THE FACTS AGAINST
By H. B. Anderson
CITIZENS MEDICAL REFERENCE BUREAU
226 West 47th Street New York
THE FACTS AGAINST
By H. B. ANDERSON
CITIZENS MEDICAL REFERENCE BUREAU
226 W. 47th STREET, NEW YORK, N. Y.
H. B. Anderson
Manufactured in the United States of America
This book has been prepared especially for the busy
man or woman to read.
The entire story is contained in the headlines while
the proof is given in light face type.
It is not necessary, therefore, to read the light face
type except where questions arise regarding the accuracy
of any assertion contained in the headlines, in which
case the facts are readily available.
This book points out the fallacy of community vacci-
nation, involving compulsory measures, but does not at-
tempt to advise anyone whether he should or should not
be vaccinated for his own protection.
The data contained herein is compiled entirely from
board of health bulletins, medical journals and other
It represents findings and concessions of the most out-
standing advocates of vaccination. Hence, the data is of
a most conservative character which understates, rather
than overstates, the actual facts.
Nevertheless, the findings here given, revealing the im-
position and enormity of the outrage of the vaccination
requirement, are of a most startling character.
No institutions have wider facilities for acquainting
themselves with the facts referred to in this book than
federal, state and local boards of health. Why then, do
they continue the policy of showing frankness in discuss-
ing vaccination in technical publications and pursue the
policy of assuring the public in the press, on the radio
and on the public platform that vaccination is harmless
and that it constitutes a sure protection against small-
Health boards know the truth of the facts contained
herein. They also know the strength of the political
medical machine which is ever striving to prevent in-
formation of this kind from reaching the public. But
what they apparently fail to take into consideration is
that information may be suppressed for a time, but
eventually avenues are opened up for bringing the facts
to the public.
We appeal to all friends of free speech, to all friends
of a free press, and to all friends of medical liberty to
assist in acquainting the public with the facts contained
in this publication.
Compulsory vaccination as used in this book has refer-
ence to making vaccination a requirement by denying
education, food, or employment to persons not vaccinated.
The exercise of force to compel vaccination would subject
the physician or health officer to possible damages for
assault upon the body. (See Journal American Medical
Association, December 6, 1924, p. 1865). Hence it was
not considered necessary to discuss forcible inoculation.
Grateful appreciation is extended by the author to
Reverend William Whitehead of Bryn Athyn, Pennsyl-
vania for his invaluable assistance in compiling and
assembling the data contained in this publication.
The Reverend Whitehead collaborated with the writer
in the early stages of this treatise and the book would
have been published under joint authorship except for
Mr. Whitehead's absence abroad which necessitated its
completion by the writer.
Reverend William Whitehead is Professor of History
and Head of the History Department, Academy of the
New Church, Bryn Athyn, Pennsylvania.
Note:—All bold face type used in the quotations in
this publication are ours.
PART I. THE VACCINATION REQUIREMENT IS
STRENUOUSLY OPPOSED BY AN ENLIGHTENED
PUBLIC SENTIMENT WITHIN AND WITHOUT THE
MEDICAL PROFESSION: IT IS UN-AMERICAN AND
IS SPONSORED BY CLASS INTERESTS WHICH
WOULD PROFIT FINANCIALLY BY THE RETEN-
TION OF THIS LEGISLATION.
In Very Few States Is Vaccination Compulsory By
Law and Of the States Which Have Had Such a
Requirement One After Another Have Enacted
Legislation to Make This Form of Treatment Op-
England Has Repudiated Compulsory Vaccination
By the Acts of 1898 and 1907 Providing for a Con-
Holland Has Suspended Its Vaccination Require-
ment Because of Cases of Serious Illness Following
Australia Has Repudiated Compulsory Vaccina-
The Vaccination Law In Germany Is Breaking
Opposition to Compulsory Vaccination Is So Over-
whelming That an Increasing Number of Medical,
Public Health and School Authorities Are Finding
Fault With the Vaccination Requirement.
The London, Lancet, England's Leading Medical
Journal, Raises the Question of the Desirability
of Abandoning Universal Vaccination As a Public
Parental Right to Determine Form of Treatment
For Children Is Fundamentally Sound.
Compulsory Vaccination Is un-American.
Typical Instances of Attempts By Advocates of
Compulsory Vaccination to Withhold Education,
Employment or Food From Persons As a Means of
Forcing Them to Be Vaccinated.
Physicians Do Not Want Compulsion For Them-
Organized Regular or Allopathic Physicians and
Vaccine Companies Have a Commercial Interest
In Making It Appear That Compulsory Vaccina-
tion Is Necessary.
Two Health Boards Are Officially Engaged In the
Business of Manufacturing, Creating a Demand
For and Selling Vaccines and Serums.
Medical Politics Stands In the Way of An Im-
partial Consideration of Vaccination Laws.
Facts Showing That Organized Medicine Has the
Machinery For Popularizing Vaccination Regard-
less of Its Merits or Demerits.
Extortion By Terrorism.
PART II. THERE IS NO RELATION BETWEEN
THE VACCINATION REQUIREMENT AND THE
PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF SMALLPOX.
The United States Public Health Service Concedes
That Unvaccinated Persons May Be Exposed to
Smallpox Without Contracting It and That Small-
pox of a Fatal Character May Occur In Persons
With a Fairly Good Vaccination History.
Organized Physicians Were Just As Sure That the
Inoculation of People With Smallpox Was a Good
Thing As They Now Are That Vaccination Is
Necessary But Smallpox Inoculation Resulted In
Actually Spreading the Disease and Was Made a
Penal Offence In England In 1840.
Jenner, the So-called Discoverer of Vaccination,
Was Just As Sure That a Single Vaccination
Would Protect For Life As Organized Medicine
Today Is That Vaccination Affords Temporary
Protection Against Smallpox.
Smallpox Has Gone the Way of Cholera and Other
Filth Diseases Before the Onward March of Sani-
tation and Improved Living Conditions.
Smallpox Is Only One of Several Diseases Which
Have Shown a Substantial Reduction.
There Has Been No Increase In Smallpox Follow-
ing the Repeal of the Vaccination Requirement in
Maine and a Number of Other States.
In England Smallpox Mortality Has Greatly De-
clined Following Virtual Repeal Of Vaccination
Requirement By Passage of Acts of 1898 and 1907
Providing For a "Conscience Clause" As Shown
By the Following Tables. No Other Country Has
Given Vaccination So Good a Tryout As England.
Here Are the Facts.
Smallpox Record of United States Where Vacci-
nation Is Optional For Most Part Compares
Favorably With That of Italy, Japan and the
Philippines, Each of Which Make Vaccination
and Revaccination Compulsory.
Unvaccinated Australia Free From Smallpox.
The Case Reports of Alleged Smallpox In the
United States And England, About Which Advo-
cates Of Compulsion Are Seeking to Create So
Much Alarm, Are the Result of a Practice In
These Countries Of Reporting a Variety of Mild
Complaints As Actual Cases Of Smallpox Whereas
In Other Countries They Would Be Designated As
"Alastrim," "Cuban Itch," "Chickenpox" or Under
Some Other Name.
Fallacy of Statistics Comparing Smallpox Cases
Among the Vaccinated And Unvaccinated.
The Misuse of Statistics.
How Statistics May Be Interpreted to Mean Any-
thing the Advocates of Vaccines Want Them to
The Menace of Wholesale Serumization.
Serum Craze Has Now Reached the Stage Where
Persons Are Being Inoculated With Preparations
Ranging From Extracts Of Newspapers to Dan-
druff, Blonde and Brunette Hair and House Dust.
PART III. THE VACCINATION REQUIREMENT,
INVOLVING AS IT DOES, WHOLESALE INOCULA-
TION OF THE POPULATION OR AN IMPORTANT
PART THEREOF, CONSTITUTES A MORE SERIOUS
MENACE TO PUBLIC HEALTH THAN SMALLPOX.
More Than 10,000 Soldiers Were Made Sick By
Articles In Medical Journals Refer to Lockjaw
(or Tetanus) Following Vaccination As Always
to Be Feared and An Ever-Present Possibility.
Bibliography Of Articles In Medical and Public
Health Journals Referring to Cases Of Lockjaw
(or Tetanus) Following Vaccination.
Specific Cases Of Fatalities Following Vaccina-
tion. The Following News Items Are Typical Of
the Clippings Received Each Year Prior to the
Opening Of the Schools. Health Boards In the
United States Are Not Required to Make Public
the Actual Number of Such Cases Which Occur.
Hence, While One News Item May Over-Empha-
size the Part Played By Vaccination the Majority
of Cases Would Not Be Reported At All.
Says Deaths From Vaccination Outnumber Those
Disclosures of Serious Illness and Fatalities Re-
sulting From Vaccination Contained in the
Reports of Two Official Investigations Just
New and Startling Dangers.—Recent Reports Of
Cases of Encephalitis Following Vaccination.
Medical Authorities Concede That Vaccination
May Light Up Or Transmit Various Diseases.
Epidemics Of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Of 1902
and 1908 Among Cattle Traced By United States
Department Of Agriculture to Vaccine Virus.
How Vaccine Virus Is Prepared.—Method Used
In England; Method Recommended by Dr. Park.
No Physician Or Health Officer Can Be Absolutely
Certain That Any Batch Of Vaccine Virus Is Free
This book is dedicated to the late
Mr. John Pitcairn of Bryn Athyn,
Pennsylvania who was one of the most
outstanding opponents of compulsory-
vaccination in the United States.
"Will a nonimmunized person contract smallpox
if exposed to the disease? By no means uniformly.
Exposure to smallpox, especially to the milder
forms, without contracting the disease frequently
occurs and is no definite evidence of immunity.
The number of cases of smallpox among the unpro-
tected persons in contact with patients suffering
from the disease is very much less than 100 per
cent. . . .
"The purpuric, uniformly fatal, form of smallpox
is the most difficult to prevent by vaccination, and
cases of this form, without a true smallpox erup-
tion, may occur in persons with a fairly good vacci-
nation history ..." Extracts from article by Sur-
geon J. P. Leake, published in "Public Health
Reports," the weekly bulletin of the United States
Public Health Service, January 28, 1927.
The Vaccination Requirement Is Strenuously Op-
posed by an Enlightened Public Sentiment Within
and Without the Medical Profession: It is un-
American and is Sponsored by Class Interests
Which Would Profit Financially by the Retention
of this Legislation.
IN VERY FEW STATES IS VACCINATION
COMPULSORY BY LAW AND OF THE STATES
WHICH HAVE HAD SUCH A REQUIREMENT
ONE AFTER ANOTHER HAVE ENACTED
LEGISLATION TO MAKE THIS FORM OF
(Note:—Only nine states have laws making this form of
treatment a requirement for admission to the public schools:
the District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New
Hampshire, New Mexico, New York (in cities of the first
and second classes only), Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and
South Carolina. Vaccination of children during infancy is
required by law in Kentucky and Maryland. It is optional
with local authorities whether or not they shall require vac-
cination for admission to the public schools in Connecticut,
Georgia, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio and Oregon. In
the absence of legislation specifically authorizing State or
local authorities to make vaccination a requirement for ad-
mission to the public schools, the state or local boards of
health in Arkansas, Kentucky, and a few other states have
attempted to require vaccination by means of health board
regulations. This action has been upheld by the courts in
some states but in most cases the exclusion of unvaccinated
children from the public schools, except during times of epi-
demic, without specific authority from the legislature, has
been held illegal. H. B. A.)
Extract from Public Health Bulletin No. 52 by J. W.
Kerr, issued by the United States Public Health Service,
"The provisions relative to vaccination in the United
States are many and varied. In very few States is this
prophylactic measure at all compulsory by law. In
some it can be made a provision of state-wide application
at the discretion of the State board of health. In others,
the majority, its adoption is optional with the local health
authorities. Still in others, rules of the State board of
health require its practice, and in several, its obligatory
enforcement is absolutely forbidden.
"As to the practical enforcement of the existing provi-
sions, no opinion can be expressed. Health authorities of
various States admit that, owing to general apathy or
lack of funds, vaccination is seldom systematically en-
forced, except perhaps in the case of school children."
Compulsory Vaccination Prohibited in Four States.
From Supplement No. 60 to the Public Health Reports
entitled, "Smallpox Vaccination Laws, Regulations, and
Court Decisions," issued by the United States Public
Health Service, 1927.
"Compulsory vaccination prohibited.—In four States,
Arizona, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Utah, there are
statutory provisions against compulsory vaccination.
"The Arizona law provides that no minor child shall be
subjected to compulsory vaccination without the consent
of the child's parent or guardian. This law, however,
has a proviso prohibiting the school attendance in a
school district of unvaccinated children when a smallpox
epidemic prevails in such district.
"In Minnesota the statute reads, 'no rule of the State
board [of health] or of any public board or officer shall
at any time compel the vaccination of a child, or shall
exclude, except during epidemics of smallpox and when
approved by the local board of education, a child from
the public schools for the reason that such child has not
"The North Dakota law forbids making any form of
vaccination or inoculation a condition precedent for the
admission of any person to any public or private school
or college, or for the exercise of any right, the perform-
ance of any duty, or the enjoyment of any privilege, by
"By the Utah" law it is made unlawful for any board of
health, board of education, or any other public board to
compel the vaccination of any person, or to make vacci-
nation a condition precedent to school attendance.
"Compelling vaccination by physical force.—A pro-
vision of the South Dakota statutes makes it unlawful
for any board, physician, or person to compel another by
the use of physical force to submit to vaccination."
Arizona Repealed Law by Referendum Vote.
Prior to the year 1918 Arizona had the following com-
pulsory vaccination law:
"Sec. 28. Each parent or guardian having the care,
custody or control of any minor or other person shall
cause such minor or other person to be vaccinated.
"Sec. 35. * * * Any person who fails to comply with
or violates any of the provisions of this act * * * shall
be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof
shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten nor more
than fifty dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail
not exceeding thirty days, or by both.—(Acts of 1903,
In 1918 the following law was passed by referendum
"Section 1. Children, compulsory vaccination prohib-
ited; school attendance during smallpox epidemic.—No
minor child shall be subjected to compulsory vaccination
without the consent of the parent or guardian having the
care, custody, or control of such minor: Provided, how-
ever, That no minor child shall be permitted to attend
any public school in any school district in the State of
Arizona during the period in which a smallpox epidemic
may be prevalent in said school district unless said minor
child shall have first been vaccinated.
"Sec. 2. Repeal.—That paragraph 4396, chapter 1,
title 41, of the Revised Statutes of Arizona, 1913, civil
code, be, and the same is hereby, repealed.— (Initiative
measure approved by voters November 5, 1918; effective
December 5, 1918)."
North Dakota Abolished Law in 1919.
Prior to the year 1919 North Dakota had the following
law for the control of smallpox:
"279. Each parent or guardian having the care, cus-
tody or control of any minor or other person shall cause
such minor or other person to be vaccinated.
"9038. Every person who wilfully violates any provi-
sion of the health laws * * * is punishable by imprison-
ment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine
not exceeding two thousand dollars, or both.—(Revised
The following law abolishing compulsory vaccination
in North Dakota was passed by the North Dakota Legis-
lature and approved February 14, 1919:
"Sec. 425al. Vaccination not to be made a condition
precedent..—No form of vaccination or inoculation shall
hereafter be made a condition precedent, in this State,
for the admission to any public or private school or col-
lege, of any person, or for the exercise of any right, the
performance of any duty, or the enjoyment of any privi-
lege by any person.
"425a2. Repeal..—Section 425 of the Compiled Laws of
North Dakota is hereby repealed, as well as are all acts
and parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this
act—(1913-1925 Supplement to 1913 Compiled Laws)."
California Repealed Law in 1921.
Two acts were passed by the California legislature be-
fore the vaccination law in California was completely
abolished. In 1911 the requirement that children be vac-
cinated for admission to the public schools was modified
in such a manner as to exempt children who presented a
signed statement from the parent requesting that the
child be permitted to attend school without vaccination.
In 1921 another act was passed which repealed the vac-
cination requirement altogether. It provides as follows:
"Section 1. Smallpox, control; vaccination rules, adop-
tion.—The control of smallpox shall be under the direc-
tion of the State board of health, and no rule or regula-
tion on the subject of vaccination shall be adopted by
school or local health authorities. (Section 2 repeals ch.
134, acts of 1911.) —(Acts of 1921, ch. 370)."
Maine Abolished Law in 1921.
The State of Maine had, until the year 1921, a law
authorizing superintending school committees to require
vaccination. for admission to the public schools. It pro-
vided as follows:
"Section 35. Superintending school committees shall—
VII. Exclude, if they deem it expedient, any person not
vaccinated, although otherwise entitled to admission.—
(Rev. Stats. 1903, ch. 15)."
In 1921 this law was amended so as to make vaccina-
tion optional with parents, regardless of the wishes of
the superintending school committees. The law as
amended reads as follows:
"Sec. 38 (as amended by ch. 41, acts of 1921). Ex-
clusion of unvaccinated persons from school.—Superin-
tending school committees shall perform the following
V. Exclude, if they deem it expedient, any person not
vaccinated, although otherwise entitled to admission, un-
less a parent or guardian of such person shall present
a signed statement that such parent or guardian is op-
posed to vaccination, in which event such person may
only be excluded in the event of an epidemic of smallpox.
— (Revised Statutes, 1916, ch. 16)."
Massachusetts Abolished Compulsory Vaccination of
Infants in 1908.
Extract from a Communication by Mr. Henry D. Nunn
in the Boston, (Mass.) Post, January 22, 1924.
"The first compulsory vaccination law was passed by
Massachusetts in 1855. It required that every infant
must be vaccinated before reaching the age of two years;
that no child should be admitted to any public school un-
less vaccinated; that all inmates of public institutions
must be vaccinated; that the employees of all manufac-
turing corporations must be vaccinated as a prerequisite
to employment and to cap the climax, everyone must be
vaccinated every five years. What was the result? In
the 20 years following the enactment of this law there
were 4221 deaths from smallpox in Massachusetts. The
protection afforded by this law did not highly recom-
mend itself to the people, and in time it was pretty much
ignored, so that finally in 1908 the infant vaccination
requirement was repealed without protest by anybody
and without any bad results."
CHICAGO CITY COUNCIL IN 1926 ADOPTED AN
ORDINANCE PROHIBITING COMPULSORY VACCI-
Copy of ordinance passed by the Chicago City Council
January 13, 1926.
"The Board of Health shall pass no rule or regulation
which shall compel any person to submit to vaccination,
or injection of any virus, or medication, against his will
or without his consent, or, in the case of a minor or other
person under disability, the consent of his or her parent,
guardian, or conservator, and nothing in this ordinance
contained, or in any other ordinance heretofore passed
and in force in this city, shall be construed to authorize
or empower any person or officer to so vaccinate, inject,
or medicate, without such consent, or to authorize or em-
power the said board of health to adopt any rule or regu-
lation requiring or authorizing any such vaccination, in-
jection or medication."
A measure was also passed by referendum vote of the
people in Colorado Springs several years ago making vac-
cination optional in that city.
ENGLAND HAS REPUDIATED COMPULSORY
VACCINATION BY THE ACTS OF 1898 AND
1907 PROVIDING FOR A CONSCIENCE CLAUSE.
This Action Came As a Result of the Findings of The
Royal Commission on Vaccination in 1898 Which Con-
ducted the Most Exhaustive Investigation That Has
Ever Been Made on This Subject.
Extracts from book by C. Killick Milliard, M.D., entitled,
"The Vaccination Question In the Light of Modern
Experience," 1914, directing attention to the repudiation
of compulsory vaccination in England and the findings
of the Royal Commission on Vaccination in favor of a
modification of the vaccination law.
p. 1. "The Vaccination Question undoubtedly consti-
tutes one of the most remarkable controversies of the age.
In many ways it is unique. Beginning in the early days
of last century when vaccination was first introduced, it
only became a popular question when vaccination was
made compulsory in 1853. It attained its most acute
phase after the Vaccination Act of 1872, which, passed
with the object of securing the more efficient enforce-
ment of the Vaccination Laws by the appointment of
Vaccination Officers, may be regarded as representing the
high-water mark of compulsion. Since the Vaccination
Act of 1898 with the note-worthy Conscience Clause, and
still more since the Act of 1907 permitting the father to
make a statutory declaration before a Justice of the
Peace in place of having to go into Court, real compul-
sion has been very largely abolished. * * *
p. 27. "The Royal Commission on Vaccination
certainly represents by far the most exhaustive inquiry
ever held in connection with the subject of vaccination
and constitutes a landmark in the history of our subject.
It was, indeed, one of the most remarkable inquiries ever
held in connection with any subject. Appointed in the
year 1889, the Final Report was not published until 1898,
seven years later. This delay is not surprising, consider-
ing the enormous volume of evidence recorded. The Com-
missioners held 136 meetings, and examined 187 wit-
nesses. In addition, they caused important investigations
to be made for their assistance. The examination of cer-
tain individual witnesses occupied several whole days.
The total number of questions put and answered was over
18,000. Some idea of the mere bulk of the reports issued
is obtained from the fact that the five principal reports,
consisting of closely printed matter, together with the
eight bulky appendices, weigh altogether over 14 lb.
avoirdupois! The Commissioners, under the able chair-
manship of Lord Herschell, certainly did their work with
commendable thoroughness, and their reports constitute
a veritable storehouse of facts relating to vaccination;
but, unfortunately, much valuable evidence is virtually
buried in this great mass of material. * * *
p. 38. "Reference 5. The Question of Compulsion.—
As regards the important question of compulsion, the
Commissioners recommended a modified and much less
stringent form of compulsion by recognizing and
exempting the 'Conscientious Objector' on certain con-
ditions. Two of those who signed the Majority Report,
however, dissented from this concession; but, on the other
hand, two other Commissioners joined the Minority Com-
missioners in objecting to the retention of the principle
of compulsion in any form. There were thus two in
favor of unrelaxed compulsion; seven in favor of a
greatly modified and reduced form of compulsion; and
four in favor of compulsion being abandoned altogether.
It would only have required the transfer of three votes,
therefore, to have secured a majority in favor of the en-
tire abolition of compulsion." * * *
HOLLAND HAS SUSPENDED ITS VACCI-
NATION REQUIREMENT BECAUSE OF CASES
OF SERIOUS ILLNESS FOLLOWING VACCI-
Extracts from item entitled, "Vaccination In Holland,"
translated from the Dutch official document suspending
vaccination for one year, and published in the "Vacci-
nation Inquirer" April 2nd, 1928.
"Vaccination against smallpox is not compulsory in
Holland. By the Infectious Diseases Act, however, it has
been laid down as a rule that teachers and pupils are not
allowed to enter a school unless they have been vaccinated
against smallpox, in a prescribed manner and with lymph
prepared in laboratories approved of by the State. * * *
"In 1923 and following years, cases of encephalitis
after vaccination have occurred. As in most cases this
encephalitis has shown itself 10 to 13 days after vacci-
nation, one has been led to suppose that there must be
some connection between vaccination and the divergence
of the central nerve system as stated from the diagnosis.
"One could therefore not maintain any longer that
vaccination against smallpox has to be considered as
entirely harmless, although the danger may be said to
be very slight.
"Comparing the possible harm caused by vaccination,
the risk of smallpox cases is in this country considered
greater, if the indirect compulsion to be vaccinated should
be entirely abolished.
"The Government, with a view to the present danger
of causing encephalitis after vaccination, for which
there are no decisive remedies yet, have thought it ex-
pedient to suspend the indirect compulsion for one year.