bad laws is a Christian virtue and a national
duty.— Wm. Tebb, "Fourteen Years Struggle ," page 8.
The vaccination acts were publicly burned in the market
place, in presence of the mayor and other public officials. In
the evening there was a large mass meeting and energetic
speeches. I have in previous chapters made prominent mention
of Leicester, as the foremost city in England which has come
to the front, not only in the complete over-throw of the vacci-
nation practice, but with the most rational method for stamping


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                        101
out small-pox which any crowded population has yet devised;
namely, in a thorough system of sanitation, which, though di-
minishing doctor's fees to an alarming extent, gives a most sat-
isfactory result in an enormous reduction of zymotic diseases
over other cities in England. This was one of the practical fruits
springing out of the labors of the society which only the year
before organized with eight members.
In 1888 and 1889 the labors of the London society were
powerfully accelerated by the appearance of two able works
against vaccination, by the highest authorities in England!—Dr.
Creighton and Prof. Crookshank. The former is a distinguished
graduate of Cambridge, and at the top of his profession as a
pathologlist; while Dr. Crookshank is professor of comparative
pathology and bacteriology in Kings College, London. Dr. Sir
Benjamin Ward Richardson, in a critical review of Prof. Crook-
shanks' work, concludes:—
"The work as a whole is one of reference to which the peo-
ple, as well as the profession, will often turn. Already, indeed,
the people have turned to it, and the so-called anti-vaccinators
with a relish of revenge which is quite dramatic to see, have
literally grabbed it. To many of them the work, without doubt,
affords a vindication of much that has been said against vacci-
nation, especially on the point of the evidence adduced by the
too earnest advocates of vaccination and the method of enforc-
ing it by compulsory law on free and yet sceptical members of
the community. Some will feel that this disqualifies the book
in a professional point of view. It should not do so. If it be
true that we of physic have really, for well-nigh a century past,
been worshipping an idol of the market-place, or even of the
theatre, why, the sooner we cease our worship and take down
our idol, the better for us altogether. We have set up the idol,
and the world has lent itself to the idolatry, because we, whom
the world has trusted, have set the example. But the world
nowadays discovers idolatries on its own account; and if we
continue the idolatry it will simply take its own course, and,
leaving us on our knees will march on whilst we petrify."
—Wm. Tebb's Pamphlet, page 10.


102                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
Previous to the public appearance of Doctors Creighton
and Crookshank in the vaccination controversy, the reformers
chiefly depended upon laymen for their literary authority on the
vaccination practice; and these, medical men affected to wholly
despise and discredit. In Doctors Creighton and Crookshank
however, they found foemen worthy of their steel.
Soon after the appearance of Dr. Creighton's work, Mr.
William White, an accomplished literary champion of the anti-
vaccination cause, and author of "The Story of a Great Delu-
sion," wrote:—
"Lord Wolseley says the first axiom of war is to know
everything about your enemy. It is an axiom we ought to real-
ize about vaccination. If we are to prevail, it is not sufficient to
dislike the practice; we must dislike it intelligently. On the
political side we have some powerful allies; our weakness has
hitherto lain on the medical side. We are told that medical au-
thority is against us overwhelmingly, which is true, although
we might dispute the grounds of that assertion. There is
scarcely an affirmation by any authority relative to vaccination
that is not contradicted by some other authority equally author-
itative. Such is our position, and the trouble has hitherto been
that we could not obtain a hearing for the facts against author-
ity. The inconsistencies of the practice and its multiform irra-
tionality have been persistently disregarded. A front of brass
has been maintained towards the public by the medical pro-
fession.
"This situation has been completely changed by Dr.
Creighton's exposition and criticism. Upwards of twelve
months have elapsed since his 'Natural History of Cow-pox'
was published. It has been widely read and indifferently re-
viewed, but, so far, not a single statement made in its pages has
been impugned. Next, in the 'Encyclopaedia Britannica,' the
article 'Vaccination' has been written by Dr. Creighton, wherein
he re-states his position as to the origin and character of cow-
pox, its irrelevance to small-pox, its consequent impotence as a
preventive of that disease, and its close analogy to syphilis.
"Now another work has been published by Dr. Creighton,
the title and contents of which are given above, in which he re-


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                 IO3
views the history of vaccination, and describes the various arts
and manoeuvres whereby it was conjured into popularity in
England and the Continent. It is an extraordinary history, full of
interest and instruction; and no attentive reader who takes up
Dr. Creighton's volume will lay it down a believer in the Jen-
nerian craft."
The following letter by Mr. William Tebb, which appeared
in the "Manchester Guardian," shows the general situation in
1892:—
                                                                                    ,
"Sir.—The importance of the unanimous recommenda-
tions of the Royal Commission in their recent interim report,
the promise of the government to consider the weight of evi-
dence upon which this recommendation was made, and the no-
tice given by Lord Herschell to call attention to the subject at
an early day, prompt me to ask permission to present certain
considerations which, in view of the present state of the ques-
tion, can hardly be disregarded at this juncture. When Lord
Lyttleton introduced the first Vaccination Bill, in 1853, he
stated that the absolute protection from small-pox by Jenner's
prescription was a point upon which the entire profession were
agreed. Nothing was said about a temporary benefit which
needed renewing by re-vaccination or was effective only when
conjoined with improved sanitation. Nor was there any allu-
sion to the risk of disease and death now admittedly attendant
upon the operation. The evidence disclosed before the Royal
Commission shows that vaccination has been a failure from its
commencement, and this failure, coupled with the mischievous
results of the practice in spreading serious diseases, has caused
a widespread and constantly augmenting opposition to the law.
The feeling is so acute in places like Keighley, Gloucester, East-
bourne, Leicester, Oldham, and other towns, that thousands of
intelligent people declare they would suffer any punishment
rather than expose their children to the perils of vaccination.
A large majority of the people of England (including nearly all
the working classes), are opposed to compulsory vaccination,
as I have found by personal inquiries in every part of the United
Kingdom. Household censuses made in about 100 towns and
districts show that 87 per cent. are opposed to compulsion and
that 68 per cent. have no faith in vaccination whatever.


104                                          VACCINATION A CURSE.
"It is unfortunate that the evidence laid before the Royal
Commission on vaccination should have been given with closed
doors, no newspaper reporter being allowed to be present, so
that the public are still uninformed of the extent to which vacci-
nation has been discredited. On numerous occasions when the
houses of vaccine recalcitrants have been stripped of furniture,
or when anti-vaccinators have been handcuffed and sent to
prison, large bodies of exasperated citizens have assembled and
the public peace has been endangered. I have been told again
and again by the more ardent spirits of this prolonged struggle,
especially by those who have suffered numerous prosecutions
or had their children injured by vaccination, that unless they re-
sorted to violence they would never get the law repealed. I
have unfailingly counselled the use only of active but legitimate
means of agitation, and begged them not to disgrace the cause
by overt acts, inasmuch as by the exercise of patience and devo-
tion we should be sure to win, the best forces of society being
with us. There is a limit to this forbearance, which will not,
like Tennyson's brook, 'go on forever,' and the patience of the
long-suffering people is already well-nigh exhausted. If new
legislation is enacted, as recommended by the Royal Commis-
sion, and compulsion is continued even to the extent of one
penalty, and that a nominal one, the government will be sub-
jected to daily defeat and defiance. In the interests of public
order, a modus vivendi should be established, as with the Quak-
ers, Nonconformists, Catholics, Jews, and infidels.—Yours, etc.,
WILLIAM TEBB.
Devonshire Club, St. James's, London, June 9, 1892.
Four years before the object of the London Society was
consummated, in the midst of the heat and struggle for emanci-
pation from the vaccination tyranny, Wm. Tebb penned the fol-
lowing temperate but earnest words :—
"I would specially take this opportunity to call upon all
boards of guardians, in the exercise of that discretion which the
law gives them, to abstain from prosecution which inflames pop-
ular passions and creates an acute sense of injustice. I would
also urgently appeal to our fellow countrymen and country wo-
men who cherish liberty to countenance and aid us in this right-
eous struggle for parental emancipation. I would respectfully


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                         105
invite the press throughout the land to give wide publicity to
the resolution of the London Society, exposing the unfair treat-
ment we have received at the hands of the Royal Commission."
It is generally conceded to the meanest and most wicked
criminal, that he has some redeeming feature; that he is not
wholly and hopelessly depraved. This much, too, we may con-
cede to the Royal Commission, which though appointed and in-
structed to ascertain and report the facts upon the whole vacci-
nation controversy, was nevertheless privately acting in the in-
terest of a vaccination clique—a combination of vaccine promot-
ers—apparently determined that the vaccination interests
should "pass muster." It was not the people of England, but
the vaccine syndicate whom the commission evidently regarded
as their real clients, and whom they were bound in honor to
vindicate at all hazards..
In their interim report the commission recommended the
exemption from compulsion of the "conscientious objector."
They did this, however, because the popular clamor had reached
the danger point, and because the House of Commons had come
to recognize the practical impossibility of forcing English peo-
ple to obey a law which they practically regarded as committing
them to a species of self-destruction. After forty-six years of
compulsory vaccination over one-half of the 270 boards of
guardians were declining to put the Act in operation on ac-
count of the vigorous nature of the popular revolt. Not only
this, but boards of guardians were being elected all over the
kingdom on the express ground that they pledged themselves
not to enforce the act. Every effort has been made to force the
boards to make the vaccination laws operative, but to little pur-
pose. The board in Keighley, in Yorkshire, was sent to prison,
but they had to be let out, and the local government board
found that as long as representative government was left the


106                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
people, they could not be ruthlessly trodden upon until hope-
lessly deprived of personal liberty.
But why this stubborn persistence on the part of the gov-
ernment, in cramming vaccination down the throats of a long-
suffering and unwilling people ? Answer: A corrupt ring of
medical gentlemen had lobbied a measure through Parliament,
and by false promises secured a compulsory law, which their
pecuniary and professional interests required should be vigor-
ously enforced; and the government was constantly reminded
that it was expected to faithfully perform its part of the agree-
ment with the doctors; which it did until it found it had a thor-
oughly aroused and indignant public sentiment to reckon with.
This is certainly the most rational explanation which the case
will admit of.
The main feature of the Vaccination Act of 1898 is the
"conscience clause"—properly the common sense clause:—
"(Sec. 6). No parent or other person shall be liable to any
penalty under section twenty-nine or section thirty-one of the
Vaccination Act of 1867, if within four months of the birth of
the child he satisfies two justices or a stipendiary or metropol-
itan police magistrate, in petty sessions, that he conscientiously
believes that vaccination would be prejudicial to the health of
the child, and within seven days thereafter, delivers to the vacci-
nation officer for the district, a certificate by such justices or
magistrate of such conscientious objection."
In all other regards vaccination is still compulsory in Eng-
land. The dissentient can avoid arrest, fines and imprisonment
only by working the "conscience racket," which he will probably
not be slow in doing since only vaccination promoters and the
uninformed portion of the community have any interest to con-
tinue their connection with the business firm at the "old stand."


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                107
REVOLT AGAINST COMPULSORY VACCINATION
IN INDIA.
The report of the working of the vaccination department
in Bengal for 1872, the commissioner says the compulsory law
in the rural districts is practically a dead letter. Vaccination
is rejected by all high class Hindoos—the Brahmins, Burmahs,
Rajputs, and Marwaries; while among the Mohammedans, the
Ferazis hold the rite in the utmost contempt. Nearly every vil-
lage—according to the commissioner's report—many families
persistently refuse vaccination, and secrete their children to es-
cape the vaccinators.
In order to overcome these prejudices, advantage was
taken of the Hindoo's known reverence for their ancient sages
and philosophers, by palming off upon them deliberate literary
frauds. A Mr. Ellis, of Madras, well versed in Sanscrit litera-
ture, composed a short poem in the native's language on vacci-
nation, tracing the origin of vaccine pus to their sacred cow.
This he professed to have deciphered from very ancient parch-
ments. In Bengal, similar attempts were made to deceive the
inhabitants. Some very ancient leaves were purported to have
been found, containing a chapter on "Masurica," or chicken-
pox. The doctors quoted the following words, which they al-
leged were contained in the ancient Sanscrit, on these musty
parchments:—
"Taking the matter of pustules, which are naturally pro-
duced on the teats of cows, carefully preserve it, and, before the
breaking out of small-pox, make with a fine instrument a small
puncture (like that made by a gnat) in a child's limb, and intro-
duce into the blood as much of the matter as is measured by a
quarter of a ratti. Thus the wise physician renders the child
secure from the eruption of the small-pox."
—See "Life of Jenner," by Bazon, Vol. I, page 557.


108                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
Think of it—forgery—the actual forgery of manuscripts to
keep the Hindoo mind chained to the blood-poisoning Moloch,
vaccination. What could be more infamous ?
It is much like the practice imputed to the church in gener-
ations long gone by; namely, that it is right and proper to lie
and deceive when the interests of the church could thereby be
enhanced. At any rate, the vaccination-business syndicate is up
to that sort of thing, not seeming to recognize even a remote
connection between corporation-conscience and Sunday ser-
vice. In India, it can be shown that this species of deception has
been practiced on a large scale. Not only this, and notwith-
standing the multiplied proofs that vaccination in that country
is not only a complete failure as a prophylatic against small-
pox, but a cruel injustice to the native population. Yet there
are plenty of English doctors continually plotting to extend co-
ercive legislation and increase the penalties for non-compliance
with the law. When the Vaccination Bill of 1892 was before the
Bombay legislative council, to make vaccination compulsory in
certain additional districts, a native Brahmin asked for an
amendment, and pointed out the danger of transmitting leprosy
and syphilis by means of arm-to-arm vaccination, and then read
before that body a letter from a Brahmin physician—Dr. Baha-
durjee—in which he writes:—
"In answer to your letter in which you ask me my personal
opinion on the arm-to-arm vaccination method, which it is in-
tended to be enforced by the new Vaccination Bill, I have no
hesitation in saying that, besides it being not suited to the pe-
culiar conditions which obtain in this country, on professional
grounds the method is objectionable, and for these reasons:—
I. Arm-to-arm vaccination obviously acts as a channel for
the transference of some skin diseases, and affords a ready means
for propagating such inherited constitutional taints as those of
syphilis and leprosy. No doubt, special rules, with full details,
will be framed for the guidance of the operators in their selec-
tion of proper subjects, with a view to avoid those mishaps; but


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                 109
having regard to the class of men from whom the supply of dis-
trict vaccinators is to be obtained, the detailed rules will be of
as much use to them as the paper on which they were printed.
II. Syphilitic taint does not necessarily show itself in ill-health
at the early age at which vaccination is practiced and demanded
by law. A child may be in fair health, and yet have inherited
syphilis. Moreover, syphilis does not stamp itself on the face
and arms, so much as on the back and legs—parts not generally
examined by the vaccinator, and thus apt to be overlooked.
Only yesterday I was asked to see a case of skin disease in a
child. On stripping the child bare, I found him fairly healthy
to look at, and could see no skin blemish on his person. But
closer examination of the hidden parts revealed the presence
of unmistakable condylomata (syphilitic). These condylomata
unnoticed, I should have passed the child as a very fair speci-
men of average health, and a fit subject to take the lymph from.
Syphilis, as betrayed in obtrusive signs, is not difficult to recog-
nize, but when concealed, as is more often the case, it is by no
means easy to detect it.
III.    In the case of leprosy it is still worse. There
is no such thing as a leper child or infant. The leper
heir does not put on its inherited exterior till youth is
reached. And it is by no means possible by any close observa-
tion or examination of a child to say that it is free from the
leprous taint. Surely arm-to-arm vaccination will not help to
stamp out leprosy. On the contrary, it has been asserted, and
not without good reasons, that it has favored the propagation
of the hideous disease.
IV.    It is acknowledged that extreme care is re-
quired in taking out lymph from the vesicles to avoid
drawing any blood, for blood contains the germs of disease. Ex-
treme care means great delicacy of manipulation, and delicacy
of manipulation with children is not an easy task, and requires
some experience and training. Is this to be expected from the
class of men who are going to act as public vaccinators in the
districts ? Supposing a district vaccinator to acquire it to some
extent after considerable practice, what about the delicacy of
manipulation of one newly put on?
V.    Puncturing a vesicle with such delicacy as not
to wound its floor and draw blood is one great dif-


110                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
ficulty. But the selection of a 'proper' vesicle is an-
other as great if not a greater difficulty. Products of inflamma-
tion are charged with the germs of disease, the contagion of
contamination media, as much as the blood itself is. And the
contents of an inflamed vesicle are quite as contaminating as
the blood itself of a subject who, though charged with the poi-
son of (inherited) syphilis or leprosy, has none of the obtrusive
signs of the taint for identification. And as here inflamed, i. e.,
angry-looking vesicles are not the exception but the rule, as can
be easily told by personal observation and experience and
equally easily surmised if the habits of our poor be duly con-
sidered. Thus, even if no blood is drawn, the danger of trans-
ferring constitutional taints by the arm-to-arm method is by no
means small; remembering that leprosy that claims India, and
not England, for one of its homes, does not admit of any detec-
tion on the person of a subject from whose arm lymph may be
taken, and that syphilis is more often difficult to detect than
otherwise, and remembering, also, that both these are often met
with largely in some districts."
—"Leprosy and Vaccination," Wm. Tebb, page 355.
In nearly every village in India arrests and imprisonments
for evading vaccination are of daily occurrence. Of this I speak
from personal knowledge having witnessed the fact during my
several visits to India and Ceylon. There are numerous fami-
lies who if they fail to keep their offspring out of reach of the
detested vacinator, after his departure they employ every means
to wash and rub out the vaccine poison; suck it out, cauterize
the wound, and treat it much as we should a rattlesnake bite, or
the bite of a mad dog. In a future chapter I shall return to the
case of India again.
VACCINATION IN THE WEST INDIES.
On the Island Barbados, with a population of 1,096 to the
square mile, there is no compulsory vaccination. The popular
feeling in the island is so vigorously emphatic against vaccina-
tion, that its advocates are afraid to move in the matter, and any


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                111
attempt to enforce it would undoubtedly create a riot. William
Tebb, who made the tour of the island in 1888, interrogated all
classes upon this question and he writes:—
"From the chief justice, Sir Conrad Reeves, to the poorest
boatman or sugar plantation laborer, from one end of the island
to the other, I failed to discover a single advocate of compulsion.
Let those have it who want it, but don't force it upon me and
mine, was the general straightforward reply."
Yet epidemics are less frequent in this island than in the
well vaccinated islands of Jamaica, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and
Hayti. Another reason why they have kept compulsory vacci-
nation at bay, is that they have representation in the govern-
ment of the island.
In Grenada, another island under English rule, the people
being less proud and independent, compulsion is enforced with
a rigor which amounts to cruelty, and as might be expected,
small-pox frequently occurrs.
The following is from a local paper, "The Grenada People,"
June 9, 1892 :—
"During this week, upwards of thirty or forty of the peas-
ants have been hauled before the police magistrate of the
southern district for alleged violation of the vaccination act. In
nearly every case fines of half-a-crown have been imposed, rep-
resenting almost half of the week's wages which these unfor-
tunates, if they are employed, can hope to earn. In face of the
Royal Commission on Vaccination, we do not see why the old
law, making vaccination compulsory should be still enforced. At
most, it is of doubtful benefit; and doctors differ as to the posi-
tive good or injury which it does. The advocates of Jenner's
specific can quote very few cases, if any, in its support; whilst
its opponents point with force and truth to the positive injury it
has inflicted. Here, in Grenada, pure lymph is seldom employed.
As a consequence, many of the children submitted to the pro-
cess of vaccination contract therefrom fatal diseases. The
lymph, in many cases, is collected from children inheriting a
taint of the scrofulous disease which prevails amongst the peas-
antry ; and many an otherwise healthy child, after the process


112                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
of vaccination, presents the appearance of a disgustingly yaw-
sey patient. As eminent medical men differ as to the value and
utility of vaccination, we think it ought not to be made an of-
fence punishable by fine or imprisonment if parents refuse to
vaccinate their children; but that the law should be amended
in the direction suggested by the Royal Commission in their re-
cent report, i. e., it should be optional with the parent whether
the child should be vaccinated or not."
ON THE CONTINENT.
Among the Latin populations—France, Austria, Italy, and
Spain—where personal liberty is taken far less account of than
among Anglo-Saxon peoples, the government has far less
trouble in carrying out compulsory legislation. In France it
has not generally been as rigorously enforced as in England.
The higher thinking classes generally opposed it; but new reg-
ulations are coming into force which makes vaccination a neces-
sary preliminary for admission into the public schools and into
the army. In Italy the vaccination laws are extremely stringent
and yet they are yearly meeting with stronger opposition. The
authorities are disposed to attribute the spread of small-pox in
all cases to the existence of a small percentage of vaccinated
persons; and this in face of the fact that large sections of the
Italian population live in the midst of notoriously filthy condi-
tions. There are many eminent medical men in Italy, however,
who view this whole subject from the most enlightened stand-
point ; and if once the commercial element could be eliminated
from the vaccination practice, it would take but a short time to
consign the superstition—so far as legislation is concerned—to
the under-world where eighteenth century inoculation has gone.
In Holland, Switzerland, Belgium, Norway and Sweden, no
soldier is now compelled to be vaccinated. In Switzerland, the
terrible effects which followed many cases of vaccination caused


p_5.jpg
VACCINATION DEFORMITY


VACCINATION LEGISLATION. .                            113
the people to rise in their majesty and overthrow the compul-
sory vaccination system. Here is one from a large number of
Swiss cases where vaccination published its own repulsive char-
acteristics. I subjoin a reprint from a monthly journal of health
—Terre Haute, Indiana.
VACCINATION IS THE CURSE OF CHILDHOOD.
"John Pfaender, child of healthy Swiss parents, born Sep-
tember 23, 1875, was sturdy, beautiful, and healthy until vacci-
nated, June 16, 1876, by the official vaccinator. Eight days later
his feet began to swell, abscesses formed, his teeth began to rot,
his glands to swell and fistulous sores appeared on his hands
and feet. The foregoing photograph was taken in May, 1882. He
could neither walk, nor stand. Several of the bones of his
hands had rotted out.
"It was such cases as this that led the Swiss people to over-
throw the infamous system of blood poisoning, yclepted vacci-
nation, which a medical clique was seeking longer to impose
upon them. Since its rejection, not only has there been less
small-pox, but the general death rate is the lowest in Europe.
There are thousands of such cases in this doctor-ridden land.
It is time the American people should know the truth in all its
hideousness. Surely the spirit of freedom, the good sense and
parental affection will soon arise and banish forever this mur-
derous outrage and insiduous cause of so much disease and
death."
AUSTRALIA.
New South Wales has but a very small per cent. of vacci-
nated persons. This fact I fully established during my several
visits to this country—and yet small-pox has been literally
stamped out by adopting a vigorous policy of isolating small-
pox patients and by thorough sanitation in urban districts. Sir
Richard Thorne, in his testimony before the Royal Commission,


114                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
said: "The evidence is so abundant that I could keep you for
hours in telling of cases in which epidemics have evidently been
prevented by cleanliness and the isolation of the first cases." Sir
Richard speaks of twelve different occasions where the disease
did not spread beyond the house originally attacked.
COMPULSORY VACCINATION IN UNITED STATES,
In nearly all, if not in every state of our American union,
compulsory vaccination laws have been enacted, but in nine-
tenths of these states the law is a dead letter on account of the
extreme difficulty of enforcing it. The thinking, reasoning
masses are strongly opposed to it and this opposition is becom-
ing an army. Occasionally boards of health in municipalities
are instructed to enforce the law. Then for a time the schools
are closed against all children whose parents positively refuse to
expose them to this public enemy—this serpent that stings and
scars. A hot contest immediately succeeds; mass meetings of
indignant citizens are held and anti-vaccination leagues are or-
ganized ; a test case is carried to the higher courts, and in the
long run, when the fight is maintained with vigor and unyielding
persistence the law is decided to be unconstitutional—as in the
celebrated case from Geneseo, Ill.,—and the doors of the school-
room are again opened to children who have been cruelly de-
prived of at least one entire term of school privileges. And for
what? That a hungry hoard of second-class, scrub doctors may
compel every householder in the land to pay tribute for a public
commodity upon which the devil (personified meanness of the
vaccine syndicate) has put his stamp. How much longer—oh,
how much longer, I ask will the American voter tolerate this
infamous travesty of justice, this flagrant outrage upon his per-
sonal rights. The American's house is his castle and no doctor


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                 115
with poisoned lancet has a right to cross the threshold of his
door and poison and scar his children.
Usually from one to two new-school doctors, or psychic
physicians, in a municipality, head the agitation for reform. The
balance go with the Scribes and Pharisees and affect to sneer at
and despise the dissentients as a crazy lot of agitators, "who
make a great ado about a perfectly harmless operation which
injures nobody, but is a wholesome precaution against a com-
mon danger." Bourbons learn nothing. They are stupidly con-
servative. While the rank and file, go the easy way; and not
until the danger becomes painfully apparent with swollen arms,
ulcerous sores and perhaps death in their own households, do
they consider the question of vaccination of sufficient import-
ance to engage their serious attention. True, no one is vacci-
nated by physical force in this country as they are in some parts
of Germany, but exclusion of children from public schools and
of grown persons from government employ are unjust and il-
legal, constituting an oppressive meanness which American
citizens will not continue to tolerate when they come to fully re-
alize the true danger and degradation of the situation.
A decision of the supreme court of the state of New York
in June, 1874, deprived the health commissioners of the powers
which they had previously claimed to enforce vaccination and re-
vaccination of adults. The attempt to compel free-born citizens
of a representative commonwealth to submit to vaccination on
the pretence that it is the "greatest good to the greatest num-
ber," when their common sense and higher intelligence not only
rejects its prophylactic value, but when their souls likewise abhor
the vile intruder as a hundred times more to be dreaded than
small-pox—the attempt to coerce, I repeat— will ere long meet
with such an angry, if not violent, protest that every compulsory
act will be swept from statute books, else I fail to interpret


116                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
rightly the quality and rigid energy of our Americanized, Anglo
Saxon genius.
Humanity constitutes a brotherhood and what affects one
sympathetically affects the whole. Two classes in the United
States particularly suffer in consequence of our outrageously
unjust vaccination legislation—namely, the poor man and child,
and the emigrant who lands at Castle Garden to make his home
in this widely proclaimed, the land of the free. "Be vaccinated
or be returned in the next census as among the illiterate," we
say to every poor man's child. And the public vaccinator—
who has become nothing less than a scourge in the land—would
have the state keep those innocent children in illiteracy until the
parents consent to hand them over to them to be punctured and
poisoned at $1.00 a head. "Be re-vacinated or stay out," we say
to every emigrant who proposes to adopt an American citizen-
ship. Here are a few instances of the practical working of our
vaccination laws as they relate to emigrants:—
A German physician left Bremen on the steamer Nekar—
Lloyd line—in November, 1882. Besides no cabin passengers
there were nearly eight hundred in the steerage. This physi-
cian writes:—
"The United States law provides that every emigrant with-
out regard to age or physical condition, shall be vaccinated
within twenty-four hours after leaving the foreign port. Many
of those on board were exceedingly ill, and to anyone who has
ever suffered the pains and pangs of "seasickness" it will be ap-
parent that that was not a favorable nor a proper time for vacci-
nation, but it must be done, for the law is clear and peremptory;
there is no evading it, for on our arrival in New York, all those
who cannot show a certificate from the ship's surgeon are con-
signed to Blackwell's Island.
"During the three days following our departure from Bre-
men, vaccination was the order of the day in the steerage. I
was enticed thither by curiosity, and what I there saw was sug-
gestive, to say the least, to me, and may be of interest to you.
The surgeon sat on a box in the storeroom, lancet in hand, and


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                 117
around him were huddled as many as could be crowded into the
confined space, old and young, children screaming, women cry-
ing ; each with an arm bare and a woe-begone face, and all la-
menting the day they turned their steps toward 'land of the
free.' The lymph used was of unknown origin, kept in capillary
glass tubes, from whence it was blown into a cup into which the
lancet was dipped. No pretence of cleaning the lancet was
made; it drew blood in very many instances, and it was used
upon as many as 276 during the first day. I inquired of the sur-
geon if he had no fear of inoculating disease, or whether he ex-
amined as to health or disease before vaccinating. He replied
that he could not stop for that, besides, no choice in the matter
was left with him. The law demanded the vaccination of each
and every one, and he must comply with it or be subjected to a
fine. I thought it a pitiful sight, and am persuaded that could
the gentlemen through whose instrumentality the law was en-
acted, see what I saw of the manner in which it was carried into
effect, they would be as zealous in seeking its repeal. As con-
ducted, the law is an outrage, and no one can estimate the num-
ber of helpless, innocent children, as well as adults, who are in-
oculated with syphilis or other foul disease, on every ship bring-
ing steerage passengers to our shores."—G. H. Merkel, M. D.,
in the "Massachusetts Medical Journal," November, 1882.
The following extracts from a graphic letter by a scholarly
layman, describes the painful treatment to which emigrants are
subjected:—
Brooklyn, New York, May 7, 1883.
Dear Sir:—I found the vaccination tyranny much more
than sentiment on board the Adriatic. Aboardship, as every-
where, it has attained terrible proportions, which makes it prob-
able that in the near future it will become the Great Terror that
shall 'cause that as many as will not worship the image of the
beast shall be killed,' and that 'no man may buy or sell save he
that has the mark of the beast.' *********
"One morning it was rumored that the doctor was coming
to examine the passengers, and I went with two friends to the
surgeon to state our objections. I told him that as we had been
vaccinated, if that fact would let us pass without further trouble,
we could satisfy him; but if not, vaccinated we would never be.


118                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
Like most doctors, he was without capacity to understand our
conscientious objections, and the degradation involved in sub-
mission to the rite. He curtly told us the law was not his; it
was United States law. He should come forward at two o'clock
and if we showed him that we had been vaccinated he would
give us a certificate, and if not, he would vaccinate us if we
chose; if not, we must take the risk of passing the doctor at the
port. It mattered nothing to him. ********
"By and by came the doctor in his gold-laced cap, with his
bottle of 'lymph,' pure from the sores of children or heifer's but-
tock, and commenced operations. First a rope was stretched
from a post, and held by two stewards in a horseshoe form, and
into this enclosure passed, one by one, the victims of an insane
medical legislation, and bared their arms to the Medical Igno-
ramus, who stood on the other side. If he there saw the ortho-
dox scars, he forthwith bestowed a ticket like this:—
White Star
Line.
S. S. 'Adriatic.'
VACCINATED.
C. S. Murray,
Surgeon.
14th April,
1883.
Which further had this
exhortation on the back :—
PASS.
Keep
this card to avoid detention
at quarantine,
and on railroad in the
United
States
"There was nothing in common among them save their
degradation, and, as I thought, the most degraded of the lot
was the vaccinator. How a man with any sense of decency and
the congruity of things, could for mere pay consent to the folly
that the individuals of such a heterogeneous crowd were all
alike liable to small-pox, and were all alike saved by his per-
formance, passes my understanding. It is hard to believe in a


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.
119
man's sincerity in view of such absurdity; and yet he may be
sincere. When a lie is taught, and still more when a lie is prac-
ticed, it confounds the intellect, and is ultimately taken for the
truth of truth.
                         Yours truly,
F. SCRIMSHAW.
In the issue of the New York Tribune, March 18, 1884, is
a significant editorial of the "Cow and Hog Doctor" trying to
work up a panic among the farmers when some sickness ap-
pears among their live stock. These editorial comments apply
so exactly to the vaccination doctors that a paragraph will be
appropriate here.
"Whence, then, all this noisy affirmation? It emanates from
a few persons already in government employ and naturally
anxious to enlarge and perpetuate their easy places. Every
slight local sickness is magnified and telegraphed over the whole
land, as was the case the other day in Columbia county, N. Y.
The alarmists are thoroughly organized; they have been work-
ing toward this one end half a dozen years, and it is proverbial
that Plea is much more active than Protest."
Certain doctors in San Diego, Cal., headed by one preten-
tious Jones endeavored to get up a small-pox scare by starting
the report: "Small-pox is spreading with alarming rapidity in
Los Angeles and we shall have hundreds of cases here in a few
weeks unless the city is thoroughly vaccinated." The cry spread,
lancets were unsheathed, and doctors' pockets were filled. I re-
peat, if it were possible to eliminate the commercial feature
from the vaccination enterprise, this pathetic solicitude, on the
part of the dear doctor to guard the public against the alleged
danger of small-pox epidemic, would soon be found drooping.
"A SMALL-POX SCARE PROBABLE."
"Compulsory vaccination has been knocked out for the time
being in Duluth, and we know that most of the really progres-
sive and up-to-date physicians hope that it is knocked out for all
time, but not so with the vaccination doctors, who made all the
way from five to fifteen dollars a day in the way of vaccination
fees during the last three weeks. It is estimated that the recent


120                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
bulldozing scheme only brought about one-fourth of the chil-
dren for vaccination after all, and the professional vaccinators
wish as many of the other three-fourths scared into camp at no
distant day, as possible. So, look out for another small-pox
scare during the coming winter."—Duluth (Minn.) Tribunal.
A judge of the circuit court of Milwaukee recently decided
that compulsory vaccination of children by order of the board
of education as a preliminary to their admission to the public
schools of Wisconsin, was unconstitutional. The circuit courts
in several other states have rendered similar decisions.
But the noble state of Illinois has given the hardest blow to
compulsory legislation which has yet come under my observa-
tion. Thanks to the pluck and persistent fighting qualities on
moral grounds of a single man. A test case was brought from
Geneseo in which George Lawbraugh was the plaintiff. Five
years ago the board of education of that town issued their man-
date, that all unvaccinated children after a certain period would
be excluded from the public schools. Mr. Lawbraugh had a
little girl whom he proposed should remain in school, which as
a citizen owning real estate, he had paid his lawful tax to sup-
port. He also proposed that his daughter should not be pol-
luted with the vaccinator's lance and poison pus. He had al-
ready lost a little boy from the effects of vaccination and he de-
clared in terms most positive that his remaining child should not
take a similar risk; and yet, she was peremptorily excluded
from the school. Upon Mr. Lawbraugh's representation the
state superintendent of schools advised the board of Geneseo
not to enforce their mandate against this little innocent girl;
but the doctors standing shoulder to shoulder behind the board,
the board stood by their mandate. Then Mr. Lawbraugh
brought an action in the circuit court on two grounds:
(1). That compulsory vaccination was unconstitutional.
(2). That it was dangerous to the health of the rising gen-
erations.
That court decided against Mr. Lawbraugh. He then car-
ried the case up to the appellate court and again lost it. Brave,
honest, cultured, and true to principle, he then carried his case
to the state supreme court, where, after a patient hearing, that
august body rendered a sweeping decision for the plaintiff—a
decision which declared the vaccination act unconstitutional.


VACCINATION LEGISLATION.                                          121
This moral contest upon the part of Mr. Lawbraugh was not
only noble and commendable, but it has likewise established a
precedent in this country by which hundreds and thousands of
children will escape the wicked work of the detestable enemies
of our rising generation. It is indeed a sad commentary on the
form of society under which we live, that human interests in-
stead of being mentally helpful, morally up-lifting, and produc-
tive of brotherhood, are largely destructive and antagonistic to
health and happiness. Each class thrives, or strives to thrive,
at the expense of every other class, warring not only against its
rivals in the same field of activity but likewise against the com-
mon social integrity.
The corner-stone of modern society is self-interest and in
its service we do not identify our brother's interests with our
own, but rather sacrifice that brother that our own selfish self-
interest may the better thrive. It has been too often and too
truly said, that the interest of the lawyer is prompted by quar-
rels; that of the priest by ignorance, superstition, and creeds;
the dividends of corporations by the helpless dependence and
impoverishment of the masses; and finally that the self-interest
of the doctor depends upon a sort of composite degeneration
and degradation, ignorance, dirt, disease, dependence, and trans-
mitted superstition. Thus we have a "brotherhood of thieves,"
for each of the four cardinal points of the compass. How is it
possible then for the masses to rise and throw off this and that
incubus when all institutions are framed with a special reference
to plunder and despoilation manipulated by politicians?
Nevertheless, it must needs be in this preliminary
state of unfoldment, "that offences will come;" but
great and good men—men full of faith, the mean-
time, will hail the faintest token of the approach
of the normal order in which there will be no bitter war
among the members, but each will contribute to the up-building
and moral integrity of the whole, while the whole will exercise
more than a mother's care for the nourishment and protection
of each member. Good men will hail the approach of that order
in which the lawyer, unless peradventure their breed will have
become extinct—will have no quarrels to promote or prolong;
wherein the priest will give love for love and service for ser-
vice, instead of preaching the obsolete dogmas of a petrified


122                                          VACCINATION A CURSE.
Calvinist creed for five thousand dollars a year; an order in
which corporate interests will include the whole people and
where commerce will bestow its unstinted blessings upon every
member of the commonwealth; aye, an order in which the phy-
sician, a physician, indeed, from whose ranks the blood-poison-
ing vaccinator shall have disappeared; an order in which the
doctor will become the chief educator, a welcome guest in
every household; a friend whom the youth and maiden can
counsel with and confidingly trust, who will rejoice in the public
health and the private health of both soul and body, and from
whose abundant personality will radiate and flow forth the same
quality of health and life and joy which made the Christ dear
to his disciples. Jesus healed both soul and body. This is the
work of the true physician.
SUMMARY OF VACCINATION ACTS, OF ENGLAND,
CONSIDERED.
1840.    To extend the practice of vaccination.
1841.    To amend the vaccination act.
1853.
    Vaccination made compulsory.
1861.
    To facilitate prosecutions.
1867.    To consolidate and amend the acts.
1871.    To amend and more vigorously enforce the act.
1874.    To explain the act of 1871.
1898.    To insert the "Conscience Clause."


CHAPTER V.
LOCAL CONTESTS ON THE VACCINATION QUES-
TION.
"I can sympathize with, and even applaud a father who,
with the presumed dread in his mind, is willing to submit to ju-
dicial penalties rather than expose his child to the risk of an in-
fection so ghastly as vaccination."—Sir Thomas Watson, M.
D., London.
Although the courts in many states have decided that
boards of health or education cannot compel school children to
be vaccinated, there is nevertheless a general and a vigorous
move of late by these same boards to enforce compulsory legis-
lation on the subject. These "boards" pretend to be acting in
the interests of humanity and of the public health. Similar pub-
lic interests were near and dear to the hearts of the Spanish In-
quisitors, who drove the Huguenots out of France and burned
scores of thousands at the stake on account of their "mischiev-
ous" opinions. No, the intelligent portion of the American peo-
ple have at last taken the true measure of such physicians as
wield the lancet and the poisoning, putrifying calf pus. As doc-
tors they are behind the age in their profession; as business
men they will pocket fees, though their professional edicts turn
every poor man's child out of the public school. I ask, how
much longer are intelligent Americans going to submit to this


124                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
infamy? How much longer will they permit an unscrupulous
class to victimize their children and defraud them of their birth-
right for the sake of putting shekels in their pockets? These
health boards and examining boards be it remembered, have
only in rare instances been asked for by the people. They are
part and parcel of the vaccinating business firm, who instead of
teaching sanitation and cleaning up centers of pollution where
zymotics originate, enforce upon a long suffering populace a
vile and discredited commercial commodity. As we always
have the "poor'' with us, so likewise the body politic is weighted
down with a surplus of doctors turned loose from the medical
colleges every year to prey upon society, not one-half of whom
have the slightest genius for physic, and ought by all means to
have kept their place in the ranks of the "Man with the hoe."
Not able to get a living in the field of legitimate medical prac-
tice, they become "shysters" of the noble profession, secure ap-
pointments on boards of health, corrupt legislatures, get up
small-pox panics, and saddle the public with fees for services
which are curses and nothin
else.
Doctors must be supported, aye, right royally supported.
Vaccination and compulsory laws are what they have found to
be a superb thing. The public welfare—it is a hypocritical pre-
tence ! Some of them would consign every child in the com-
munity to an incurable disease, or slam the door of the school
room in their faces, for the sake of the profit their lymph-poi-
soning practice affords them. The public health is the least
and last thing that concerns many of them. The compulsory
law was not gotten up to make people more healthy, nor to pre-
vent disease. If it had been, its promoters would manifest some
solicitude regarding the real causes which every well informed
person knows are the principal sources of all the zymotic dis-
eases in this country, in the poor and crowded quarters of all
large cities. These the vaccinators, like the Levite, pass by.


LOCAL CONTESTS.
125
Read the fearful arraignment of the distinguished Dr. A. M.
Ross, of Toronto:—
"In March, 1885, my attention was aroused by a report that
several cases of small-pox existed in the east end of Montreal.
Knowing something of the filthy condition of certain localities,
I made a careful sanitary survey of all that part of the city east
of St. Lawrence street, and southwest of McGill and St. An-
toine streets. What I saw I will attempt to describe—what I
smelt cannot be described! I found ten thousand seven hun-
dred cesspits reeking with rottenness and unmentionable filth;
many of these pest-holes had not been emptied for years; the
accumulated filth was left to poison the air of the city and make
it the seed-bed of the germs of zymotic diseases. Further, I
found the courts, alleys, and lanes in as bad a condition as they
possibly could be—decaying animal and vegetable matter
abounded on all sides. Everywhere unsightly and offensive ob-
jects met the eye, and abominable smells proved the existence
of disease-engendering matter, which supplied the very condition
necessary for the incubation, nourishment and growth of small-
pox.
"Knowing well the fearful consequences that would result
from the presence of such a mass of filth in such a densely popu-
lated part of the city, I gave the widest publicity to the subject,
hoping thereby to rouse the municipal authorities to a proper
appreciation of the danger that menaced the health of the city.
But I was an alarmist; my advice went unheeded and the filth
remained as a nest for the nourishment of small-pox, which
grew in strength and virulence rapidly, until it swept into un-
timely graves, from the very localities I have mentioned, thirty-
four hundred persons!—victims of municipal neglect. Instead
of removing the filth and putting the city in a thoroughly clean,
defensive condition by the enforcement of wise sanitary regula-
tions and the adoption of a rigid system of isolation of small-
pox patients, the authorities were led by the medical profession
to set up the fetish of vaccination and proclaim its protective
virtues, through the columns of an ignorant, tyrannical and
time-serving press. Day after day the glaring, snaring head-
lines of 'Vaccinate! vaccinate!' 'Alarm! alarm!' appeared in the
morning and evening papers. A panic of cowardice and mad-


126                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
ness followed, and tens of thousands of people were driven (like
sheep to the shambles of the butcher), to the vaccinators, who
reaped a rich but unholy harvest. Not less than 100,000 people
were vaccinated while the panic lasted, yielding an unrighteous
revenue to the vaccinators of at least $50,000.
"Cleanliness, sanitation, and hygiene were 'nonsense,' un-
worthy of notice or consideration by the board of health! Tens
of thousands of beastly vaccine points were imported and dis-
tributed among the vaccinators, who were sent forth to poison
the life blood of their victims and kindle the flame of small-pox.
"I did all in my power to convince the authorities and the
people of the sad mistake they were making; but ignorance,
vaccination, and love of money gained the ascendancy, and three
thousand four hundred innocents were sent to untimely graves.
"The truth of my prophetic warnings in March, 1885, was
amply and sadly verified by the sickening and mournful fact that
thirty-four hundred persons, mostly children under twelve years
of age, died from small-pox in the very localities I pointed out
as abounding in filth; while in the west end, west of Bleury and
north of Dorchester streets, where cleanliness prevailed, there
were only a few cases and these sporadics. I do not hesitate to
declare it as my solemn opinion, founded upon experience ac-
quired during the epidemic, that there would have been no
small-pox epidemic in Montreal if the authorities had discarded
vaccination and placed the city in a thoroughly clean and defen-
sive condition when I called upon them to do their duty in
March, 1885. The greatest incompetency, cowardice, indiffer-
ence and fickleness prevailed among the health officials. When
at last the dread disease carried off sixteen hundred victims in
October (although 100,000 people had been vaccinated), they
began to enforce a system of isolation, which I had repeatedly
but vainly recommended during March, April and May. When
vaccination ceased and isolation was enforced, the epidemic
rapidly subsided.
"The causes, then, which gives rise to and propagate small-
pox are within our control and are preventable. They may be
summed up briefly as follows :—
"Overcrowding in unhealthy dwellings or workshops,
where there is insufficient ventilation, and where animal or veg-
etable matter, in a state of decomposition, is allowed to accu-


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                          127
mulate; improper and insufficient diet, habits of intemperance,
excess in eating, idleness, immorality, and unsanitary habits of
life, such as the neglect of ablution and the free use of pure
water, want of proper exercise, and other irregularities of a like
nature."
No money in that sort of thing for the third rate vaccinat-
ing doctor! It may be conceded that the average physician is
an honorable man personally, the same as the average priest or
lawyer or merchant; but vaccination with him is not philan-
thropy, but business; it is one of his modes of making a living
and getting on in the world.
Dr. Ross, above quoted, and most of the truly great physi-
cians whom I have quoted in these pages, belong to the real no-
bility of the profession. These are physicians who place the
public health and welfare above merely commercial motives.
These are physicians of the normal order, the true friends of
the race, whom future generations will delight to honor. These
not only see where the trouble is located, but do what they can
to remove the active causes of disease. It is this class who are
laboring to secure better sanitation, and who are trying to
teach the people that the real preventives of sickness lie in the
observance of the natural law. But it is small headway that a
few noble reformers can make in the direction of thorough san-
itation when they have to deal with corrupt and unscrupulous
politicians and municipal boards who are continually plotting
selfish schemes for place, pelf, and privileges for themselves.
Now, if the citizens of each municipality will exhibit a little
firmness and more conscientious enthusiasm they can make a
dead letter of the "edicts" of local boards of health and educa-
tion. In the highest courts these edicts are invariably set aside.
To each parent I declare: if you submit to have your children
vaccinated; if you allow this public enemy to enter your house-
holds with his lancet and putrid pus to imperil the future of
your children, you are morally responsible before high heaven!


128                                  VACCINATION A CURSE.
The legal authority by which the vaccinator assumes the right
to perpetuate this outrage upon the innocent little ones commit-
ted to your charge, is a base, infamous, and un-American usur-
pation which your state constitution and your highest court
do not sanction. You need not submit your children to this ac-
cursed rite, nor need you submit to have them defrauded of
school privileges which you have been taxed to provide. In
many towns local boards have been chosen in accordance with
an enlightened public sentiment; and these, knowing their con-
stitutional rights, pay no attention to the Philipics and edicts
of any state board. In other towns the sentiment is aroused,
but the health and educational boards, being creatures of the
political "ring," issue their mandates and then a hot contest is
at once precipitated.
A HOT CONTEST IN SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA.
I spent the winter and early spring of 1898 in my sunny
home in San Diego. Early in February—if I remember—the
local board of health directed the school board to issue a per-
emptory order that every child attending the public schools
should be required to present a certificate of vaccination to their
teacher, and on failing to do so should be excluded from further
attendance. The battle was on. Among the papers in the city,
the Union was conservative, rather siding with the vaccination
doctors; but the Sun and Vidette freely opened their columns
to my pen sketches of the situation. Only one doctor—P. J.
Parker, M. D.—saw fit to publicly notice my arraignment of the
vaccination practice, and he was extremely reserved and
guarded. I opened the ball with the following letter to the
Daily Sun:—
"Editor Sun: At the close of my lecture Sunday evening
in the hall, literally packed, the subject came up relative to vac-


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                       129
cinating our school children. The consensus of opinion was de-
cidedly against it—a majority of certainly nineteen-twentieths
of those present. Further, it was a general expression that the
doctors, lawyers, druggists, and merchants be vaccinated or re-
vaccinated, and that the school children—our dear school child-
ren—be spared.
"When I began the practice of medicine over 50 years ago,
bleeding was far more popular with doctors than vaccination is
today. Times change. Vaccination 'wearing out,' as the theory
is, in from about three to seven years, I was induced to be re-
vaccinated in San Francisco just after the commencement of
our late civil war, and came near losing my arm from the dire
effects of the deadly poison. It put me in bed three weeks and
impaired my health for several years. Personally, I should in-
finitely prefer the small-pox, treating myself, than to undergo
another such life-endangering siege of suffering from vaccina-
tion.
"While there is no epidemic of small-pox in our city, nor
the likelihood of there being any, it seems not only presumptu-
ous but absolutely appalling that health officers should order
vaccination. It certainly cannot be for the picayune finances
that will accrue to a few physicians. They surely are not so
grasping and heartlessly greedy as that. Can it be from a lack
of information?
"It is well-known by the most eminent and erudite physi-
cians of today that while vaccination is not even a common safe-
guard against small-pox, it often conduces to blood-poisoning,
erysipelas, eczema, and consumption.
"Am I told, referring to 'tubes and points,' that calf-lymph-
glycerinated vaccine, 'the pure,' will be used? Pure poison!
Think of it, parents! Pure pus-rottenness—think of it! Pure
calf-lymph from calves' filthy sores put into the arms of inno-
cent babes and school children. 'Pure!' Why it is virtually
beastly calf-brutality thrust into our children's budding hu-
manity !
"The battle for compulsory vaccination was waged by
spells most vigorously in the British house of parliament for
nearly a dozen years, and finally a parliamentary commission,


VACCINATION A CURSE.
130
after a long and most rigid investigation, virtually reported that
vaccination should be 'optional,' rather than compulsory.
"A personal friend of mine, William Tebb, of London, one
of God's noblemen, was arrested, if I rightly remember, four-
teen times for refusing to have his children vaccinated. He paid
his fines—and now wears a victor's wreath. And I, too, would
be arrested—aye, I would rot in jail before I would again have
that damnable vaccine poison thrust into my arm or into my
children's arms.
"Prof. Kanichfield, of Berlin, said in an elaborate report:
'I, too, vaccinated my children at a time when I did not know
how injurious it was. Today I would resist if necessary the au-
thorities and the police law.'
"Dr. Greogory in the Medical Times, June I, 1852, (and
then medical director of the London Small-pox hospital) said:
'The idea of extinguishing the small-pox by vaccination is as
absurd as it is chimerical, and is as irrational as it is presumptu-
ous.'
"Dr. Stowell, after twenty year's experience as a vaccine
physician in England, said: 'The general declaration of my pa-
tients enables me to proclaim that the vaccine notion is not only
an illusion, but a curse to humanity.'
"In a house to house census of a number of cities, towns,
and villages in the north of England to furnish an average test
of the dangers of vaccination, there were reported '3,135 cases
of injury and 750 deaths, alleged to be due to vaccination.' This
report was sent to the members of Parliament and to the prime
minister.
"P. A. Taylor, a member of Parliament, said in a Com-
mon's speech: 'I have seen scores of parents who tell me that
they honestly believe that their children had died from vacci-
nation. I am opposed to making it compulsory.'
"Alfred Russell Wallace, LL. D., F. R. S., the compeer of
the great Charles Darwin, says: 'that vaccination is the probable
cause of about 10,000 deaths annually, by five inoculable dis-
eases of the most terrible and disgusting character.'
"William Tebb on July, 2, 1892, gave evidence before the
Parliamentary Royal Commission as to 2,138 cases of injury
and 540 deaths alleged by the proper medical signatures to be
due to vaccination up to the end of 1889. * * * In the


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        131
third report, (page 172), the number of injuries is increased to
10,309—think of it—and this in solid, conservative old Eng-
land.
"If necessary I can furnish the testimony of many eminent
American physicians, college professors, in confirmation of the
danger, and of the deaths resulting from compulsory vacination.
"Upon the grounds, therefore, of continuous good health
to our children; upon the grounds of absolute right; upon the
grounds of personal liberty vouchsafed by the constitution of
the United States, and upon the grounds of regard to the ma-
ture judgment and cultured consciences of many educated
parents and prominent San Diego citizens, I hope—earnestly
hope—that this vaccination order will not be pressed.
J. M. PEEBLES, M. D."
The moral indignation of the community was aroused, and
the local press teemed daily with articles from indignant citizens
and with spirited editorials on the all-absorbing controversy—
the two papers named siding with the people; but the Union
editorials abounded in expressions of "good Lord and good
Devil," yet leaning perceptibly toward the latter. Among the
protests from citizens, the following is a sample:—
"Editor Sun: I consider that I have a grievance that it is
my duty to put before the people of this city.
"My son tells that he is excluded from the schools be-
cause he can not show a certificate of vaccination. I sent a note
by him this morning to Professor Freeman in which I desired
the following information: If Jamie, my son, is not allowed to
continue in the school, please, in justice to me, give me a writ-
ten notice of his expulsion. I added also: I have been a tax-
payer for many years, and if I am not to have any of its ben-
efits, unless I bow down before one of the most un-American
laws that was ever lobbied' through a legislative body, I should
have notice of it.
"He wrote on the back of the note with a pencil, as fol-
lows :—
" 'Mr. Nulton: You appear to be aware of the law. We
simply do our duty under it when we forcibly exclude children
who have not been vaccinated.'
"What conclusion can I arrive at from his answer? I have


132                                     VACCINATION A CURSE.
never brought his devotion to duty in question, neither do I
doubt that he may have excluded pupils from his school during
his past life. But I would like to know whether the boy is play-
ing 'hookey,' or whether it is the professor himself?
"Is there anything in his answer that would show to a court
of justice that the boy has been excluded from the schools?
"I have been required several times to write notes to teach-
ers why the boy was absent from school on certain days, and
when I want information they seem to be as silent as a grave-
yard.
"In regard to vaccination, I have this to say. I have heard
of many that have died from vaccination and a great deal of suf-
fering resulting from it. Now, the question is, shall I offer up
my child to this vaccine god with the hope that a ram will be
caught in the bushes and his life spared ? or shall I stand on my
feet like a true American and say to this Moloch, whose taste
for children is proverbial, 'Stand out of the way and let the car
of progress move on.'
"If a parent forces his child to be vaccinated and he die
from its effect, who murders him? Is it the parent, the vacci-
nator, or the law, or should we wag our long ears and exclaim:
'Mysterious Providence.'
"A good thing can never be over-multiplied; inflate it as
much as you please, there will be no bad results. If vaccination
is a good thing you cannot overdraw at this bank either. Com-
mence with the doctors, then the old men and women, and some
of us have nothing but an old shell left, and it would not take
much vaccine matter to fix us; then the middle-aged, then the
youth, babes, cats, and dogs.
                     S. D. NULTON."
It is but justice to say, that Dr. Remendido, the leading
physician and surgeon of the city, came out through the press
and definitely condemned compulsory vaccination. The other
physicians, with one exception, were as dumb as the dens of
frozen adders.
About this time—early in February, 1899—258 children
had been sent home by the teachers for not presenting certifi-
cates of vaccination, and many more were kept home by their


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        133
parents who wished to spare their feelings, knowing what the
result would be if they appeared without the official vaccinator's
"tag." Parents were calling at my residence every day for ad-
vice about what they could do; so accordingly I published the
following letter in the Daily Vidette: —
"Editor Vidette: Honoring your moral bravery and ad-
miring the breadth of thought and freedom of expression that
characterize your daily columns, allow me to say that the heads
of twenty-three families have called upon me at my residence
during the past week, saying, 'What shall we do, doctor, about
having our children vaccinated? We think vaccination danger-
bus. We do not believe in it, and yet we want our children to
attend school and be educated. What shall we do?'
"My invariable reply has been, I am not 'my brother's
keeper.' You must exercise your own judgment. I am frank,
however, to tell you what I should do.
"First: I should send my children to school unvaccinated,
unpoisoned with pox-lymph virus, and put the responsibility
upon the official authorities for refusing to educate them in the
schools, for the support of which I had been taxed. I should
then, as they have in Philadelphia, commence legal proceed-
ings. It should not be forgotten that before the adjournment
of our recent legislature, Senator Simmons introduced a bill pro-
viding that if any injury or detriment to health was produced
by vaccination, both the school authorities and the vaccinators
might be sued for damages. This was right. The bill did not
come to a vote. How could it, in a legislature charged and
counter-charged with bribery—a legislature neither intellect-
ually nor morally competent to elect a United States senator?
"Second: Or, I should teach my children in my own home,
inviting some of my neighbors' more advanced scholars to come
in and teach them the higher branches.
"Third: Or, I should unite with the citizens of my ward
and organize a private school, employing competent and cul-
tured teachers. For such a purpose I will contribute liberally
in the eighth ward.
"Fourth: Or, I should emigrate from slow, lag-behind San
Diego, to some one of the states east where compulsory vacci-
nation is not enforced; or, perhaps what would be more prefer-
able still, bidding adieu to the American flag (the presumed


134                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
symbol of freedom and personal liberty), I would settle in
some country, decent enough, civilized enough not to enact a
monstrous compulsory vaccination law, and enlightened enough
not to enforce if there was such a law.
"Queensland, Australia, has no compulsory vaccination
law; and grand, conservative old England, after a dozen years'
fight of the people, assisted by the ablest members of Parlia-
ment, against a majority of the doctors (who evidently had an
eye to business), passed what has been termed the 'conscience
clause,' as an addendum to the vaccination bill. This was signed
by the queen, August 12, last year. Therefore, any person, now
going before the registrar of the district, and making declara-
tion before the justice of the peace that he conscientiously be-
lieves vaccination to be detrimental to the health of the child,
is exempt from arrest or penalty. All honor to England!
"Accordingly, in the single city of Oldham, Lancashire,
England, 43,000 certificates of exemption under the 'conscience
clause' had been issued up to the first of March. Other cities
and towns are doing nearly as well. Shame, shame, to San
Diego to thus snail-like drag—drag along in great reforms be-
hind England, Australia, and some of the isles of the ocean.
"There are not only thousands of our citizens, but there
are members of the health and school board, just as strenuously
opposed to compulsory vaccination as I am. I speak by the
book. 'But it is the law.' Granted. 'It has been sustained by
the supreme court.' Then, in the name of law and order, why
was it not enforced by the previous health and school board au-
thorities? Did they not know their duty? Why were they not
dismissed from office or fined $500? Who was responsible for
that gross, official neglect? and why has this vaccination law
been virtually a dead letter throughout California these past ten
years ? and what has caused this present health-spasm ? There
is no small-pox in our city—and it is the general opinion that
there has been none. Why do not doctors post themselves?
Why are they such consummate cowards ?
"Finally, this so-called compulsory law, now the terror of
so many parents, is not law. That only is law which is based
upon the principle of justice, of right and of personal liberty.
Enactments are not necessarily laws. Enactments made by one
legislature are very often repealed by the next. The 'fugitive


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        135
slave law' was once pronounced 'law' by politicians influencing
even the supreme court; and yet a band of Quakers, with my-
self and many others deliberately violated that law—defied it,
in fact, as often as possible, by helping such frightened, fleeing
negroes as Fred Douglas, on their way toward the freedom of
the British flag in Canada. The framers of that law are now
remembered only in pity, or deserved infamy. And so history
will brand the mark of Cain upon the legislature that ten years
ago passed that infamous, unconstitutional, compulsory vacci-
nation enactment. I would not—will not, obey it! I defy it!
Arrest me, jail me, imprison me behind iron bars. I would stay
there and rot in prison before I would obey it. And further, in
the future I will vote for no member of the legislature till I
know—positively know, how he stands upon this vaccination
question. We must organize for the battle as they did for years
in England; we must call meetings and distribute literature.
"Only recently a judge of the circuit court in Milwaukee,
Wis., decided that 'the compulsory vaccination of children by
order of the board of education as a prerequisite to their admis-
sion to the public schools of that state, was unconstitutional.'
Another compulsory vaccination tumble! And yet, San Diego,
sitting under the shadow of Old Mexico, and brooded by the
skeleton of a dead-letter legislative enactment, forbids her child-
ren to enter the public schools—compels them to remain in ig-
norance because, forsooth, their intelligent parents refuse to
have brutality—cow-pox virus, calf-lymph cussedness, or any-
thing of this nature thrust into their system, believing it to be
unconstitutional, a violation of personal freedom, and danger-
ous to health. Is this America—proud, progressive America,
or old sixteenth century Spain? J. M. PEEBLES, M. D."
Next came what may be designated the Peebles-Parker
discussion which appeared in the columns of the Daily Sun.
The following is Dr. Parker's first letter:—
"Editor Sun: In a recent issue of your paper you say you
are opposed to vaccination of school children, as required by
law, and you give as your reasons that physicians are divided
among themselves as to the utility and advisability of vaccina-
tion, and also that you do not like the idea of sticking scabs onto


I36                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
people. Permit me to reply that we do not use scabs for such a
purpose. We use lymph taken from healthy young cattle steril-
ized, put up in glass tubes and hermetically sealed up until used.
The greatest care is used in vaccination. The arm or leg where
the little wounds are made is thoroughly disinfected and cleansed
before the work is begun, and the instrument used is boiled be-
fore using, and then a light dressing of sterilized gause placed
over the wound to prevent the entrance of any poisonous germs.
Done in this way there is no danger. Some years ago when
scabs were used at times as well as lymphs, and no great care
used to sterilize or keep the vaccine pure, and surgeons were
careless in breaking of the skin without sterilizing or boiling in-
struments, we had trouble with infection and blood poisoning.
Also sometimes diseases were conveyed by using humanized
virus. But with the old methods vaccination was a God-send
to the human race. Before the days of vaccination the annual
death rate from small-pox was about 3,000 per million of the
population in England. At that rate, the death rate in the
United States per annum would be over 200,000. Deprive the
people of this country of the privileges of vaccination for twenty-
five years and we would have about the same result. Modern
treatment and care would lessen mortality some, but modern
facilities of travel would spread it more than in former times.
"One great danger in the spread of small-pox is the long
incubation period, for it is about twelve days after exposure be-
fore a person becomes sick. Anyone could be exposed to small-
pox in Cuba or Porta Rica and travel to San Diego before he
would get sick.
"In reference to the division of opinion among physicians,
there is in reality very few who oppose it. It is about as near
unanimous as it is possible for any question to be. Only about
one physician in this city speaks against it, and he says pus is
used for vaccinating. I would expose vaccination if we had to
use pus for such a purpose. This Dr. Peebles also stated in a
public address before the Mother's Club that he had treated
hundreds of cases of small-pox without losing a case. Any
comment on such statements are unnecessary.
"In the year 1889, Queen Victoria appointed a commission
composed of eight of the most noted medical men of England
and quite a number of eminent men in other professions, to in-


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                          137
vestigate the question of the effect of vaccination. The com-
mission spent seven or more years in their investigations, held
one hundred and thirty-six meetings, examined about two hun-
dred witnesses and investigated six epidemics, which has oc-
curred in recent years at Gloucester, Sheffield, Warrington,
Devosberry, Leicester, and London. In Gloucester the prac-
tice of vaccination had been greatly neglected for some years
prior to the outbreak of small-pox. At Gloucester 26 vaccinated
children under ten years of age were attacked, of whom one
died; of unvaccinated children of like age 680 were attacked,
of whom 279 died. The report of the commission was unani-
mous in favor of vaccination as the only effective means for the
protection against the ravages of small-pox. In Germany
where vaccination has been compulsory for years, small-pox is
almost unknown in recent years. Hoping I have not made this
too long, I am,
                   Yours very truly,
P. J. PARKER, M. D."
Peebles replies:—
"Editor Sun: In-as-much as Dr. P. J. Parker, of our city,
brought my name before the public in your issue of the 11th,
touching the question of compulsory vaccination, you will cer-
tainly grant me equal space in your ably conducted journal.
"In expressing an opinion adverse to compulsory vaccina-
tion, you doubtless reflected the convictions of a large majority
of the parents of San Diego. That the eighty-nine doctors, or
the most of them, favor it, counts but little. Doctors without
an exception once favored bleeding in fevers. Both Washing-
ton and Byron, it is believed, died from blood-letting. Doc-
tors do not bleed men now-a-days; nor will they vaccinate in
the near future. Much less will they dare, however ignorant
they may be of Jennerism and the dangers attendant upon calf-
poison, to compel vaccination. I recommend medical incompe-
tents to weigh well these candid words (published Sunday) by
the leading physician and surgeon of our city:
" 'I am not in favor of anything that interferes in any way
with the personal liberty or action of any individual. If a per-
son seriously objects to being vaccinated or to having any mem-


138                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
ber of his family vaccinated, the feelings of such a party are en-
titled to respect, etc.'-—Dr. Remendido.
"Certainly every man's 'feelings,' every man's conscientious
convictions, are entitled to 'respect.' Every man's house is his
castle, and upon the constitutional grounds of personal liberty,
no vaccination doctor, lancet in one hand and calf-pox poison in
the other, has a legal or moral right to enter the sacred pre-
cincts of a healthy home and scar a child's body for life.
" 'This' Dr. Parker informs the public that 'scabs' from cow
and calf-pox sores are not used now. That is true—doctors
have advanced from arm-to-arm 'scabs' to a more refined filth—
a more delicate form of the poison pox-lymph. It is taken from
'healthy young cattle,' we are told. How is it known that these
cattle were 'healthy?' They were dumb. That they were
'healthy' could only be proven by vivisection and dissection.
Physicians know that tuberculosis is common among cows in
some parts of the country. To say that these cattle are 'healthy'
is an assertion—nothing more! All technical terms and pedan-
tic jargon aside—would a man be considered healthy if any por-
tion of his body was spotted and dotted with pustules, with in-
flamed bases—'running sores?' 'Only about one' doctor, we are
gravely told (there are some eighty-five or ninety in San Diego)
speaks against vaccination—so much the worse for the doctors!
'Only about one.' Well, I am proud to be that one! for in fact
one with the right, is a majority. Truth is never in minority—
and laggards often find it out to their sore disadvantage.
"Yes, 'Dr. Peebles stated in a public address that he had
treated many cases of small-pox and never lost a case.' How
many did 'this' Dr. Parker ever treat? and how many of them
lived? I shall be pleased to hear the doctor's 'comments.' I
pledge you my word he will be dumb.
"On my journey around the world, while in the Godavari
district, India, with a population of between two and three mil-
lions, not a day passed after the first week there that I did not
treat or assist in treating from twelve to twenty small-pox pa-
tients lying in bungalows, outside tents, and bamboo huts.
"In July, 1869, appointed by General Grant, the United
States consul to Trebizonde, Asiatic Turkey, I was in this old
city, crowded with Turks, Circassians, Georgians, Armenians,
and other races—a city of filth—during its small-pox epidemic


LOCAL CONTESTS.
139
—and here again I treated or assisted other physicians in treat-
ing for weeks and months small-pox patients. Small-pox is
closely allied to filth, and sanitation, hygiene, pure air, healthy
diet, sunshine, and bathing are much more efficacious preventa-
tives than vaccine virus, in whatever way manipulated, and
whether called scabs, pus, lymph, serum, or calf-virus—words
do not render poisons any the less malignant.
"Speaking of 'humanized virus,' Dr. Parker says: 'The old
method of vaccination was a God-send to the human race.' On
the contrary I pronounce it emphatically a death-send, a
scourge, and a most damnable curse. Here are a few of my au-
thorities proving it:
"In the English 'Digest of Parliamentary Returns,' No.
488, session of 1878, entitled, "Vaccination Mortality,' we find
the startling statement that: 'Twenty-five thousand children
are annually slaughtered by disease inoculated into the system
by vaccination, and a far greater number are injured and maimed
for life by the same unwholesome rite.'
"Prof. Trousseau, of Paris, France, wrote in the 'Clinique
Medicale,' 1874, a medical journal published in France: 'The
transmission of syphilis by vaccination appears now to be an
established fact.'
"Prof. German, in 1878, in an address to the Diet of the
German empire, said: 'Above all, the direful fatality which
lately occurred at Lebus, would alone warrant the abolition of
the vaccination laws. Eighteen school girls, averaging 12 years
of age, were re-vaccinated and thereby syphilized, and some of
them died.'
"The report of the German vaccination commission of
1884, contains the following: 'Up to 1880, fifty cases have be-
come known in which syphilis, inoculated with vaccine virus,
caused severe illness to about seven hundred and fifty persons.'
A strange 'God-send!'
"The report of the British commission, appointed by the
queen in 1889, was not unanimous in favor of compulsory vac-
cination which fact ought to know it. By this report, anti-vac-
cinationists 'obtained a great measure of parental freedom,'
writes Dr. Winthrop from London to the New York Sun.
Dr. Parker's statement concerning Gloucester and its vac-
cination, is not only misleading but false. If figures do not lie


140                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
those that make them can, and often do. The Gloucester Of-
ficial Reports are decidedly against the benefit of vaccination.
I have them at my command. Dr. Parker is no authority.
His Ipse Dixit neither counts nor carries weight with either
students of science or medicine. The report of the British
commission so influenced Parliament that it pronounced against
compulsory vaccination—and made the matter optional with
the people. And so the matter still stands.
"In Rhode Island, after a committee of the senate had
heard evidence on both sides of the question, it repealed the
vaccination law by a majority of 16 to 9. Petitions should be
hurried on to Sacramento demanding that this disease-breeding
law be promptly repealed.
"A late press dispatch informs us that Wm. Nagengast, of
Cleveland, O., aged 11 years, was vaccinated in the free dispen-
sary on January 4th. His arm soon became terribly swollen.
The same night he exhibited symptoms of lockjaw, and the next
evening he died, suffering intense agonies. In London, from
1859 to 1896, there were one thousand and two hundred and
seventeen admitted deaths from vaccination. There were doubt-
less five times this number, say the minority reports, but they
were 'hushed up to prevent vaccination from further reproach.'
"Engaged wholly in literary pursuits and depending upon
a livelihood from neither the vaccination business nor local med-
ical practice of any kind, I can find leisure to ventilate the vic-
iousness and villainous consequences of compulsory vaccina-
tion, and I shall do it with ungloved hands, and will therefore
say that if Dr. Parker desires a journalistic controversy with me
upon the merits and demerits of compulsory vaccination he will
find me girded for the conflict; and I promise him a "foeman
worthy his steel."
                           J. M. PEEBLES, M. D.
San Diego, Cal., Feb. 13."
I will now extend my above reply and notice the following
statements contained in Dr. Parker's letter:
(1). "The instrument used is boiled before using."
(2). "England before the days of vacination had a death
rate from small-pox of 3,000 per million of the population."
(3). "Deprive the people of this country of the privilege
of vaccination for twenty-five years * * * and we should
have the same result."


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                       141
(4). "At Gloucester 26 vacinated children under ten years
were attacked with small-pox—one died. Of un-vaccinated
children of like age 680 were attacked, of whom 279 died."
(1). This statement by Dr. Parker is very careless, for in
many noted instances it is conspicuously untrue, in fact. I will
give one instance where a United States official vaccinator uses
the lance on scores of immigrants without once cleansing it.
Our laws require that every immigrant arriving at Castle Gar-
den shall be vaccinated before they land, unless they can show
a vaccine mark or a certificate. "The surgeon sat on a box in
the storeroom, lancet in hand, and around him huddled as many
as could be crowded into the confined space, old and young,
children screaming, women crying; each with an arm bare and
a woe-begone face. * * * No pretense of cleaning the lan-
cet was made; it drew blood in very many instances, and it was
used upon as many as 276 during the first day. I inquired of
the surgeon if he had no fear of inoculating disease, or whether
he examined as to health or disease before vaccinating. He
replied that he could not stop for that, besides no choice in the
matter was left with him. The law demanded the vaccination
of each and every one, and he must comply with it or be sub-
jected to a fine."—G. H. Merkel, M. D., in Mass. Ec. Med. Jour.
November, 1882.
Here is a fact which I offset against Dr. Parker's statement
—"the instrument used is boiled before using." When we con-
sider that the point of a cambric needle, dipped in the blood
of a leprous or syphilitic patient is sufficient to communicate
the disease, if this is punctured through the skin, what a fear-
ful indictment we have against the practice of vaccination! Two
hundred and seventy-six victims vaccinated without the lancet
once being cleaned! In this way it is possible for the "calf-
lymph" to pick up on its way about all the curses which human
flesh is heir to.
(2). "Small-pox deaths in England before vaccination were
3,000 per million of the population." In the connection in which
it is used this statement as before said is entirely misleading.
There is no hint here that other zymotic diseases in England
have declined in a similar ratio with small-pox during the cen-
tury just closing; and we are entitled to claim that the same
causes that diminished scarlet fever also diminished small-pox.


142                                        VACCINATION A CURSE.
But the decline in small-pox has really been far less than in
other zymotics, from which it may be fairly claimed that vacci-
nation instead of mitigating it has kept it alive notwithstanding
the presence of other really mitigating causes. By implication
Dr. Parker assumes that such investigation of the disease as
we have been able to secure, is to be set down to the credit of
vaccination. No other mitigating factor is hinted at. In dis-
cussing the causes of small-pox vaccinators stick to vaccination
as Mr. Gladstone stuck to "Mitcheltown." They never pollute
their lips by speaking aloud the word filth—having plenty of
that article in their antidote. They are silent about sanitation.
They do not tell us that small-pox is a filth-disease; that it
thrives on filth; that it is chiefly confined to the dirty and crowded
quarters in our cities. Had the doctors vaccinated for the
plague, black-death, and the sweating sickness, they would now
be claiming the credit for vaccination as the sole agent that was
efficient in practically stamping these three zymotics out of Eu-
rope. Since they cannot set up that claim, pray what has been
the cause of their decline? I answer, sanitation and improved
habits of living. Prof. Wallace, taking the Reports of the Reg-
istrar General from 1838 to 1896, makes a thorough statistical
analysis and presents the result in diagramatic form—"Wonder-
ful Century," page 305. Then he writes:—
"The main teaching of this diagram—a teaching which the
commissioners have altogether missed by never referring to
diagrams showing comparative mortalities—is the striking cor-
respondence in average rise and fall of the death-rates of small-
pox, of zymotics, and of all diseases together. This corres-
pondence is maintained throughout the whole of the first part,
as well as through the whole of the second part, of the diagram;
and it proves that small-pox obeys, and always has obeyed, the
same law of subservience to general sanitary conditions as the
other great groups of allied diseases and the general mortality.
Looking at this most instructive diagram, we see at once the
absurdity of the claim that the diminution of small-pox in the
first quarter of our century was due to the partial and imperfect
vaccination of that period. Equally absurd is the allegation
that its stationary character from 1842 to 1872, culminating in
a huge epidemic, was due to the vaccination then prevailing,
though much larger than ever before, not being quite universal


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        143
—an allegation completely disproved by the fact that the other
zymotics as a whole, as well as the general mortality, exhibited
strikingly similar decreases followed by equally marked periods
of average uniformity or slight increase, to be again followed
by a marked decrease. There is here no indication whatever
of vaccination having produced the slightest effect on small-pox
mortality."
How utterly misleading and untrue therefore is the state-
ment of Dr. Parker which I am here commenting upon. Noth-
ing but his vaccination hobby is permitted to come in sight
when he would explain the causes which effect the periodical
acceleration and decline of small-pox mortality. Vaccination
is paraded as the sole cause of small-pox decline; neglect of
vaccination the sole cause when small-pox waxes strong and
rages like a conflagration.
Dr. Parker must be aware that during the period he re-
fers to, before Jenner's discovery (?) when he says small-pox
waxed stronger; that the doctors then had a "sure thing," con-
gener of vaccination, inoculation,—which they had "boomed,"
as they now boom vaccination. Inoculation was just as rational
as vaccination; yet by the same act in 1840 England made in-
oculation a penal offence and vaccination compulsory.
But finally, I utterly deny Dr. Parker's allegation that
small-pox deaths in England before vaccination was "3,000 per
million of the population." This monstrous statement was
taken from Dr. Lettsom's evidence before the Parliamentary
Committee in 1802. How did Mr. Lettsom arrive at this fig-
ure? He first assumed that the small-pox mortality of London
before vaccination was 3,000 per million of population—which,
in a future chapter I shall prove was only 2,000 per million—
and then takes that as basis for the entire population of the
kingdom, town, village, and country, making not the slightest
allowance for the cleanliness and general wholesomness of the
country in comparison with over-crowded, filth-accumulated and
poverty-stricken districts in the city of London. The popula-


144                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
tion of the kingdom was estimated to be twelve times as large
as that of London, so London population was multiplied by
twelve to yield the 36,000 annual small-pox fatality for the king-
dom. Difference in sanitary conditions never was taken the
slightest account of by advocates of vaccination. It is such
glaringly false statistics as these that Dr. Parker, and vaccina-
tors generally, are in the habit of quoting.
(3). "Deprive the people of the country of the privileges,
etc." Here again has Dr. Parker by implication raised an ir-
revelant issue. Who has said anything about depriving the
people of this country of the privilege of vaccination? I would
not deprive one American citizen of the "privilege" of taking
a half gill of calf-pus daily—either through the skin or into the
stomach if he is inclined that way. That is not the present is-
sue. What I am contending for, doctor, is that you have taken
the state in with you in this vaccination disgrace; and that you
two have agreed between you, that I shall be compelled—or my
children shall be compelled—to take your medicine! Hence I
say—and I speak it in stentorian tones—take your unholy hands
off from me and mine! Leave me to my liberty regarding the
practice of superstitions and degrading calf-lymph-poisoning
rites, and be assured , I shall leave you to yours.
(4). The statements of Doctor Parker relative to small-
pox fatalities in Gloucester are still more misleading and un-
true than any of the above. He is silent regarding the quarter
of the town in which nine-tenths of the small-pox 'cases oc-
curred ; silent too, regarding the unmistakable causes that made
the epidemic so fatal. I have space here to merely summarize
results; and I shall state nothing but what I stand ready to sup-
port by the annual reports of the medical officers of health.
Those for the years 1875 to 1888 are the work of Mr. John P.
Wilton; those for 1889 to 1895 of Dr. John Campbell. At the
time of the Gloucester epidemic—1895-6—the urban population
was 40,000; the rural population 11,000. In the southeast
quarter—the poor, filthy and crowded quarter—the drainage
was the worst possible. The new system of drains was con-
nected with the old, crooked and much dilapidated brick cul-
verts. The water supplied for domestic use was totally unfit to
drink, charged as it was with sewage pollution. Into an exten-


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        145
sive bed of gravel—from which this portion of the city was sup-
plied with water, the drainage from cesspools and sewers had
free access. In the language of the medical officer: ''The
drainage of houses either empties into cesspools constructed
close to them, and leaking into the bed of gravel, or is carried
away in brick culverts, which, whenever they are uncovered,
are found to be faulty, thus allowing their contents to ooze into
the gravel. It is thus absolutely impossible that there can be
any pure water in the district."
In 1889 a flood choked these sewers and caused a back flow,
mixing vast quantities of sewage with the water on the surface.
The medical officer reports: "This water became so charged
with sewage that I feared serious consequences in the houses
that became flooded."
In this pestilence-breeding and foul quarter the epidemic
started late in 1895. At the end of the year 25 cases had been
reported, 24 of which we confined to this southeast end. Here,
my dear doctor, was the breeding ground and source of the
Gloucester epidemic of 1896. You did not think these facts
worthy of mention! Just so, that is a common fault with vacci-
nating doctors. You should have also stated, that out of the
2.036 cases of small-pox reported during the epidemic, 1,822
were confined to this same God-forsaken South Hamlet while
only 214 cases were reported north of St. Michael's Square,
where the city possessed a tolerable sanitary aspect.
Another fact: The great scarlet fever epidemic of 1892
was likewise practically confined to this South Hamlet. Every-
body with a grain of common sense knows that this epidemic
was caused by the wretched unsanitary condition at the south-
east end of Gloucester. They know, too, that the small-pox
epidemic originated in the same causes and was fed from the
same source. Yet we are assured that the "un-vaccinated"
were the occasion of the whole trouble. Get vaccinated and re-
vaccinated, and then if the sewage comes up to your window-
sills and you have no other fluid to drink, still you need not
fear the small-pox! These little matters are unworthy of men-


146                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
tion when a vaccinator is handling small-pox statistics. "Vac-
cination had been greatly neglected in Gloucester before the
epidemic," from which the reader is supposed to infer that this
species of neglect was the real occasion of the fearful outbreak.
What was neglected before the other epidemic broke out—the
scourge of scarlet fever? Vaccination cannot be made to do
duty here. Now I place these facts by the side of Dr. Parker's
statements, and leave the decision to the common sense of my
readers as to what occasioned the small-pox epidemic in Glou-
cester.
Dr. Parker also refers to Leicester as one of the stricken
cities, due to vaccinal neglect. He had better have remained
silent regarding Leicester, for it has a thunderbolt in reserve
for the vaccinators. After their small-pox epidemic of 1892-4,
the citizens rose to the dignity of the occasion and turned the
vaccinators out of office; then elected boards of guardians who
were pledged not to enforce the compulsory law. At present
the vaccinations are only one per cent. of the births. Did they
stop there? No, but they set about real prevention by putting
the city under more thorough sanitary regulations. Now Lei-
cester is not only the freest city in England from the small-pox
scourge, but the freest from scarlet fever and other zymotics
as well.
It is just as silly and illogical to refer small-pox fatality to
neglect of vaccination, as it would be to refer fatalities from
cyclones in the middle west to this same neglect.
I will now resume account of the struggle in San Diego.
The next step in the program was the organization of the Anti-
Vaccination League—Dr. J. M. Peebles, president; E. P.
Brooks and Col. J. L. Dryden, vice presidents, and F. M. Gregg,
secretary. A little later—some time in April—a rousing mass
meeting was held in the M. E. church. The following are ex-
tracts from my address on that occasion, published in the Daily
Sun:—


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        147
"We have assembled tonight from the different city wards
to take into consideration the compulsory vaccination law of
California—a law that has thrown nearly four hundred of our
children out of the public schools, that we have been taxed to
support.
This compulsory cow-pox enactment, so at variance with
the higher medical science and personal liberty; so repulsive
to cultured manhood, the finer instincts of womanhood, and the
God-implanted intuitions of childhood has remained like other
unconstitutional laws passed by politicians and lobbied legisla-
tures for the past ten years, a dead letter. Why—why, if this
law was just and right, has it not been executed? Why is it now
raised? Who rolled the stone away from its mouldy and moss-
shingled tomb ? Who were the instigators ? There is no small-
pox in the city, and in the opinion of Mr. Hedges and the gen-
eral public, there has been none. Who was responsible then,
for the "scare," and who have been the financial gainers by it?
Why are children with certificates in their hands from Dr.
Stockton, the health officer, stating that, owing to their physical
condition, they were not fit subjects for vaccination, turned
away from the schools? Why this merciless blow to education
and personal freedom? Why are the conscientious convictions
of hundreds of intelligent San Diego parents violated or ridi-
culed by vacincating officials ? Why are the public school doors
slammed in the faces of innocent children—children who, turned
into the streets, wend their way home weeping for a lack of the
privilege of gaining an education? Do these health and school
boards feel justified in making and enforcing a compulsory igno-
rance law? Need I say that not only thousands of San Diego
students, thinkers, and tax-paying parents, but thousands upon
thousands are indignant at this state of things. It is currently
reported that one of our city doctors said that nobody but
'Mexicans, niggers, and ignoramuses' were opposed to compul-
sory vaccination. This is the compliment that superstition, big-
otry, and infamy pays to the intelligence of San Diego's cultured
citizens. It is as certain as the stars are abiding, that thousands
in this city will never—NEVER submit to thrusting a blood-
poisoning virus into their children's systems. They will do as
two families have done today, move over to Coronado, or they
will move into the country townships to educate their children,


148                                     VACCINATION A CURSE.
or they will establish private schools—and I honor them for
their decisions. Some families have already loft the city to ed-
ucate their children.
"This meeting has been called to consider—to devise ways
and means concerning this very serious subject, and I counsel
calmness and dignity of deportment. No matter how intense
ihe indignation that may thrill you to your soul's depths, con-
rrol the temper and be guided by the dictates of moderation and
reason. You are in the right. And in the end you are sure,
each to wear a victor's wreath. This meeting is but the prelude
to a series of similar gatherings. These will be educational,
and thrillingly interesting, and, further, they will probably con-
tinue here and in other portions of the state until the assem-
bling of the next legislature, when our votes will count. There
is nothing that a wiley, unprincipled politician so much fears
as an honest vote.
"The battle touching this compulsory vaccination law is fully
on. The people are aroused. They are organizing. They are
thoroughly in earnest. There is no lack of finances to conduct
the campaign. And like the immortal Wm. Lloyd Garrison,
these anti-vaccinationists 'will not equivocate, will not excuse,
and they will be heard.' And I may add, they will politically
'mark' every man at future elections who favors compulsory
blood-poisoning.
"Anti-vaccinationists, anti-compulsionists, you are a power.
You have culture, finance, influence, conscience, energy, and I
charge you to mark such doctors as seek to enforce this dead-
letter compulsory vaccination law; mark such doctors as tell
you privately that they are opposed to compulsory vaccination,
yet are too sneakingly cowardly to openly express their honest
convictions; mark such school officials and members of health
and school boards as make themselves unnecessarily offensive
to those who conscientiously differ from them on the vaccina-
tion question; mark such public men, especially politicians as
hunt with the hounds and run with the hares, and all to catch
votes to get into offices; mark such daily newspapers (NEWS-
papers), as are owned, or edited by hunting poltroons, shaped
like men, rather than by brave, fair-minded, royal-souled men,
the worthy sons of this magnificent century!


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        149
"This cow-pox poison put into innocent children's arms is
often from diseased calves or heifers, and can resultant disease
prevent disease or produce health? Do men gather grapes of
thorns? I say diseased heifers. You take supposed healthy
heifers from the fields, confine them in 'sterilized stables' (a
phrase used by a San Diego doctor), rope them, throw them,
shave their abdomens, puncture this portion of the hairless
body with 'small-pox pustular poison;' and then watch the irri-
tation, watch the animal's thirst, the increasing inflammation
up to the point of pus-rottening—and now call this brute healthy
do you? Would you consider your own body healthy if half-
covered with inflamed pustules and discharging sores? Then
watch the applied clamps as they squeeze out the putrid mucus-
like pus mingled with a little of the animal's inflamed blood, to
be manipulated into 'pus-lymph' for your children's arms! Is
not the thought, the sight disgustingly infamous? *
"How would it do to take catarrh mucus from the nose of
some otherwise healthy young lady and manipulating up to the
point of pure catarrh lymph, introduce it compulsorily into the
school children's arms as a preventive say, against the grippe,
erysipelas, or some kind of eczema? Some doctors advanced
the theory awhile since, that traced back through the complex
laws of heredity far enough, it might be shown that there is a
close genetic relation existing between pure catarrh lymph,
pure syphilitic lymph and pure cow-pox lymph. Be the rela-
tion near or afar, I would stoutly resist any compulsory vacci-
nation law that insisted upon introducing any such lymphs—
'PURE LYMPHS'—into the human system.
"During this conflict we shall demonstrate beyond any pos-
sible question that:
*NOTE—In gathering the materials for this volume I failed to secure
one of Dr. Parker's letters in defense of compulsory vaccination, appearing
in the "Daily Sun." Writing him for his full correspondence and forward-
ing the same by special messenger, he informed me later that he did not
wish his correspondence to appear in the volume. Considering its diluted
contents in connection with that bad cause, calf-lymph poisoning, none can
seriously blame him. Nevertheless his published letters in the "Daily Sun"
became public property. And as such I am justified in using them.
Only one however appears. His last letter was an indirect plea to be let
down off from his "compulsory" stilts, gently as possible. This I did with
my accustomed grace and gentleness.


150                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
"I. Vaccination docs not prevent smallpox. This every
well-read, intelligent physician already admits.
"II. Vaccination, by reducing the vitality through trans-
mitting poisonous pus-brutality into the human system, not
only tends to, but actually invites the epidemic termed small-
pox.
"III. That our soldiers vaccinated in the San Francisco
camps previous to sailing for the Philippines, and told that they
were immune from small-pox, a number of them had the small-
pox over there and several died from the disease.
"IV. That, as vaccination weakens the constitution, affects
deleteriously the red blood corpuscles, it necessarily deteri-
orates the public health and is a danger, a menace, to the same.
The death rate was greatly diminished both in Switzerland and
in Leicester, England, after compulsion was abandoned.
"V. That vaccination lays the foundation for erysipelas,
eczema, carbuncles, abscesses, nervousness, pimpled faces, con-
sumption, and cancers.
"VI. We shall show that there is no such thing as pure
calf lymph. To talk of pure lymph is equivalent to talking of
pure poison originating from a putrified pustular sore, which,
according to the distinguished Dr. Creighton, bears a striking
resemblance symptomatically to syphilitic poison. The Hon.
J. A. Bright, M. P., and member of the London Royal Vaccina-
tion commission, testified that 'there are no means of determin-
ing the purity of lymph or limiting the certainty of its inflamma-
tory effects.' (The Lancet, Oct. 20, 1892.)
"VII. We shall show that compulsory vaccination, while
it does not prevent small-pox, has maimed thousands for life
and caused the death of hundreds upon hundreds. In the third
report of the minutes of the vaccination evidence commission,
1890, testimony was given before the Royal Commission of six
thousand two hundred and thirty-three cases of serious injury
and eight hundred and forty-two deaths from vaccination. Can
parents afford to run the fearful risks of vaccination poisoning?
"VIII. Finally, as a registered physician in the state of
California, as a professor for several years in a medical college,
as a United States consul in Asiatic Turkey, during a portion of
General Grant's administration, counseling with an English
physician, or personally treating small-pox, which, by the way,


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                             151
I should prefer to have, under proper sanitary conditions to
Jenner's cow-pox, I protest against the compulsory vaccina-
tion law of this state that turns many of our children out of the
public schools. I denounce it as a menace to good health, as a
violation of personal freedom, and opposed to all those fraternal
interests that constitute us the parts of one great brotherhood,
clearly conscious that what affects one affects all through the
laws of thought, of sympathy, of heredity, and the amenities of
social life."
Previous to sending the manuscripts for this volume to the
press, I forwarded a communication to Dr. Parker by a special
messenger, asking him for all his letters appearing in the daily
press in defence of vaccination, for publication in this volume.
He but briefly noticed my request. Evidently he was not very
anxious to be booked and read in public libraries. This, on his
part, was a shrewd stroke of discretion.
Compulsory vaccinationists dare not meet in open manly
debate anti-vaccinationists. They lack the courage of their
convictions. Statistics and yawning graves face them. During
this struggle in San Diego with the doctors, the health and
school boards, with my didactic energies, saying nothing of an
innate Scotch grit, I challenged the vaccinating-believing doc-
tors to meet me in open discussion upon this subject in the
opera house, the proceeds above the expenses to go to some
benevolent institution. These were to be the questions or prop-
ositions for consideration.
1.   Resolved, That the Jenner inoculation and the later calf-
lymph-virus vaccination, while not a preventative of small-pox,
endangers health, by poisoning the blood and promoting various
zymotic diseases.
2.    Resolved, That compulsory vaccination laws are uncon-
stitutional, un-American in genius, a barrier to education, and
a menace to personal liberty.
And believe me, readers,—not a doctor entered the arena.
Such dastardly cowardice required no comment! * * * *
Now, in the face of California's compulsory vaccination laws,


152                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
the un-vaccinated children of the city attend the public schools
side by side with their cow-pox scarred playmates.. Such re-
sults can be secured in any town or city of the commonwealth
if the people will arouse themselves, distribute literature, get up
public meetings and air this terrible delusion—calf-lymph vac-
cination.
In the midst of this local controversy I sent the following
communication to the R. P. Journal, San Francisco, which was
published in its issue of Feb. 16, 1899:—
CALIFORNIA VACCINATION LAW.
For over fifty years I have been battling in such movements
as anti-slavery, temperance, prohibition, the reform health-
dress, woman suffrage, class legislation, "doctors' trusts," and
now I am fighting on the vaccination battlefield. And the mad
battle is fully on, here in San Diego.
A vaccination law, passed some ten years ago by the Cali-
fornia legislature, has remained nearly a dead letter; but now,
without a case of small-pox in our midst, the board of health,
afflicted with a sort of health-spasm, has proposed that all the
school children of this city, whose population is 22,000, be vac-
cinated. And the threat is thrown out that unless parents com-
ply and have that putrid calf-lymph put into their children's
arms, their children will be denied the privilege of attending the
schools. I repeat, the battle is on. My whole nature is aroused
and I have written articles in every San Diego newspaper except
one against the enforcement of this unjust law. Of the eight-
five resident doctors in San Diego, only three or four are op-
posed to vaccination, and these, with one exception, are too
cowardly to stand up and say so, or to even sign a legislative pe-
tition to repeal the law or so amend as to make it optional with
the parents. The school board has not yet issued the order,
though the health board is urging them to do so.


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                       I53
The public is thoroughly awake. At the Mothers' Club
meeting in our city lately the lower room in the school house
was literally packed to hear the vaccination question discussed.
Though many doctors were invited to come and defend vacci-
nation, only two made their appearance. These spoke in its de-
fense. I was present, clad in medical war paint, with my left
hand full of anti-vaccination documents, sent me by Wm. Tebb,
of London, Prof. Alexander Wilder, of Newark, and others.
The discussion was keenly, critically hot. Thank the gods, a
large portion of the mothers present were opposed to vaccinat-
ing the children. My opposition was vehement, if not violent.
I defied the law. I pronounced it unconstitutional; and, treas-
onable or not, I advised the mothers present to positively re-
fuse to have that diabolical poison put into their children's arms
—a poison that upon the highest medical authority does not
prevent small-pox—but does kill thousands every years. Fool-
ishly vaccinated a second time myself when in San Francisco
in 1861, I was in bed three weeks from the poison. I came near
losing my arm, and I felt the effects of the villainous virus for
several years.
What the doctors call pure virus—"tubes and points"—I
publicly pronounced filthy, vile, impure, calf-lymph "cussed-
ness." During the discussion I advised that instead of vacci-
nating and poisoning the blood of our clean, sweet-faced chil-
dren, that the doctors, druggists, lawyers, and preachers of San
Diego—all be vaccinated and the dear, innocent children be
spared. This was not a popular presentation to the vaccina-
tionists present, and yet, two-thirds of the ladies cheered me
roundly. Oh, that our mothers, wives, sisters, and daughters
could vote, as they do in New Zealand, Wyoming, and some
other states! Heaven hasten woman-suffrage.
IS THIS VACCINATION LAW CONSTITUTIONAL?
Assuredly not. The law of God, written in the moral na-


154                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
ture, is above any law enacted by political legislatures. Many of
their pronounced laws, though having the signatures of govern-
ors, are not laws. They are often repealed during the very
next session of the legislature. Law to be law, must be based
upon the eternal principle of right—the absolute principle of
right and justice. I will not obey an unconstitutional law—a law
that entails disease and death—a law that infringes upon my
personal liberty. And be it treason or not,—I will urge in the
faces of popes, priests, and politicians, others not to do it. This
vaccination law is undoubtedly unconstitutional—and is in per-
fect keeping with "medical trusts" and these nefarious "doc-
tors' laws" that seek to compel patients to employ only physi-
cians of their own school.
This vaccination law is so odious, so dangerous to Health',
that it has never been enforced to any considerable extent in our
noble state, California. It never will be. The people are too
progressive. Petitions are now being circulated in this city for
its speedy repeal. The English Parliament has recently, be it
said to the glory of England, made vaccination optional with the
parents.
The old fugitive-slave law was once the law of this coun-
try, North and South. And this law was compulsory; Northern
men were required to hunt, catch, hold, and return the negro
(nine-tenths white, perhaps) back into slavery, who were run-
ning for the freedom of Canada, and for safety under the British
flag. I would not, did not obey this law. Though compara-
tively much younger then than now, I defied it, and I am proud
to say that with a family of good Quakers in Cayuga county,
New York, I helped several runaway negroes to make their way
by the "underground railroad," as it was called, into the Cana-
dian dominion. Wendell Phillips, William Lloyd Garrison, the
Quakers, and thousands of reformers, were charged with trea-
son for criticising a government that enacted such a congres-
sional law (the Fugitive Slave Law), in the interests of per-


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                       155
petual slavery. They refused to obey it. Garrison was mobbed
in Boston, Foster was egged in Worcester, Foss was stoned,
others were vindictively persecuted by unprincipled politicians
and conservative bigots. But the law was finally repealed—
and slavery itself abolished. Now Phillips, Garrison, Foss, Ab-
bie Kelley, Parker Pillsbury, Henry C. Wright, and many of
those brave old soldiers of freedom,—scarred soldiers, fighting
for personal liberty and equality before the law,—are honored,
and their very tomb-stones are wreathed in unfading laurel;
while the congressional and political manufacturers of that old
fugitive-slave law, are either forgotten, or their names have
half-rotted-away into the silence of merited infamy. Such will
be the fate of this California vaccination law, and its doctor-in-
spired makers. Let the eighty-five doctors of San Diego, and
the board of health—one or more of which are doctors—take
due notice. Justice is sure to come!
J. M. PEEBLES, M. D.
A SMALL-POX SCARE!
During February (1899), as the controversy was waxing
warmer, the doctors of San Diego made a sortie to get up a
small-pox scare! The wife of J. Q. Hedges came to San Diego
from Los Angeles, and died Feb. 19th. Before leaving Los An-
geles she received a severe strain from lifting a heavy box. This
caused back-ache, headache, vomiting and hemorrhage. The
doctors pronounced it a case of small-pox and further reported
the woman knew she had been exposed to small-pox, and con-
fessed to this. But the husband denied that she had been ex-
posed or that she had made any such confession; as he was in
the room during the consultation and heard all that was said.
Nine different persons had been in the sick-room before the
woman died, and everyone of these was quarantined for twenty-
one days, not one of whom took small-pox. One doctor ad-


156                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
mitted the woman died from hemorrhage—so the husband stated
—and not from small-pox. But the doctors succeeded just the
same in working up a panic, in moving the local board to en-
force the compulsory law on vaccination—and withal, in enrich-
ing their purses. There was not the shadow of a small-pox case
in the city.
The sequelae as the doctors would say, or after effects of
this scare, may be in part gleaned from a Sun editorial, March
17:—
"The finance committee of the common council will meet
tonight at 7:30 o'clock and some interesting bills will come up
for approval or rejection. Among the number will be one from
Dr. Jones, who was quarantined for 21 days by order of the
board of health. Dr. Jones wants $210 for the twenty-one days'
service." How modest the fee!
"Then there are claims of $2.50 per day each for three ex-
tra policemen for twenty-one days necessitated by this same sus-
pected small-pox case. The pest house, too, has been repaired
at an expense of some $350 to date and small claims for medi-
cine, disinfectants, etc., amounting to $50 will also be presented,
making a total of $767, chargeable to the small-pox scare to date.
The bill of Nurse Lowe, who escaped quarantine has not yet
been settled nor that of the undertakers, who buried Mrs.
Hedges, but both bills will doubtless bring the amount up to
over $1,000.
" 'A few more small-pox cases and we're a busted com-
munity, rain or no rain,' said a city official this morning, and
really it does seem expensive to have these little luxuries.
"By virtue of sec. 17 of article 13, of the city charter, the
board of health has power to appoint additional health inspect-
ors and at a conference held yesterday it was decided to appoint
a committee to inspect all passengers coming on trains from
Los Angeles. This will cost a few hundred dollars, but the
health board feels the precaution is necessary."
This small-pox scare—when there was no small-pox—made
San Diego's doctors the laughing stock of all the regions
'round about. Only one, Dr. Jones, however, was quarantined!
* * * It can now be stated that the labors of our Anti-Vaccina-


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        157
lion league have been largely crowned with success. True, we
have not as yet secured a repeal of the detestable compulsory
law, but we have compelled a truce on the part of the local
boards and opened wide once more the doors of the public
schools. Complete victory is in sight.
The municipal boards of Los Angeles are still enforcing
the compulsory law, and so in my October "Temple of Health,"
I thus warned northern tourists who were expecting to spend
the winter in Southern California to shun Los Angeles:—
"Persons with families, proposing to spend the winter in
Southern California, sending their children to the public schools,
should avoid Los Angeles as they would a den of vipers, and
go on down to San Diego, where parents are not (now) com-
pelled by school boards to have their children's blood poisoned
with cow-pox virus, before they can enter the public schools."
This, the editor of a Los Angeles paper, Dr. A. P. Miller of
the East Side News, copied, and then added:—
"Let us add, that it was Dr. Peebles' efficient work which
rescued the children of San Diego from the tyrant's clutch.
Live another hundred years, doctor, and sweep all such mon-
strous usurpation of power from off the earth."
The Boston Daily Globe—Nov. 24, 1899,—says: "Four
children of one family at Highland Falls, N. Y., are dangerously
ill as the result of vaccination. All are badly poisoned, and the
results will probably prove fatal. The school trustees ordered
the vaccination. The father of the little ones is an inmate of
the Soldiers' Home, and the mother is a poor washer-woman."
A "poor washer-woman!" No redress for that stricken family,
for that disrupted and ruined home; and the next time the con-
servative M. D. comes down from his professional stilts to no-
tice an anti-vaccinator, he will repeat the stale declaration: "We
use lymph taken from healthy young cattle, sterilized, put up
in glass tubes and hermetically sealed up until used." Hence,
how could the lymph be to blame ? It must have been an "act
of Providence." The school trustees ordered it. Who takes
the risk in this business ? Why, the American people of course,
among whom there is only a small per cent. of such characters


158                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
as Wm. Tebb and Dr. Ross. The rank and file of our American
citizens are today tamely and supinely submitting to this form
of legal criminality, contented with a passing record of facts
as a matter of daily news, and only rarely proving themselves
equal to the supreme occasion, as Mr. Lawbraugh did in Gen-
eseo, Ill., fighting the vaccinators until he reached the steps of
the state supreme court, where he got his rights.
Here is another case reported in a Boston paper. I clip
the following from "The Banner of Light," of Dec. 9, 1899:—
"The supporters of that divinely-inspired barbarism known
as vaccination are no doubt rejoicing with exceeding great joy
over the beneficent effects of its application in Maiden, Mass.
Percy Tanner, a boy of thirteen years, is the latest victim to this
wicked practice. He was vaccinated on Friday, Dec. 1, and his
arm began to swell shortly afterward. On Saturday he went
into convulsions, and passed away on Sunday. Medical aid was
summoned, but the doctor could do nothing to save the boy.
If the boy had been stabbed, or killed by a blow, his assailant
would have been arrested for murder. As it is, the vaccinating
doctor is still at large, ready and even anxious to treat other
healthy patients by similar methods. Wherein does murder by
assault differ from murder by vaccination? Only in one respect
—the latter is enforced by law, and those who commit it are
protected from punishment. Other kinds of homicide are
deemed crimes, but this one seems to be a special privilege of
a few men called doctors, to whom the state gives a license to
kill ad libitum. Young Tanner's death is the third caused by
vaccination in Maiden alone.
"N. B.—There are no cases of small-pox in Maiden, nor
is there any special danger from that disease. When will the
people assert themselves and secure the repeal of this most odi-
ous law?"
This winter (1900) there is a movement all along the line
to enforce the compulsory law. In almost every state school
boards have issued peremptory orders to vaccinate, or other-
wise to exclude the children from the public schools. The taxes
paid by the parents for public school service are not considered.
The law, the boards and the vaccinators have the power of life


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        159
and death, the same as was arrogated by the ancient kings.
Lobbies and corrupt politicians make the laws. "Damn the
people," say these impious usurpers; "their province is to obey
the laws and pay taxes." And half the people seem willing to
pay this price for the privilege to live. The millionaire classes
dear rule in America today. The idea of the sovereignty of the
citizen, has come to be regarded by the privileged classes as a
form of silly twaddle which orators may affirm and re-affirm on
the Fourth of July; but it has become obsolete as a working
principle for business men. Aye, business men, including the
vaccinating syndicate, who "stand in" with the politicians and
get the kind of legislation they want, and then proceed to dic-
tate terms to the protesting citizen with impunity.
I admit that the coined phrase—-"damn the people"—stands
for a certain fact, since only a minority in the mass are sturdy
and self-sacrificing defenders of both general and personal lib-
erty. A very considerable contingent among our voting popu-
lation do not appreciate or care for any stake they may have
in the government, and therefore hold their vote as a com-
mercial commodity which they are ready to sell in the market
and which political parties are just as ready to buy. This class
of people, too, will generally turn their children over to the vac-
cinator rather than be subject to any expense or inconvenience
in protecting them.
Civilization breeds curses unknown to barbarism. A prim-
itive and childlike people are sure to fade and die out by con-
tact with a civilization like the mercenary Anglo-Saxon. Our
sectarists and schools do not compensate for the evil effects of
our vaccination-virus syphilis and "rotgut" whiskey. In a later
chapter I shall show that vaccination imposed by the countries
of Europe and the United States upon the West Indies, Sand-
wich Islands, South Africa and Hindustan, outweigh all the
other curses we have imposed upon those unfortunate peoples.
Japan, though civilized, is departing from her ancient traditions


160                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
and borrowing her models from the West. She is now being
taken in hand by the commercial sharks and has recently
adopted our vaccination practice and issued a decree making it
compulsory. In the Philippines, too, the irrepressible vacci-
nator is plying his unholy calling. There, as here, it is finan-
cially profitable.
Down in Georgia the vaccinators are likewise busy. I clip
the following from the New York World, Nov. 17, 1899:—
"Americus, Ga., Nov. 16.—Two cases of small-pox exist
here and the local authorities have passed an ordinance making
vaccination compulsory. Half a hundred members of the First
Church of Christ (Scientists) oppose vaccination as against the
doctrines of Christian Science, and the affair will be settled in
the courts.
"Where citizens have refused to obey the new ordinance
charges of disorderly conduct have been made against them in
the Mayor's court.
'Yesterday Mrs. C. B. Raines, wife of a prominent physi-
cian, was summoned to court for refusing to be vaccinated.
She is a Christian Scientist. Upon her refusal to be vaccinated
or leave the city, Mrs. Raines was sentenced to thirty days in
the police barracks. At the request of friends sentence was sus-
pended until today, when the entire Christian Science church
congregation was summoned to court upon the same charge.
Among the number were many young girls, business men,
matrons, and mothers with their babies.
"Attorneys for the Christian Scientists secured a continu-
ance until tomorrow. The Christian Science church is an incor-
porated body and holds a charter from the state of Georgia
guaranteeing religious liberty. The members will steadfastly
refuse to be vaccinated contrary to their religious creed, and
the entire membership will doubtless be sent to prison tomor-
row for contempt of court."
This appears in the daily press merely as an item of news;
no comments; no protest against this flagrant injustice and vio-
lation of individual rights. Here is a religious body who have
normal and conscientious scruples as well as rational and scien-


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                          161
tific objections, against vaccination. The vaccinated are safe
anyhow—according to the oft-repeated assertion of the vacci-
nators—from all danger of taking small-pox from the unvacci-
nated. Then why not leave the unvaccinated to their own lib-
erty? Answer: because the aggregate fees from the whole pop-
ulation being vaccinated would be greater than those accruing
from only a part being vaccinated. As long as the state has
guaranteed this business, why not run it on "business princi-
ples?" In the tithing days of the compulsory priest-tax, if we
didn't pay up promptly, we were threatened with future damna-
tion. Now, having transferred the privilege of compulsion from
the priest to the doctor, he brings calf-lymph-virus-hell right
into our households, here and now;—brings it to stay and blos-
som out into eczema, sores, tumors, and various skin diseases.
I clip the following editorial from the Los Angeles "Med-
ium," Sept. 21:—
"The foulest blow that could possibly be struck at liberty
of conscience has been dealt out this morning, (Monday, Sept.
18,) when the doors of the public schools (by decree of school
directors backed by the board of health and an infamous state
law,) closed against our children because we cannot consent to
have their young bodies poisoned and enfeebled by the injection
of vaccine rottenness into their healthy veins.
"This invasion by the doctors of the most sacred right of
home, (the protection of our children's welfare,) is the most hu-
miliating subjugation to another's will in a matter where intelli-
gent conviction of duty points in the opposite direction, which
parents can endure. Humiliating as it is for the fathers to bare
their backs to the lash of these diplomatized tyrants, these ras-
cally whippers-in, it is ten thousand times more so for the
mothers. Fathers have the one noble and unquestioned right
remaining, viz. legislative protest and appeal. Woman has no
such able weapon as the ballot with which to defend the objects
of her supremest love from desecration by these M. D.'s in
their unholy work. Is it possible that woman needed this last
and most audacious heart-thrust to goad her on to demand and
secure the noblest right of citizenship,—a voice in making the


162                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
laws by which she shall be governed in the fulfilment of her duty
to her children?
"Mother love is the highest expression of the human soul,
and must yet command every resource for the carrying out its
sacred impulses.
"We especially ask our brother voters, to meet with us and
tell us whether they intend to pay their school taxes while their
children are robbed of the benefits so precious to every Ameri-
can heart;—to consider what steps to take toward the repeal of
the infamous law;—to take counsel with the mothers as to the
surest and most speedy way to secure an honorable representa-
tion in the legislative halls of the state.
"Since our children cannot be allowed to run in the streets
deprived of the advantages of school, while we carry forward
measures for the repeal of this unrighteous law, we must devise
means for assuming the unjustly imposed burden, of private
schools for them. Come one, come all, to the meeting an-
nounced on opposite page.
              MRS. O. F. SHEPARD."
I clip another protest from the Chicago "Times-Herald,"
Nov. 20, 1899:—
"Chicago, Nov. 20.—To the Editor: The article bearing
the title 'Vaccination for Chidren' should be read by the parents
of all school pupils. I had just such a case of vicious vaccinat-
ing and my little boy died from the poison introduced into his
system by the vaccination. When the entire city becomes
aroused against the crime of vaccination then will every attempt
to carry out the outrage of vaccinating healthy children be sup-
pressed. There is no law to compel pupils to suffer any person
to tamper with the health of school children, and the doctors
know it, yet they threaten the parents with keeping out of school
the children who are told to leave the school if vaccination is at-
tempted to be enforced. Let no rest be given the agitation of
anti-vaccination. It is a crime, and no mistake, to infect a
healthy babe with poison of any kind.
HENRY C. STRONG,
778 North Rockwell Street."
I will now go a little outside the local province and insert a
letter from an able Italian physician—Charles Ruata, M. D.,


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                               163
Professor of Hygiene and of Materia Medica in the University
of Perugia, Italy. It was published in the New York Med.
Jour., July 22, 1899:—
VACCINATION IN ITALY
PERUGIA, Italy, June 21, 1899.
To the Editor of the New York Medical Journal:
"Sir: In his presidential address to the American Medical
Association Dr. Joseph M. Mathews had the goodness to call
mad people, misguided people those who have not the good
luck to be among the believers in the preventive power of vac-
cination against small-pox. It is not surprising to hear such
language from fanatics; in fact it is most common to see igno-
rant men make use of similar vulgar expressions; but it seems
to me almost incredible that the president of such a powerful as-
sociation as the American Medical Association in his address
showed himself so enthusiastic in his belief as to forget that re-
spect which is due to his colleagues who do not have the same
blind faith.
"It may be that we anti-vaccinationists are "mad" and "mis-
guided," as Dr. Joseph M. Mathews affirms in his late address,
but I feel that we are far more correct in our expressions, al-
though we do not believe, but are quite sure, that vaccination
is one of the most wonderful and most harmful mistakes into
which the medical profession has ever fallen. ' I can assure you
that if I am a madman, my madness is very contagious, because
all my pupils for several years have become as mad as I am, so
that several thousands of the foremost medical men in Italy are
suffering now with the same kind of madness.
"One of the most prominent characteristics of madness is
shown in illusions and hallucinations which are accepted as fun-
damental truths. Now, let us see what are the main facts about
vaccination and small-pox in Italy:
"Italy is one of the best vaccinated countries in the world,
if not the best of all. This we can prove mathematically.
"All our young men, with few exceptions, at the age of
twenty years must spend three years in the army, where a regu-
lation prescribes that they must be directly vaccinated. The of-
ficial statistics of our army, published yearly, say that from 1885
to 1897 the recruits who were found never to have been vacci-


164                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
nated before were less than 1.5 per cent., the largest number be-
ing 2.1 per cent. in 1893, and the smallest 0.9 per cent. in 1892.
This means, in the clearest way, that our nation twenty years
before 1885 was yet vaccinated in the proportion of 98.5 per cent.
Notwithstanding, the epidemics that we have had of small-pox,
have been something so frightful that nothing could equal them
before the invention of vaccination. To say that during the
year 1887 we had 16,249 deaths from small-pox, 18,110 in the
year 1888, and 13,413 in 1889 (our population is 30,000,000) is
too little to give a faint idea of the ravages produced by small-
pox, as these 18,110 deaths in 1888, etc., did not happen in the
best educated regions of our country, but only in the most igno-
rant parts, where our population live just as they lived a century
ago—that is, the mountainous parts of Sardinia, Sicily, Cala-
bria, etc. Among the great number of little epidemics which
produced the 18,110 deaths mentioned, I will only note the fol-
lowing: Badolato, with a population of 3,800, had 1,200 cases
of small-pox; Guardavalle had 2,300 cases with a population of
3,500; St. Caterina del Jonio had 1,200 cases (population,
2,700); Capistrano had 450 cases (population, 1,120) ; Mayerato
had 1,500 cases (population, 2,500). All these villages are in
Calabria. In Sardinia the little village of Laerru had 150 cases
of small-pox in one month (population, 800); Perfugas, too, in
one month had 541 cases (population, 1,400); Ottana had 79
deaths from small-pox (population, 1,000), and the deaths were
51 at Lei (population, 414). In Sicily 440 deaths were registered
at Noto (population, 18,000), 200 at Ferla (population, 4,500),
570 at Sortino (population, 9,000), 135 at San Cono (population,
1,600), and 2,100 deaths at Vittoria (population, 2,600)! Can
you cite anything worse before the invention of vaccination?
And the population of these villages is perfectly vaccinated, as
I have proved already, not only, but I obtained from the local
authorities a declaration that vaccination has been performed
twice a year in the most satisfactory manner for many years
past.
"Vaccinationists were not a little puzzled by these facts,
and yet with the greatest certainty they asserted that this enor-
mous number of deaths was due to want of revaccination. Hap-
pily, in Italy we are able to prove that revaccination has not the


LOCAL CONTESTS.                                        165
least preventive power. I only give a few figures: During the
sixteen years 1882-'97, our army had 1,273 cases of small-pox,
with 31 deaths; 692 cases, with 17 deaths, happened in soldiers
vaccinated with good result, and 581 cases, with 14 deaths, hap-
pened in soldiers vaccinated with bad result. This means that
of a hundred cases of small-pox, fifty-four were in persons vac-
cinated with good result, and only forty-six in those vaccinated
with bad result, and that the death rate among those vaccinated
with good result was 2.45 per cent. and only 2.40 per cent. in
those vaccinated with bad result.
"Vaccinationists say that when vaccination does not 'take'
the operation must be repeated, because no result means no pro-
tection given. Now, we see that soldiers not protected because
vaccination did not 'take' were less attacked by small-pox than
those duly protected by the good result of their revaccination ;
and that the death rate in those vaccinated with good result was
greater than among those in whom vaccination did not 'take.'
"Our vaccinationists did not lose their extraordinary cour-
age before these facts, and they objected that, they might be ac-
counted for by considering that during the years before 1890
vaccination was not well performed. I can not understand this
objection, but accepted it, and have limited my analysis to the
last six years, during which the only lymph used in all our army
has been animal lymph, exclusively furnished by the government
institute for the production of animal lymph. The results are
the following: The total number of our soldiers during these
five years was 1,234,025, of which 783,605 were vaccinated with
good result, and 450,420 with no result. In the first the cases of
small-pox were 153—that is, 1.95 to every 10,000 soldiers, while
in the others the number of cases was only 45—that is, 0.99 cases
to every 10,000 soldiers. The 'duly protected' soldiers were at-
tacked by small-pox in a proportion double that among the 'un-
protected' soldiers.
As you see, these are official statements, extremely trust-
worthy, because the official statistics were made in a country
where and at a time when no one thought that it was possible
to raise a doubt against the dogma of vaccination. In our coun-
try, we have no league against vacination, and every father


166                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
thinks that vaccination is one of the first duties; for these rea-
sons no bias could exist against vaccination in making these sta-
tistics. I could continue for a long while to quote similar facts,
but I wish to call your attention only to the two following ones:
During the three most terrible years of epidemics that we have
had in Italy lately (1887, 1888 and 1889) the death rate from
small-pox among our people of the same age as the soldiers
(twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two years) has been 21 per
100,000, and it was 27.7 during the worst year (1888). In our
army the same death rate during nine years (1867-75) has been
20 per 100,000, and it was 61.3 during the worst year (1871).
"In consequence of our young men being obliged to spend
three years in the army, it happens that after the age of twenty
years, men are by far better vaccinated than women, and, if vac-
cination did prevent, after the age of twenty small-pox should
kill fewer men than women. But in fact just the reverse has
happened. I give here the statistics of the three years 1887,
1888 and 1889 as the ones of greatest epidemics, but all the other
years give the same results:
Deaths before
the age of 20....
After the age of 20
Man.
5.997
2.459
Woman.
5.983
1.810
Man.
7.349
1.990
Woman.
7.353
1.418
Man.
5.625
I.296
Woman.
5.63I
863
Man.
18.972
5.749
Woman.
18.968
4.091
After these facts I would most respectfully ask Dr. Joseph
M. Mathews if he can show that in considering them I have lost
my mind. At any rate, I do not consider it correct for a medical
man to make use of such language against other medical men,
who have the only fault of considering facts as they are, and
not as one wishes they should be.
"The progress of knowledge has for its principle base, truth
and freedom, and I hope that in the name of truth and freedom
you will publish these observations, badly expressed in a lan-
guage that is not my own, in your most esteemed journal.
CHARLES RUATA, M. D."


CHAPTER VI.
VACCINAL INJURIES AND FATALITIES.
"Small-pox, typhus, and other fevers, occur on common
conditions of foul air, stagnant putrefaction, bad house drainage,
sewers of deposit, excrement-sodden sites, filthy street surfaces,
impure water, and over-crowding. The entire removal of such
conditions is the effectual preventive of disease of these species,
whether in ordinary or extraordinary visitations."—SIR ED-
WIN CHADWICK, C. B.
In the last century it was the intelligent poor who, with an
unerring instinct in such matters, were the first to rise in open
revolt against the practice of inoculation, a practice which the
doctors assured the general public would modify and mitigate
the severity of small-pox to the extent that would render it
harmless. The inoculators had a pecuniary interest in the prac-
tice then, the same as vaccinators have in the practice they are
now, through legislation, pushing to the front for its compulsory
enforcement. It was thoughts and votes—it was the popular
dread and the persistent opposition of laymen which finally over-
threw the old inoculation practice. So in this more modern
practice, if the doctors were not supported by political legisla-
tion, there would be little to complain of. The vaccinator would
be but rarely consulted, and it would not be long before the gen-
eral verdict would be pronounced against it.


l68                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
There are very many painful facts associated with the prac-
tice of vaccination which point toward a distinct vaccinal dia-
thesis as having been engendered in the general population from
the presence in the blood of the vaccinal virus as an active mor-
bid agent. But few families in this country have escaped its
baleful effects. This deadly virus works its way slowly, perhaps,
into the weakest organs of each child, and there industriously
sets up its inversive kingdom to wage an unrelenting war against
the physiological integrity of the organism. The vaccine virus
once introduced into the blood it extends its poisonous influ-
ence, and later usurps permanent possession. It has come to
stay, and henceforth make a hades of trouble for the possessor.
This malignant spirit, intrenched in the very center of the life
forces, will defy all the arts we may employ to exercise it. Some
poisons are swift, instantaneous ; they speedily accomplish their
destructive work and then depart; but the vaccine-poison is a
composite fiend into which has entered the subtle germs or
sporules of eczema, leprosy, consumption, cancer, erysipelas,
scrofula, syphilis, and tetanus together with other diseases
known and unknown, picked up on the way from Jenner to the
present time. Once installed beneath the skin, they take their
time to "develop their claim"—one year, ten years, this genera-
tion or the next; no matter, death has a mortgage on the prem-
ises and will claim his own and receive it on demand. If vaccina-
tion were made a penal offence today, yet would the crop of dis-
eases which the vaccinator has sowed continue to yield its terri-
ble harvest of disease and death for generation to come. And the
major portion of all this—like a bastard bundle of live flesh—is
set down at the door of compulsory legislation—legislation
which has been urged and manipulated and lobbied through by
politic-members of the medical profession.
In the present chapter I shall reproduce a small per cent. of
the reports of vaccinal injuries and fatalities, as furnished by hos-
pital surgeons, medical practitioners, and official reports of


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                  l69
boards of health. And I may here premise that vaccinal injuries
among the upper classes are far less frequent than those re-
ported from the lower walks of life. The children of the upper
class, particularly in England, have good resisting powers, the
result of good feeding, plenty of exhilerating exercise, comfort-
able clothing, abundant bathing, and a clean neighborhood
where filth and infection do not abound. Nor is vaccination en-
forced among the upper class as with the poor.
Vaccinators are never troubled about filthy quarters in a
crowded city. They never call a mass meeting of citizens to dis-
cuss the menacing danger of cess-pools. Cess-pools have no
terrors for them; but an unvaccinated person is a "focus of con-
tagion" that threatens the very foundations of the public health.
Even the vaccinated are not safe while a town is menaced by the
presence of an unvaccinated person! How fortunate that we
have among us a class of skilled experts (?) who thrill with dis-
interested solicitude for our citizens of every class, lest they
catch the small-pox!
A small-pox epidemic is feared; the doctors fan the flames
of public anxiety until a panic is on. The order then goes forth
to vaccinate—to vaccinate everybody. A motley crowd of
mothers with their-children from among the poor gather at the
vaccination station. No mother is asked by the doctor in
charge: "Have you any one at home down with a fever, or suf-
fering from any disease, the virus of which floating about in the
air may taint the blood of anyone who may have an abrased
skin?" No, the business on hand is to vaccinate. The conse-
quences may be considered later. The prospect of the fee is not
to be lightly considered. The thing has to be done. It is law,
and it is—it is—business. Bring forward the children.
The first case I shall here present is a marked one; a most
pathetic and distressing one. I reproduce it from Dr. John


VACCINATION A CURSE.
170
Pickering's large work, "Which, Sanitation or Vaccination,"
page 159. Dr. Pickering is a prominent physician of Leeds,
England:—
"I proceeded to Colne to investigate the circumstances sur-
rounding this impotent lad early in March, 1890. My visit at-
tracted some attention, and on its reaching the ears of the editor
of the 'Burnley Gazette,' one of the staff was sent to Colne to
furnish a full report. I take the following particulars from the
above-named periodical, dated March 26, 1890, and as it is from
the pen of a strictly impartial observer it will have more weight
with some people than one written by myself.
FEARFUL CONDITION OF A CHILD AT COLNE.
"The victim of the disease which is attributed by the parents
and various medical men, including Dr. Miller, medical officer
of health for Nelson, to the effect of vaccination, is a young lad
residing with his parents in Sutcliffe's Place, Colne. Thither our
representative proceeded for the purpose of investigating the
matter. The mother of the lad, a cleanly and intelligent woman
received myself and guide, and conducted us to the spacious
kitchen. Here we found the lad seated listlessly in a large, com-
fortable rocking-chair by the side of a glowing fire. He was
clothed in a shirt, vest, and knickerbockers, his arms and legs
being left uncovered, and presented an appearance painful in the
extreme. Dwarfed and deformed, with a small pale face, large
eyes which instead of beaming with intelligence, showed a hope-
less indifference to everything which passed around him, the
lad's condition looked pitiable indeed. His mother informed
us that he was nearly twelve years old, but the unfortunate boy
looked no more than five at the outside. The right arm, which
had been vaccinated, was much the worse deformed of the two.
It was scarcely as thick as three fingers of an ordinary man's
hand, and was drawn up across the narrow chest, as if in a sling,
the hand being turned away at an unnatural angle, giving a dis-
located and claw-like appearance. Only two thin, skeleton-like


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                17I
fingers were extended, the others being clutched together in
one close clasp. The whole limb was paralyzed and totally use-
less. On the back of the hand, the elbow, and shoulder, were
sores too hideous to be described in detail, which exuded, al-
most continually, a foul yellow matter. The elbow joint was
swollen and contrasted strongly with the slenderness of the
arms above and below, which were merely skin-covered bones.
Two other sores existed, one on the body under the arm, and
another under the chin. This latter wound had closed up, but
the mother of the lad said that some time ago, a hole under the
chin, where the sore now existed, went so far down that 'you
could see the roots of the tongue.' On the left cheek was an-
other large sore which disfigured the little face sadly. The left
arm, although not so deformed as the right, was of very little
use to its owner, being thin as a lath, except at the joints. The
back of the left hand too was covered with a foul, festering mass,
and the fingers were slender and elongated until they also re-
sembled the claw of a bird. Sores, little better than those on the
hands, almost covered the lad's knees; and both feet, which
were naturally small, bore similar corrupt excrescences. The
mother informed us that all the sores exuded filthy matter which
made perfect cleanliness among the lad's clothing and bedding
impossible, although she made every effort within her power to
effect this end.
"Another young lad of about nine years old was in the
room, and he presented an appearance the exact opposite of that
of his elder brother. He was a sturdy strong little fellow with
ruddy cheeks and bright eyes, and looked as if he had never
known a day's illness. 'This child,' said the woman, 'has been
vaccinated too, but I plucked the stuff off the minute it had been
put on, and I wouldn't have another child vaccinated like the
other one if I was to go to Court every day.'
' Several doctors, it appeared, had attended the eldest lad
at different times, but all had been equally unsuccessful, Dr.
Brodribb. Medical Officer of Health for Colne, had lanced one
of the sores on the lad's right hand, but this treatment only
made the hand appear worse, and the mother would not permit
him to use the lancet on the other hand. Dr. Miller, Medical
Officer of Health for Nelson, had attended the lad and had told


172                                     VACCINATION A CURSE.
the mother that neither he nor any other doctor could cure
him. 'The child's blood,' he said, 'is poisoned from head to
foot.'
"Questioned as to how long the child had been in that con-
dition the mother said that from the time the child was vacci-
nated it had never been healthy, but not until two years after
the operation had been performed did the sores break out in
the manner described. The child then had endured nearly ten
years of this 'living death,' as his condition has been described.
Many people had done their best to relieve him, the woman told
us. 'I had him at one doctor and he said that if he did not cure
him he would not charge anything. He gave him fifteen bottles,
at 2s. a bottle, and he was just as far off when he had got it as he
was before he began, and he said, 'I'll give him up.'
"The mother of the boy said she had had twelve children,
and had always been a hearty woman. Her husband was also
a healthy man, and she could not think that the lad had taken
any disease from them. They had always lived in Colne, in
Chapel Fold 15 years, and in Colne Lane 20 years. After de-
scribing the various treatments to which the child had been sub-
jected, the woman went on to speak of the manner in which his
life was spent. He had never learnt to read. He had been sent
to school when he was able to get about, but he had been or-
dered back, as it would not do for him to sit with the other
children. When he was better than usual he was able to run
about a little and on fine days he would wander about the street
on which they lived; and on one occasion he was even able to
walk as far as the station. The other children in the street
would not play with him, and directly he went into the thor-
oughfare their parents called them into the house until the boy
had gone. Thus the poor lad was shunned like a leper and at
that early age, experienced one of the greatest trials to which
he could possibly be subjected."
Dr. Pickering continues :—"The subject of my illustration
has been described by medical men as a case of 'vaccinal syphi-
lis.' Not that I think much of their opinion. It may be that or
it may be that and something more. I lean to the latter opin-
ion. * * * My illustration shows what an ugly blot and
what a ghastly risk vaccination is when it can change a healthy


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                173
child into an object the mother can never look at without a
shudder. No consideration in the wide world, save that of its
money value, would lead a body of men, claiming some knowl-
edge of pathology, physiology, and chemistry, to retain an ob-
servance where such accidents are possible."
This poor boy died while Dr. Pickering's book was going
through the press. His agonies were so terrible a few days be-
fore his death, that he said to his mother, "Mother, give me
some poison to send me home." That had already been done by
the vaccinator, who probably felt as little concern over the result
as the saloonkeeper does over the wrecked and wretched home
whose husband and father he prepared the pit-falls for which
precipitated his destruction.
Many children die of diseases after vaccination, previously
unknown to physicians—diseases so malignant as to suggest
a connection with a distinct order which requires new rules of
classification in order to refer them to their proper categories;
an order in which the last and highest potency of both human-
ized and animalized virus have formed a conjunction and evolved
a new species, from which a new and distinct diathesis has been
established in the human organism. Those who wish to experi-
ment with these poisons on their own person, by all means leave
them to their liberty; but to subsidize this practice by state
grants and enforce it by means of state penalties, is a usurpation
of personal liberty which the American people would not tole-
rate a single day if they could once realize the really dangerous
situation.
As early as 1808 Dr. Richard Reece wrote—Prac. Dict, of
Domestic Medicine, London :—
"Even if the cow-pox did afford a certain security against
small-pox infection, as Dr. Jenner has represented it, it would
still remain a question whether the human race would really be
benefited by its universal adoption, since the cutaneous erup-
tions that have followed have in many instances proved more
fulsome than even small-pox itself. That those eruptions do oc-
cur after cow-pox infection must be allowed by its most stren-


VACCINATION A CURSE.
174
uous advocates, being perfectly novel, of a nature unknown be-
fore the introduction of vaccination, and pecular to those who
have been vaccinated, and often so inveterate as more than
to counterbalance the trivial advantages that we were first led to
expect from its introduction." Again, he says:—"It must be
allowed that the local inflammation excited by the inoculation
with this matter, is of a very unfavorable nature, and often ends
in a deep sloughing, frequently producing such an adhesion of
the muscles of the arm, as very much to confine its motions;
and some instances have occurred of the mortification spread-
ing, so as to destroy the life of the child; an instance of which
happened in St. George's Fields. The child was inoculated at
the Cow-Pox Institution, Salisbury Square, Fleet Street; the in-
flammation of the arm exceeded its usual boundary; on the
sixth day mortification ensued, which proved fatal to the child.
In the "Medical Observer" for September, 1810, Dr.
Charles McLean gives a list of sixty cases of vaccinal injuries,
with the names and addresses of ten medical men, including two
professors of anatomy, whose families had suffered, seriously
suffered, from vaccination.
Dr. Scott Tebb, of London, details the following case:—
"A Century of Vaccination," page 282:—
"At an inquest held on December 8, 1882, on the body of
Lilian Ada Williams, born in St. Pancreas Workhouse, and vac-
cinated on the seventh day after birth, the jury found 'that the
death caused by suppurating meningitis, following ulcera-
tion of vaccine vesicles on the arm, and they were of opinion
from the results of the post-mortem examination that the vacci-
nation of the child ought to have been postponed."
"Such instances are by no means rare, as disclosed in Ap-
pendix ix. to Final Report of the Royal Commission, one of the
most flagrant cases there reported being a fatal one of pyaemia
in a 'puny and probably syphilitic' seven months child weigh-
ing 4 pounds 2 ounces, and vaccinated when less than two clays
after birth. (No. cxxi)."
The London "Lancet" remarks in a leading article.—Vol.
II, page 35:—


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                175
"There is a belief—it may be denounced as a prejudice, but
it is not the less a deeply-rooted conviction, and one not con-
fined to the poor or the ignorant—that if the vaccine disease
may be transmitted by inoculation, other diseases less beneficial
may be propagated in the same manner, and by the same opera-
tion. Many a parent of high and low degree dates constitutional
disease in her offspring to vaccination with 'bad matter.' Who
shall say that this etiological conclusion is always false?" In
the number for October 28, 1854, (vol. ii., p. 360), it is stated:—
"The poor are told that they must carry their children to be
vaccinated by medical men who may be strangers to them.
They apprehend—and the apprehension is not altogether un-
founded, or unshared by the educated classes—that the vaccine
matter employed may carry with it the seeds of other diseases
not less loathsome than the one it is intended to prevent."
That cow-pox disease is sufficient to cause death in a
weakly child, is shown by a case where calf-lymph was em-
ployed, recorded by Dr. Farrar—British Med. Jour., Oct. 13,
1894: "I consider her death to have been due to a constitu-
tional malaise, induced by vaccine virus in a poorly nourished
child."
Again, Dr. Tebb writes—"A Century of Vaccination," page
291:—
"A disease of the skin which has been especially referred
to by the Vaccination Commissioners is impetigo contagiosa.
The frequent occurrence of this malady after vaccination has
been remarked on by the late Dr. Tilbury Fox and others. An
extensive epidemic of impetigo contagiosa was occasioned by
vaccination in the Isle of Rugen in 1885; seventy-nine children
were vaccinated on June 11 with humanized thymos-lymph ob-
tained from a government establishment at Stettin; all, with
three exceptions, were attacked with impetigo contagiosa, and,
by infection, the disease was spread to 320 out of a population
of 5,000 inhabitants. A commission of inquiry was appointed
by the German government, who reported that they were unan-
imously of opinion that the outbreak of the disease had been a
direct consequence of calf-lymph vaccination."
In Prof. Wallace,—"Wonderful Century," page 232, are the
details of a most distressing case:—.


176                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
"As an example of the dreadful results of vaccination, even
where special care was taken, the following case from the Sixth
Report of the Royal Commission (p. 128) is worthy of earnest
attention. It is the evidence of Dr. Thomas Skinner, of Liver-
pool :
' 'Q. 20,766. Will you give the commission the particulars
of the case?—A young lady, fifteen years of age, living at Grove
Park, Liverpool, was re-vaccinated by me at her father's re-
quest, during an outbreak of small-pox in Liverpool in 1865, as
I had re-vaccinated all the girls in the Orphan Girls' Asylum in
Myrtle Street, Liverpool (over 200 girls, I believe), and as the
young lady's father was chaplain to the asylum, he selected, and
I approved of the selection, of a young girl, the picture of health,
and whose vaccine vesicle was matured, and as perfect in appear-
ance as it is possible to conceive. On the eighth day I took off
the lymph in a capillary glass tube, almost filling the tube with
clear, transparent lymph. Next day, 7th March, 1865, I re-
vaccinated the young lady from this same tube, and from the
same tube and at the same time I re-vaccinated her mother and
the cook. Before opening the tube I remember holding it up
to the light and requesting the mother to observe how perfectly
clear and homogeneous, like water, the lymph was, neither pus
nor blood corpuscles were visible to the naked eye. All three
operations were successful, and on the eighth day all three vesi-
cles were matured 'like a pearl upon a rose petal,' as Jenner de-
scribed a perfect specimen. On that day, the eighth day after
the operation, I visited my patient, and to all appearance she
was in the soundest health and spirits, with her usual bright
eyes and ruddy cheeks. Although I was much tempted to take
the lymph from so healthy a vesicle and subject, I did not do
so, as I have frequently seen erysipelas and other bad conse-
quences follow the opening of a matured vesicle. As I did not
open the vesicle that operation could not be the cause of what
followed. Between the tenth and the eleventh day after the re-
vaccination—that is, about three days after the vesicle had ma-
tured and begun to scab over—I was called in haste to my pa-
tient, the young lady, whom I found in one of the most severe
rigors I ever witnessed, such as generally precedes or ushers
in surgical, puerperal, and other forms of fever. This would


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                 177
be on the 18th of March, 1865. Eight days from the time
of this rigor my patient was dead, and she died of the most
frightful form of blood poisoning that I ever witnessed, and I
have been forty-five years in the active practice of my profes-
sion. After the rigor, a low form of acute peritonitis set in, with
incessant vomiting and pain, which defied all means to allay.
At last stercoraceous vomiting, and cold, clammy, deadly sweats
of a sickly odor set in, with pulselessness, collapse, and death,
which closed the terrible scene on the morning of the 26th of
March, 1865. Within twenty minutes of death rapid decompo-
sition set in, and within two hours so great was the bloated and
discolored condition of the whole body, more especially of the
head and face, that there was not a feature of this once lively
girl recognizable. Dr. John Cameron, of 4 Rodney Street, Liv-
erpool, physician to the Royal Southern Hospital at Liverpool,
met me daily in consultation while life lasted. I have a copy of
the certificate of death here.
" 'Q. 20,767. To what do you attribute the death then ?—
I can attribute the death there to nothing but vaccination.'"
Prof. Wallace continued:—"In the same report, fifteen em-
inent medical men gave evidence as to disease, permanent in-
jury, or death caused by vaccination. Two gave evidence of
syphilis and one of leprosy as clearly due to vaccination. And,
as an instance of how the law is applied in the case of the poor,
we have the story told by Mrs. Amelia Whiting (QQ. 21,434-
21,464). To put it in brief:—Mrs. Whiting lost a child, after
terrible suffering, from inflammation supervening upon vaccina-
tion. The doctor's bill for the illness £1 12s. 6d.; and a woman
who came in to help was paid 6s. After the first child's death,
proceedings were taken for the non-vaccination of another
child; and though the case was explained in court, a fine of one
shilling was inflicted. And through it all, the husband's earn-
ings as a laborer were 11s. a week."
Let us moralize for a moment. Had Mrs. Whiting's child
been injured or killed by a railway train, he could sue the com-
pany for heavy damages. But suppose the state not only
quashes this indictment, but arrests and fines Mr. Whiting for
not having already exposed his second child to the same danger.


178                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
We should justly conclude that the corporation and the state
were in a conspiracy to sacrifice the children of the poor. The
case is not quite parallel, I admit; for while we can readily dis-
cover an adequate motive in the vaccinator, it would be difficult
to find a corresponding motive in the corporation. Here the
vaccinator had already killed one child, and not only collected
his fee for inoculating the blood with his vaccine poison, but
also another fee for treating the fatal symptoms he had occa-
sioned. One would think he ought to be satisfied with this, and
so spare the crucified and bereaved parents further sorrow.
But no, the vaccinator was not going to stop with any half way
sacrifices. Mr. Whiting had failed to show due respect for the
vaccinating god in not bringing all he had and placing it upon
that vaccine god's accursed altar. And therefore, notwithstand-
ing the day's wages were barely sufficient to keep the family
from hunger, he is arrested and fined. There must surely be
impending a judgment day for the manifold oppressions which
have so long cried to heaven for redress.
Dr. Pickering writes—"Sanitation or Vaccination," pages
73-74:—
''In a census organized by the A. V. Leagues in Scarbro,
about four year ago (1888), the results as to cases of injury, the
experience of the householders of a certain district were certi-
fied to as follows: Cases of injury 74, and of death 37; total
in. An analysis showed them to be composed of skin diseases,
more or less severe, 24; scrofula, 2; abscesses, 13; convul-
sions, 3; ruined health, 16; erysipelas and other forms of blood-
poisoning, 18; crippled for life, 7; not stated, 28; total, 111.
These results, it must be allowed, are somber and suggestive
in detail.
"Other answers, in various towns, have yielded similar re-
sults. If Scarbro, a health resort, gives such convicting evi-
dence as to the baneful effects of the complications and sequelae
of vaccination, what would 'Whitechapel' say?"
*****              *             *
"Look at that little child the mother is fondling on her


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                 179
knees. She how she caresses it; 'tis the loveliest of all earthly
gifts. Its skin is white as Alpine snow; its rounded arms and
legs are supple, yet firm withal. The eyes are bright as when
they first saw Eden. Its sleep is calm and sweet. With a sense
of awe and anxiety unknown to man that mother lingers over its
fair features, and heaves a sigh pitiful and sad—that child has
to undergo a medical operation on the morrow. A medical
operation!! The morrow comes, and with it the doctor. He
has carefully selected 'good matter,' the incision is made, and
the cancerous deed is done. After many assurances, which are
not worth a breath—the mother heeded them not—the vacci-
nator packed up his traps and away he went, dreaming not of
what he had left behind to work out its cunning. In a few days
the child became ill; the arms were inflamed, the eyes and nose
were running sores; it wasted away, and death ended the puny
child's career, and that was all! No, it was not. The mother
lost her child; her reason went after it, and she was consigned
to a mad-house. The father was a widower and childless. This
is vaccination! Do you say it is an exceptional case ? So far
as father and mother are interested, yes; but not so with regard
to the child itself. I maintain that for the United Kingdom a
folio volume of the size of Dooms-Day Book would be required
in which to register the mishaps of a single twelvemonth!
"Here is another case of vaccine injury, unique and har-
rassing in its details. A child was vaccinated, and a short time
afterwards it developed sores over the whole body. Infirmaries
and their medical staffs were helpless to relieve the sufferer, and
it survived for nearly two years; but the skin shrivelled up and
resembled that of a mummy. Prior to its decease the parents
covered up the face, it was so agonizing to look at.
Here is a case, also related by Dr. Pickering, though not a
special case of vaccinal injury, it is nevertheless so full of sug-
gestiveness and common sense, I will insert it here—page 65:—
"During the epidemic years 1871-2, I had the most singular
requests made to me. I was sent for to see patients young and
old, in all stages of the disease and at all hours of the day and
night, both in Leeds and the suburbs. One morning when I was


l80                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
about to leave my house a note was brought from Miss H., the
daughter of a soldier, saying that the husband of a sister of her
maid, living at Armley, was very bad with the small-pox, and
would I kindly go and see him. After reading my letters at the
office, I took the train up to Armley, and proceeded to the house
of a Mr. Skinner, at the address furnished me by my correspond-
ent. He was in a bad condition truly. I never saw a worse case.
The wife was in a state of mind bordering on distraction. She
said to me, 'The doctor says my husband can't recover, He
came yesterday and said he should not go into the bed-room
again, as it was the severest attack he had seen.' I answered,
'You may perhaps save your husband's life if you are prepared
to carry out my injunctions with a woman's will.' 'Sir,' she re-
plied, 'tell me what I am to do, and it shall be done.' 'Go, then,'
I said, 'at once to the nearest shop, and purchase a piece of
mackintosh two yards by two, and some soft soap; place the
mackintosh under him, and wash the body well with wash
leather, using the soft soap and tepid water; do this five or six
times during the day and, when the fever symptoms abate, you
can reduce the washings to three or four per day, but the ablu-
tion of the body must be continued morning and night for a
fortnight. After the second day you can use a bed-room towel
instead of the wash leather, but in the present tender state of the
skin the wash leather will not irritate it more than he can bear.
Let him have milk, oatmeal gruel, and as much cold water as he
can drink. Have the windows and doors open, but keep him
warm with extra blankets. In a few days—two or three—
sponge the body with cold water after the tepid wash, and with
this treatment put an additional blanket over him, so as to en-
tourage a healthy re-action. Do this, and you have done your
best to save your husband's life.' I repeated my orders again
where necessary, and left the two, wife and husband, in charge
of the good angel of Sanatory Science.
"In three weeks time that man was at his work, 'sound,
wind and limb.' "He and his wife have since emigrated to Aus-
tralia, and I heard, only a month ago, they were doing well in
their adopted country. This man had been vaccinated."
That small-pox is such a terrible scourge, is chiefly due to
popular ignorance. Drastic drug specifics are not required in


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                  l8l
its treatment, or will not be when people order their lives in con-
formity with the physiological laws and rise above the depress-
ing influence of fear. Every year fever slays its thousands. Dr.
Pickering lived in the midst of the small-pox for years nursing
and caring for those afflicted with the disease, yet the infection
never became active in his organization.
In the "Family Physician" issued by Cassell & Co., p. 508,
we read: "We know of no cure for small-pox and the disease
must be allowed to run its course." Again on page 568: "It
must always be borne in mind that we have no specific remedy
for any of our common fevers. We cannot hope to cure them
and in many cases the object of the treatment is simply to con-
duct the fever to a favorable termination, and to ward off any
inter current disease." This work is the product of many med-
ical writers and is a compendium of physic up to date. I sim-
ply drop these hints, but it is not my present purpose to enter
upon a discussion of a rational mode of treating all zymotic af-
fections. But I will state on general principles, if the regular
doctors could bring themselves to feel a small fraction of the
solicitude for the people to adopt sanitation, hygiene and phys-
iological modes of living, that they do for forcing vaccination
on the general public, we should then have prevention on a scale
that would amount almost to perfection. If it were not for the
shekels associated with vaccination and lack of it in teaching
the laws of clean-living,—in other words, if the wampum, to use
the Indian's word for cash, could be transferred to the other
"bull's horn"—we might then hopefully look for a changed atti-
tude from that fraud of the profession whose main dependence
is the calf-lymph infected lancet, and drastic drugs.
William Forbes Laurie, M. D., Edinburgh, St. Saviour's
Cancer Hospital, Regent's Park, says: "Being anxious not to
do mischief to my fellow-creatures, and being, as regards my
own family, liable to fine or imprisonment under the Compul-


l82                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
sory Vaccination Act, I lately wrote to some members of Parlia-
ment on the subject. I asked them to come here and see for
themselves the dismal results of vaccination in cases of paraly-
sis, blindness of both eyes, hip joint disease, consumption and
frightful forms of skin disease. Though I received replies they
have not yet inspected the cases."
VACCINATION A FRUITFUL CAUSE OF CANCER,
ERYSIPELAS AND LOCKJAW.
Cancer in the human system is somewhat analagous to the
mistletoe on forest trees, as it grows at the expense of the life
or structure upon which it fastens. It is a morbid and foreign
growth, converting the cells and tissues of organs in which it
has established itself for the growth of its own inversive death-
prophesying structure. In its immediate vicinity the tissues de-
teriorate and die, often leaving a gap or open ulcer between
the sound flesh and abnormal growth. It is often hereditary and
may remain latent for thirty or forty years, and then suddenly
burst forth in its work of destruction. It may be propagated
or communicated to the blood of a healthy person through an
abrased skin, or from the point of a lancet, somewhat after the
manner of the leprosy contagion. In Zurich, Germany, Dr.
Hanan succeeded in propagating cancer in rats by inoculation in
1890. It may be readily communicated by means of arm to arm
vaccination, since the cancer virus is latent in the blood of many
an apparently healthy child. Nor can we be certain that calf-
lymph is free from latent hereditary cancer. Indeed, there are
not wanting the highest medical authorities who believe vacci-
nation is the principal cause of the alarming increase in cancer
during recent years.
Dr. William Hitchman, consulting surgeon to the Cancer


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                     183
Hospital, Leeds, formerly public vaccinator to the city of Liv-
erpool, stated in 1883, that "syphilis, abdominal pathisis, scrof-
ula, cancer, erysipelas, and almost all diseases of the skin ,have
been either conveyed, occasioned, or intensified by vaccina-
tion."—Vac. Inquirer, p. 31.
Dr. Dennis Turnbull, author of "The New Cancer Treat-
ment," says:—
"In my treatment of cancers and tumors during the last 30
years, it has fallen to my lot to come in contact with all grades
of society; and, with a view of eliciting the true facts, it is my
habit carefully to interrogate my patients, relative to their gen-
eral habits of life, their antecedents, and the health of their an-
cestors. I have, therefore, fathered a considerable store of in-
formation, which enables me to speak with some authority; and
I have no hesitation in stating that, in my judgment, the most
frequent predisposing condition for cancerous development
is infused into the blood by vaccination and re-vaccination."—
The Vegetarian, London, 24th November, 1888.
"Cancer," says Dr. Hitchman, "is a blood disease; so also
is cow-pox; and when, to inherited or acquired morbid ten-
dency, vital exhaustion, digestive disorder, and unhealthy sur-
roundings, are added the various complications attending vacci-
nation, the presence of certain growths, or even bony structure
in the larynx or any other part, is not surprising to one who be-
lieves in casual sequence. Scientifically, whatever tends to a
diminution in the natural color and specific gravity, especially of
the red corpuscles of the blood, may, sooner or later, lead to
serious transformation into tubercular, syphilitic, or cancerous
affection."—Vaccination Inquirer, London, February, 1888.
It is also important to note a very peculiar relationship be-
tween calf-lymph and human tissue, namely, in their relative
rates of organic change. The growth from infancy to adult life
in man is extremely slow, while bovine organic processes are
very rapid. Hence innoculation of the blood through the skin of
a human subject with calf-lymph—however pure—would fur-
nish the conditions for the commencement and growth of can-
cer, owing to difference in rate of growth of the two sets of


184                                      VACCINATION A CURSE.
plasmic cells. The foreign cells thus introduced would grow in
the weaker organ where they would become seated, at the ex-
pense of the cells in the surrounding structure; and when we re-
member that all vaccine matter is a degenerate form of lymph—
lymph which has undergone retrograde metamorphosis, putri-
faction—the disturbance and ultimate destruction it will occa-
sion by injection into the circulation, will be a hundred-fold
greater than if taken into the stomach, where nature could dis-
pose of it without sensible harm.
The lymphatic system is traversed by a far finer network of
glands and vessels than is comprised in the veins and arteries,
and according to Swedenborg, the lymph that circulates in these
vessels is "the true purer blood" of the body. Now, the poison
that finds its way through an abrasion or puncture of the skin,
is immediately taken up by the lymphatic vessels; and when a
cancer begins to grow its little branches and rootlets traverse
and ramify in these very vessels, which are specially and im-
mediately invaded by vaccination. We need not therefore, be
surprised that so many cases of vaccinal injury occur even
when ''pure glycerinated calf-lymph" only is used by the vacci-
nator. For every case of small-pox which vaccination "miti-
gates" we may be pretty sure there will be ten cases of cancer.
Cancer cases are now most rapidly multiplying in those coun-
tries where vaccination is well nigh universal—Germany, Eng-
land, New Zealand, and the United States. It has been stated,
re-stated and never denied so far as my knowledge extends, that
no Jew or Jewess was ever known to have a cancer unless they
had first been vaccinated. It is undeniable that calf-lymph virus
—the extract of heifer sores and ulcers—is the cess-pool that
breeds blood diseases—the medical wayside weed-patch, on
which grows and thrives pimpled faces, ulcerous sores, tumors,
cancers, scrofula, and consumption.
Dr. Turnbull, in his book, "The New Treatment," writing
on the origin and spread of cancers, after referring to sundry


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                               185
exciting causes—tight lacing, smoking, drinking, etc., says;
"Numbers of my patients have expressed themselves as abso-
lutely certain that they never had the slightest sign of cancer
until after they submitted to re-vaccination. Let all truly scien-
tific men cease to vaccinate, and, my word for it, the spread of
cancer will be materially lessened."
In a carefully written pamphlet on "Cancer and Vaccina-
tion," by "Esculapius," the writer concludes as follows:—
"No candid and scientific inquirer who has read the recent
works of Drs. Creighton, Edgar Crookshank, and Scott Tebb,
can be surprised that an alarming increase in cancer is even
now evident. Those who adopt so blindly the brutal practice
calf-lymph vaccination are but too surely sowing the wind
which they must inevitably reap as the whirlwind, a whirlwind of
corruption, disease, and national deterioration. Where the so-
called human lymph is employed, syphilis, leprosy, and tubercu-
losis follow in its train; and wherever calf-lymph is used, tuber-
culosis and cancer spread like a conflagration."
Erysipelas is one of the most frequent as well as serious
effects that follow vaccination. But of late years the deaths re-
sulting from this cause have been classed under different head-
ings. In England and Wales, between the years 1859 and 1880,
379 deaths from erysipelas were directly traceable to vaccina-
tion. Indeed the usual inflammation excited by cow-pox virus
is erysipelatous in character.
The following table, from Dr. Scott Tebb's work, page 346,
gives the number of deaths for each of the intervening years:—
Year.
Deaths from
erysipelas after
vaccination.
Year.
Deaths from
erysipelas after
vaccination.
1859
... 5
1870
..... 20
1860
. .. 3
1871
..... 24
1861
. . . 2
1872
..... 16
1862
. . . . . 3
1873
..... 19
1863
. ....11
1874
..... 29
1864
. . .13
1875
..... 37
1865
....10
1876
..... 21
1866
. . .10
1877
..... 29
1867
. . . . 4
1878
..... 35
1868
.... 9|
1879
..... 32
1869
. . 19|
1880
..... 39


l86                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
In the "Am. Jour, of the Med. Sciences," October, 1850,
Mr. W. Moreland, secretary of the Boston Society for Medical
Improvement, gives extracts from the records of the society
relating to erysipelas following vaccination, and reported on by
medical men. Eleven cases were given, three being fatal. Of
the eight that did not prove fatal, four were very severe, three of
which were attended with extensive sloughing.
In the "Lancet," May 31, 1863, Mr. J. R. Wells relates a case
of a lady aged 55 years, who was re-vaccinated. Symptoms of
phlegmonous erysipelas set in the following day and in four days
after the operation she died.
The "Lancet" of Nov. 24, 1883, relates the cases of two chil-
dren named Elliston and Griggs, who were vaccinated October
16, and in seven days two other children were vaccinated from
lymph taken from the child Elliston. In a short time the Ellis-
ton child and the two last children vaccinated, died of erysipelas.
The operations were performed at the regular vaccinating sta-
tion.
"In 1875, there was an official inquiry at Gainsborough by
Mr. Netten Radcliffe, of the Local Government Board, into
cases of erysipelas following vaccination, of which six died; a
searching investigation failed to dissociate the operation from
the fatal erysipelas.
"In 1882 another Local Government Board inquiry was
held by Mr. Henley and Dr. Airy at Norwich into certain deaths
alleged to have been caused by vaccination. It was shown that
eight children suffered from erysipelas 'due to some abnormal
peculiarity or contamination of the lymph;' of these, four died.
"On the 25th of May, 1883, sixty-eight recruits were vacci-
nated at Dortrecht, Holland. Of these seven were attacked
with erysipelas, and three died. In consequence of these cases,
the minister of war, Mr. Weitzel, issued a circular notifying re-
cruits that hereafter re-vaccination was not obligatory in the
Netherlands army.
"Before the South Wales and Monmouthshire branch of the
British Medical Association, on Nov. 15, 1883, Dr. C. T. Vachell,


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                     187
of Cardiff, related a series of cases where erysipelas followed
vaccination. On November I, a child, aged three months, and
an adult were vaccinated with lymph obtained from London. On
the eighth day the arm of the adult was much swollen and red.
On the same day the child presented every appearance of having
been successfully vaccinated, and five tubes were charged from
it. On November 10, five children were vaccinated from these
tubes. On the 11th and 12th all these cases were attacked with
erysipelas of the arm vaccinated, and, on inquiry, it was found
that the child from whom the vaccine lymph had been taken was
attacked with erysipelas on November 9."
"A Century of Vaccination," page 348.
Among the older records of the Local Government Board
are the following:—
"(1). A series of nineteen cases of erysipelas from vacci-
nation at Warrington, with five deaths, in 1871.
"(2). A case of serious erysipelas from vaccination with
National Vaccine Establishment lymph at Stoke Newington in
1871, in which inquiry elicited that violent inflammation had oc-
curred in others vaccinated with lymph from the same vaccin-
ifer; the vaccinifer having an inflamed arm on the thirteenth
day and a small abscess in the axilla.
"(3). Six cases of serious inflammation and three deaths
in a series vaccinated with ninth-day lymph from one vaccinifer
at Appleby, in 1873.
"(4). Several cases of erysipelas and inflammation, with
five deaths, in a series of vaccination at Chelsea, in 1875.
"(5). Twelve cases of excessive inflammation, six of ery-
sipelas, with three deaths, two cases of axillary abscess, and one
large ulcer, in a series of vaccinations at Plomesgate, in 1878.
"(6). Ten cases of erysipelas or abscesses, with four deaths,
and several cases of eczema in a series of vaccinations at Clerk-
enwell, in 1879, in which 'it is clear that the erysipelatous con-
tagion was imparted at the time of vaccination.' These assumed
the form of syphilis.
"(7). Three cases of extensive erysipelas from vaccination
at Blandford, in 1883.
"(8). Three fatal cases of erysipelas from vaccination at
Sudbury, in 1883.


l88                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
"Between the 1st of November, 1888, and the 30th of No-
vember, 1891, one hundred and thirty-two cases of inflamma-
tory or septic disease (mostly erysipelas) following vaccination
and terminating fatally, were the subject of inquiry by the Lo-
cal Government Board. Numerous cases have also been inves-
tigated by the Royal Commission on vaccination, and are cited
in Appendix ix. to their final report.—Ibid. p. 350, Scott Tebb.
"Dr. Theodore Dimon, St. Louis "Courier of Medicine,"
1882, vol. vii., pp. 310-312. Boy, nine years old; vaccinated
January 6, 1882, with bovine lymph. Tetanus supervened on
January 27; no cause discovered except vaccination, which was
followed by an irregular shaped ulcer. Boy died on the tenth
day.
"Dr. H. J. Berkeley, 'Maryland Medical Journal,' 1882-83,
vol. ix., pp. 241-245. Healthy man, forty years old; vaccinated
in the middle of January, 1882. Tetanus supervened on Feb-
ruary 7; death on February 13. No lesion discovered except
at the point of vaccination, which was occupied by a deep ulcer,
with an inflamed and indurated border resembling syphilis.
'"Dr. W. T. C. Bates, 'Transactions of the South Carolina
Medical Association,' 1882, vol. xxxii., p. 105. Mulatto boy,
aged five years; vaccinated February 9, 1882, with humanized
lymph. Tetanic symptoms supervened on March 8. No other
cause but vaccination discovered. Boy lived fifteen days.
"Dr. R. Garcia Rijo, 'Cronica Medico Quirurgica de la Ha-
bana,' 1886, vol. xii., p. 388 White child, two years old; vac-
cinated in April, 1886. Characteristic tetanus appeared in lat-
ter part of May. No lesion beyond vaccination discovered.
Death followed on the fourth day.
"Dr. Zahiroodeen Ahmed, 'Indian Medical Gazette,'
March, 1889, vol. xxiv., p. 90. Adult, aged twenty-one. The
symptoms appeared fourteen days after primary vaccination.
He died.
''Local Government Board, Case x., Appendix ix., Final
Report, Royal Commission on Vaccination. Female, aged two
years; vaccinated on September 10, 1889. Symptoms of te-
tanus first appeared on October 2, and patient died on the 5th
of October.


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                189
"Dr. P. A. Morrow, in referring to eruptions incident to
vaccination, observes: 'It must be confessed that the profes-
sion has manifested a most decided unwillingness to recognize
their direct dependence upon vaccination.'
"Again, in the Local Government Board inquiries on ery-
sipelas, held by Mr. Netten Radcliffe at Gainsborough, and by
Mr. Henley and Dr. Airy at Norwich, before referred to, there
were in all ten deaths, and in only one of these was vaccination
mentioned on the certificate of death.
*          *            *            *            *            *          *
"It is impossible to form any accurate estimate of the total
amount of serious and fatal injuries produced by vaccination;
the following table only gives the deaths recorded by the Reg-
istrar-General :—
England and Wales.—Deaths from cow-pox and other effects of
vaccination, from 1881 to 1896.
1881...................
1882...................
1883...................
1884...................
1885...................
1886...................
1887...................
1888...................
58
65
55
53
52
45
45
45
1889...................
1890...................
1891...................
1892...................
1893...................
1894...................
1895...................
1896...................
58
43
43
58
59
50
56
42
DR. S. TEBB.
"This shows that in England and Wales, according to med-
ical death-certificates, one child on an average dies every week
from the effects of vaccination. This fatal record, however, does
not by any means represent the damage done by the operation,
as for every death there must be a very large number of chil-
dren who are injured, but survive for years with enfeebled con-
stitutions.—Ibid pp. 360-61.
*******
"Also, in an inquiry, on behalf of the Royal Commission,
on a series of injuries from vaccination at some villages in Nor-
folk, in 1890, Dr. Barlow found, from the brief provisional inves-
tigation he was able to make, that some septic material had been
introduced at the time of the insertion of the vaccine lymph,
and that this was mainly responsible for the untoward results


190                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
obtained. There were three deaths and in none of these was
the word 'vaccination' mentioned on the death certificate.—
Ibed p. 364."
A perusal of the history of vaccination is not calculated to
excite our veneration toward the medical profession, the older
schools of which sanction a species of blood-poisoning with con-
centrated animal virus in a manner that contravenes the prin-
ciples of all true science. Their specifics are largely derived
from the traditions and superstitions of an ignorant age. All
their theories concerning the preventive and mitigating effects
of vaccination belong to the category of pseudo-science. The
profession knows this to be pseudo-science, and yet with craft
and cunning they shun discussion, shelve complaints, evade and
mutilate facts, twist statistics, raise false and irrevelent issues,
make false returns of death from vaccinal injuries, dub anti-
vaccinators as pestilent agitators, lobby for compulsory vacci-
nation, persecute the true psychic who restores the sick without
medicine, and do many other things which reveal motives for-
eign to the public welfare.
In this domain—the vaccinating branch of the profession—
medical practitioners are inversive, reversive, and subversive;
they invert the order of nature by creating disease with the pre-
tence of preventing disease; they revert to an ancient super-
stition which Jenner borrowed from peasant milk-maids, and
which Lady Montagu borrowed from the common folk in Tur-
key; and they subvert the intention of nature by sowing an
extra crop of incurable diseases in the name of health—scrofula,
cancer, erysipelas, leprosy, consumption, etc.
No part of the organism requires greater care and attention
than the skin. It is the most fatal avenue through which poi-
sons can reach the blood. The venom of the rattlesnake would
be comparatively harmless in the stomach, but reaching the
blood and nervo-circulation through the skin it is swiftly fatal,


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                       191
while the virus of scrofula, leprosy, or cancer, reaching the
blood in the same manner, may lie latent for years and then
spring forth with malignant activity. Note also, that the func-
tion of the skin is to excrete not to absorb; it is to throw out
waste material that has fulfilled its use, not so much to take in
material, for this would be "climbing up another way" than the
one ordained by nature. Ninety-nine per cent. of all substances
that enter the body through the skin are interlopers and enemies
which forever war against the original integrity of the man.
A mosquito made a minute puncture on the neck of a healthy
girl; it had just previously left the cheek of a leper. The fol-
lowing year that maiden revealed the unmistakable symptoms
of leprosy. A blue bottle fly inoculated an abrazed surface on
the nose of a butcher; a rusty nail pierced the foot of a girl in
her stocking feet; a wasp stung a delicate child on her arm.
All these died with blood poisoning. Only last Fourth of July,
about a dozen small boys in various parts of the country re-
ceived slight skin flesh wounds from gunpowder; all of whom
developed lock-jaw in a few days, and died. And not many
months since I read accounts in the daily press of one child bit-
ten by a red ant, and another child was stung by a bee, in both of
whom blood poisoning supervened, and they died.
Thus we see how the skin is a gateway through which the
most subtle and infinitesimal poisons may reach the citadel of
life, there to deploy in the work of destruction, either slowly or
swiftly, but always surely, having only one goal, which is death.
It is through the skin the opium fiend injects the agent of his
fantasia, through the skin the viper strikes his venom; aye,
through the skin the vaccinator pushes his lance, dipped in
the virus that may have traveled from afar, gathering a legion
of diseases on the way.
RE-VACCINATED HOSPITAL NURSES.
It is frequently asserted by advocates of vaccination, that re-


192                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
vaccinated hospital nurses very rarely if ever contract small-
pox, and still more rarely die of it. While we may admit with
Bacon that, "The plague is not easily received by such as are
continually about them that have the plague, as keepers of the
sick and physicians;" still, such immunitiy as they enjoy is in
no wise related to vaccination or re-vaccination. They take the
disease and die, the same as other people, but more rarely. Their
unifrom protection lies in their general health, sanitary habits,
and in their cheerful spirits, which are never associated with
fear. Dr. Robert Cory officially distributed cards to parents at
public vaccinating stations, which stated that: "For fifty years
nurses in small-pox hospitals had wholly escaped small-pox, ow-
ing to their re-vaccination." This card was originally printed
—"Nurses at the small-pox hospital, Highgate." By dropping
out "the" and appending an "s" on hospital, a much stronger
case for the vaccinator was made out. This same Dr. Cory was
the heroic gentleman who inoculated himself with syphilis from
a syphilitic child, to prove experimently by vaccination that it
could not be thus communicated. But its possibility was duly
and painfully demonstrated in his person. The sad sequel need
not be related.
I will here append a few reported cases, sufficient to illus-
trate two or three aspects relating to hospital nurses:
"Dr. C. T. Pearce said to the Parliamentary committee of
1871: 'I yesterday visited the small-pox hospital at Highgate,
and (after the statements which have been made in this room
that the nurses of that hospital are secure against small-pox by
re-vaccination) I confess that I was not a little astonished when
the door was opened by a nurse whose face was scarified all over
with small-pox. I asked the nurse how many patients there
were in the hospital? She said 104. 'Are there many vacci-
nated?' 'Nearly all, sir, now, and many of them twice over.'
'How many nurses are there?' 'Twelve.' 'How many night
nurses?' 'Two.' I went from Highgate to Northumberland
Street, and there had an interview with the assistant clerk, who


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                  I93
gave me the astounding information that at Stockwell a nurse
recently engaged because she was pitted with small-pox, was
re-vaccinated on her engagement, and she is now in bed with
confluent small-pox!"—London Soc. Tract, p. 6, Hospital
Nurses.
"At the Fulham Hospital, three of the re-vaccinated attend-
ants under Dr. Makuna took small-pox."—Small-pox and Vacci-
nation. Dr. W. T. Iliff.. p. 10.
"At the same hospital, Dr. Sweeting states that four of his
re-vaccinated nurses had taken the disease."
"At the Halifax Hospital, in April, 1881, the matron and
a nurse contracted small-pox from a patient; the matron had
been previously vaccinated, while the nurse had been re-vacci-
nated only a week before she was taken ill."—British Medical
Journal, May 7, 1881.
"At the Lewes Fever Hospital a nurse was engaged, and
re-vaccinated November, 1881. She took small-pox about a
week afterwards, and had it badly, but was not marked. She had
been vaccinated in infancy, and again when ten years of age."—
Vaccination Inquirer, vol. iv., p. 66. Letter, W. T. Martin.
**** * *
"In a letter addressed to Mr. Wm. Tebb, dated January 20,
1882, the late Dr. W. J. Collins states that on the occasion of a
recent debate on the vaccination question, at which the house
surgeon of the Fulham Hospital was present, he (Dr. Collins)
'had a chat with him afterwards, when he confessed that five of
his re-vaccinated nurses had taken small-pox! He (the house
surgeon) said he had not considered the difference as regards
stating between vaccinated and re-vaccinated.' " (! !)—Ibid.
"Ashton-under-Lyne has just passed through a small-pox
scare in consequence of the occurrence of some twenty cases
with seven deaths. Nearly all were vaccinated, including two
re-vaccinated nurses in the Workhouse Infectious Hospital."—
Vaccination Inquirer, v. 10, p. 5.
"The 'Leicester Chronicle,' July 1, 1893, stated that Mr.
Clarke, Inspector of Nuisances to the Blaby Union, died of
small-pox at the board's 'hospital camp.' In commenting on the
case, 'The Vaccination Inquirer' says:—'It was not long before
he contracted his own fatal illness that he remarked, in conver-


194
VACCINATION A CURSE.
sation with Mr. Amos Booth, that he considered it impossible
for him to take small-pox, so well protected was he.' "
"Writing in 'The Star,' March 1, 1894, in reply to state-
ments in 'The British Medical Journal,' Mr. J. T. Biggs, member
of the sanitary committee, Leicester, said:—'During the present
outbreak, which began in September last, five of the nurses and
attendants at the hospital, all well vaccinated (one of the nurses
being re-vaccinated), have been attacked with small-pox. One of
these, a very bad case, died of confluent small-pox."
"Nurses, being generally advanced in years, habituated to
fatigue, and little liable to worry of spirits, do not readily re-
ceive infection."—Instructions Relative to Contagious Dis-
eases, London, 1801.
"This well-known phenomenon attending small-pox will
appear less singular when we reflect that the same observation
has been made respecting the plague, a more virulent contagion,
the history of which shows in every invasion of that dreadful
malady, that many escape, though constantly employed about
the sick, or infants sucking their infected mothers."—(Small-
pox) R. Walker, M. A., London, 1790.
''In Buck's 'Treatise on Hygiene and the Public Health,'
vol. 2, p. 521 (Art. 'Small-pox and Other Contagious Diseases')
we read: 'It is a fact, fully appreciated by medical men, that
persons constantly exposed to small-pox very rarely contract
the disease. In the case of physicians, health inspectors, nurses,
sisters of charity, hospital orderlies, and some others, this is the
rule; and of over one hundred persons who have been, to my
knowledge, constantly exposed, some of them seeing as many
as a thousand cases, I have never personally known of more
than one who has contracted the disease; but there are many
writers who believe perfect immunity to be extremely rare. In
this connection, attention may be called to the exemption of
certain persons who occupy the same room, and perhaps bed.
with the patients, and though sometimes never vaccinated, al-
together escape infection."
"The late Dr. W. J. Collins, of London, who had a long
experience as a public vaccinator, in his essay entitled 'Have
You Been Vaccinated?' writes:—
" 'I have had a good deal to do with nurses, and know


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                    195
their physical capabilities as well as any man. At one time I
had a staff that I was in the habit of employing, and they were
so constituted in mind and body as to resist any infection. They
were built upon the square, hard as nails, broad as they were
long, with plenty of room for the vital organs to play. They
had no idea of danger, and seemed to have been born before
nerves were invented. They were always in capital spirits, and
troubled with a good appetite. * * * These nurses were
in constant attendance upon patients who were suffering from
small-pox, fever, etc. They had never been vaccinated or had
small-pox.' "
"Mr. Thorpe Porter, M. R. C. S., of the Small-pox Hospi-
tal, South Dublin Union (see 'Medical Press and Circular
March 2, 1872,), says:—
" 'With reference to re-vaccination, I have no faith in it.
Not one of the thirty-six attendants at the South Dublin Union
Sheds has taken small-pox. Only seven of the number were
re-vaccinated, and as the remaining twenty-nine enjoyed the
same immunity, wherein is the necessity of the operation?'"—
Ibid.
CONSUMPTION AND VACCINATION.
The experiments conducted by M. Toussaint, in France
(1881) leave no room for doubt that tuberculosis is due to a spe-
cific organism, and may be communicated to a healthy person
through vaccination. He vaccinated a tubercular cow with
lymph from a vaccine vesicle raised on a healthy child. Then in
turn with the lymph from the pocks of the cow he vaccinated
four rabbits and a pig. The rabbits were killed two months
afterwards and found to be suffering from tuberculosis at the
point of inoculation, in the glands and in the lungs. The pig
also developed tuberculosis, both local and general. Here we
are confronted with a fact of great significance. Toussaint's ex-
periments prove that tuberculosis is communicable through vac-
cination; and as cows are subject to the disease, both in its lat-
ent and active form, we can never be certain that the calf-lymph


196
VACCINATION A CURSE.
from the vaccine farms is free from this subtle and insidous
enemy—consumption.
In the preface to Dr. Pickering's large work—"Sanitation
or Vaccination"—he presents some significant details from his
own family history:—
"My attention was first directed to vaccination by hearing
the details of a mishap in my own family circle. The grand-
father of my first wife was a surgeon practicing in a town in the
East Riding of Yorkshire. About the year 1808 there was some
stir amongst the members of the profession at to the duty of
vaccinating their own children, I suppose by way of showing
their confidence in the operation. Now the surgeon's wife,—
a woman remarkable for her strong commone sense,—exhibited
considerable reluctance to her own children being dragged at
the chariot wheels of this new invader. At length her husband
said, 'Well, it matters this much to me: if vaccination is not per-
formed in my own family, I am so teazed about it that I must
give up my profession, and seek for some other means of gain-
ing a livelihood.' This was an argument the wife was not able
to resist; her consent was withheld no longer.
"The next question was where to find a healthy child from
whom to gather a small harvest of Jenner's 'pure lymph.' A
medical neighbor interested himself in this behalf, and in a few
days the opportunity occurred to him, when a young woman,
resident in Barnsley, came home with her child, three months
old, to visit her parents, and was advised to have vaccination
performed by the physician who had attended their own family
for many years, and she applied to him accordingly. The child
was apparently strong and healthy; vaccination was perpe-
trated ; virus was stored from this vaccinifer; and the two chil-
dren, ranging from one to three years old, members of the sur-
geon's family firstly referred to, were vaccinated in due course
with the lymph thus acquired.
"There was no taint of hereditary disease in the surgeon's
family; his progenitors had been farmers in that part of York-
shire for two centuries or more; and the wife's family came
from a healthy stock.
"Within twelve months after vaccination the two children
sickened; the ruddy cheeks became pale; and the whole con-


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                               I97
stitution showed symptoms of some unaccountable yet disas-
trous change. By a sort of instinct peculiar to woman, the wife
insisted that her husband should go to Barnsley to inquire into
the antecedents of the parents from whose child the lymph had
been abstracted. He went, when, to his dismay, he found that
both parents were the offspring of families subject to hereditary
consumption
"The cloud of dejection and regret was never lifted from
the future careers of either husband or wife; and the two chil-
dren, a boy and a girl, knew not what health was in their after
lives. The two grew up tall and handsome; both married in
due time, but the sister only had a family; she had three boys
and a girl.
"To cut a long story short, the parents died of consump-
tion before they reached 46 years of age; and of the second
generation two of the three boys and the sister died of consump-
tion before they attained their 26th year; the other boy, by em-
igrating to a warmer climate (Springfield, La., U. S.), added ten
more years to a weary and painful existence;—he died of con-
sumption, at 35 years of age.
"The sister above mentioned became my wife; we were
first cousins; she left two daughters; one died of consumption,
in her 26th year; the other still lives, but she has never known
what 'life' is; she has been more trouble in her rearing than all
the eight children by my second wife 'put together.'
"Thus the members of a whole family had been hunted
—thrust out of existence—by one unfortunate vaccination.
How many similar instances there have been in the same period
unrecorded, no one will ever know. Some estimate may be
formed when I say that, in my journeyings to and fro in the
world, I have never met with an individual whose experience did
not run on parallel lines with my own; he or she had to re-
count misadventures in his or her family, or in the family of a
friend or neighbor. No exception to this rule has presented it-
self during an advocacy extending over the third part of a cen-
tury—a remarkable fact!
If the people of England knew the full meaning of "Vacci-
nation," of the misery and death for 92 years last past, of which
it has been the sole exciting cause, and if they could but follow


198                                          VACCINATION A CURSE.
the history of each event with its far reaching consequences,
through three generations of people, not a vaccinating station
would be standing in England tomorrow night; nor is there
a vaccinator who would ever be permitted to refer to the sub-
ject in any educated family to the end of his days.
It is bad enough in all conscience, that the medical profes-
sion recommend a form of blood-poisoning as a prophylactic
against a dreaded disease; but to force such a practice on the
children of the poor, is a piece of human folly which deserves
to be branded as a merciless crime against society. The physi-
cian should be to the people the most reliable oracle, pointing
the way to life and health; but instead he sends them the way
of disaster and death—even forcing,—compulsorily forcing—
them into the path that conducts thither! Professing to stand
as guardians and protectors of the little children in seasons of
danger, he cuts off every avenue of escape by the device of pol-
itic-compulsory laws; then with lance and pus proceeds to poi-
son the fountain of youth by the performance of a rite that was
imported from the lowest pit of beastliness, sores on horses
heels and cow's teats! Neither the third or fourth generation
may atone for the injury thus inflicted. Certainly, the doctors
would abandon this dreadful business were not their pecuniary
interests so completely interwoven with it. I do not say that
vaccinators always sin against transparent knowledge, for I
know how prone we all are to nurse opinions and beliefs when
they favor our self-interest. The "love of money" is, indeed,
the root of this "evil" as of every other, and we must be very
watchful if we are not caught compounding with error when our
bank account is steadily increasing. If it were possible to sep-
arate this practice wholly from pecuniary considerations, it is
my firm conviction that the concensus of medical opinion would
right soon declare against it.
In the evil times upon which we have fallen, each individ-


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                               I99
vial should strive to become "wise as serpents and harmless as
doves," for it is now incumbent upon each human unit in the
fermenting body politic, to watch and defend his own integrity.
Against this integrity all class-interests combine. Produc-
tion, massed in great trusts which are in possession of the labor-
saving machines, sends the individual adrift who depends upon
the labor of his hands. The grocer feeds the body with adul-
terated food; the manufacturer clothes it with shoddy gar-
ments ; the vaccinator punctures and poisons it with putrid pus
—and so on to the end of the chapter. From every direction
enemies arise to assail the integrity of the man. We must,
therefore, be alert and don our defensive armor. Of these
other sinners, I am only making a passing reference to them;
it is the chief of sinners—the public vaccinator—the seed-sower
of disease—whom these pages are designed to more especially
describe. It is my earnest desire to portray his hideous aspect,
to depict the "color of his sandals" in a manner that even the
little child—the arch enemy of whom he is—will avoid and flee
at his approach! Unfortunately, it is not the supreme desire;
of the average human creature to know the truth and follow it
whithersoever it leads. If it was, the question of reform would
be a very simple one for solution and adjustment. Persecu-
tion of reformers does not arise from the fact that they are con-
ceived in error, but they are hated and persecuted because the
proposed reform strikes at the root of class privileges and self-
interest.
BLOOD POISONING.
It is no exaggeration to assume that nine-tenths of the dis-
eases that afflict mankind have their origin in some species of
blood poisoning; these poisons being chiefly conveyed to the
blood through the skin, but also in part through the mucous


2OO                                       VACCINATION A CURSE.
surfaces of the mouth, throat, stomach and lungs. In the Reg-
istrar General's office, London, there were registered one
thousand diseases that afflict the human body, the larger pro-
portion of which are based on the sequelae or after effects, and
not upon the real disease or its productive cause. Moreover.
if medical men had a predominant and enthusiastic interest in
the public health as they now have in disease, the facts pertain-
ing to blood poisoning would receive a very different treatment
at their hands.
In the discussion of vaccination as a form of
blood poisoning, practitioners have never gone to the core of
the subject to find a scientific warrant for the support of their
claim. They persistently evade the fundamental aspects of the
question, and like a party politician, work upon the fears and
prejudices of the populace to enhance a practice which they
must know neither cures nor prevents disease. In order to pro-
mote these interests, the registration department increases
death-causes in general, and others in particular, which are in-
definite and so arraigned that vaccine disasters may be screened
or covered up at the vaccinators discretion.
The leaders in the vaccination movement must be perfectly
aware that vaccination stands condemned, but they have no
idea of surrendering it; first and foremost, because of its money
value; secondly, because they do not wish to affect or disturb
the present disease conditions of the country and the world;
and thirdly, they dread the manner in which an awakened con-
science and an indignant public would call them to account for
a century of blood poisoning. Disease—kept "booming" by
vaccination—when discontinued and superseded by sanitation.
the death rate will decline so rapidly that the "way faring man
though a fool" will be able to see whereof he has been deceived
by the rash vaccinating doctor, who thenceforth will be rated at
his proper value. Judas went to his own place and that is where
he ought to have gone. God is just.


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                  201
Such poisons as nature fails to readily eliminate from the
system are stored up in the blood, awaiting the specially excit-
ing cause that shall call them forth,—such as deteriorated vital
power, bad habits, exposure, anxiety, disappointment, worry,
etc. Any or all of these may rouse the poison into fatal activity.
Syphilitic, leprous, or cancerous poison may be vaccinated into
a family and there remain inert to the third or fourth genera-
lion ; hydrophobia poison may lie dormant for a term of years;
cancer and scrofula may sleep for a time, but at last each and all
of these will usurp the soil in which they have been planted.
Dr. Pickering mentions the case of a syphilitic patient with
a bad knee, who, by constant use of mercurial ointment for fif-
teen years brought on a most deadly salivation, which ran from
his mouth day and night. The tongue became knotted and the
odor was so intense as to be offensive to pedestrians passing
that way.
We may not be able to calculate the results of that first dis-
ease taint which the vaccinator introduces through the skin
puncture he inflicts on our little ones. Our eye may not follow
it in its various paths, through its sure ramification and develop-
ment in later life; through the children and children's chil-
dren in whom that blood taint will deploy and accomplish its
work of final ruin. It is indeed a serious thing to poison life at
its fountain head, even thoughtlessly thinking to avert a possible
future danger; but to thus poison the blood—the life forces—
deliberately for gain is a most infamous crime against society.
Infection and contagion are in truth one and the same
thing; it is a body possessing weight and form, a germ, an egg
or sporule containing within it the property of life, which will
grow and multiply when sown in a suitable soil, like that of the
human blood. Cow-pox pus, broken down cells desquamating
from the skin surface of a small-pox patient, and the dissolving
tissue of a decaying corpse, contain these poison germs or
sporules; and they are so deadly and persistent in their action,


202                                     VACCINATION A CURSE.
that even the boasted "glycerine" with which vaccine calf-pus
is mixed, has no potency to destroy.
The presence of these sporules in the blood is blood-poi-
soning and nothing less, no matter whether the effects become
manifest in eight days, in eight years or even until the second
or third generation. Yet in the hands of an intelligent and cau-
tious person this infectious matter is comparatively harmless.
It may come in contact with the hands, the face or neck, but if
not rubbed in, or if it does not reach an abrazed surface, no in-
jurious results may be known to follow. True, a person with a
depressed vital tone, with blood corrupted in whom the mucous
surfaces of mouth or throat are cankered or slightly abrazed,
then there would be danger; the deadly virus might then find
ready access to the circulation and infect the person with a
specific disease. Probably the most concentrated and deadly
animal poison known is found in the female after death from
puerperal fever. But even this the dissecting operator may re-
ceive on his hands without harm; but dip the point of a cam-
bric needle into this putrifying tissue and puncture the skin with
it would be an inevitably fatal procedure.
The crowded and filthy quarters where infectious diseases
are generated fill the air of all the contignant country with
infectious matter, but in and near these centers the contagion
is far more concentrated and active. These disease germs lodge
in our garments, enter our lungs, get into dwellings, but they
will remain inert until their spring season arrives or in other
words, until the human soil is suitably prepared. A healthy per-
son need not fear them as long as that person is positive, free
from fear and worry, and who rigorously guards the portals of
the skin. The demon of darkness must have been on an active
campaign when the vaccinator obtained permission from the
state to assail this sacred inclosure—the skin—and befoul the
fountain of life with his septic poisons.


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                    203
In time of small-pox epidemic infection is more than ordin-
arily dangerous, because it is then more abundant and concen-
trated, and also because the populace are then more negative
and susceptible. Whether they have been vaccinated or re-vac-
cinated makes no perceptible difference. Small-pox epidemics
are nearly always preceded by depressing influences of a general
character, like failure of crops, depression in business, lowering
of wages and the effects of a grievous war. Then through the
mucous surfaces of mouth, throat, stomach and lungs, the
germs of disease may crowd and find their way to the circula-
tion. Even here vaccination increases but never mitigates the
severity of the disease or conditions of fatal sickness. When a
whole people shall learn to live in conformity with the natural
laws—ethical as well as physical—these zymotic scourges will
practically disappear together with the infectious matter which
now develops in consequence of an inverted system of physic.
EPIDEMICS AND FILTH.
During the Middle Ages the nations of Europe were peri-
odically devastated by four distinct forms of plague—the plague
proper, the sweating sickness, the black death, and the small-
pox. They were each about equally fatal and each most at home
in the midst of squalor and filth. During the last century, in
consequence of improved sanitation, three of these scourges
have practically disappeared in the West, though they continue
their hold upon the Orient, where sanitary laws are quite un-
known. In the West we have only small-pox left, which should
have departed with the other three, and would have departed
had the doctors and the state brought to the altar the same dis-
interested solicitude (?) to secure general sanitation, which they
have displayed to enforce vaccination. It cannot be too often
repeated: the present home of small-pox, as in times of yore, is


204                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
where filth abounds; and its proper antidote is not vaccination,
but cleanliness. It pays not the slightest respect for a vaccina-
tion certificate, but does take full account of dirt and dissipation.
To the drunkard and prostitute it says: "I have a mortgage on
that man's, that woman's life; they are mine!" and so it moves
among the motley crowd, letting its pestilent shadow fall upon
the dirtiest and most wretched, gathering these as its pre-or-
dained harvest. Of the importance of cleaning up these hells
of dirt and stench the vaccinator says not a word, but lobbies
the legislative bodies to compel every member of these dirty
dens to be vaccinated.
Circumcision so long practiced by the ancient Egyptians
and later up to this clay universally insisted upon by the Jews in
all countries as well as by many Orientals, is considered cleanly
and health inspiring. Phimosis is certainly abnormal and un-
healthy often leading, by irritation through the sympathetic
nervous system, to the secret vice. It has also indirectly caused
death. Why not then, inasmuch as the circumcision-practicing
jews are the healthiest and about the longest-lived people on
earth—why not, I say, enact a rigid circumcision law? And as
this would require a surgical operation, politico-doctors could by
persistent lobbying legislators, make it compulsory. And fur-
ther, it could also be made a fertile source of medical and surgi-
cal revenue. This matter has already been favorably agitated
in San Francisco, Cal. I should rather favor such a law myself,
provided one of the clauses compeled the doctors by way of ex-
ample, to be the first to submit to the surgical knife. Would
not our medical gentlemen pronounce this a menace to per-
sonal liberty? Speak out doctors!
Dr. Pickering, in an interview between daily visits among
small-pox patients, penned the following paragraph which is in-
serted in his very important work on "Sanitation or Vaccina-
tion,' page 47:—
"Epidemics, and, in fact, all 2ymotic diseases, may be said


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                 205
to be filth-diseases. There is no exception to that rule. Whom
do they attack? The unclean. What neighborhoods do they
visit ? The filthiest. What towns do they select ? Those where
sanitary conditions are the most neglected. Note the last small-
pox epidemic, and take Leeds as an example. Who were the
victims? The very lowest classes of society, children that were
filthy, neglected, and ill-fed, others living in houses that were
overcrowded, destitute of proper ventilation, and in courts and
alleys where sanitation is a term unknown; adults, who are
tramps, drunkards, prostitutes, men and women without homes,
wanderers,—with a very modest sprinkling of the very lowest
sections of the working classes; these formed seven-tenths of
the patients who passed through the hospital of the Leeds
Union, and these are the very self-same people, resident in the
came houses, streets, and neighborhoods, who would have fallen
the first victims to any other epidemic which had sprung up.
If they had not yielded to the small-pox they would have suc-
cumbed to scarlet fever, typhoid, or the like. If the unsanitary
surroundings are there, and the physically deteriorated in health
within reach, then the conditions for producing an epidemic are
present, and the result cannot fail to be disastrous. The strong
and healthy do not take the small-pox." But if they have been
vaccinated poisoning the blood, searing the flesh, and depleting
the vital forces, they have opened the door and invited small-
pox to enter.
A Mr. John Cryer, an ardent anti-vaccinationist, taught
school in Bradford, Eng. One day he noticed a lad of about
twelve years—a new pupil in school. He questioned him:
"Where did you come from?" "Sheffield, sir." "How long
have you resided there?" "Six years, sir." "How many are
there in the family ?'' "Six of us, sir." "Then you were in Shef-
field during the small-pox epidemic ?" "Yes, sir." "Did any of
you have the small-pox?" "Oh, no, sir, we lived in a front
street." That last sentence tells the whole story. It is worth


206                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
more than a dozen reports of Local Guardians; worth more
than whole columns of statistics. It hits the nail square on the
head, and locates the disease. Why didn't the lad say: "Oh,
no, sir, we were all vaccinated?" Because children tell the truth,
and this was a spontaneous utterance which in one brief sen-
tence gave the facts, the law and the philosophy. "We lived in a
front street." When all streets shall be made like unto this
front street, and all the people observe hygienic habits; when all
shall be washed and made clean; when vaccination stations
shall be superseded with free public baths—in that city small-
pox will not be able to secure a night's lodging. For that city
small-pox epidemics will have been numbered; and no class
know this better than the medical profession. But then, what
would become of the vaccinating fraternity if the last epidemic
of small-pox should bid a final farewell and be no more known
about its accustomed haunts ? No, for the present the profes-
sion must cling to antidotes, specifics and prophylactics as their
main chance, while they give to sanitary science a merely formal
and tacit recognition. The profession are well aware that such
mitigation of zymotic plagues as the civilized world have been
able to realize in the last fifty years, is chiefly due to improved
sanitation, while prophylactics and antidotes have played but an
infinitesimal part, and that part generally working more injury
than good.
I never yet met a fever case where the cause was difficult to
find; either personal uncleanliness, a vitiated atmosphere, im-
pure water, a cess-pool nuisance, or defective drainage; these
or their kind, have invariably been found the exciting cause.
When I am called to the bedside of a small-pox patient, I never
once inquire whether the person has been vaccinated. What
is the state of that patient's skin ? Were there any abrazed sur-
faces about the body through which the disease could gain ac-
cess to the blood? Is the house well ventilated? No, the at-


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                 207
mosphere is foul. I discover, too, that from the convenience off
the hall a sewer gas stench proceeds and fills the whole house.
The house is in a crowded quarter. I know the rest. It was
not neglect of re-vaccination but neglect of the simplest rules
of health which caused the small-pox infection to "take." It
was in its native soil and the conditions favored its springing
forth. Here is a case which illustrates how the small-pox may
be communicated through an abrazed skin:—
"In the small-pox epidemic of 1871-2, a lady's housemaid
caught the small-pox. It was a mild attack. She did not leave
the house. I called to assist the enquiry as to how she had got
it. I said to the lady: 1. Is the maid a cleanly girl in her per-
son and habits? Yes. 2. Is the house in a fairly sanitary con-
dition ? It is in a good condition, in every respect. 3. Does she
offer any explanation? Only today. She said that about ten
days before her attack she called at the small-pox hospital for
a sister who had had the disease and was discharged that night,
and took her home. 4. That circumstance of itself would not
account for the small-pox unless the girl had an abrazed skin
or spots in process of healing about her where the blood would
be directly inoculated by the germs held in the air of the room.
Enquire of her if she can bring to mind any incident of that
sort? The girl cannot tax her recollection with any such facts.
5. To be more particular, please enquire again—had she
scratches on her hands, face, or neck, where a wound of any
kind was in a bleeding state? This time, I think, we have got a
clue to the mishap. The girl is subject to chapped hands in
frosty weather, and they are worse on the washing day. The
evening she went to the hospital was during the severe frost
in the second week of December; she had a hard day's washing,
and she says she remembers that her hands bled very much
from 'deep cracks' on the second joints of her fingers on both
hands.
"The small-pox is accounted for, I said, and you will be
more satisfied now that a cause has been found which explains
the phenomenon.
"The attack was mild—1. Because the girl was possessed
of a vigorous habit of body. 2. Because the air in the waiting


208                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
room was constantly changing by persons passing to and fro,
and the contagion was not strong enough to infect the system
thoroughly. Had she remained there half-an-hour instead of
five minutes, her case would have been more severe.
This coincidence shows how careful people should be not
to have open wounds in exposed places. Even the scratch of a
pin is dangerous in the presence of an infected atmosphere.
A piece of Diachylon plaster should be near at hand in every
Household, or the wound should be covered with a little clean
cotton fastened by a bit of thread. It also shows the danger of
vaccination. Many of the children of the poor go direct home
to an infected atmosphere, the blood is inoculated, and from the
supervening fever, or its sequelae, they perish—thousands per
annum! * * * The vaccinator never dreams of the danger
of blood-inoculation."—Pickering, page 72.
And here is the royal household of small-pox:—
"I called upon the chief constable of Leeds one evening
and preferred the following request, viz: 'I want a detective
told off to go with me to the common lodging houses. I
wish to see how people live, in the small hours of the morning.'
'It shall be as you require. If you call here at 1 a. m., the detec-
tive will be in waiting.' I went home and tried to obtain a few
hours sleep, but the prospect of my novel undertaking was too
engrossing. I slept not. At midnight I wrapped myself in the
folds of a Scotch plaid and started for the police office. Arriv-
ing there a few minutes before the appointed time, I found my
detective ready for business. Of course we took an easterly
direction. Detective observed, 'We shall have to be discreet
as to the representations we make to hide the real object we
have in view; so I shall be on the lookout for a criminal, and
you will have to support me in that bit of deceptiveness. It
does not do to call these people up at 2 a. m. and search the
house from top to bottom without an adequate motive.' 'I un-
derstand,' I said. 'and I am pleased to hear that our search is to
be from top to bottom.' 'Well,' he answered, 'I suspect you do
not want to do it by halves.'
It was in the month of December, a bitterly cold night, the
moon shone brightly, and the stars twinkled in their merriest
fashion as we knocked loudly at the door of a C. L. H., No. 7,


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                 209
in a narrow street leading out of Kirkgate. In turn we woke up
the principals of four of these museums of uncleanliness.
"To describe one is to describe them all. The houses were
composed of three floors—ground, first, and second—the cellars
were only used for coals and lumber. All the rooms were spa-
cious for that class of house, perhaps 15 by 13 feet. Half a cen-
tury ago the houses were respectably tenanted, no doubt, but
they had come down in the world's esteem. The kitchen, which
served as a living room for twenty-eight or thirty people from
5 p. m. one day to 10 a. m. on the next day, was in a filthy condi-
tion—essentially filthy. Pots and pans of all patterns and sizes
were thrown on chairs, tables and shelves, unwashed, bearing
upon their exterior no evidence of having been cleansed since
the day they were made; whilst the stocks in trade of a dozen
venders of gimcrack varieties were piled up in a corner. Not a
crumb was to be seen. Bones of all sizes and odors, well
picked, lay scattered about. There was no waste in that domi-
cile. The window was stuffed with bits of rag to exclude the
fresh air and to keep in the warmth. This was a noticeable fea-
ture in all the rooms of the house, and very successful it was.
But how shall I describe those bedrooms, two on each floor,
each one affording sleeping accommodation for seven or eight
adults of both sexes, married and single, with sundry 'infants in
arms' in addition? The latter don't count as lodgers, they are
'given in.'
"These children, the very dregs of mankind, head the list
in the statistics of the 'Unvaccinated' who perish annually in the
periodic outbreaks of small-pox-, bronchitis, measles, diarrhoea,
syphilis, and their kinsfolk. Unfit for vaccination—nay, unfit
for life—they are the 'unhealthy unvaccinated' who picnic in the
vital statistics of Dr. Barry and Dr. Buchanan as the 'unvacci-
nated.' and whose deaths, thus basely certified go to prop the
cranky columns on which Jennerism is sustained, and to throw
doubt on the veracity of the leaders in the anti-vaccination en-
terprise who adhere to that representation.
"But to return to my story. On opening the door of the
bedroom I met with an atmosphere laden with the exhalations
from herrings, onions, and compounds not mentioned in cook-
ery books in various stages of digestion and indigestion. In


210                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
sober sadness, if I had remained in that room inhaling the me-
phitic fumes at an elevation of five feet from the floor, there
would have been an end of me and my fads in fifteen minutes.
I feel quite certain on that point. I could only account for life
maintaining itself eight inches from the floor on the principle
that some little fresh air crept into the apartment under the door.
The inmates lay feet to feet, covered with the clothes they wore
in the daytime, with some small article of underclothing
squeezed up into a bundle for a pillow; they were fast asleep,
not one showed any symptoms of life beyond the hard breathing
of those who were semi-asphyxiated as they slept; but I was
destined to learn there was philosophy in the exclusion of fresh
air from each of these dormitories.
"I enquired of our guide, the female owner of this fever
den, why all the bedrooms were so studiously air-proofed. 'Oh,
yer don't know then. It's just 'ere. If they'ev fresh air, when
they waken up they're hungry; but. if they ev'nt,—they're not
hungry. D'ye see?' 'Yes,' I said, with a sigh, 'I see.' This was
my first initiation into the patent method of cheating the stom-
ach, and it was a saddening lesson I learnt.
"During the small-pox epidemic of 1871-2 I saw these same
houses and visited them. Each one supplied its quota of victims
to swell the death-rate from the prevailing zymotic, and to dem-
onstrate the fact that the small-pox is a filth disease, connected
strangely with the sin of overcrowding.
"And yet there are Simons, Playfairs, Barrys, and Buchan-
ans in any number, diffused in space, saying, 'Small-pox is not a
disease due to unsanitary conditions,' thus lying in the face of
facts, in the face of Nature, and of God.
"Oh you philosophizing machines, did you ever go, between
2 and 5 a. m., exploiting amongst the fever-stricken outcasts of
society and the dens in which they live, to watch how fevers do
germinate and grow up in first specimens ? No, I should not
surprise you at that game. Of what value, then, is your long-
eared theory as to small-pox not being a filth disease. 'Small-
pox is a special disease, needing a special remedy, Vaccination,'
So you say. I know better. Small-pox is a filth disease, it
never was anything else. Do you think you can go on deceiving
this nation, her Queen, her Parliament, her people, and her poor


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                    211
for ever? Your theories, like Pindar's razors, are made to sell.
Vaccination is worth so much, so many hundreds of thousands
per annum, to the medical faculty and the observance must be
continued, let the consequences be ever so disastrous. The vac-
cinator has said to Evil, 'Be thou my good.'"—Dr. Pickering,
page 74.
***********
"To show that small-pox is a filth disease I call Sheffield
into the witness-box. I cling to Sheffield, as Mr. Gladstone
clings to Mitchelstown. There's nothing like a big broad fact
to hurl at an enemy when you know he is misstating events or
statistics to cover his own failures. So I refer to Sheffield, a
town where, in 1887-8, there was a fatal epidemic of small-pox;
a town reeking in its own filth, vaccinated up to 95 per cent. of
the births; a town with, perhaps, ten anti-vaccinators in it, just
enough to save it from the fate which befell the Cities of the
Plain in the days of Abraham; and a town where all who per-
ished were either vaccinated or unfit for vaccination—the last-
named were as good as dead to begin with—not one healthy
'unvaccinated' person perished in that epidemic! Not one!
What, then, becomes of the official report of the Sheffield epi-
demic and of the statistics inside? Nothing, the thing—the
book,—I mean, like Pindar's razors, was made to sell! 'Tis a re-
port crimson'd in falsehood.
"I call Leicester and Keighley into the witness-box. I
could call several other very populous towns if I stood in need
of their evidence. Neither of these two towns, in 1887-8, had
any filth, any vaccination, and the small-pox, like the Levite,
passed by on the other side.
"A thriving trade in filth and vaccine—means plenty of
small- pox.
"No trade in filth and vaccine—means no small-pox.
You Local, but illogical, Government Board, what say you
to this indictment?
"'Ephriam is joined to idols; let him alone.'"—Pickering,
pages 73-74.
If one will read a description of the city of London during
the early part of the eighteenth century, he need not look any
further for the causes which insured a periodical return of the


212                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
plague and black death. In the Appendix to Prof. Wallace's
chapter on Vaccination, he gives quite a lengthy account of
London's unsanitary condition two hundred years ago, a por-
tion of which I will quote and the other portions condense:—
"In the early part of the sixteenth century London was in
a condition of over-crowding and general filth which we can now
hardly realize. The houses were low and overhung the streets
and almost all had cess-pools close behind or underneath them.
The streets were narrow, the main thoroughfares being paved
with cobble stones, which collected filth and allowed it to soak
into the ground beneath until the soil and the subsoil became
saturated. Slops and refuse of all kinds were thrown into the
streets at night, and only the larger streets were ever cleaned.
The by-streets and the roads outside London were so bad that
vehicles could only go two or three miles an hour; while even
between London and Kensington, coaches sometimes stuck in
the mud or had to turn back and give up the journey. The
writers of the time describe the streets as dangerous and often
impassible, while only in the main thoroughfare were there any
footways, which were separated from the narrow roadway by
rows of posts. Gay, in his Trivia, speaks of the slops thrown
from the overhanging windows, and the frequent dangers of
the night, adding—
'Though expedition bids, yet never stray
Where no ranged posts defend the rugged way.'
And throughout his poem, dirt, mire, mud, slime, are continually
referred to as being the chief characteristics of the streets.
They mostly had a gutter on each side, and with few exceptions
rain alone prevented their being blocked with refuse. The ef-
fects of a heavy shower in the city are forcibly described by
Swift in his usual plain language,—
'Now from all parts the swelling kennels flow,
And bear their trophies with them as they go ;
Filths of all hues and odours seem to tell
What street they sailed from by their sight and smell.
*                                                               *****
Sweeping from butchers' stalls, dung, guts, and blood,
Drown'd puppies, stinking sprats, all drench'd in mud,
Dead cats, and turnip tops, come tumbling down the flood!'


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                213
Macaulay tells us that down to 1726, St. James' Square, though
surrounded by houses of the nobility, was a common receptacle
for refuse of all kinds, and that it required an act of Parliament
to stop its being so used. Hogs were kept in St. George's, Han-
over Square, and in 1760 many were seized as a common nuis-
ance.
"The numerous small streams which flowed through Lon-
don from the northern heights—Langbourne, Wallbrook, Fleet,
Tybourne, and Westbourne—which were in earlier times a
source of health and water-supply, gradually became noisome
open sewers, and one after another were arched over. There
were many wells in London, indicated by such names as Holy-
well, Clerkenwcll, and Aldgate Pump, and there were also con-
duits in Cheapside and Cornhill; but it is certain that, from the
filthy streets and house-cesspools, all the water derived from
them must have been contaminated, and thus helped to produce
the terrible mortality from plague and fevers of the seventeenth
century. It has been often suggested that the Great Fire of
London in 1666 was thc cause of the final disappearance of the
plague, but how, except that the new house were for once clean
and wholesome, has not, I think, been satisfactorily explained.
I believe, however, that it can be found in the action of the fire
upon the soil, which for more than a thousand years had been
continually saturated with filth, and must, as we now know,
have afforded a nidus for every kind of disease-germs. The long
continued fire not only destroyed the closely-packed houses,
but in doing so must have actually burnt the whole soil to a
considerable depth, and thus have destroyed not only the living
germs, but all the organic matter in it. The new city for the first
time for many centuries, had beneath it a dry and wholesome
soil, which to this day has not had time to get fully polluted
as before the fire.
When we remember the filthy condition of the streets, and
that owing to the cess-pools either under or close behind the
houses, the scarcity of water, and the absence of ventilation, the
shops and living rooms were always full of foul air, bad smells,
and poisonous gases, how can we wonder at the prevalence of
zymotic diseases and the dreadful amount of infant and general


VACCINATION A CURSE.
214
mortality ? And in many houses there was an additional peril
in the vicinity of church yards. In Nicholl's "Illustrations of
Literary History" (vol. iv. p. 499), Mr. Samuel Gale is quoted
as writing (in 1736,) as follows:—
"In the churchyard of St. Paul, Covent Garden, the burials
are so frequent that the place is not capacious enough to contain
decently the crowds of dead, some of whom are not laid above a
foot under the loose earth. The cemetery is surrounded every
way with close buildings; and an acquaintance of mine, whose
apartments look into the churchyard, hath averred to me, that
the family have often rose in the night time and been forced to
burn frankincense and other perfumes to dissipate and break
the contagious vapor. This is an instance of the danger of in-
fection proceeding from the corrupt effluvia of dead bodies.'
"Many illnesses then originated in churches, and even those
whose houses were exceptionally wholesome were often ex-
posed to a dangerous atmosphere when they went to church on
Sundays.
"The general food of the poor and the middle classes added
greatly to their unhealthiness, and itself caused disease. Owing
to the absence of good roads, it was impossible to supply the
large population of London with fresh food throughout the
year, and, consequently, salt meat and salt fish formed the staple
diet during the winter. For the same reason fresh vegetables
were unattainable; so that meat, cheese, and bread, with beer
as the common drink at all meals, was the regular food, with
chiefly salted meat and fish in winter. As a result, scurvy was
very common. Dr. Cheyne, in 1724, says, 'There is no chroni-
cal distemper more universal, more obstinate, and more fatal in
Britain, than the scurvy.' And is continued to be common down
to 1783, when Dr. Buchanan says, 'The disease most common
in this country is the scurvy.' But very soon afterwards it de-
creased, owing to the growing use of potatoes and tea, and an
increased supply of fresh vegetables, fruit, milk, etc., which the
improved roads allowed to be brought in quantities from the
surrounding country.
"Now it is quite certain, that the excessively unhealthy con-
ditions of life, as here briefly described, continued with very
partial amelioration throughout the middle portion of the cen-


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                        215
tury; and we have to consider what were the causes which then
came into operation, leading to the great improvement in health
that undoubtedly occurred in the latter portions of it and in the
early part of our century.
"Beginning with improvements in the streets and houses,
we have, in 1762, an act passed for the removal of the overhang-
ing signboards, projecting waterspouts, and other such obstruc-
tions. In 1766 the first granite pavements were laid down, which
were found so beneficial and in the end economical, that during
the next half-century almost all London was thus paved. In
1768 the first Commissioners of Paving, Lighting and Watching
were appointed, and by 1780 Dr. Black states that many streets
had been widened, sewers made, that there was a better water
supply and less crowding. From this date onward, we are told
in the 'Encyclopoedia Britannica' (art. 'London'), a rapid rate
of progress commenced, and that since 1785 almost the whole of
the houses within the city had been rebuilt, with wider streets
and much more light and air. In 1795 the western side of Tem-
ple Bar and Snowhill were widened and improved, and soon
afterwards Butcher's Row, at the back of St. Clement's church,
was removed. Of course, these are only indications of changes
that were going on over the whole city; and, coincident with
these improvements, there was a rapid extension of the in-
habited area, which, from a sanitary point of view, was of far
greater importance. The agglomeration of streets interspersed
with spacious squares and gardens, which extends to the north
of Oxford street, was almost wholly built in the period we are
discussing. Bloomsbury and Russell Squares and the adjacent
streets, occupy the site of Bedford House and grounds, which
were sold for building on in 1800. All round London similar ex-
tensions were carried out. People went to live in these new
suburbs, giving up their city houses to business or offices only.
Regent's Park was formed, and Regent street and Portland
Place were built before 1820, and the whole intervening area
was soon covered with streets and houses, which for some con-
siderable period enjoyed the pure air of the country. At this
time the water supply became greatly improved, and the use of
iron mains in place of the wooden ones, and of lead pipes
by which water was carried into all the new houses, was of ines-


2l6                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
timable value from a sanitary point of view.
"Then, just at the same time, began the great improve-
ment in the roads, consequent on the establishment of mail-
coaches in 1784. This at once extended the limits of residence
for business men, while it facilitated the supply of fresh food to
the city."—A. R. Wallace's "Nineteenth Century."
In 1801, London, within the Bills of Mortality, was in-
creased in area by almost fifty per cent. with comparatively very
little increase of population, owing to the suburban parishes of
St. Luke's, Chelsea, Kensington, Marylebone, Paddington, and
St. Pancras being then included; and even in 1821 this whole
area had only a million inhabitants, and therefore enjoyed semi-
rural conditions of life. This was a powerful sanitary cause
which led to the great diminution of mortality, both general and
from the zymotic diseases. Then the change of diet from bread,
beer, and salted meat, to potatoes, and fresh meat, substituting
tea for beer, occasioned a marked change in the death rate. Po-
tatoes were first used in hospital diet in 1767.
Now, the various classes of improvements here briefly in-
dicated—wider and cleaner streets, construction of sewers, bet-
ter water supply, more wholesome food and especially the
spreading out of the population over a much wider area; all oc-
curing simultaneously, are in their combination amply sufficient
to account for the remarkable decrease of mortality which oc-
cured within the half century from 1775 to 1825. Small-pox is
only included with all zymotic diseases in the decrease, yet the
Royal Commissioners lay particular stress on the connection of
small-pox with vaccination as the cause for the decrease of that
particular disease. Prof. Wallace concludes :—
"I have now supplied the last piece of confirmatory evi-
dence which the commissioners declared was not forthcoming;
not because I think it at all necessary for the complete condem-
nation of vaccination, but because it affords another illustration
of the curious inability of the commission to recognize any
causes as influencing the diminution of small-pox except that


INJURIES AND FATALITIES.                                217
vaccine-virus operation. In this, as in all the other cases I have
discussed, their report is founded on the opinions and beliefs of
the medical and official upholders of vaccination; while the great
masses of national experience, embodied in statistics of mortal-
ity from various groups of diseases, as well as the well-known
facts of the sanitary history of London during the critical half
century, 1775-1825, are either neglected, misunderstood or alto-
gether overlooked."
With the vaccinating doctor these pest breeding centers of
filth are trivial and unimportant matters in comparison with vac-
cination. Never mind the dirt and stench, but if you neglect to
vaccinate it is at your own peril! It is better that the populace
wallow up to their necks in the cess-pools than to neglect to
vaccinate and re-vaccinate. Indeed, vaccination is the main prop
and dependence of the old outworn school of physic. It is a
conservator of old superstitions, of the bank account and an
available friend in the period of senility. Not a good thing to
mitigate too much. Financial conditions should be kept in a
state of equilibrium. When a money center becomes disturbed
everything is disturbed. "Hang it," said Thoreau, "if it were
not for these pestilent agitators how smooth this business would
run."
Small-pox appears and disappears under precisely the same
conditions that attend scarlet fever, typhoid, and diarrhoea. It
is met with in the streets, in the same haunts and amongst the
same people. Vaccination has no more effect to mitigate one
than it has upon any other member of the group of zymotics.
We shall never stamp out small-pox, cancer, consumption, or
leprosy, so long as we continue to stamp them in through the
idiotic rite of a vicious cow-pox vaccination. The Germans en-
deavored to stamp out syphilis by stamping it in with syphilized
vaccine pus. They have abandoned that now, and later they
will abandon vaccination altogether. It should be a question
for every householder to know that his only protection is in per-
sonal and domestic cleanliness. Sanitation is the only accessi-


2l8                                   VACCINATION A CURSE.
ble agency which God has placed within our reach; and this
agency is full and adequate if we will apply it with religious
fidelity. Let us turn from the idol which the "King" com-
manded us to worship :—
"And a tempest arose, thunders and waves and lightenings,
and the moan of winds; and the dome of the Temple was rent;
and the whirl and the rains rushed in. And behold! a flash, and
it rolled down like a God; and grappling the Image it smote
it from head to foot, and dashed it in fragments; its crown of
jewels was broken; its scepter was a ruin; its law as lies a
blackened corpse; it was stricken into small pieces, and the rain
roared and buffeted its remnants."—Enock.


CHAPTER VII.
SYPHILIS AND LEPROSY TRACEABLE TO VACCI-
NATION.
"Vaccination differs, however, from all previous errors of
the faculty, in being maintained as the law of the land on the
warrant of medical authority. That is the reason why the blow
to professional credit can hardly help being severe, and why the
efforts to ward it off have been, and will continue to be so in-
genious."—Dr. Creighton.
"I want no proof that if I imbibe the causes of disease, I can
only disguise the result,—I can never escape it,—by artificially
infusing fresh disease. That I can thus escape or lessen it, is
the monstrous doctrine to which our wise vaccinators commit
themselves."—F. W. Newman, Emeritus Professor, Weston-
super-Mare, April, 1876.
The specific vegetable and animal poisons that war against
the physiological processes in man have a very wide range in
their action, both as regards their relative intensity, and the
period after being planted when they commence their work of
destruction. Some poisons, conveyed to the blood through the
skin, are instantaneously fatal; others will apparently lie dor-
mant for a term of years and then become roused to action,
fasten upon some organ—like tubercle in the lungs—disinte-
grate its tissue and destroy the life. Still others—like leprosy—
slowly but surely breaks down the tissue of every organ from
nerve to bone, until the entire body falls a mutilated and inde-
scribably repulsive ruin. The vaccine virus proper acts with


220                                          VACCINATION A CURSE.
comparative promptness in producing its specific disease; but
is at the same time the most insiduous and dangerous among
the poison-fiend on account of the masked, many-sided and
multiform properties that lie concealed within its substance.
It has traveled a sinuous journey and nested with every con-
ceivable species of infernality, picking up on its way micro-or-
ganisms and chemical subtleties which neither bacteriologist or
organic chemist are able to detect; but which nevertheless are
potent and implacable enemies when sown or cast into the circu-
lating life-stream of a human being. Almost daily we read of
vaccinal disasters, of cases that have "gone wrong" though only
the "immaculate" and "sterilized" calf-lymph was used in the
operation!
All vegetable and animal poisons inoculated through the
skin is blood-poisoning. Some of these may be physiologically
combated and gotten rid of without serious harm. Other poisons,
which the blood cannot expel—like scrofula, cancer and tubercle
and vaccine—are sequestered for a season and reduced to a min-
imum of mischief, a truce having been arranged between the or-
ganism and the poison, each waiting for an opportunity to worst
the other. Necroscopic poisoning proves fatal in a few days.
Syphilis, it were far better to prove fatal and be done with it.
The savages of Lamas and Ticunas, South America, extract a
subtle vegetable poison by fires from divers plants, and with this
they treat their arrow-points, which when they pierce on ani-
mal's skin, cause instantaneous death. Yet their flesh is not
thereby rejected for food. Mous de la Condamine, of the Royal
Academy of Science, Paris, experimented with this poison on
dogs, bears, cats, rabbits, birds, etc., and in nearly every case
death was instantaneous; but the same amount of the poison
introduced into the stomach was inert; inert also when applied
to the surface of the skin. It is beneath the skin—where it can
reach the circulation—that its fatal effects are manifested. The


SYPHILIS AND LEPROSY.                                    221
bite of a musquito, or red ant, or the sting of a bee, or the bite
of a rattlesnake, or puncture from a lance tipped with cow-pus,
each and all are forms of blood-poisoning. When deliberately
inflicted, blood-poisoning is a murderous operation. Vaccina-
tion is blood-poisoning with expectations of the fee. How many
removes is it from a capital crime against society? The poisons
concealed in calf-pus permanently affect the blood; but the ef-
fect is often not perceptible until a time arrives when the physi-
cal powers are deteriorated by bad habits, exposure, disappoint-
ment, or depressing influence of some kind, and then it is that
the special poison begins to manifest its fatal effects. Syphilis,
cancer, scrofula, or tubercle, borne into the blood with the vac-
cinal virus, may lie dormant for a series of years, but its oppor-
tunity punctually arrives when it will claim and conquer its vic-
tim.
VACCINO-SYPHILIS.
In 1862, M. Ricord, one of the most eminent authorities on
syphilitic affections, during a lecture in Hotel Dieu, Paris, said:
"If ever the transmission of disease with vaccine-lymph is clearly
demonstrated, vaccination must be altogether discontinued; for
in the present state of science, we are in possession of no cri-
terion which may permit the conscientious practitioner to assert
that the lymph with which he inoculates, is perfectly free from
admixture."
The following year (May 19, 1863,) standing in the same
place, this same eminent authority declared:—
"At first I repelled the idea that syphilis could be trans-
mitted by vaccination. The recurrence of facts appearing more
and more confirmatory, I accepted the possibility of this mode
of transmission, I should say, with reserve, and even with repug-
nance ; but today I hesitate no more to proclaim their reality.
* * * Who, pray, will run such risks to escape the small-
pox?"


222                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
In 1868, Dr. Ballard, one of the vaccine inspectors for the
English government, observed:—
"There can be no reasonable doubt that the vaccine virus
and the syphilitic virus may both be drawn at the same time,
upon the same instrument, from one and the same vesicle. The
vesicle which is thus capable of furnishing both vaccine and
syphilitic virus may present, prior to being opened, all the
normal and fully developed characters of a true Jennerian vesicle
or ordinarily met with."
ESSAY ON VACCINATION.
During the same year (1868) Dr. Cornell, president Home-
opathic Society of Pennsylvania, said in his annual address: "To
no medium of transmission is the wide spread dissemination of
this class of disease so largely indebted as vaccination." Dr.
Heim, public vaccinator, Wurtemburg, declared: "I have my-
self planted syphilis from a child which seemed at the time per-
fectly healthy."—"Horrors of Vaccination," page 26.
A patient was brought to the class room of the Clinical So-
ciety and exhibited to Dr. Hutchinson, when he said: "We have
now emerged from the reign of doubt to one of belief in the pos-
sibility of such an untoward occurrence. * * * The facts
now before the public will tend to rouse them, if they have not
been roused already, from the false security into which they
have been lulled."—"Med. Times and Gazette," Feb., 1872.
Here is a record which the heads of every family in the land
should carefully read and ponder. The teaching of the medical
faculty that blood inoculation, either as a preventive or modify-
ing agent of any disease is a fallacy of the worst type. It is false
in principle and pernicious to the last degree in practice. Inoc-
ulation for measles, scrofula, and syphilis have all been tried,
and abandoned on the fullest proof that the antidote is far worse
than the original disease, and that it neither prevented nor mod-
ified a second attack. The vaccination folly not only fails to mit-


SYPHILIS AND LEPROSY.                                    223
igate small-pox, but it is a fearful agent of disease by communi-
cating along with the vaccine virus, diseases far more to be
dreaded than the small-pox—diseases which threaten to depopu-
late tropical archipeligos, and even the continents, if compul-
sory vaccination were to be enforced for another century. Prof.
Germann said in an address to the Diet of the German Empire:
"Above all, the dire fatality, which lately occurred at Lebus,
a suburb of Frankfort-on-the-Oder, would alone warrant the
abolition of the vaccination laws. Eighteen school girls, aver-
aging twelve years of age, were re-vaccinated, and thereby syph-
ilised, and some of them died. * * * Yet the lymph, the
syphilitic lymph, used in this case, was obtained from the Of-
ficial Royal Establishment, and was the new regenerated or 'an-
imalized' vaccine lymph so warmly recommended for the re-vac-
cination of schools."
In 1877, Brundenell Carter, surgeon to St. George's Hospi-
tal, London, observed: "I think that a large proportion of the
cases of apparently inherited syphilis are in reality vaccinal;
and that the syphilis in these cases does not show itself until the
age of from eight to ten years, by which time the relation be-
tween cause and effect are apt to be lost sight of."—Med. Exam.,
May 24, 1877.
In "Journal d' Hygiene," Aug. 25, 1881, Dr. Desjardins
gives a detailed account of the syphilization of the 58 French re-
cruits in Algeria. The most cautious silence was maintained by
the military authorities. These soldiers were solaced in a small
measure by being granted pensions.
Dr. G. W. Winterburn, physician-in-chief to Manhattan
Hospital, gives the details of a very distressing case that came
under his observation. In December, 1879, there came to the
out-patient department of the hospital, a mother with her little
girl, twenty-one months old. The husband had died of pneu-
monia, leaving mother and three children, which the mother
supported by odd jobs at laundry work. Poor but neat, they
excited Dr. Winterburn's attention and sympathy. According
to the mother's report, the three children seven weeks previ-
ously, had been forcibly vaccinated in a house to house visita-
tion. The arms of all her children had remained sore ever since.


224                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
For about a week before calling at the hospital she had noticed
ulcers on the body of one, and applied salve from the drug-
store ; but the child grew worse. The day before she noticed
places breaking out on the second child—the little girl twenty-
one months old—and had brought it to find out what was the
matter. Dr. Winterburn says :—
"On examining the child, I found the place of insertion of
the vaccine virus, a shallow, cleancut ulcer, filled with a dirty
exudation. The cellular tissue round about it was infiltrated and
very hard, extending over nearly one-half of the upper arm.
The axilla was tender, and the glands swollen. There were six
ulcers on the body; four of them very small, just forming that
day, and two somewhat larger, having appeared thirty-six hours
previously. These ulcers began, like a blister, the size of a split
pea, with a swollen indurated base of a copperish hue, and in all
respects resembling syphilitic rupia. The ulcers were so charac-
teristic, that I ordered the whole family to appear before me on
the morrow. When, on the following day, I saw the infant strip-
ped of its clothes, revealing no less than thirty dreadful ulcers,
some of them as large as a silver dime; it made me heart-sick.
Some of these had already begun to scab, showing the peculiar
watch-crystal formation, so characteristic of this eruption. On
the oldest child I found four small blisters on the back, and she
also, in a day or two, had a full share of syphilitic sores. Here
were three children, which a very careful investigation in the
neighborhood, where they lived, showed that they had been, up
to the time of their vaccination, in very good health, suddenly
stricken with the most incontestible evidences of this dreadful
disorder."—"The Value of Vaccination," Winterburn, page 130.
In his appendix to the 37th annual report of the Registrar
General of Great Britain, Dr. Farr, page 121, writes: "Syph-
ilis was twice as fatal in the five years, 1870-1874, as it was
twenty years ago. Its most fatal recorded forms occur in chil-
dren under one year of age." The following table gives the re-
lation between vaccination, small-pox and syphilis, from 1850 to
1881. It is from the nth annual report of Local Government
Board, page 346:


SYPHILIS AND LEPROSY.                                          225
Successful
Vaccinations
Years.
at the ex-
Deaths
Deaths
pense of the
from
from
Poor Rates.
Smallpox.
Syphilis
1851
6,997
598
1852
397,128
7,320
623
1853
366,593
3,151
622
1854
677,886
2,808
964
1855
448,519
2,525
947
1856
422,281
2,277
879
1857
411,268
3.936
957
1858
455,004
6,414
1,006
1859
445,020
3.798
1,089
1860
485,927
2,713
1,067
1861
425,739
1,290
1,177
1862
437,693
1,579
1,245
1863
646,464
5,891
1,386
1864
529,479
7,624
1,550
1865
578,583
6,361
1,647
1866
454,885
2,977
1,662
1867
490,598
2,467
1,698
1868
513,042
1,994
1,886
1869
524,143
1,482
1,859
187O
472,881
2,547
1,858
1871
693,104
23,062
1,742
1872
699,320
19,022
1,831
1873
501,189
2,303
1,843
1874
493,285
2,084
1,997
1875
498,952
849
2,142
1876
566,587
2,408
2,141
1877
529,376
4,278
2,085
1878
513,575
1,856
2,191
1879
519,715
536
2,036
I88O
513,283
648
2,162
1881
533.005
3,098
2,069
Thus the average increase of syphilitic fatality has been 50
per year during a period of thirty years, while deaths from
small-pox waxes and wanes without any seeming connection
with vaccination as affecting its producing cause.


226                                         VACCINATION A CURSE.
Dr. J. G. Beaney, of Melbourne, says—"Constitutional
Syphilis," page 373 :—
"And I at once announce at the outset my firm belief that
syphilis is in very many instances communicated by means of
'child's vaccine lymph.' This opinion I have deliberately formed
and as firmly defend. The evidences of such being the case have,
in my practice, been numerous and well-pronounced; so dis-
tinct, indeed, that no doubt whatever could exist as to the na-
ture of the eruptions, and the certainty of transmission."
Dr. Scott Tebb, of London, publishes a table giving 700
cases of vaccinal syphilis in countries outside of England. The
cases which first attracted serious attention in England, were
those of Dr. James Whitehead, of the Clinical Hospital, Man-
chester, 1857. Out of 1,717 children brought to the hospital,
1,435 had been vaccinated, a large number of whom the mothers
blamed vaccination for the persistent and troublesome erup-
tions which subsequently appeared. Among these Dr. White-
head found thirty-four children suffering from vaccinal syphilis.
I subjoin cases 2, 11 and 56 from Dr. Whitehead's Third Clin-
ical Report:—
"Case 2. An infant, aged nine months, of a bad habit of
body. Copper-colored blotches appeared after vaccination.
When seen, there was a mixed eruption on the face and scalp
and extreme irritability of the whole surface; the vaccinated
spots remained unhealed at the end of five months, presenting
a well-formed rupia with excavation. The father and mother
are described as apparently healthy.
"Case 11. An infant, aged eleven weeks, of medium habit
of body. When seen, there were two deep ulcers with hardened
bases where the vaccine vesicles were formed three weeks pre-
viously ; copper-colored roseola on the nates and chin, sallow
complexion, mucous tubercles round the the anus, eruptions and
intertrigo behind the ears, coryza, atrophy, and dysentery. The
history of the case is that roseola appeared from twelve to four-
teen days after the vaccination, at the age of two months; the
mucous tubercles nine weeks after, while, under treatment, and
atrophy four months after. Father said to be healthy; mother


SYPHILIS AND LEPROSY.                                   227
feeble, but apparently free from taint.
"Case 56. An infant, aged seven and a half months, of good
habit of body. After the subsidence of the vaccination, the ves-
icles degenerated into ulcers, surrounded by erythema. When
seen, there were erythematous blotches of a copper color on the
chest and neck, eczema auris, arthritis of the left elbow joint,
and syphilitic pallor. Father said to be healthy; mother ap-
parently healthy."
In Dr. Hutchinson's communication to the Royal Medical
and Chirurgical Society, April 25, 1871, among the numerous
cases he cites, I select the following:—
"A mother and her two children, one an infant and the
other a child of two, were found to be suffering from secondary
syphilis. The children were vaccinated in September, 1875, and
their vaccination sores had re-opened and for a long time re-
mained unhealed. The mother had contracted a sore on her
nipple from the younger child, and her symptoms were two
months behind those of the children. The husband subse-
quently contracted syphilis from his wife."
Scott Tebb writes—"A Century of Vaccination," page 310:
"The disease that cow-pox most resembles is not small-pox,
but syphilis. This view of the analogy of cow-pox with syphilis
was held by Auzias-Turenne, and in this country it has been ad-
vocated by Dr. Creighton. Auzias-Turenne says: 'Between
syphilis and cow-pox the analogy may be a long way followed
up. The inoculation of cow-pox—a malady with a fixed virus
sufficiently well-named pox of the cow (verole de vache)—may,
for example, give rise to polymorphic vaccinides, and sometimes
to disseminated pathognomonic vesico-pustules, just as the con-
tagion of the mucous patch, symptom of a malady with an
equally fixed virus, gives rise to various secondary eruptions,
and sometimes to the appearance of disseminated mucous
patches. But, happily for the vaccinated, cow-pox passes
through a rapid evolution, and does not leave virulent remains
for so long a time or so frequently as syphilis.
"The difficulty of distinguishing some cases of cow-pox
from syphilis has been recognized by the best authorities. Mr.
George Berry, ophthalmic surgeon to the Royal Infirmary,


228                                    VACCINATION A CURSE.
Edinburgh, in a communication on cow-pox of the eye-lids, says
that the main interest in these cases consists in the possibility
of the inoculation taking place at all, and in the differential diag-
nosis between vaccinia and a primary syphilitic sore."
"Emily Maud, a child, was vaccinated on March 26, 1889,
and died at the Leeds Infirmary on July 1 of the same year. At
the inquest on July 10, four members of the Infirmary staff,
Messrs. McGill, Ward, Littlewood, and Dr. Barrs, gave evi-
dence that the child died from vaccino-syphilis, and the verdict
of the jury was that she 'died from syphilis acquired at or from
vaccination.' "—Ibid.
"If it be a fact, as maintained by Dr. Creighton, that the
phenomena of vaccino-syphilis so-called, are due to the inherent,
though mostly dormant natural history characters of cow-pox
itself, we should expect the same appearances to take place oc-
casionally in cases of calf lymph; and in this connection the ex-
perience recorded by Dr. Hutchinson in the 'Archives' for Jan-
uary, 1891, (pp. 213-215), is of interest. He particularises a case
of vaccination with calf-lymph presenting certain symptoms
simulating syphilis.
"The child was born of healthy parents in July, 1890; was
perfectly healthy at birth; was vaccinated at three months of
age with Jenner's calf-lymph, at the same time as several others
who did well; on the eighth day, only one place seemed to have
taken, but later on all three looked satisfactory; at the end of
three weeks, the arm was inflamed, and there were large black
scabs with pus at their edges; a week later a large slough com-
prised all the vaccination sores and passed deeply almost to the
bone, and there was also a pustule on the nose, and three nodes
on the skull.
"Dr. Hutchinson compares this case with another he had
described in an earlier number of the 'Archives' (October, 1889,
page no.) These two cases resembled one another, in that in
both the infant was perfectly healthy up to the time of vaccina-
tion; the lymph used was not taken from the human subject,
the skin around the vaccination sores passed into gangrene,
with at the time a large granular swelling in the arm-pit. There
were also periosteal swellings of considerable size in the skull
bones, suspicious sores on the skin; and both patients appeared


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